5 MAY 1933

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The Government and India The two figures most prominent in

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the public eye in regard to the Indian scene at the moment are Mr. Baldwin and Mr. Gandhi, the latter by reason of his declared intention to begin a three weeks' fast, which, if...

News of the Week

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W HILE the Nazi demonstration in Berlin on May Day bore witness to the efficacy of the arts of stage presentation of which Dr. Goebbels and his colleagues are masters; the...

The Far Eastern War Cloud The dispute between the Soviet

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Government and what is in name Manchukuo,. but in fact Japan, over : the Chinese Eastern Railway drags on, becoming steadily more acute. Japan's real policy is as inscrutable as...

Meanwhile the forcible conversion of Germany into a one-party State

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continues. The Nationalists have largely ceased to count, particularly since the absorption of the Stahlhelm in the Brown Army, though Herr von Papen still has his . uses in the...

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Page 2

The Policemen's Union Lord Trenchard, whole report is more fully

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discussed . on a later page, is likely to find he has stirred up consider- able trouble by his criticisms of the Police Federation. It is no doubt true that a good deal that...

The Argentine Agreement The clamour against the Argentine Trade Agreement

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in the more extreme Protectionist circles is instructive. There at any rate there is no belief in any nonsense about tariff bargaining, or using tariffs to open the way for a...

Disarmament : the Latest Check The Disarmament Conference, with which

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nothing can go well, has been thrown into new confusion by the Germans. Of the seventeen amendments to the British plan standing in their name some are reasonable enough, some...

The Anglo-Persian Dispute The Anglo-Persian settlement is at any rate

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better than a continuance Of the dispute. The new arrange- ment, to judge from the unofficial particulars so far published, is a good deal more favourable to the Persian...

Page 3

Women in the Church In his presidential address at the

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annual assembly of the Baptist Union the Rev. Rowntree Clifford spoke very critically of the "prejudices concerning the sphere and action of women in church work and...

Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The Bud,,Tet debates have

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been as dead as mutton ever since Mr. Chamberlain made his opening speech. The House of Commons. having accepted the .general principles of the Budget with hardly a murmur is...

Death.on the Road, . The Safety First Association has published

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the results of an investigation covering 3,029 road acci- dents, which resulted in the death of 3,129 persons, in the last six months of 1932.- Those whO believe that a large...

Complaints of lack of interest do not hold good in

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respect of the series of trade agreements concluded or being concluded by the Government. Mr. Runciman had a rough passage on the agreement with Germany on Tuesday, when twenty...

Autogiros for the Air Ministry Senor de la Cierva seems

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either to , have solved or come very near to solving the problem that has so long baffled constructors of air-machines—that of making an aeroplane which will hover in the air,...

On the whole these agreements have strengthened rather than weakened

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Mr. Runciman's position. As he himself has handsomely acknowledged, the spade work has been largely done by Major Colville and Dr. Burgin, the latter of whom happens to be , an...

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The Shackles on Trade T T is well to remember

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that not only the Prime Minister of Greit ,, B,titain but the ..,rmsident of , the World Economic Conference returned to this country on . Wednesday. The date for the opening of...

Page 5

The New Policeman

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TN this country," said Mr. Churchill in his St. George's 1 Day address last week, " everyone except the criminal looks- upon the policeman as the friend and servant of the...

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Art and Public Life

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T HE annual banquet of the Royal Academy is, by tradition, a ceremonial function* in which the President finds himself side by side with, representative's of the Royal Fainily,...

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Mr. Lloyd George, I should judge from estimates I have

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heard made in a reliable quarter, should with reasonable luck clear £100,000 from his forthcoming autobiography, which Ivor Nicholson and Watson are to publish. That, of course,...

The ghouls were given a supreme opportunity by the death

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of Lord ICnebworth and the fact that Lord Lytton had to convey the news to Lady Lytton while she was entertaining a party at Covent Garden. As might be expected, The Times and...

I• have come upon evidences again and, again during the

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'last week of the deep impression which the -death of Sir Henry .MeCardie has made upon a' host of persons who knew him well, or slightly, or only through observing him in...

It is hard to believe that President Roosevelt has been

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thinking seriously of coming to the Economic Conference. The fate of his predecessor, Woodrow Wilson, should be sufficient warning, even though Mr. Roosevelt would no doubt...

A Spectator's Notebook

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T HE second and third volumes of the verbatim report of the Moscow Trial (in an English translation) have now reached me, and the question of whether the Report has been in any...

I am sorry Convocation at Oxford has rejected the Master

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of Balliol's proposal to reduce the M.A. fee from £12 to £5, making up for the loss of revenue by charging 6s. a term to every undergraduate (whether he takes a degree or not)....

