5 APRIL 1935

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Revenue Returns and Budget Prospects The revenue returns of the

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financial year now ended show a surplus of £7.561,879, and this in spite of the fact that more than £12,000,000, not provided for in the Budget, have been applied to the...

Italy, Abyssinia and the League The prestige of Italy in

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Europe, as one of the countries ranged on the side of international law and order, would be enhanced by a speedy settlement of her dispute with Abyssinia. • Up to the present...


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A FTER the formal vote of the Sacred College upon the canonization of Bishop Fisher and Sir Thomas More, the Pope made happy allusions to the English nation and the forthcoming...

OFFICES :• 99 (lower St., London, 11 1 .C. 1. Tel.

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: MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Meal Mayer at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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The Note to Lithuania There is no doubt that Lithuania

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has put herself in the wrong, if not in the conduct of the trial which led to the recent condemnation of Memel Nazis, certainly by the high-handed manner in which she has thrust...

Belgium's Devaluation Scheme The devaluation of the belga has been

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a curious busi- ness. When M. van Zeeland took office at Brussels with his Ministry drawn from all the main parties, the first idea was that he would maintain both the gold...

Negroes in the U.S.A.

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In 'ordering (not for the first time) a re-trial of the celebrated Scottsboro' case, in which two negroes were sentenced to death, the Supreme Court of the United States has...

Free State and British Citizenship If it were really the

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case that British subjects in the Irish Free State were to be deprived of the rights of - citizens by the Citizenship Bill and the Aliens Bill now before the Dail, there would...

Rivals in Motherhood The case of a girl of twelve

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which, after coming before a judge in Chambers and then before a Divisional Court, was settled on Tuesday in the Court of Appeal, illus- trates an old dilemma, which may have to...

Canada and the League Last Monday's debate on foreign policy

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in the Canadian House of Commons was on the whole reassuring. Mr. Bourassa, the veteran French Canadian, whom years have not mellowed, spoke vehemently in an isolationist....

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London's Green Belt The " green belt" policy of the London

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County Council has encountered in Buckinghamshire a check which is worth thinking about. The L.C.C., it will be remem- bered, offers 50 per cent. of the cost of approved schemes...

• There is a real possibility that Mr. Anthony Eden

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might become Foreign Secretary. In spite of the fact that he is only 37, it would be a very popular appoint- ment. His stock has leapt up as a result of his tour of the foreign...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : I

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under- stand that the Cabinet has now definitely decided on reconstruction. It is only a question whether it will take place immediately after the Jubilee or, as is more likely,...

Road Accidents in America America has its road problem no

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less serious than ours. In the annual returns, quoted in The Christian Century, it is reported that almost a million people were injured and 36,000 lost their lives last year....

Evening Opening of the National Gallery The extension of the

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hours of opening at the National Gallery till 8 o'clock on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday is a valuable addition to the amenities of London. It is only after working hours that...

There appear only two dates possible for the General Election.

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Either the Government following on their reconstruction will go to the country in November, or they will delay their appeal until May or June of next year, which would give them...

Plight of Merthyr Tydvil • Merthyr Tydvil, which is a

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county borough, having fallen into a state of financial embarrassment, where its rates are 27s. 6d. in the a Royal Commission is to consider whether and how its local governing...

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1914 AND 1935

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M• STALIN is reported to have asked Mr. Eden, during the British Minister's visit to Moscow, 14 ; hether he considered the peace of Europe to be in greater peril today than in...

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N OT many years ago the Post Office came under a fire of criticism for failing to conduct its affairs in t he spirit of a great business concern out to push its undertakings....

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Dr. Pearce Higgins has not long survived his resignation of

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his Cambridge professorship, the duties of which he was, I believe, to have discharged till the end of next term. At any rate his successor,. Dr. McNair, begins his lectures in...

I was a little shocked to hear a B.B.C. announcer

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on Tuesday pronounce jaures as a monosyllable. I have heard the Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia called " beans " (not by the B.B.C.)—but " Jore ? JANL7Si

It seems a minor tragedy that a vessel like the

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'Mauretania,' which can still do the Atlantic crossing in less than six days, to the admiration of all her passengers, should today be on her way to the ship-breakers' yard. She...

Sir Arthur Steel-Maitland, like Mr. Amery, Mr. Churchill and Lord

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Eustace Percy, was among the former Con- servative Ministers crowded out of the present Cabinet to make room for the Liberal and National Labour members. Freedom from office...


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T HE recent appointment of Mr. Lionel Fielden to take charge of broadcasting in India draws attention to a rather interesting situation. As things are, broadcasting in India,...

Archdeacon Hunkin, who goes back to the town of his

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birth as Bishop, is a convert from another Church. He was born and bred a Cornish Methodist, was educated under Dr. Barber at the best-known of Methodist founda- tions, the Leys...

I am anxious to think the best of the Dean

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and Chapter of Hereford, but they make it very difficult. On Sunday afternoon—in common, I observed, with a good many other persons of godly aspect—I made a hopeful and...

