28 JUNE 1935

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After Paris came Rome. About the naval agreement there seems

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to have been less difficulty in reassuring Signor Mussolini, who does not have to consider Press opinion, and is mainly intent on securing British co- operation in the matters...

Mr. Roosevelt's New Move The astonishing thing about President Roosevelt

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is the manner in which he never at any moment lets the initiative slip from his hand. His reply to the setback to the N.R.A. codes arising from the Supreme Court judgement is a...

NEWS OF THE WEEK M R. EDEN'S visits to Paris and

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Rome appear to have achieved all that could possibly have been expected of them. His first task was to remove the cloud of suspicion created in both capitals by the Anglo-...

OFFIcEs : 99 Gower St., London, W .C. 1. Tel.

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: MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.1'. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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Germany and Submarine Warfare Sir B. Eyres-Monsell disclosed to the

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Hotise of Commons last Tuesday that Germany in the new agreement has renounced resort to unrestricted submarine warfare. This is a gain of the utmost possible value. It is...

The Ribbon Development Bill We wish the Restriction of Ribbon

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Development Bill to go rapidly through Parliament, and we do not • suppose that the Labour Party would have opposed it in the House of Commons on second reading if they had...

The Quetta Relief Fund - Last Monday's meeting at the

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Mansion House should have set the Quetta Earthquake Relief Fund well on its feet, and we hope it will receive the generous support to which the need entitles it. Twenty thousand...

Western Australia The Cabinet of the Australian Commonwealth has been

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happily inspired in meeting for the first time at Perth, the capital of Western Australia. If their visit results now or hereafter in a better relationship with that reasonably...

Thp South African Protectorates Mr. Thomas made a statement of

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the utmost import- ance last week about the South African Protectorates and the proposal to transfer them to the Union of South Africa. It is satisfactory to learn that he...

Judges as Journalists The latest of Lord Hewart's articles in

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the Press has provoked a question in Parliament by Sir Arnold Wilson and a reply by the Prime Minister. Mr. Baldwin declined to send a communication to the Lord Chief Justice on...

Mr. Baldwin and Distressed Areas Perhaps the most interesting appointment

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of the week is that of Sir Horace Wilson, formerly head of the Ministry of Labour and latterly Chief Industrial Adviser to the Government, who has been " seconded to the...

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Lord Cecil is reported to have said of Mr. Lloyd

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George, whom in the days of the Coalition he disliked more than any man in public life, that " the fellow was so con- foundedly efficient." That is the grudging admission now of...

The Government has caused disappointment by deciding to send the

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Bill to a Standing Committee. - There are unpleasant memories of how the Town Planning Act was obstructed and emasculated in a committee room with disastrous results on the...

Two factors, it seems, are operating in the minds of

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the Government against an autumn election. The first is the position in Abyssinia. At the moment the situation is very black. Signor Mussolini has rejected all proposals for...

Insuring Against Death Duties In principle, we believe, many and

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perhaps most • thinking people will sympathize with the demand voiced by Sir W. Davison • in Committee on the Budget that !policies of insurance - taken out for the purpose...

• * This Year's Army Manoeuvres Though manoeuvres on a

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large scale were held in 1925, the military exercises of this year will afford the first occasion since the War on which two complete army corps will be opposed to each other....

House Agents' Licences - So far the evidence laid before

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the Select Committee (Viscount Mersey is Chairman) of the House of Lords, which is enquiring into the incidence of auctioneers, house- agents, and valuers' licences, goes to...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

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state- ment of the First Lord of the Admiralty that " Germany has agreed never again. to resort to what was known during the War as unrestricted submarine warfare " received an...

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N EVER before has private effort, supported by voluntary organization alone, provided such striking evidence of British public opinion as has now been produced by the Peace...

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T HE • Government's scheme to raise £40 millions for railway improvements in and round London is now well under way, and the money resolution for it was passed by agreement...

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A friend who has just returned from the Riviera tells

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me that all the towns and villages along the coast are lamenting the continued absence of visitors. Hotels in Monte Carlo, Nice, Cannes and lesser places which a few years ago...

Perhaps something of this kind was in the mind of

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the anonymous head of an English school who has been offer- ing a prize of £100 for the best " lesson " in the form of an essay explaining the peace principles of Sir Norman...

* * * The horse-drawn lorry, to which I have

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referred more than once in this column, is becoming a more intolerable obstruction than ever in the centre of London, and for all I know, other great cities. What has made...


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I T is rather surprising that Lord Ullswater should maintain that the Speaker has " all the advantages and disadvantages of having a constituency." He obviously has not the...

This is the time of year when schools have speech

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days, and speakers at more than one school, annoyed with Mr. Lansbury's pugnacious remarks about the Prince of Wales, have commented on the ethics of school 0.T.Cs. The...

