28 JUNE 1930

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True to its character Indian opinion has centred itself on

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the omission from the Simon Report of all mention of "Dominion status." Nevertheless, anyone who is experienced at penetrating the motives of a State document will see that Sir...

Let us summarize briefly Volume II. It recommencli; that the

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Provinces should have Ministries responsible in all matters (including Law and Order) to the Legisla- tures, although the Governors would have over-riding powers for great...

News of the Week

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India T HE second volume of the Report of the Indian Statutory Commission provides not only the apparatus but the unanimous sanction of experienced men of all parties for an...


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Subscription to the SrEcTemon costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered asa Newspaper. The Postage on this issue...

At least among all educated Hindus there is a well-

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known sensitiveness, compacted of pride and honour, which rather resembles what is called " face " in China. Whether he expresses it in words or not, every Hindu feels that the...

The advice of Sir Walter Layton, the Financial Assessor of

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the Commission, which has been" generally adopted in the Report is very important. He points out that it would be possible to improve economic and social conditions by a...

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Mr. Baldwin deserves the gratitude of members of all Parties

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for the strong stand he made against a specially blatant attempt to set up Government by the Press. Most people have been genuinely shocked by a letter which Lord Rothermere...

The Goal Mines Bill The Rouse of Lords has again

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amended the Coal Mines Bill by once more rejecting the direct levy and by reinserting the spread-over of hours. In regard to Compulsory amalgamation the Lords have substantially...

The Unionist Party and the Press Peers On Tuesday Mr.

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Baldwin addressed a large meeting of Unionist members of the House of Commons and Unionist candidates on the notorious attacks upon his leadership. He spoke very plainly about...

Spain and Her Constitution .King. Alfonso has come to England

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for his annual visit, unperturbed by the Republican chatter of his subjects. On his way through Paris he made a Feint of seeing Senor Santiago Alba, who was Foreign Minister in...

A proposal for abandoning the Referendum was moved as an

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amendment to the general resolution of confidence in Mr. Baldwin. A forcible and unexpected speech against the amendment was made by Sir Robert Horne. Although the amendment was...

Malta The Government's decision to suspend the Constitution in Malta,

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which was announced in the House of Commons on Tuesday, was the only right one in the circumstances. In no other way could the stalemate be ended. It was useless to make a...

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• It is suggested that the High Commissioner should be

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assisted by a Council composed of three of his personal staff, and seven members from each territory, four of whom would be official and three non-official. The • Government do...

President Hoover and Mr. Morrow Mr. Dwight Morrow's success in

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gaining the Republican nomination for Senator in New Jersey has caused much excitement within his Party. He is now talked about not only as a possible successor to Mr. Hoover in...

St. Paul's The re-opening of St. Paul's Cathedral on Wednesday,

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after the long period of constructive repairs, was a memorable incident in the life of London. The King and Queen were present at the service, together with 160 bishops...

The Government and East Africa On Friday, June 20th, the

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long-awaited proposals with regard to the development of East Africa were published as a White Paper. _ Accompanying the Statement of Conclusions as to Closer Union in East -...

We have written elsewhere on the delicate problems which are

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raised by some of the settlers in Kenya. These settlers have already held an unofficial Conference and informed the Secretary of State that the Government's policy is...

Constitutional Government in Egypt The Cabinet formed under Ismail Pasha

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Sidky to succeed that of Nahas Pasha cannot command a majority. King Fuad has therefore prorogued Parliament for a month, and presumably intends to govern by decree on the...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 8i per cent.

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on May 1st, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 102 -§ ; on Wednesday week, 102k; a year ago, 10011; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 90; on Wednesday week,...

The Hours of Work in Coal Mines The debate on

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the Hours of Work in Mines has occupied most of the time of the International Labour Conference. After the failure of every proposal to command a majority Mr. Shinwell, on...

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The Federation of India

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T HE road is open for the peoples of India to reach, if they will, a position of vast honour and importance in the world and to be the proud possessors of a Constitution, mainly...