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By PROFESSOR J. H. JONES I T cannot be said of any political or economic institution that its form and functions are fixed for all time. Institutions tend to outlive their...

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By E. F. BENSON T HE War was over, and England in the first over- whelming outburst of exultation rushed headlong through the wide-flung gate of a Fools' Paradise. War with its...

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MACLAUGHLIN R EALISM - has succeeded Romance; the Celtic Twilight has been followed by the everyday life of a new State fully aware that prosperity is not often made by poetry....

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By ERIC WALROND A S a West Indian Negro, I was reared on the belief that England was the one country where the black man was sure of 'getting a square deal. A square deal from...

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By ST. JOHN ERVINE I T is said, but on what authority I cannot tell, that more books are bought in France than in either England or the United States. The statement, if it be...

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'rim SEA

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By JAMES HANLEY H E didn't notice anything at first, he being a little deaf ; and then she cried so quietly. Her was always one like that. Rut now asT she put down his plate of...

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By ROSE MACAULAY " M ISS — has taken a gruesome subject for her novel ... It is a study of conditions at a woman's college in Oxford." These words, by an intelligent male...

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" Sanders of the River." At the Leicester Square Theatre THE name of Sanders carries magic in Nigeria. Under his astutely paternal rule the tribes are peaceful and prosperous,...


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The Coming Season IN three weeks' time Covent Garden Theatre will open its doors for the season of opera, which will no doubt be described, him its nine predecessors, as the...

"Escape Me Never." At the London Pavilion MISS ELISABETH BERGNER

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was badly east in Catherine the Great, her first English-speaking talkie. Escape Me Never gives her a real chance and she takes it magnificently. There is something a little...

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Applied Arts MR. McKramer KAUFFER is an artist who makes me resent . the division of the arts into major and minor. Since he is . not a pure painter or sculptor or architect,...

Wunder des Lebens

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[Von Einem Deutschen Korrespondenten] IN Berlin wurde in diesen Tagen die Ausstellung "Das Wunder des Lebens" erliffnet. In dieser Schau son zum ersten Male der Mensch in seiner...

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A Tree-creeper's Choice The trunk of a sequoia would not

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unnaturally be saved by the protective boughs and perhaps by the bark, which is like the bark of no other familiar tree. It is very thick and very soft. You may hit it as hard...

Orange Daffodils

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The evolution of the daffodil proceeds apace. A wonderful show was held by the R.H.S. on the eve of the date when the wild Lent Lilies began to carpet with gold the paddocks of...

More Butterflies For some reason not easy to decipher the

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population of butterflies, especially the more splendid butterflies, seems to be multiplying in England. I have seldom seen so many lesser tortoiseshells as emerged this March....

Dispersed Lightning • I am forced to return yet again

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to the subject of lightning, in its effect on trees, by a very interesting letter from one of our great gardeners, if greatness in gardening depends on affection for the "green...

Multiplying Rabbits

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From every part of the country come tales of the multitude of rabbits ; it is perhaps unparalleled in England. The reasons for this plague, for it is hardly less, are two, one...

The Value of Maps

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Some admirable survey maps have already been made and published. One of the best is for the Watford district, and it contains about 600 paths open to the public. The amusing...


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Footpaths A vigorous effort is being made—largely through the agency of Sir Lawrence Chubb's almost devastating know- ledge and zeal—to persuade local councils to make complete...

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[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] Sut,—Major-General Sir Frederick Maurice really cannot be allowed to get away with an accusation of muddled thought against Mr. Sidney Spencer,...


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—Major-General Sir F. Maurice misses the point of my letter. It can scarcely be disputed that the Archbishop of Canterbury by his acceptance of the policy of the White Paper...


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SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Instead of publicly complaining that the youth of Germany are being organized and that she is rearming too rapidly, would it not be wiser for the British...


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SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Canon Lyttelton's letter seems to me to be based on an inaccurate statement and to proceed by a process of loose thinking to false conclusions. To begin with...

[To the Editor of THE SpEcranne]

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SIR, --It is by no means the first time that the Pope as Re- presentative of the largest body of Christian thought has advised all nations to seek Peace and ensue it. The Papal...

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[To the Ediloi. of THE SpECiwronj Sm,—I observe in your issue of March 29th a letter dealing with this subject in which reference is made to the University of London Graduates'...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin—The India Defence League speakers have been uttering certain platitudes 'which need investigation. One notices how often the argument is...


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Stn—One would regret that any loss - shOuld be occasioned to that high-minded, fine-principled Peace advocate, Viscount Cecil, but would it not be well to let the Peace' Ballot...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—We beg you to extend to us the hospitality of your columns in which we may call the attention of artists and • archaeologists in...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—The garden colonies for Swedish town-workers referred to by Sir William Beach Thomas are not entirely a new departure. Such a colony has...

