31 AUGUST 1912

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The Spectator

T 1 AST t h Saturday e r . Taft ft t s which signed d t ha d h e Panama am a a gr eed ed Canal Bill by the two Houses in joint conference. It is with great regret that we...

This curious proposal, which has not yet been acted upon,

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surely asks Congress to insult itself. It ought not to be ipiplied that the Acts of Congress may be in violation of treaties unless - it is expressly stated that they are not....

The situation in China is calmer than a week ago.

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Sun Yat-sen arrived in Peking last Saturday, and so far from being assassinated, as had been thought possible, he had a splendid reception, which rivalled (says a Renter...

Sir John Jordan, the British Minister at Peking, has addressed

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a memorandum to the Chinese Government with regard to the Chinese intention of incorporating Tibet as a province of the Republic. The memorandum urges that the Tibetans should...

In a letter which we publish elsewhere the course of

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recent events in Tibet is described. We are entirely opposed to any " forward " policy in Tibet. At the same time we have to recognize that if the Chinese expedition reached...

We fear there is no getting away from the fact

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that the Act, in exempting American coastwise shipping from dues, does violate the simple meaning of the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty. Nor is it quite certain, though we do not wish to...

***. The Editors cannot undertake to return. Manuscript in any

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The spell of wet weather which has afflicted the country

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for the last month culminated in a tremendous deluge on Sunday night and Monday. Serious floods, involving great damage and discomfort, have occurred in the Midlands, but East...

We sympathize with Sir Wilfrid Laurier's mistrust of- " viewy"

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schemes of Imperial organization ; they have a way of being in advance of the needs of the Empire, and consee quently framed under serious misapprehensions. But he was certainly...

On Monday it was announced that the German Emperor had

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been suffering from rheumatic swelling of the neck, attended by considerable pain and difficulty in speaking and swallowing. He was, in consequence, obliged to cancel his...

The Paris correspondent of the Times described in Tuesday's issue

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the recent proceedings of the National Federation of Teachers' Unions, which caused the Government to decide to suppress the unions. It appears that at the Congress which opened...

The condition of Morocco is causing a good deal of

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anxiety to the French Government. When El Hiba, the pretender, entered Marakesh and was proclaimed Sultan, El Glawi, who professes attachment to the French, handed over to him...

Mr. Borden's important visit to England came to an end

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on Friday. It was the occasion of a most valuable exchange of opinions between the Imperial and Canadian Governments, chiefly on naval defence, but also on the wider question,...

We hope that Sir 'Wilfrid Laurier may be invited, if

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it seems good to the Canadian Government, to sanction the naval programme before it is published ; for naval policy should be a non-party question, and the appearance of...

The crisis in Turkey has almost ceased to be a

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crisis since last week. The vacant places in the Cabinet have been filled, and it seems probable that the Government will now be allowed to make their preparations for the...

It is proposed to commemorate the centenary of Sir George

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Etienne Cartier, the distinguished French-Canadian states- man, by erecting a monument on the slope of Mount Royal, -which overlooks the city of Montreal. Cartier's services to...

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On Saturday last the Nonconformists celebrated the two hundred and

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fiftieth celebration of the ejection of the Puritans on August 24th, 1662. The political forces which overbore the natural indifference of Charles II. in dealing with the...

Bank Rate,4por cent., changed from 3 per cent. August 29th.

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Consols (21) were on Friday 7t4—Friday week 751. Bank Rate,4por cent., changed from 3 per cent. August 29th. Consols (21) were on Friday 7t4—Friday week 751.

General Booth was buried at Abney Park Cemetery on Thursday

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amid touching manifestations of the affection of his family and followers. The funeral procession, which mustered on the Embankment, was more than a mile long, and included...

Mr. Borden, the Canadian Prime Minister, received two deputations on

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the subject of Women's Suffrage on Wednesday. Miss Barrett, who headed the deputation from the Women's Social and Political Union, stated that its main object was to ask whether...

To this menacing speech Mr. Borden made a very clear,

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vigorous, and proper reply. He had no intention of introducing legislation giving votes to women. The Parliaments of the nine provinces of Canada had the absolute right to fix...

