5 JANUARY 1934

Page 1


The Spectator

TOPICS OF THE DAY A CADEMIES and Art .. .. 917 Actor, Living, the Claims of .. 231 Air Parity—at Zero.. .. 360 America : Will She Help ?.. .. 4 — Mr. Roosevelt and Gold 72-185...

Page 5

India and Japan

The Spectator

. The success of the Indian and Japanese negotiators in bringing off a cotton - agreement after their efforts had all but broken down is highly satisfactory. What the qlti- mate...

News of the Week

The Spectator

P RESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S message to Congress on Wednesday was notable both for what it contained and what it did not. Nothing was said about stabilization of the currency—apart...

The Disarmament Outlook The conversations between Sir John Simon and

The Spectator

Signor Mussolini are in progress as we go to press. In any: case clarification rather than conclusions is to be expected from them, particularly as to what Italy's considered...

Ovricxs : 99 Como St., Landon, W.C. I. Tel. :

The Spectator

Muszum 1721. Entered as setond-class Mail Mauer at the New York,N.Y. Post'ClItv, Dec. 23rd, 1898. Postal subscription .30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

Page 6

The Upward Trend of Employment The full year's employment statistics

The Spectator

are satisfactory reading. It is not merely a case of observing that the figures for December are better than November, or November better than October ; but that from February...

The Russian Trade Argument It is satisfactory that the Russian

The Spectator

Trade Agreement negotiations should have been resumed at Moscow, whither they have been transferred from London, and that M. Litvinoff should be hopeful of an early settle-...

The German University Purge Germany is signifying the opening of

The Spectator

1934 by the imposition of severe restrictions on entry into universities. The numerus clausus, rigidly limiting the proportion of Jews in universities, has been common in. the...

France's New Restrictions The tariff triumph acclaimed by enthusiasts last

The Spectator

week looks less like a triumph as the New Year unfolds. France, it was thought, had been forced to yield her 15 per cent, tax when Mr. Runciman spoke of restriction ; but even...

Negligence and Tragedy The evidence given in the preliminary examination

The Spectator

into the causes of the French railway accident at Lagny is alarming. It not only indicates the probability that the mechanism on the locomotive, which should show the position...

Page 7

The Liverpool Cathedral Case The Archbishop of York has a

The Spectator

critical decision to take in regard to ' the Liverpool Cathedral dispute. • Lord Hugh Cecil having presented a petition calling for action against the Bishop and Dean of...

Official News The final disappearance of the historic Wolff Bureau,

The Spectator

the Reuter's of Germany, merged as from - last Monday in the official German News Service, is : an event of international importance. The control Herr Hitler's Government may...

Obstacles in the Air The fatal accident to the air

The Spectator

liner Apollo,' interrupting the splendid record of Imperial Airways for safety, indicates one of the dangers of the air against which, on foggy nights, there is little...

The Protection of Footpaths Every person in this country who

The Spectator

enjoys walking —and the number of them has been increased by hundreds of thousands in recent years—should do his best to see that the utmost advantage is taken of the Rights of...

The Monster Persists The whole world is now divided into

The Spectator

two parts : those 'who. believe in the monster of Loch Ness, and those who don't. What is disturbing to our incredulity is that the former party is constantly winning converts...

"Spectator" Booklets One of the inevitable disadvantages attached to articles

The Spectator

published in a daily or weekly paper is their evanescence. They are read often with interest and appreciation, but except in the rare instances where they are cut out and...

Page 8

Will America Help ?

The Spectator

P RESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S declarations on world peace and co-operation derive their importance alike from his own personality, the unique command he still exerts over American...

Page 9

Education Right and Wrong D URING the present week members of

The Spectator

more than fifty educational associations are holding their annual joint conference in London, and pooling the results of their experience. Many of them may have been bewildered...

Page 10

Turkey, I note, had the metric system imposed on it

The Spectator

(very beneficially) on January 1st by a stroke of the Ghazi's pen. Dictators can do that.. Here it will no doubt take another generation to get the 24-hour time

The Archbishop of Canterbury's impressive appeal for support for the

The Spectator

League of Nations in his broadcast sermon on New Year's Eve was evidence of a quality of leadership of which there is all too little sign in other quarters where it might...

A Spectator's Notebook M R. ANTHONY EDEN'S promotion to the office

The Spectator

of Lord Privy Seal is a welcome recognition of merit, but perplexing, none the less. The office regularly carries Cabinet rank, but is not to in this case. There are two fairly...

Mr. H. G. Wells, I understand, is engaged not on

The Spectator

an autobiography, but on an experiment in auto- biography. The distinction is subtle, but it exists. If you sit down to write your life's history you sit down and write it—and...

Whether schoolboys of today are still brought up as I

The Spectator

was (for my great good) on Page's Horace I am not very certain. Whether, if they are, they will have noted and approved the distinction conferred on Dr. T. E. Page in being...

