29 JULY 1865

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The net result of the Elections shows a majority for

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the Liberals in England and Wales—counting the Leominster election as cer- tain to result in the return of a Conservative—of 40, in Scotland of 33 or 35, according to the...


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T HE sentence of death upon Constance Kent has been com- muted, as was expected, into penal servitude for life, which, again, it is semi-officially stated, will be exchanged for...

The Session of the Austrian Reichsrath was closed on the

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27th inst., in an extremely conciliatory speech, in which the Emperor thanked the members for their spirit of economy, promised peace, and a settlement of the Holstein-Schleswig...

The elections of the new Parliament have been more than

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usually distinguished by violence, and quite unusually by fraud. In the West Kent election some scoundrel sent out a number of circulars with the forged signature of Lord Nevin,...

Major Beresford's defeat in North Essex by a majority of

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fifty for Sir Thomas Western is one of the most remarkable of the Liberal successes. North Essex has been hitherto conceived as a peculiar retreat of Toryism of the strongest...

Another ease of suspected poisoning by a surgeon. Mr. Charles

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Gordon Sprague, practising at Ashburton, was charged with poisoning his wife, and her father and mother (Mr. and Mrs. Chalker), and the servant, Mary Jane Pigeon, last Sunday,...

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Brazil, moved by the "good offices" of Portugal," has agreed

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to readmit British representatives, so another Tory grievance has been removed. We can only trust that the privilege of sending Ministers to be neglected at Rio has not been...

The Bishop of Cape Town presented a memorial to the

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Treasury asking for compensation for his expenses in the proceedings against the Bishop of Natal. The Lords of the Treasury deny the prayer. After Me. Long's case, the attempt...

flange, the platelayer, whose remissness caused the dreadful Staplehurst accident,

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has been sentenced to nine months' imprison- ment. As the greater responsibility really rests with the Com- pany who appointed an incompetent man to the post, this punish- ment...

The visit of the Prince of Wales to Cornwall brings

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into strong relief the almost unique position enjoyed by Mr. Augustus Smith, lately member for Truro. This gentleman is owner for all practical purposes, though nominally only...

The Great Eastern, with the Atlantic telegraph cable on board,

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left Valenti& on the 24th inst., but before she had steamed eighty miles it was discovered that there was "a defect of insulation." It was, however, rectified, and at 10.50 a.m....

The level of the Dead Sea, often disputed, has been

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settled by Captain Wilson, R.E., who left England last September as head of a surveying expedition in Palestine, paid for by subscription. The water after the freshets is...

Sir j. P. Wlide has given a decision which will

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modify the law of divorce upon one most important point. Mr. Sidney married Mrs. Sidney, wearied of he; committed various acts of adultery, and so grievously ill treated her...

General Howard, U.S.A., has issued an admirable order, insisting that

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the value of the freedmen's labour shall be measured by what their masters were willing to pay in hire for it before their eteaneire. tion, and not by what they are now willing...

The Americans, it appeats, publish in the papers the teletexts

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Of leading citizens to the income-tax, a practice which in Eitghind The Americans, it appeats, publish in the papers the teletexts Of leading citizens to the income-tax, a...

Herr Von Bismark has gone a step further towards the

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estab- lishment of absolutism in Prussia. The city of Cologne resolved to give a banquet to the Liberal members of the Chamber, a pro- ceeding formally authorized by Article 23...

A "mountain of silver," or at all events a mountain

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containing vast quantities of the metal, has been discovered in Nevada, the State just admitted into the American Union. Its name is Silver Peak, it is east of San Francisco and...

The excessive and absurd fear entertained by an English mob

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of a few hussars has been explained in many ways. Some account for it by saying they have no old soldiers, as on the Continent, to lead them, others by their fear of the horses,...

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A meeting was held at the Freemasons' Tavern on Wednesday,

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to present the Bishop of Natal with the subscription raised to enable him to return to his diocese by those who are indignant with the trustees of the Colonial Bishops' Fund,...

Our New York correspondent sends us an exceedingly able letter

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on Mr. Seward, whose ability and policy he extols, but he quite misses the drift of the English criticism on him. We have had no reason to consider Mr. Seward either practically...

An International Convention, attended by representatives of all trades in

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Canada and the United States, has been held at Detroit, in Michigan. The object was to consider the propriety of renew- ing the Reciprocity Treaty, and the final decision was in...

Monaghan must be a pleasant county to contest. As the

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elec- tion was proceeding at Castle Blayney, a body of Orangemen arrived by train, and marched from the station to the polling- booth, each man with a loaded revolver or pistol...

The closing prices of the leading British Railways yesterday and

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on Friday week were as follows :- Friday, July 21. Friday, i'ais 23 122 411 1 . 111 13511 45} 119i 197 1224 111 1 It) se 141 L i Caledonian Great Eastern .. • • ••...

The Marseilles Extension Railway and Land Company, capital 400,000/., in

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20,000 shares of 20/. each, proposes the construction of a railway from the "old port" of Marseilles to Podestat, distance of about nine miles. This line of railway, in...

Mr. Gladstone made two speeches after the declaration of the

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South Lancashire poll this day week—by which it appeared that he was third on the poll, and not second, as the Liberal return made him, though very close on Mr. Turner, and a...