On Wednesday the floods showed signs of abatement, and railway

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connexion with London was restored, but the dis- tress in Norwich and the surrounding districts remains acute, and the damage to property has been appalling. Many of the people...

None the less he holds that the actual settlement was

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marked by "extreme harshness to individuals, gross breach of public faith, and by a narrowness which was neither con- sistent with the traditions of the Church nor agreeable to...

The Times of Saturday, the 24th inst., contains a corre-

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spondence between Canon Hensley Henson and the solicitors for the three ex-directors of the Peruvian Amazon Company, whose responsibility for the Putumayo atrocities had been...

The result of the election in East Carmarthen was declared

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yesterday week as follows :—Rev. J. Towyn Jones (L.) 6,082, Mr. Mervyn Peel (U.) 3,354, Dr. J. H. Williams (Lab.) 1,039. Liberal majority over Unionist, 2,728. An analysis of...

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THE PANAMA CANAL ACT. W E shall not try to say exactly how strongly we feel about the passing of the Panama Canal Act by Congress and its signature by Mr. Taft. We might be...

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T HE Commissioners of National Education for Ireland have sent to the newspapers a statement on the finance of Irish education which is only the latest of the many...

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ITIHE recently issued report of the newly appointed 1 ' Estimates Committee of the House of Commons raises extremely important issues with regard to our whole system of...

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IMMIGRATION AND IRRIGATION. T HE popular attitude towards emigration has two

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recurrent aspects. At one moment the departure of each ship laden with British subjects bent on seeking their fortunes is hailed with delight bordering on rapture. Every...

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I F there can be said to be an aanus classicus of had weather, it is perhaps the year 1879, when the harvest, such as it was, was delayed until November. Another rainy year...

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A WRITTEN "character " is not, as a rule, a document of much value. It describes the person concerned in conventional terms, and may at best be regarded as a guarantee of...

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f[1 1H_EY, are not all mighty. Most of them serve a humble purpose, and are but pawns in the game of language. Auxiliaries, prepositions, pronouns, the small change of the word...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—In your issue of August 24th " X." states that " Belfast has a larger population than Dublin." This is legally true, but misleading....


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RESISTANCE TO ACTS OF PARLIAMENT. [To THE EDITOR OF THE •' SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Without entering upon the general merits of the ques- tion raised by your correspondent Mr. E. S....


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Srg,—If we agree with the words of the Unionist leader, and regard the people of Northern Ireland as quite distinct from the Celtic South, surely it is our duty to act up to...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Surely Mr. Robert Lynd's definition of the position of Ulster (Spectator, August 24th), as "a claim to veto, not the inclusion of the...

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[To THE EDITOR Of THE " SPECTATOR." j SIR,—As one who bad occasion to witness the arrival of the Dalai Lama two years ago at the Indian frontier after his forcible eviction from...


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[TO THE EDITOZ 01 THE "8rsorsroa."1 SIR,—Your remarks and suggestion that "no food taxes—+ taxes on corn, meat, and dairy produces—shall be imposed until a referendum has been...

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[To THE EDITOR Or THY "SPECTATOR. "] STR,—I have only just seen the copies of the Spectator of the 1st and 8th of June last, containing correspondence concerning the instinctive...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."I Sin, —The continued fall in the price of "gilt-edged" securi- ties has made even politicians see that it is not due to political causes, as...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THY "syser.roa."] SIR,—After reading Lieutenant Dewar's letter in your issue of August 3rd, and also " Nemo's " statement, I would like to ask if the time has...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP TUE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—America has so few landmarks of literary distinction that it is to be hoped she will not let the resting place of so rare a bird of...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATO%"] SIB, - With reference to

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the correspondence now going on as to " Colours of Pain," those of your correspondents not acquainted with Galton's " Inquiries into Human Faculty " may be interested to know...


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Sin,—The suggestive correspondence in your columns 'on the colours of pain, number4, and names opens up many intereits ing byways for exploration. The various effect of colours...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."' Sin,—The recent letters on this subject are so interesting that I cannot help adding my own experience on the subject. To me, as to another...


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Sin,—I read with peculiar interest the letter of "F. S. H." in your issue of August 24th. He says, "From childhood I have always seen different colours . . . in proper names." I...