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Principles of Colonial Policy

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I N his address to the Imperial Press Conference at Rhodes House, Oxford, on Monday, Lord Grey observed that " the -sort of statesmanship for which the British Empire has been...

Getting Away From Party

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TN his Romanes lecture, "Parliament and the Economic Prublem," at Oxford last week Mr. Churchill discussed with animation a very important principle. He would like to withdraw...

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[We have had to hold over this week the sixth

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article in the series describing the Church overseas. Since the issue dated May 17th, articles have appeared regularly on the Church in West Africa, Uganda, South Africa, India,...

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The Labour Party and Protection

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[The letter, "A Politician in a Difficulty," which we published last week, suggested that the Labour Party would be driven by a despairing electorate into advocating an...

The Week in Parliament T HE report of the Simon Commission

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and the emergency meeting of Conservative members of Parliament have diverted attention from the House of Commons since the Whitsuntide recess. The Finance Bill has been making...

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A World "Native" Policy

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T HE year 1930 will mark the historic turning-point in the aohievenient of a world " native " policy. This year witnesses almost the final stage in the plans successfully...

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Silent Flight

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C LIMBING up the Beacon Hill from South Harting, near Petersfield, through the grounds of Mr. Bertrand Russell's school, I saw a strange apparition darting behind a tree—a boy...

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The Face of the True Sun T HE Brahmins have a

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prayer to Savitur, the true sun, whose "longed-for glory" they desire to inspire their lives. It is the oldest prayer known to man. To- day Dr. Saleeby is bringing us back to...

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Mary, the Phrase-Maker

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I T would be difficult to be romantic in the basement of a Dublin house, and difficult too to be romantic while continually cooking other people's dinners, and washing up their...

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Mr. Neil Grant's comedy, at the St: Martin's, has the

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bright harmony, the coherence and compactness, that Mr. Sherriff's Jacks. It is a most amusing little play, recounting the olI tale of a woman's dishonest talent for shouldering...

The Theatre

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Sir Henry Segrave

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[For the benefit of some of our readers we offer the following rendering of the Greek couplet which we published last week.] Lutz an arrow he flew o'er lake and land ; Yet...

The Cockerel Knells

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LISTEN! These little cockerels That ring from hill to hill like bells, In spring when violets sweeten the grass— What they say will come to pass. What do they say, what do...


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[THE INEPT POLITICIAN.] IT is a commonplace of criticism to remark that had a great composer not revealed his genius in his music, he most cer- tainly would be remembered as a...

The Cinema

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[ALL QUIET ON THE WEbTERN FRONT. AT THE ALHAMBRA AND REGAL CINEMAS.] PERHAPS owing to having read as many War books as I could digest, or for some other indefinable reason, I...

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Great Britain and India

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The Perils of Isolation The purpose of this page is to ventilate that moderate Indian - opinion which, recognizing all the difficulties, yet believes in the ,continued...

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On Women and Creative Art "After dinner they discussed women's works : few chefs-d'oeuvre; Madame de Sevigne the best ; the only three of a high class are Madame de Sevigno,...

[At the head of the first half-dozen contributions under the

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tide Pleiades we printed a passage from Pindar which explained the allusion. In response to a number of queries from readers who did not see those articles or are unfamiliar...

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The recent primary campaigns in Illinois and Pennsylvania hive again called attention to the increasing cost of seeking election to the United States Senate. Some time ago the...

American Notes

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Passed in the face of the considered and reasoned objections of many nations, leading economists, newspapers, farm organizations, manufacturers, exporters, and bankers, several...


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A campaign by local clergy and church people to compel public authorities to stop Sunday cinema performances has led to wholesale resuscitation of the Colonial "blue laws" in...


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One bequest in the will of the late Henry Clay Folger is distinctly unusual. It creates a foundation for the develop- ment and diffusion of knowledge of Shakespeare, and...