The leading Foreign Securities yesterday and on Friday week left

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off at the following prices :— rriday, July 21. Friday, Joly 28. 21 2 29f 24/ 224 14 14 73 ••• 781 7 714 49/ Greek • . .. • . Do. Coupons .. Maslow' .. • ....

On Saturday last Consols left off at 89* 90 for

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money, and 90 to 90k for account. Yesterday the closing prices were 90 1 1- and 90i for money and time respectively. The Bank rate has been raised to 3i per cent. The stock of...

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THE POLICY OF CONFISCATION. T HE establishment of a Confiscation Department at Wash- ington, and the seizure of the Tredegar Iron Works in Virginia, are very serious incidents....

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S COTLAND sends up fifty-three members to the House of Commons, thirty for counties, and twenty-three for cities and what are called in Scotland "burghs," that is, for the most...

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W HATEVER the Bishop of Natal may be as a critic,— and no doubt his arithmetical objections to the text of Exodus have popularized the truth as to its traditional cha- racter...

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W HAT will the Government do with their immense majority ? That is the real question now before the country, and when analyzed it resolves itself into the more restricted...

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A SHORT time ago an attempt was made to introduce into India a law making the violation on the part of the ryots of their contracts with the proprietors of land a criminal...

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I F there is a queer station in the universe, unquestionably it must be Saturn, and the newest and probably best hypothesis, just put forth by Mr. Proctor, of St. John's...

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N., rise in the price of meat of which housekeepers are begin- _L ning to complain so bitterly, though exaggerated by popular annoyance, appears to be real, and promises to...

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S IR JAMES DALRYMPLE, Lord President Stair, the father of the unfortunate bride of Baldoon, accompanied William of Orange from Holland in 1688, and went down to Scotland, where...

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[Fnom OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. j New York, July 14, 1865. Jr there be one man eminent in political life in the United States who is regarded in Great Britain with more...

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To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." SIR,—In the lists of those who have been returned for the new Parliament the letters "L" and "C" are taken to be sufficiently dis- tinctive....

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MR. BUCHANAN'S POEMS.* WoaDswoarn has often been spoken of as a poet completely out- side the direct line of poetic tradition, as standing apart in a still backwater, is it...

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PRIMARY BELIEFS.* GoLnsmirrn, in one of his allegories, introduces a

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traveller seeking the Land of Certainty. His first guide makes him painfully creep on his hands and knees, and proceed in as continuous a line as the path of a snail. Another...

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PLPIASANTNESS is the prominent characteristic of the Gayworthys. A kindly, motherly old lady, with her spirit unimpaired by old age, her shrewdness greatly increased by...

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THE GREAT SCHOOLS OF ENGLAND.* MR. SrAuNroses work fulfils the

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promise of his title-page. The facts he gives us, if not always interesting in themselves, are most valuable as a guide to future reformers. Since the Public Schools Report the...

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as did Mr. Browne, mistake the woril glaciere for a patois form of glacier. But when, two or three years ago, he was induced by a guide to go to inspect a glaciere near Arzier,...

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Noel; or, It Was to Be. By Robert Baker and

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Skelton Yorke. 2 vols. (Smith, Elder, and Co.)—This novel is a very disappointing one, for the mere writing is good enough to raise hopes in the reader's mind of an amount of...


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A Winter in Algeria. By Mrs. G. Albert Rogers. (Sampson.)—Mrs. Rogers is apparently the wife of a clergyman of the worst Clapham type, whose first idea in Algeria is to...

Lord Dalhousie's Indian Administration. By Sir Charles Jackson. (Smith and

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Elder.)—Sir Charles Jackson, an able judge of the Calcutta Supreme Court, and one of the most estimable and popular men who ever landed in India, has been irritated by the...

Domestic Life of the Natives of India. By James Kerr.

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(W. H. Allen.)—Mr. Kerr, as head of a great native college, had unusual opportunities for studying native character, but no more of learning native customs than the majority...

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The Layman's Creed. By Christopher James Reithmtiller. (Bell and Daldy.)—These

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very polished and harmonious verses express the author's firm faith in the fundamental doctrines of Christianity, the following verses giving the key-note of his position :— "...

Gems of German Poetry. Translated by Lady John Manners. (Black-

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wood.)—Very fair translations, especially of the quieter poems. Lady John Manners is scarcely up to the rendering of Heine's Belshazzar.

The Theological Review. No. IX., July, 1865. (Whitfield.)—The present is

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a good number of this able review, which, though we differ radically from some of its dogmatic negations, it is impossible to read without respect, and often instruction. The...

The Alchymist. By Captain C. M. Tucker, late Bengal Cavalry.

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(Saunders, Otley, and Co.)—The author calls these poems parables in rhyme, but we shall not attempt to deprive his readers of the pleasure they will take in unravelling the...

My Via-a-rm; or, Harry's Account of his Courtship, and other

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Poems. By Mary Eliza Rogers, author of Domestic Life in Palestine. (Bell and Daldy.)—Cheerful chatter in rhyme by a clever woman,—rather pleatiant to read. The more solemn...

The Clildren's Garden, and What They Made of It. By

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Agnes and Maria K Catlow. Illustrated by Mrs. Harry °riddle. (Cassell, Petter, and Galpin.)—Some respect is due to a "little work" which is "dedi- cated by the Queen's...

This firm conviction that the controversies of the day involve

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only the non-essentials of religion is enforced under the various headings, "Belief," "Inspiration," "Prayer," the "Church," the "Burial Service," and "True Religion," always...