On with the Dance -

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(VIENNA, JUNE 1934.) UNDER the lamp-strung chestnut trees, the sweet budding limes, Among the yelling switchbacks and the Kinos, The cool, crowded beergardens, where music...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Stone: in his excellent letter of March 29th, exposing the contradictions in Janus's note of March 1Sth; might also have mentioned...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—I very much appreciate

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your kindness in publishing my appeal for funds to complete the Peace Ballot, and am par- ticularly grateful for what you have been good enough to say about it in your editorial...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,- - Janus seems curiously perplexed by the Eat More Bread campaign. There is indeed, as he surmises, an army (not great, but not...

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The Reign of George V

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By R. C. K. ENSOR THE occasion of a Silver Jubilee can justify more than one book on the King's reign. Mr. Buchan's* is not quite the first in the field, but it may well hold...

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An English Rajah Rajah Brooke and Baroness Burdett Coutts. Letters

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between them, edited by Owen Rutter, with Preface by Her Highness the Ranee Margaret of Sarawak. (Hutchinson. 188.) DIRECTLY anyone mentions the name Sarawak the name of Rajah...

The Philosophy of Contemplation Tins is a book of great

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importance ; ministering to our time the medicine it so greatly needs, and reminding it of the only way in which its problems of thought and action can be solved. Readers of...

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Plato on Knowledge This book consists of a translation of

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the Theactetus and the Sophist with a running commentary, a method which is here very helpful, though it would spoil,the effect of earlier, com- paratively " straight "...

Mr. Stoddard's Second Thoughts

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Clashing Tides of Colour. By Lothrop Stoddard. (Scribners. 10s. 6d.) To Mr. Stoddard, as to Falstaff, "the world's mine oyster." In three earlier books he taught us to take our...

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Tittivating Chaucer

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Canterbury Tales. By Geoffrey Chaucer, rendered into modern English by J. U. Nicolson, with many illustrations and decora- tions by Rockwell Kent. Introduction by Gordon H....

Mr. Belloc's Milton

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Milton. By Hilaire Belloe. (Cassell. 12s. 6d.) Mn. BELLOC adores Milton's poetry and hates his character. But he refuses to allow his hate to influence his adoration, and...

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BRIGFITON is one vast contradiction, a town that has both lost and kept its character. Changed almost out of recognition in the last thirty years, spreading with tentacles of...

Short Stories

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Story in America. Edited by Whit Burnett and Martha Foley. (Barker. 8s. 6d.) 7s. 6d.) Press. 3s. 6d.) Threadbare Love. By Olga Marie Johannessen. (Bale and DanieLsson. 6s.)...

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By V. S. PRITCHETT D. H. LAWRENCE is xt good stimulus for the young novelist but a had master. He had; in fact, a bad influence upon himself. While it is admirable that a...

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Gramophone Notes

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THE last month has brou g ht four outstandin g new recordin g s of classical symphonies. The most important of them is undoubtedly the fine recordin g ( H.M.V. DB2346-51, 36s.)...

Periodicals No one subj ect attracts the attention of all the

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Reviews for April. The International situation- has presumably developed rapidly that no one has thou g ht the m oment ripe for formin g definite conclusions. There are,'...

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National Expenditure AT the annual meeting of Vickers, Limited, held last Tuesday, a remarkable and; I Consider, an important address was delivered by the chairman, General the...

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Financial Notes

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BUSINESS RESTRICTED. BUSINESS in the Stock Markets continues to be restricted owing to the uncertainties in regard to the political situation. All the same the undertone of...


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Associated Electric Industries, Ltd., which controls British- Thomson-Houston, Edison Swan, Metropolitan-Vickers Elec- trical, and other electrical equipment companies, recently...


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Trading profits of the undertakings owned and operated by the Scottish Power Company for 1934 were excellent ; the figure of 1498,932 compared with £444,305 for 1933. This...


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The annual report of Vauxhall Motors Ltd. exhibits record figures for 1934. The trading profit expanded from 1872,749 to £1,371,481, while sales of the company's products...


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The address delivered to the shareholders of the National Bank of India last Tuesday by the chairman, Sir Charles C. McLeod, Bart., was an excellent one both as regards the...

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Exceptional interest attached to the annual meeting held recently of the Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers - by reason of the plain statement on the part of the Chairman,...


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An agreeable and indeed very striking recovery in financial activity and profits is shown in the latest Annual Report of Morris Motors. A year ago the report revealed a rather...


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The big finance corporations of South Africa are now producing very excellent reports showing the results following upon the improved position in the mining industry. In the...


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In the case of the Union Corporation the report shows an even greater advance in profit, namely, £640,092 against £511,135 in 1933, and this profit is shown after applying...


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This was the position 10 years ago when, after writing off 25 years of accumulated depreciation reserves and debenture stock sinking funds, the fixed assets stood in the books...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 132

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By ZENO prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "Crossword...


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-.544 E! 1T1 01 PI MOM/ IIE NI Al SI UI T1E1 S A BIOITTAI El Y101 LII Ilit e i r EIMI PIO YI AI PI ArCrer HI RIB AID CI B11 IDI WIN! EIGI S ' II 01 LI 141A1N1 I IMITI El S...