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The highway traffic patrol system operated by the Auto- mobile Association in England is to be copied, as an experiment, by the traffic authorities of the State of Connecticut...


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The optimistic belief which prevailed in the United States a few months ago, that the business depression would be short.. lived, has now given way to a feeling of intense gloom...

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The other day a prize for the best county story went to a Herefordshire reader of the Spectator. In that same most rural county last week I had a report of a rural conversation...

CIDER versus WINE.

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Now the juice of the apple grows more popular ; and begins to rival the juice of the grape and, may one say ? of John Barleycorn. There is little doubt that the days might be...

Now farmers and landowners and eider makers in a dozen

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counties are anxious to plant orchards. They pay well ; and it is held that the cider apple is a valuable adjunct to orchards of eating and cooking apples, as it helps the...


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Whether or no it is due to hard times I cannot say, but there is reason to believe that the Continental—especially Italian and Spanish—habit of eating small birds, is growing in...

Country Life

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VANISHING ORCHARDS. Many of those most closely concerned—as historians, as farmers, as merchants—are alarmed at the disappearance of the orchard most characteristic of the West...

The Farmers' Unions of the West and, indeed, in many

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southerly and easterly counties are interested ; and there is little doubt that planting would be general, if the tenant could be temporarily helped (as tenants once were in...


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It Might be well to set up a large Government nursery ; but the trees would be grown by nurserymen in sufficient numbers, if the Government announced that they would need so...


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There is a story of a literary critic who during a discussion on Thomas Hardy's poems said : "I like my poetry good, and if I can't get it good I like it rum ; and Hardy is...


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Films have been taken this summer of a number of our rarer, or once rarer birds ; and some of the photographers have been astonished at their own discoveries of the ways of...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of

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June 7th you publish a very remarkable article by the Bengali poet-philosopher, Rabindranath Tagore, written in rolling periods of poetical eloquence, which impress one like...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm.,—Throughout the whole animal kingdom there is no more dangerous impulse than that which is known as mass suggestion. It carries nations...

Letters to the Editor

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INDIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sra,—This morning the air in Scotland is clear, and the following by the morning Indian mail clears one's mind somewhat on the perplexed...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It seems a great pity that any missionary should ever exaggerate the iniquities of the people he goes out to convert. Does he fear that,...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Hamilton Fyfe tells

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us that just as the husbandman can sense atmospheric changes he, a journalist, can sense, from his contact with the public a coming change of opinion on the Free Trade issue....


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—As one who has been closely associated with the move- ment against capital punishment in this 'country in recent years, I would like to...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Orion, in his article

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in your last number, takes it for granted that Undergraduates are at bottom "laughing, ragging, irresponsible youth," apt to do anything if left alone. On the other hand...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—" Thistle" and other Scotsmen certainly have some justification for a grievance. It is undoubtedly inaccurate to describe Lord Haig or...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sut,—In this outpost of the Empire (and it would be inter- esting to know how many of your readers could find it on a' map !), shut in by a...


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[To the Edit& of the SPECTATOR.] Snt,—You ask at what age would I allow a young man to be free from external control. My answer is—at the latest possible, and certainly not in...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Many readers of the Spectator must be aware of a campaign which is being waged with the object of obstructing the work done by the Royal...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In common with your

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correspondent " Thistle " I strongly object to the use of "England" and "English" when reference is obviously to Great Britain or to things British. I am proud to call myself an...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Now that we are all desiring and praying for the reunion of Christendom, it is depressing to find Mr. Clarke attempting to prove that...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I thank you for

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publishing my letter on the above subject. The following taken from this week's issue fully bears me out. Your Budapest correspondent, writing on Count Bethlen, states : (a)...

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We desire to draw attention to the special campaign which is being conducted this year by the National Baby Week Council. The object of National Baby Week (July 1st to 7th) is...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In answer to "D. Kennedy" may I say that the Bill to stop the Export of Horses for Butchery has passed its second reading, and is now...


