31 AUGUST 1872

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The Journeymen Bakers of London, or rather 8,000 out of

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12,000 of them, have resolved on a universal strike, to begin on some day not yet fixed. They want a day of 12 hours, to begin at 4 a.m., a free Sunday, and a rise of 3s. per...

The aggregate of reports from the wheat-producing countries indicate that

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corn will be dear during the coming year, but not extravagantly so. The home crop is good, but from 10 to 15 per cent. under average ; the crop in South Russia and Hungary is...

Lord Derby is the first statesman of the first rank

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who has spoken upon the labour question. He was extremely cautious in his remarks, but he told the Agricultural Association of Bury that, although he doubted whether the...

A curious rumour is spreading that Prince Bismarck does not

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at all approve the meeting of the Three Emperors. Now he is coming to Berlin to be present at the Congress, and again, he is not coming, and then he is coming if he can, and so...

Lord F. Cavendish addressed his constituents in the West Rid-

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ing, at Sowerby Bridge, on Saturday. After a plausible defence of the Ballot, which we have quoted elsewhere, he told his audience that the Liberals had held power for forty...

The Arbitrators at Geneva keep their secret well, but counsel

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have, of course, informed the two Governments how matters are going, and the American Government is straining every nerve to secure votes. Consequently it has announced, or...


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Ay TRIERS announces through Reuter that he has no intention Ai. whatever of proposing the formation of a Second Chamber. YrIe thinks such an institution might be valuable, but...

' 1 * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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The Ballot is to be next tried in a large

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constituency. The death of Sir T. G. Hesketh has made a vacancy in the representa- tion of Preston, a town with 11,300 electors, which has usually returned Conservative...

Mr. J. B. Johnson, who calls himself the champion swimmer,

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and really swims quite as well as an average South Sea Islander, on Saturday attempted to swim from Dover to Calais. He jumped into the sea at 10.40 a.m., and swam strongly for...

Mr. Spencer Stanhope, the new Member for the South division

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of the West Riding, made a speech at Scisset on Saturday which contained one noteworthy remark. He was altogether against the concession of the vote to the county householder....

It is believed that S. Zorrilla and his new Ministry

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have a majority of more than 100 in the new Cortes, and his friends assert that this has been obtained without official pressure. That remains to be seen when the Cortes meets,...

Lord Beauchamp has made rather a sensible speech to his

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tenants at Madresfield. He advised his tenantry, if any agitators came into the district, to leave them alone, confident that the men would find out who were their friends, and...

Shareholders of the Metropolitan Railway had a bad quarter of

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an hour on Wednesday. Their new Chairman, Sir E. Watkin, told them that their high dividends had been more or less ficti- tious ; that the 1 per cent, now declared was more than...

The Burgh of Wick presented Mr. Lowe with its freedom

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on Friday se'nnight, but was rather disappointed in the speech the burgesses expected to get in return. Mr. Lowe observed that his office brought him forward so little that he...

We are not quite sure that magistrates who "bear the

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sword in vain 's are not as mischievous as magistrates who are unjust. Mr. W. N. Nankville, a respectable wine merchant, saw a young ruffian strike a girl, who was crying with...

When Mr. Greeley accepted the nomination of the Cincinnati Convention

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he retired from the editorship of the Tribune, but we fear he still controls it. If he does, his election would be a very bad omen for the Negroes, for the Tribune is clearly...

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The Italians are about, according to the Times, to try

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the ex- periment we have abandoned, and form a penal colony beyond -seas. They thought at first of Abyssinia, but are now in treaty for a district in Borneo, and for some reason...

The Builders' Strike has ended in a compromise. The men

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do not get their "nine hours and ninepence," but they do get a stint of 524 hours a week, which is better than nine hours, and 84d. an hour, a halfpenny more than they had...

The woes of the workmen find audience much more easily

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than - those of the middle-class. When they are evicted there is endless -declamation, but when shopkeepers are evicted no one cares. We are told that it is a regular custom for...

The Spectator was caught napping last week. The story about

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Dr. Livingstone which it attributed to Mr. Stanley was, it appears, an invention, a joke intended to show that Mr. Greeley's candidature in the Democratic interest is a most...

S. B. Thakur writes again to the Times scolding the

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Archbishop of Canterbury for calling Hindoos heathen, and accusing him of cool self-sufficiency," "self-satisfaction," contempt for heathen religions. and "condemnation of...

The New York World notices the death of a millionaire

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named Mitchell Hart, whose life suggests some curious speculations. He was a pawnbroker, and for nearly half a century worked 'eighteen hours a day in his little shop, taking...

It would seem that the relations between the Courts of

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Munich and Berlin are not of the most cordial character. King Ludwig is angry at slights of some unexplained kind, avoided the Crown Prince when he visited Bavaria, and has...

The Guardian reports a very remarkable ecclesiastical case in Illinois.

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The Episcopalian Bishop in that State had deposed a minister, the Rev. C. E. Cheney, from the Ministry, and Mr. Cheney appealed to the civil power. The Supreme Court decided...

No further news of the slightest importance has transpired about

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the Chelsea tragedy. An inquest has been held, but no new evidence was elicited, except a telegram from Paul May's father, stating that his son and Nagel had been concerned in...

Prince Milaw Obrenovic on Thursday week assumed the " throne

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" of Servia. He is a lad of seventeen, and his very name is scarcely known in Europe ; but he is the fourth of his house who has reigned in Servia as a sovereign, though in one...

Consols were on Friday 92 to 92 for money.

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THE POLITICAL LULL. T HIS Recess is, and probably will continue to be, a bad time for journalists, who are so pressed that the Times devotes a leader to a man who said he would...