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The Oxford Movement : our Debt to the Tractarians

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BY LORD HUGH CE C IL. [An article on " The Oxford Movement :. Tractarianism and its Dangers," by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Knox, will appear in next week's SPECTATOR.] W E are about...

Page 9

The Leisure of the Workless BY C. BELISLE BURNS.

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W HAT are the unemployed to do while they are unemployed? A few practical answers to that question have been found in some clubs and charitable societies : and some general...

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What Marxism Is

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BY R. C. K. ENSOR. O NE of the curiosities of the present reaction in Germany is its vocabulary. Almost anything or anybody whom the Nazis disapprove is called " Marxist." This...

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Sparing the Rod

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BY HELEN SIMPSON. f' S HE said that none but those who had been in the position of a governess could ever realize the dark side of respectable human nature." I am happy to...

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La Crise Du Parti Socialiste Francais (D'uN CORRESPONDANT FRANSAIS.) C ETTE

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crise est reale et s'illustre d'un certain nombre de faits qu'il convient tout d'abord de rappeler. Dans un scrutin intervenu a la Chambre des deputes, le 28 fevrier, 104...

Page 13


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The Royal Academy MANY people unreflectingly use the word academic as a term of general abuse, as the Communist uses bourgeois. But if they were pinned down to a more careful...

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Forests TURN, now, tired mind unto your rest, Within your secret camber lie, Doors shut, and windows curtained, lest Footfall or moonbeam, stealing by, Wake you, or night-wind...

The Theatre

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" When Ladies Meet." By Rachel Crothers. At the Lyric Theatre IT is a solemn and (I believe) a significant thought that if there were no love there would be no mothers-in-law....

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPEOTATOR," MAY 4TH, 1833. FINANCIAL STATE or THE COUNTRY.—The Reformed House of Commons has again been dragged through the mire. In obedience to the Ministerial mandate,...

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In a speech, of great distinction of style as well as matter, the Minister of Agriculture suggested (at least such is my inference) that sugar beet is to be made a sort of...

Now many of us have wondered and wished to find

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out whether this intelligent if brutal conduct on the part of the little owls was a special discovery of some genius in the Sussex tribe, or a general habit, an established...


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Books on gardening are responding wholeheartedly to the new preference for flowering shrubs. Many French châteaux may be said to have no garden, in our sense of the word, but...

The reason for the astonishing multiplication of the little owl

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is much the same as accounts for the survival of the grey squirrel which is defying the official ban : it is mar- vellously adaptable. The barn owl—the best of the bunch from...


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One of the strangest byways of instinct—or reason !—in birds was explored a few years ago in the ancient demesne owned by Sir George Courthope in Sussex. It is one of the most...


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A brave prophecy about another sort of owl has been made by Miss France4 Pitt, who is. perhaps the greatest specialist we have on British mammals. She has not only observed...

Page 16


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I was surprised to find, in the pages of The Spectator of April 28th, such a timid and illogical defence of National Socialism as that...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sra,—May I be permitted one final word of reply to Sir Evelyn Wrench, in order to dispel what appears to be a mis- understanding on his part ?...

Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " .News of the- Week " paragraphs.—Ed. THE...

Page 17


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article under this heading in the issue of April 28th, expressed satisfaction, with Mr. Churchill, at the state of England's courts of justice. I wonder if that view would be...


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reference to your editorial note to my last letter, in effect that the innocence of unconvicted men is not invariably assumed in a British law court, may I be allowed to state...

Page 18


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SPECTATOR.] Sus,—In your issue of April 21st the Headmaster of Bradfield writes as though the only form of Christianity open to a boy in a public school is that of the Church...


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SIR,—Last year you were kind enough to allow me to write about the work which Mrs. Kimmins is doing at Chailey for crippled children, and I hope that this year you will again...


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[To, the Edda . of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I can confirm Sir Christopher Robinson's experience of German beds as related in The ,Spectator of April 21st. The huge bolster-like...

RAILWAY CHARGES [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—A correspondent

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asks why railway charges are higher than pre-War, though most commodities and services - are cheaper. The answer is simple, and ought to be well known. Railway consignments pay...

Page 19

Looking Back

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BY H. M. TOMLINSON. ON a preliminary inspection of these two volumes,* which have 509 pages, a reviewer who is pleased to be at home with even the more obscure pamphlets by Mr....

Page 20

Socialisation and Transport

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Socialisation and Transport. By the Rt. Hon. Herbert Morrison, _ (Constable. 7s. 6d.) THE exuberance of Mr. Morrison's paternal pride in his-second- born legislative child—not...