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THE LATE ROAIER WILSON. It is proposed to publish a Memoir of the late Romer Wilson and to issue a selection of her letters. I shall be grateful if her correspondents will send...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE SPECTATOR, JUNE 26m, 1830. DEATH OF THE KENO. We must not absolve the King from blame in the persecution, for so in reality it was, carried on against the Queen. We believe...

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The Hat-Case

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The English Novel : From the Earliest Days to the Death of Joseph Conrad. By Ford Madox Ford. (Constable. 58.) YEARS ago (it must be twenty-five years) I had the pleasure of...

Six Month s in Fiction

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• The Confessions of Zeno. By Italo Svevo. Translated from The Lost Crusade. By Daphne Muir. (Chatto and Windus. 7s. 6d.) REVIEWING, as someone recently and correctly...

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Lord Balfour

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Lord Balfour : A Memory. By Sir I. Z. Malcolm. (MacMillan and Co. 7s. 6d.) . Sru IAN MALCOLM has compiled a slight but very welcome memoir of his beloved master and elder...

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Before going abroad or away Irom home readers are advised to pkiGe an order for the SPECTATOR. The journal will be forwardel to dug address at the following rates :— One Month ....

Six Months of Detective Novels

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Six months or so ago, the wiseacres were shaking their heads over the doom of the detective story. It was a fashion among the intelligentsia, we were told, a fashion which had...

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The Master Demagogue

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Northcliffe, An Intimate Biography. By Hamilton FyTe. ( Allen and Unwin. 16s.). MR. HAMILTON FYFE'S qualifications for writing an adequate biography of the late Alfred...

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Life's Epiphany

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"LIFE is not explained by the conditions which it utilizes for its epiphany." Such an observation, made in Bloomsbury, might be the precursor of a discussion about little or...

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A Picture of Boyhood The Small Years. By Frank Kendon.

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With Introduction by Walter De la Mare. (Cambridge University Press. 6s.) WE all think other people's memories of childhood senti- mental, and our own inviolate and sacred ; for...

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The Duke of Newcastle

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Studies in Eighteenth - Century Diplomacy, 1740-1748. By Sir Richard Lodge. (Murray. 12s.) SIR RICHARD LODGE, in his retirement after a strenuous life of teaching at Oxford,...

The Problem of India

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Must England Lose India ? By Lieutenant-Colonel Osburn, D.S.O. (Alfred A. Knopf. 7s. 6d.) Loyal India, a Survey of Seventy Years. By Percy H. Dumbell. (Constable. 12s.)...

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The English Heart WHATEVER may be said of the English public's head, there is a comforting if confused feeling that its heart is in the right place, to wit, in the left-centre...

Dormer subscribers who are clianlinj their addresses are asked to

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notify the SPECTATOR Office BEFORE 1KLOD4Y on MONDAY OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the piper ii,23 - bisn sent an.i receipt reference number should be quoted.

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Radical Rascals

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Storm Over Europe. By Douglas Jerrcll. (Ernest Benn. 8s. Od.) MR. DOUGLAS JERROLD has written a political extravaganza of considerable ingenuity. He is of that school, whose...

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M. Mott (George Allen and Unwin. Is. 6d.)—Here we have a slow, careful study of class-hatred which begins with the boyhood of John Broxworth, a farmer's son, who presumed to...

THE GOLDEN ISLE. By Dorothy Fisk. (Methuen. 7s. 6d.)—Those who

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are sick and tired of the modernist novel and look for something simple and charming, without being in any way sloppy, should read The Golden Isle. It is suffused with the...

TRAVELLER'S REST. By Mrs. Henry Dudeney. (Collins: 7s. 6d.)—Mrs. Dudeney's

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books can always be relied on to give pleasant companionship for an hour or so : they are, as it were, slight acquaintances, full of the doings of. people with whom we do not...

HER FATHER'S HOUSE. By Hilda Vaughan. (Heine- mann. 7s. 6d.)—It

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is difficult to light upon any one quality of distinction in Miss Hilda Vaughan's Her Father's House, a book which was awarded the new Book Guild prize for last month, yet it is...