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T us HE coming Strike of the Bakers' men may prove a serious affair. We can hardly believe that a city like London can be left even for one week without bread, but it is quite...

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T HE fuller account received this week of the Revolution in Peru does not quite confirm the favourable impression the telegrams had induced us to form as to the action of the...

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I T is sometimes difficult to understand why English states- men daily over the question of Judicial Reform. There are so many conspicuous and inconvenient anomalies in our...


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1 1 F, as some sanguine people assert, Russia is on the high- road to advanced and advancing Liberalism, it must be admitted that Czarism has just fortified itself by a double...

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P ERHAPS not one per cent, among us knows how much we owe to the Police. The blue-coated, stalwart, but some- what sluggish-looking figure perambulating our streets does not do...

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HE Native gentlemen who are attacking the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Times display an unreasonable amount of irritation against a prelate whose appointed duty it is to warn...

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O F all our supplies of food the one which we most neglect is fish. The seas that wash our coasts a bountiful nature has stocked with fish in limitless quantities. The progress...

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BOURBONNE-LES-BAINS. [FROM A CORRESPONDENT.] Bourbonne-le-s-Bains, Haute Marne, 16th August. Wz were awakened yesterday morning at 5 a.m. by a most merry and musical peal from...

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THE EFFICACY OF PRAYER. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPEOTA.TOIL1 Galton's interesting letter in your paper of yesterday induces me to trouble you with a few observations in reply...

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SIR, —Can you allow me space for a few words on the subject of the "Efficacy of Prayer "? 1. It seems to me that Mr. Gallon, and those who think like him, have, as against the...

[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") must confess to have

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experienced a certain amount of difficulty in apprehending the exact force of Mr. Galton's argu- ment with regard to what he considers "strategic points " in the present...

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Sin,—The continued interest manifested in this discussion is a very satisfactory indication of moral earnestness pervading a great number of liberal thinkers. Will you accept...


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• have read with high interest the correspondence on this subject, though the view adopted by Mr. Galton and those who think with him is by no means novel. Thus, in times...


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SIR,—If the desire to pray is, as Mr. Galton asserts, "not intuitive" to humanity, but "is an artificial creation of theolo- gians," what made the theologians pray ? Out of...


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Sut,—Mr. Galton's letter revives the question, "Is the desire to- pray the result of intuition or instruction ? " and judging from. the ideal picture he has drawn of the first...


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Galton's "concise and pointed" representation of his . case against prayer admits of a very brief and simple reply. Be- cause prayer is taught by missionaries and mothers, and...

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(To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTITOR.1 StR,—If you will give me liberty to say so, I think "A Radical Landlord" has missed the aim of my letter more than 1 did the difficulty of...


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go THE EDITOR OF THE " SPEOTATOR,1 trust you will allow me to make a few remarks suggested by the excellent article in the Spectator of Saturday last on the discussion of my...


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*Sre,—As Mr. Gallon, in your last issue, anticipated "those who might answer him in your columns," I ask the opportunity for myself. My object in writing is not to argue with...

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THE LIFE AND TIMES OF SIXTUS Y. Mn. JERNINGH_AM has done good service in translating what we must paradoxically call this lively diplomatic history of the times of the great...


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Sm,—In your notice of "Spiritualism Answered by Science" you say that "Mr. Crookes has no more belief in the nonsense of spiritualism than have Messrs. Tyndall and Huxley." Is...

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THE FALL OF MAXLMILIAN.* Tars is a painful book, but

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not an unnecessary one. It is painful at all times to open up old wounds, and the process is often inex- pedient, but not always. In the present instance, many facts are...

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THE " tender Tibullus " is well worthy of all the admiration which his translator expresses for him, and Of all the pains, or even, to repeat once more our customary criticism...

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excellent characteristic : the author set to work with clear ideas of what he wanted to do, and how he meant to do it. He has given ass sort of hand-book of English...

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ANTIQUARIES of standing consider Mr. Fergusson, in this hand- some volume, to have developed what was originally a crotchet into an elaborate paradox. So far as rude stone...

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MIDNIGHT WEBS.* WE do not understand the exact technical difference

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between a " web " and a "yarn," but we believe the former to be woven and the latter to be spun, and if so, Mr. Fenn should have chosen the latter title. His stories are...

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(*„." The Earl Spencer who died four months after Lord

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Althorp's resignation of office in 1834, as mentioned in our review last week, was not the statesman himself, but his father. Lord Althorp died in 1845, having been Earl Spencer...

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POETRY. — Lyrical Recreations. By Samuel Ward. (J. C. Hotten.)— Mr.

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Ward's modest title names rather than describes a volume of more than common excellence. It is needless to say, though the public is leas forcibly impressed with its truth than...


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The Book of Sun - Dials. By Mrs. Alfred Getty. (Bell and Daldy.)— This is a handsome volume, full of interesting matter, to be dipped into, of course, rather than read, in which...

Wild Wood. By Helen Dickens. 3 vols. (Newby.)—Miss Dickens has

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written a novel very much after the manner of Mrs. Henry Wood. The chief personages in it are a family of the name of Dreyer, eight in number, four of them, as we are pretty...

The Public Schools' Atlas of Modern Geography. Edited by the

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Rev. G. Butler. (Longmans.)—This volume contains thirty one maps (thirty of modern geography, and one, a very convenient addition, of ancient Palestine, the Palestine of the...

Our Schools and Colleges, by F. S. de Carteret Bisson,

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is a pains- taking compilation, capable, it is almost needless to say, of inde- finite improvement. The editor is, of course, in a great measure dependent upon others for his...