* * It seems to me to be rather absurd

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to appeal to the Labour Party to observe the " gentleman's agreement " in regard to the Speaker. There is a " gentleman's agreement " between all parties which demands respect...

We are all of us, after a quick change remarkable

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in a Government department, feeling very benevolent to the Post Office, what with all the benefits recently bestowed on us by Sir Kingsley Wood, and a Golden Voice spon- sored...

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By AIR COMMODORE P. F. M. FELLOWES T IME ? Thinkers are now urgently asking, have we still time to take measures to shackle and control our latest monster or is it already too...

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By SIR EVELYN WRENCH O NE of the chief difficulties in promoting international friendship is to understand the other fellow's view—a trite but true remark. Much had happened...

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W HEN Sir Donald Cameron lands in England this month he will have completed forty-five years' work in the Colonial Service. No career in that Service has been more effective...

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By R. H. S. CROSSMAN O F . all the ingredients in our B.B.C. programmes,. it is. undoubtedly the talks that are subjected to the fiercest criticism. Day in day out, the...

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By DR. ALBERT PEEL O N Sunday collections were taken in churches throughout the Metropolis for the Hospital Sunday Fund. Some figures quoted in the current Report of the Fund...

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By SIR STEPHEN TALLENTS rpHE sight of an old man of eighty, scything a rough field with bowed back, sent me off one May morning a few years ago to buy myself a scythe and stone....

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By ROSE MACAULAY A LL " fastidious book-collectors " (to call them by the gentle name given them by the Assistant Librarian of Christ Church) must, I think, be greatly...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," JUNE 27T Er, 1835. A notice has been issued in the parish of St. George, Hanover Square, that the Trustees under what is called the " Grosvenor Local Act,"...

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Russian Ballet at Covent Garden LAST week at the Russian ballet we saw two of this season's novelties ; novelties, that is, as far as the De Basil company is concerned....

"Cardinal Richelieu." At the Leicester Square Theatre IN many ways

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the best film ever made by Mr. George Arliss is still The Green Goddess, for he was then allowed to appear as villain in a part which gave full scope to his sardonic humour....

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Hamburger Feste

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[Von einem Deutschen Korrespondenten] DIE stoize Hansastadt Hamburg hat in letzter Zeit eine grosse Bedeutung als deutschen Kulturzentrum erlangt. Die Kongresse und Paraden...


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Russian Art THE exhibition of Russian Art at 1- Belgrave Square pro- vides a survey of the different styles evolved in Russia from the fourteenth century up to the Revolution...

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The Belligerents It is dangerous to take sides, but a

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bit of interesting evidence has been sent me by a naturalist who had personal knowledge by his witness and his fidelity in observation : " As reported in the Natural History...

The Cuckoo's Trick

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A great observer of country things has had under close observation this spring fourteen nests in which cuckoos have laid eggs. Four of them were laid in the nest of the dtmnock...


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A Forcing House The effect of the wireless news on the face of the country has never been conspicuous, as it is this year. Scores, indeed hundreds of farmers and others have...

Abbotsbury Two bits of England, one in Dorset, and one

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in Sussex, are in the national eye. One is threatened, the other promised. To begin with the threat, Abbotsbury, where the swans come from, has no parallel the world over ; and...

Flowers in Art I walked this week directly between St.

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James's Park (where the flowers are very lovely) and the Palser Gallery (where the flowers are also very lovely), and in both places many characteristic types of person were to...

Botanical Freaks The world is full of freaks, or what

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the guardian of a freak exhibited in a London show used to call " progedies." In my garden is a rough bank on which marigolds have sprung up in great numbers and, if the word...

Gravetye The promise concerns Gravetye Manor and its gardens and

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well wooded acres. Now as long ago as 1870 Mr. William Robinson published The Wild Garden, a book that made history. It brought English gardening back to nature. Some...

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...


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[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] Sta.,—The recent exposition by the Parliamentary Secretary to the. Board of Education of the Government policy in regard to school means...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Lord Hewart is reported in the Press to have said in delivering judgement in the above Appeal that it was " a mere waste of time." Now...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The well-known saying of Dr. Johnson seems to supply the only contribution which an exasperated and intelligent Churchman is able to...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—To style as " The. New Paganism" the moral phenomena presented by political Germany today may be not inappro- priate ; but the citation...

ICELAND [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I was very

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pleased indeed to read Mr. Stanley Unwin's article on Iceland in The Spectator this week. I have been for- tunate enough to visit this delightful country in the course of duty,...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —Broadcasting to schools' is a question of importance to millions of listeners ; two hours of their daily programme time is taken from...