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THE INCREDIBLE YEAR. By Faith Baldwin. (Sampson, Low. 7s. 6d.)—Few

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heroines off the screen have been less credible than Julie, the wealthy girl from the backwoods, of whose life and loves in New York this book treats. The authoress insists that...


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7s. 6d.)—The fact that this story is written by Mr. Wren alone makes it worthy of the attention it will undoubtedly command. There is nothing remarkable in the story of Algernon...

DURING the past month the books most in demand at

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the Times Book Club have been :- FICTION :—The Edwardians, by V. Sackville-West ; April Fools, by Compton Mackenzie ; Her Father's House, by Hilda Vaughan ; Little Green Apples,...

THE FOOL'S PARADE. By John W. Vandercook. (Harper. 7s. 6d.)—So

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very attractive is the get-up of this book, so tasteful and solid its binding, and so excellent the printing, paper and illustrations, that one is inevitably reminded of the...

GREEN AMBER. By Claire Sheridan. (Thornton Butterworth. 7s. 6d.)—The lightest

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touch and more than a dash of charmingly innocuous naughtiness are two of this writer's gifts. In addition she has a large knowledge of the world, and the neatest way of...

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[We publish on this page articles and notes which may help our readers in making their plans for travel at home and abroad. They are written by correspondents who have visited...

General Knowledge Questions

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OUR weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Miss M. Crawford, 28 York Place, Harrogate, Yorks, for the following :-...

A Library List for the Holidays

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BIOGRAPHY. Byron. By Andre Maurois. (Cape. 12s. 6d.) Letters of H. E. Luawioore. (Cambridge University Press. 21s.) Adventure. By Major-General the Rt. Hon. .J. E. B. Seely....

Travel Books and Pamphlets

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[From time to time we notice in this page travel books and pub. lication.s sent to us by travel agencies and shipping companies which we think may be of interest to readers.-ED....

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Finance Public & Private

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Talk s With Investors—III (Concluded) WHILE by no means suggesting that investment— through the medium of the published prospectus—in Ordinary capital of an industrial concern...

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At last week's meeting of Callender's Cable and Construc- tion Company, the chairman, Sir J. Fortescue Flannery, was able to present a thoroughly satisfactory report. The...


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Moreover, although the depression has been most pro- nounced in securities dealt in on American account, and although British Funds and kindred stocks have been fairly well...

Financial Notes

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AMERICAN INFLUENCES. APART from one or two special sections, and notably high-class investment stocks, the depression in the stock markets referred to a week ago in these...


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The report of Crosse and Blackwell for last year was satis- factory in the sense that the net profit of £211,204 showed a small increase over the previous year. Nevertheless,...

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Underlying the cautious tone adopted by Viscount Bearsted, the chairman of the" Shell " Transport and Trading Company, at this week's meeting of that important concern, was a...


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A cautious policy is also displayed in the latest report of the Drapery Trust covering -the year ending Hay 31st last. The reduction in income was not great, the total being...


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Thu is a book whichwill chiefly appeal to the student of banking history. The author attempts a rather difficult task fOr 'lie notMerely deals in historical and chronological...


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Notwithstanding unsettled 'conditions - in the tireber trade, • resulting in some measure from the present- state of affairs in Russia, the latest Annual Report of Denny, Mott &...


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Under the title of "The English Investment Trust Com- panies" a useful volume has been compiled by Mr. George Glasgow, with a foreword by Dr. Gerald T. Moody, so well known in...

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Mr. Glasgow, in his introductory chapter, deals with the record of public service rendered by the Trust companies, and his second chapter dealing with the definition of an...

Answers to Questions on Well-known Phrases

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1. Descriptive of fish caught by means of a kettle or keddle—i.e., a net fixed with stakes in a stream, and naturally a scene of confusion. —2. Possibly from the nautical term...