Page 11

A Wider Commonwealth?

The Spectator

By SIR KARL KNUDSEN T HE British Commonwealth as I see it is an association of nations and races practising the League Covenant and the Kellogg Pact between themselves. If so...

Page 12

Codex Sinaiticus and Others By PROF. A. S. HUNT T IIE

The Spectator

acquisition by the British Museum of the famous Codex Sinaiticus is a picturesque event which has aroused wide interest. If the price is high it can hardly be termed excessive,...

Page 13

An International Force in Being

The Spectator

By ARTHUR L. MARTIN .[The experience of the French Foreign Legion as model for a possible International Police Force will be more fully discussed in a further article in next...

Page 14

Guidance and the Groups

The Spectator

By THE DEAN OF EXETER (THE VERY REV. W. R. MATTHEWS) " UE who loves God will not ask that God should 1.11. love him in return," said Spinoza, and his thought has been shared by...

Page 15

Scotland's Lost Industries

The Spectator

By Dr. J. A. BOWIE OTANDS industrial Scotland where she did ? To that question there can be only one answer. In the last ten years Scotland has seen her main industries shrink...

Page 16

The Thrush By L. A. G. STRONG THE traveller woke

The Spectator

to the thunder of wheels, and saw the light lipping greyly under the edges of the brown blind. The train was humming along at a great speed. He had slept uncommonly well—a...

Page 17

Frankfurter Auto-Bahnhof

The Spectator

[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTEN] S EIT der Erfindung des Dampfrosses ist die Stadt Frankfurt-am-Main schon immer em n sehr wichtiger Zentmlpunkt im deutschen Eisenbahnnetz...

Page 18


The Spectator

"Without Witness." By Anthony Armstrong and Harold Simpson. At the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage. TLIE event which lacked a witness was the death of Maurice Treyford. There...

The Cinema

The Spectator

"Voltaire." At the Regal. DEVOTED admirers of Mr. George Arliss who decide to see this film must not be misled by its title. Mr. Arliss certainly looks not unlike some of the...

Generally Released Next Week Orders is Orders. Skilful and amusing

The Spectator

version of play by Ian Hay and Anthony Armstrong about encounter of American film company with British Army. Captured. Leslie Howard and Douglas Fairbanks, junn, in German...

"Aunt Sally." At the Tivoli.

The Spectator

I HAVE never seen anyone work harder than Miss Cicely Courtneidge does in this comedy with music. Towards thz end, after she has seized the lead in a cabaret show by pretend-...

Page 19

A Broadcasting Calendar

The Spectator

FRIDAY, JANUARY 5th 6.3o Concert of old Welsh Balls ds (in Welsh) Mart Howells 'and Morgan Evans . W.R. 7.30 A Review of the Disarmament Situation,. 1933: Professor C. K....


The Spectator

Doctrinal Advertisement WHATEVER the similarities between their views in the purely political field,. the Nazionalsozialisten in Germany and the Fascists in Italy have taken...

Page 20

The Value of Speed The farmer was absurdly optimistic—for a

The Spectator

farmer. His view was that the speed of the work reduced costs even more than might be inferred by comparison with a horse-drawn single plough, largely because of the chance it...

* * * * A Militant Beauty Some of the

The Spectator

"fancy pheasants," including this melanistic mutant and the Japanese Versicolor may be regarded_ as `not unwelcome additions ; but there is one sort, introduced fur purely...

Country Life

The Spectator

A Christmas Farm In one of the neatest and most charming of his verses E. V. L. wrote, so far as I remember : "Suppose that while the motor pants You miss the nightingale " But...

A Rhodesian Model The question of National Parks in this

The Spectator

island is to be taken up again ; but Scotland is the only possible scene for a Park of proper size and wildness : the phrase hardly belongs to an old and small country., What...

New Pheasants

The Spectator

I have had a good deal of ocular evidence this year of the difference of habit between some of the newly " invented " and imported birds, and on more or less native varieties....

A New Word'

The Spectator

' Not . only the Minister of Agriculture is striving to produce standard products.. - the asiobiated nrillers some while ago advertised for a new *Ord: It Was to describe the...

A Traveller in Plants

The Spectator

Almost the last of the travellers in plants (since the original firm of Veitch ceased to be) is Mr. Kingdon Ward, hardly less great as a geographer than as botanist. Close...

Page 21

[To the Editor of TI1E SPECTATOR.] SIR,--I am unable to

The Spectator

refrain from commenting on the letter in your columns from " Seafarer " who, undoubtedly is representative of that school of thought which does not desire progress. • In the...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPEcTsTon..] Sm,—In your issue of December 22nd I notice a letter signed "Seafarer." Your correspondent is very , much at sea. I hope shortly to have ,the...