The Rise of F. E. Smith

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Frederick Edwin, Earl of Birkenhead. The First Phase. By His Son, the Earl of Birkenhead. Foreword by the Rt. Hon. Winston Churchill. (Thornton Butterworth. 21s.) THE grandson...

Page 21

The Tragic Muse en Deshabille

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The Private Life of Mrs. Siddons. A Psychological Investiga. tion. By Naomi Royde - Smith. (Gollancz. 12s. ) UNDENIABLY, Sarah Siddons ranks among the robuster of our herbines,...

Page 22

Love in the Forties

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Letters of Courtship.. Edited by E. F. Carritt. (Humphrey Milford. 7s. 6d.) • - How reckless they were ! Here is John Torr, aged twenty, writing to his cousin Maria Jackson,...

Page 24

Japanese Poems

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An Anthology of Haiku Ancient and Modern. Translated and annotated by Asataro Miyamori. (Tokyo : Maruzen. • TILE appearance of this handsome volume, " intended princi- pally...

DIRECT subscribers - who are changing their addresses are ail:id _ ....

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to notify THE SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF EACH WEEIC. The piceiouk addrela to thhich the paper has been .sent and feeeipt'tererence riuMbef should be quoted.

Indian Industry

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THIS is the first volume of what promises to be an economic study of high value. Dr. Soni is yet another Indian scholar with -the detached and disinterested mind, -that examines...

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--; Death 'and Detection"'

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BY SYLVA 7s. fici.) JUDGING from the present selection, one might say that the crime department of our fiction was run by 'and for the . male. Not only have we ten authori to...

Page 28


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BY GRAHAM GREENE. After the Party. By R. D. Dorthy. (Seeker. 6s.) Hindu Heaven. By Max Wylie. (Gollancz. 7s. 6d.) Mutiny ! By Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall. (Chap- man...

Page 30


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Miss Hebe_Spaull's Youth of Russia To-day (Ivor Nicholson and Watson, 3s. 6d.) is described as being primarily for boys and girls." It is, howevq, a good deal more sensible and...


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The first unsigned article that the Nineteenth Century has ever published, " Reflections on the German - Revolution," is obviously well infolinecl and should be widely read. The...

A LONDON MERCHANT, 1695-1774 By Lucy Stuart Sutherland

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That old business papers in trained hands can be made to yield most valuable information is shown by Miss L. S. Sutherland's scholarly study of A London Merchant, 1695- 1774...

Current Literature

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LORENZO IN TAOS By Mabel Dodge Luhan For students of D. H. Lawrence this book will be chiefly of value for the letters from Lawrence. which it contains and the circumstantial...


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In his Johnsonian Gleanings, 1735-1740, Mr. A. L. Reade continues his minute investigation into the life of Dr. Johnson, with that care, curiosity, and able comment which he has...

By Sir Charles Oman

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One associates Sir Charles 'Oman with All Souls, the history of the , Peninsular .War -and the House of Commons. But his pleasant •book -of - retakiiicences, Things I Have Seen...

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Motoring : The Dangerous Driver_ By Jous

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PRIOLEAU. IF there is one common expression used in connexion with motoring that demands accurate definition more than another it is that familiar yet vague phrase dangerous...

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An English Holiday BY CLINTON FFYNS. To the man who is in the superb position of being able to plan_ his holiday long ahead, secure in the know- ledge that - what he decides...

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Finance—Public & Private

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Chaos and Conferences IF complete chaos in currency within a few weeks of the assembling of the World Economic Conference is to be regarded as favouring a speedy solution of...

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At the recent annual meeting of the Rio Tinto Company the Chairman, Sir Auckland Geddes, was able to take a hopeful view of the company's prospects. His speech included a record...

Financial Notes

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INCREASED SPECULATION I FIND it rather difficult to describe the condition of the stock markets as satisfactory at the present time inasmuch as the principal features include...


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Not the least interesting development of the past week has been the extensive loan of about £80,000,000 made to France for a short period by a group of bankers in this country....


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The annual report of the Eagle, Star and British Dominions Insurance Company is an excellent one. The aggregate underwriting profits were better, while, briefly summarized, it...

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- A GREAT Loss.

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. It is impossible, however, to refer to the recent meeting of the Army and Navy Co-operative Society without adding an expression of 'sympathy with regard to the tragedy last...


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I am glad to note in the address of Sir Frederick Gascoigne to shareholders of the Army and Navy Co-operative Society last week that same note of intense concern and interest in...


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- In no country, perhaps, has the trade - . depression been more pronounced 9r more prolonged than - 'm Canada, and isin view of that fact shareholders of the Hudson's Bay...