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Two Poems

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Dance-Band Swim with the stream ! Sleep as you swim ! Let the wave take you ! - - However loud they play, my saxophones will never wake you, For they are in your dream. and you...

CRUELTY TO CAGED BIRDS • [To . the . Editor of THE

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SPECTATOR, • SIR,—Two years ago I saw a whole large railway-wagon on the quay at Dakar, Senegal, filled with crowded cages of small birds .awaiting shipment. Their number I...

Age Do men grow wholly old ; Unknowing, tire of

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living ; Grow deaf as pulse grows faint ; Dream and'in dreims depart ? Or do they wake; feel cold And hear—a salt sea grieving Iii landlocked, long complaint— The...


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decision of the organizers of the Peace and Unem- ployment ,Convention, sponsored by Mr. Lloyd George and Free Church leaders to hold the Convention on July 1st and 2nd—dates...

SIR WALTER RALEGH , • - [To the Editor of

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THE SPECTATOR.] " — - - Sini—Dr.Harlow writes :, " Mr. Thompson's indignant reftisOl in his book to accept the idea that Ralegh, when hard pressed, was given to...


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SIR, — The All Peoples' Association (APA), 9 Arlington Street, S.W. 1, will hold a Conference on international affairs at the Union, Oxford, from July 31st to August 6th. Sir...

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Science under Suspicion

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By C. E. M. JOAD IT is some time ago now since men of genius began to throw doubt upon the alleged benefits of applied science. The citizens of Erewhon who in a frenzy of panic...

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The Edwardian Age of Diplomacy

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Tars is a highly interesting book, even a sensational one. In atmosphere it is admirable. Just as Benvenuto Cellini's Autobiography does bring up the saints, sinners and artists...

Causes of the Depression

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SPECULATING upon the economic confusion and turmoil of recent years one has the choice between two main types of explanation. On the one hand there was the War and its aftermath...

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Geniuses as Husbands MEN of genius—it is notorious—make difficult husbands.

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One cannot get anything for nothing in this world : and the price they pay for the intensity with which they realize their own point of view would seem to be an inability to...

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" A B

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Arnold Bennett : a Portrait Done at Home, together with 170 Letters from A. B. By Dorothy Cheston Bennett. (Cape. 10s. 6d.) IN the last twenty years Arnold Bennett's reputation...

The Sitwell Plane

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Russian Ballets. By Adrian Stokes. (Faber and Faber. 7s. 6d.) THE time must be shortly coming when someone, searching in the past for unjustly forgotten names, will re-discover...

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Poetry, Drama and Satire

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Murder in the Cathedral. By T. S. Eliot. (Faber. 5s.) The Dog Beneath the Skin. By W. H. Auden and Christopher Isherwood. (Faber. 7s. 6d.) ARTISTS, it has been said, usually...

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Primitive Societies

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THERE is a rather dispiriting uniformity about most books which proceed from present-day Germany. However much we may admire the motives of their authors, however deeply we may...

The Bathysphere

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Half Mile Down. By William Beebe. (Bodley Head. 18s.) IT is six years since Dr. Beebe, with the help of Dr. Otis Barton, designed a curious and rather clumsy looking vehicle...

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Mr. Gieene's New NOyel

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England Made Me. By Graham Greene. (Heinemann. is. Oci.) IF there is one thing common to nearly all the best of the younger writers today it is that they seem to be engaged in a...

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By SEAN O'FAOLAIN THERE are times when one is sick unto death of books and of - writing. One envies bricklayers. So a friend of mine has a regular nightmare when he sees all...

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All the same, conditions on the other side of the Atlantic are viewed somewhat askance in a good many quarters here. It remains to be seen whether in that famous land of "...


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New Loans and the Investor ONE of the outstanding features of the present financial situation is the considerable activity in the flotation of new loans. Some of these are of...

Financial Notes

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CHEERFUL MARKETS. ALTHOUGH we are now gradually approaching the holiday season, the Stock .Markets are still displaying considerable activity,' and barring any unfEivourable...

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* * * * A GOOD REPORT.

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The annual Report of Richard Thomas and Company, issued last week, is an instance in point of the recovery which is taking place in so many of the leading industries of the...


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It is impossible to read the speech of Sir John Cadman, the Chairman, at the recent annual meeting of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, without being impressed with the importance...


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In particular, he referred to the remarkable progress made by the Iraq Petroleum Company, in which the Anglo-Persian is materially interested. Sir John took part in the...


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I refer in another column to the fact that activity in new capital flotations constitutes one of the outstanding features in the present situation. Almost every one of these...


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I referred last week to the steadiness of the profit-earning power of Scribbans and Company, and at the meeting held this week the chairman, Mr. Philip E. Hill, referred to the...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 144

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BY ZENO [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened, Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...


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