Letters to the Editor

The Spectator

[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our ". News of the Week 7 paragraphs. Signed...

Page 22


The Spectator

[To the Editor' of THE SPECTATOR." Sia,—Sir Claud Russell's letter, scolding Miss Helen Simpson- for trying,to reproduce a certain mode of speech - of- the vulgar' London male...


The Spectator

[To. the Editor of THE SPECTATOIL1 Sur,—May I comment on Sir Hesketh Bell's "World Constabulary"? I am sure that he is trying.tosee some way to a real advance on the problems....

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR."

The Spectator

Sm.—One of yciur correspondents - brings home to me the' truth' of Bernard Shaw's dictum that no Englishman can open. his mouth without making some other Englishman. want to....


The Spectator

[To. the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Snr,—May I make two. points about the salaries of county court judges raised- in your last issue by M. Henry N. Mathews ? 1. There are 56...

Page 23


The Spectator

[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I suggest that your footnote to Mr. Dunford's letter misses the point ? True, legal rec,..tude is poor consolation to a cyclist after...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIB, —About thirty years ago

The Spectator

the late Earl Russell, who Was himself a motorist, suggested that any motor-driver who killed a pedestrian should, ipso facto, stand committed to prison, if only for a very...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SI/1,—We Wish to protest against Mr. John Sparrow's review of four volumes of poems—" Advance-Guard Actions "--in your issue of December 15th....


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In order to elucidate the attitude of the Italian Fascist Government towards the League of Nations, I think it con- venientto report...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—In your issue of December . 29th, p / ,, 951, you state : "We find it difficult to understand the attitude of those who have accused the...

Page 24


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—My admiration of Mr. Ian Hay's courage in publicly stating that he is "all for retaining the present system of censorship" is only less...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have had the pleasure of receiving regularly since my return to Madagascar the current copies of The Spectator. All my efforts at...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] expect I ought to understand clearly how it is that unless we are very careful, or very lucky, we shall shortly be involved in war once more,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of Tun SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I desire to protest with all the emphasis of which I am capable against your printing the expression Catholic (with a capital "C "), in...

- With regard to the recent interchange of letters in

The Spectator

these columns between Canon Lyttelton and "Realist" on the case for and against birth-control, a communication fully stating Canon Lyttelton's views will appear in the next...


The Spectator

SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am hoping to prepare a History of the White Star Line. May I ask all those who have memories, papers, letters, logs and photographs of the officers, crews,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—One who is fond of browsing among statistics often makes interesting discoveries. Let me give one which I came across in comparing the...

Page 25

Our Betters

The Spectator

By PETER FLEMING NEITHER the anthology nor the omnibus can be sure today of receiving in critical circles a hearty welcome. Represen- tatives of either genre must impregnably...

Page 26

English Art

The Spectator

By ANTHONY BLUNT THE international exhibitions which have taken place annually at Burlington House for the last six years have called into existence a, new class of art...

Page 27

The Suez Concession

The Spectator

The Suez Canal : Its Past, Present and Future. By Sir Arnold Wilson. (Oxford University Press. 15s.) DI 1982 the Suez Canal Company paid out in dividends 81.60 per cent. The...

Nazi Pros and Cons

The Spectator

HERE are two newspaper correspondents, hot-foot—more or less—from Germany, bringing back accounts which are not easy to reconcile with each other. Mr. Book, a Swedish...

Page 28

Three With a Measure

The Spectator

FEW things are easier than to write a fine line of poetry ; few things more difficult than to write a fine poem. Miss Sitwell alone among the three poets under review has made...

Page 30

A Somersetshire Novelist

The Spectator

The Memorial Edition of the Works of Walter Raymond : Vol. I, Life of Walter Raymond, by Evelyn V. Clark, and Somerset and her Folk Movement. 'Vol. II, Gentleman Upcott's...

Page 32


The Spectator

BY HERBERT READ. Miss FARRELL and Mr. Linklater are both _ humorists, and are out to amuse us in one way or another. But humour is apt to be merely polite and effete or merely...

Page 34

PERIODICALS • In the "Pursuit of Peace," an article contributed

The Spectator

to the Nineteenth Century, Mr. Arthur Henderson attacks the theory of Inevitable War. He finds, while others revile the Covenant for its connexion with the Peace Treaties,...

Current Literature

The Spectator

MODERN SCULPTURE By Herbert Maryon Mr. Maryon prefaces his Modern Sculpture: Its Methods and Ideals (Pitman, 30s.) with the statement that no serious critical book exists about...


The Spectator

New Year Prospects THE hopefulness in business circles which characterized the closing of the year 1938 has been maintained during the opening days of the New Year. It could...

Page 36

Financial Notes' -

The Spectator

INSURANCE - AESULTS.. . WHEN allowance is made for the difficulties which Insurance companies as well asIthc. hanks are experiencing through the ' fall in the interest yields...