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[To ERR EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—You recently reviewed the Memoirs of Lady Shelley, and perhaps the following extract from Sir Walter's first letter to "the long...


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[To THE EDITOR OE THE "SPECTATOR. ") SIR, —Many of your readers will have been interested in the letters printed in your issue of August 10th on Guidarello Guidarelli. I wonder...


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Sin,—The name of Guidarellns Guidarellius is mentioned in " Hist. Ravennatum," lib. vii., p. 625 (Graevius Thesaurus Hist. Ital.) somewhat quaintly as to date : " Sub id tempus...


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BLACK WINGS. SEXTONS of the Overland ! Buriers of the dead, Where graves are lone and shallow and winding sheets are red ! Wardens of the wagon track, watchers by the creek,...


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POLLS OF THE PEOPLE IN THE STATES OF THE UNION.* IN addition to example, America is sending us much precept upon "direct" legislation. The National Municipal League has issued...

NOTICE.—When "Correspondence" or Articles are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the anode of...

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To many of us the Common Law is a term of very little mean- ing. It only stands for that residue of law which can point to no Act of Parliament as its creator. Those who hold...

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BEDE.• To open Miss Seller's translation of Bede's Ecclesiastical History

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is like unfurling an immemorial arras whose cool greys and blues and greens have remained marvellously fresh in their subdued harmony. The same touching angulariby of pose, the...

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Tuts book is in many ways the most exhilarating that has appeared on modern yachting, and the fame of its authors' names is sufficient guarantee that the information is all...

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THE heroines of the romantic movement in Germany, the women who, in the last quarter of the eighteenth and the first of the nineteenth century, led German middle-class' society...

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talking about Syndicalism nowadays that there is a considerable demand for books upon the sub- ject. Towards satisfying this demand Mr. Arthur D. Lewis • Italian Travel...

OVER THE .ALPS TO ITALY.• GREAT as is the number

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of books which have been written about Italy and Italian holidays, there will always be room for one so original and so charming as Mr. James Sully's Italian Travel Sketches....


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BETWEEN TWO THIEVES .* Tars huge panoramic and kaleidoscopic romance of France and England from 1820 to 1855, with an epilogue bringing the life-story of two of the principal...

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Her Serene Highness. By P. L. Oliphant. (Methuen and Co.

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6s.)—Here we have the converse of recent stories of the " occidentalized" Indian, an Englishman of high principles who lives as an Indian native. Perhaps the author, though ho...

Treasure of Thule. By B. D. Steward. (Sidgwick and Jackson.

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Ss.)—The improbabilities that are apparent in this story do not in the least mar the refreshing high spirits which the author has com- municated to his characters. An amateur...

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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] The Lordship of Paisley, being the Accompt of Charge and Dis- charge...

History of the Medical Teaching in Trinity College, Dublin, and

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of the School of Physic in. Ireland. By T. Percy C. Kirkpatrick. (Hanna and Neale, Dublin. 7s. 6d. net.)—The School of Medicine in Trinity College was not founded until 1710,...

Correspondence of William Shirley. Edited by Charles Henry Lincoln. 2

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vols. (Macmillan and Co. 21s. net.) — William Shirley was Governor of Massachusetts and Military Commander in America. The present collection of his letters, which is edited...

Kenn, our Home. By Frank Whitaker Vining, Rector. (Eland Brothers,

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Exeter. 2s. 6d.)—Such carefully composed parish histories as this are much to be approved. An interest in local events is the first step towards a wider appreciation of the...

READABLE NOVELS. — The Story of Joan Greencroft. By A. N. Bax.

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(Mills and Boon. 6s.)—An eighteenth-century story with- out much plot, but written in a pleasant scholarly style.—The Storm Dog. By L. Arnold. (J. Long. 6s.)—A. grim tragedy of...

Report of the Fourth Congress of the International Musical Society.

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(Novello and Co. 21s. net.)—Musicians will not have for- gotten the very successful congress held in London last year under Mr. Balfour's presidency. This volume, filled with...

The Royal Miracle. By A. M. Broadley. (Stanley Paul and

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Co. 16s. net.)—For many years Mr. Broadley has been an ardent collector of everything that bears upon the adventures of Charles II. after the battle of Worcester. The present...