6 JULY 1907

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FROM JULY 6th TO DECEMBER 28th, 1907, INCLUSIVE, WIDALJI Case, the, and its Sequel ... ... 284 LA Educated Unemployed, Work for the ... 152 Education Question, the, and the...

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The papers during the past week have contained a great

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many references to what is declared to be a movement on the part of Germany towards an entente with France. If rumour speaks true, the German Emperor has expressed his...


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W E note with satisfaction that the German Emperor and Empress have accepted the King's invitation to visit Lim at Windsor next autumn. The public reception accorded to their...

The Moorish brigand Raisuli has taken Sir Harry Maclean prisoner

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while the latter was negotiating on behalf of the Sultan for Raisuli's submission on certain terms. Sir Harry Maclean is being guarded in a village of the Khamas tribe, and says...

The situation in Portugal is not easy to understand, chiefly

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because the Press censorship is rigid and successful. A corre- spondent of the Times, however, who has just returned from Lisbon gives us a little information. There appears to...

M. Clemenceau has once more kept his head above water.

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On Friday week there was a debate in the Chamber of Deputies on the wine crisis, and though his Ministry came out of it with a diminished majority, it still came out. Few other...

The libel action brought by Dr. Carl Peters against Herr

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Griiber, the editor of the Socialist Ithinchener Post, came to an end in the Munich Court on Tuesday, when Herr Griiber was sentenced to pay a fine of five hundred marks or go...

+ 1 ,,* The Editors cannot undertake to return. Manuscript, in any

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This °biter dictum seems to have excited a great deal

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of criticism, but we do not suppose that Mr. McKenna meant more than to express the opinion that if people would only realise it, by far the cheapest and most effective way of...

In the House of Commons on Monday Mr. Nield proposed

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that the duty on tea should be levied ad valorem. In the interests of the poor the amount payable on the cheaper qualities of tea should be less than 5d. per pound. The...

In the House of Lords on Thursday Lord Cawdor asked

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a series of questions as to the prescribed and actual strength of the Channel and Home Fleets. Lord Tweed- mouth, in addition to answering these questions, made a general...

On Thursday, after the Prime Minister had stated that Monday,

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July 150, would be reserved for Mr. Lyttelton's vote of censure on the subject of Colonial Preference—a Motion which, it is rumoured, Mr. Balfour only consented to under extreme...

On Tuesday, when the Finance Bill was again debated, Mr.

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Wyndham declared that the great increase of investment abroad was due to people desiring to avoid the Death-duties, with the further result that the price of Consols was...

Wednesday's discussion of the Finance Bill was only im- portant

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in that the Chancellor of the Exchequer announced that he has resolved to allow pensions to be treated as earned incomes, and therefore when the total income was 22,000 a year...

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On Wednesday Lord Curzon, who was entertained by the Merchant

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Taylors' Company, pointed out that Clive's true monument is an Empire of three hundred million inhabi- tants,—" an Empire which was the greatest achievement, not of warfare,...

Wednesday's newspapers publish a letter signed by the Bishop of

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Birmingham and others on the Laundry Bill. It is pointed out that the Government, for all their large majority, have not gone so far as the principles which were laid down by...

The Report of the Departmental Committee of Inquiry on the

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Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction in Ireland has been issued as a Blue-book. The Committee, while recognising the necessity of having the Depart- ment...

A very interesting ceremony took place at Oxford on Monday,

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when the Vice-Chancellor presided at the presenta- tion to Dr. Murray Butler, the President of Columbia University, of a casket and address, given to him in the name of a number...

We do not propose to deal with Lord Tweedmouth's criticism

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of what he calls the " mosquito " campaign in the Press against him. Lord Tweedmouth states that he knows what "good copy" means, insinuating that articles calling attention to...

The Home Government, on receipt of a resolution from the

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Parliament of New Zealand, has advised the King to raise the status of New Zealand to that of a Dominion. That is a piece of news which will be everywhere received with satis-...

The result of the polling at Jarrow was announced on

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Friday afternoon. Mr. Curran, the Labour candidate, was returned by a majority of 768 over the Unionist, Mr. Rose- Innes. The figures are as follows :—P. Curran (Labour), 4,698;...

On Monday the Union Jack Club was opened by the

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King in the presence of the Queen and the Prince and Princess of Wales. The club, of which the foundation-stone was laid three years ago by the Prince of Wales, is for the use...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent., changed from 41 per cent.

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Apr. 25th. Consols (21) were on Friday 84i—on Friday week 84f.

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A POSITION OF PERIL. O UR naval position to-day is such that if we received from Germany, or any Power equal to her in strength at sea, a sudden declaration of .war, followed...

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I T was well for France, and perhaps for Europe, that the two great debates on the revolt in the Midi left M. Clemenceau still Premier. There is a danger just now in French...

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W E wish all possible success to the movement for forming an Association among the classes dependent upon the soil which was inaugurated at Lord Salisbury's house in Arlington...

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11HE State document published simultaneously on Wednesday by the British Colonies of South Africa presents a necessarily vague, but still a most welcome, project for a united...

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IRISH LAND PURCHASE. T HE conversation—for it was scarcely more—in the

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House of Lords on Monday dealt with a matter in which it is hard to relieve the Government of all blame. The one success in Irish politics of recent years—as regards the land we...

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P ROFESSOR WILLIAM JAMES has long been known as one of the most distinguished of living psychologists. He has also of late acquired some note as one of those teachers who...

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A VERY interesting question was discussed recently by the Jockey Club. Mr. Leopold de Rothschild asked the Stewards, first, if they preferred the starting-gate to the flag,...

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C URIOUSLY intermittent are the southerly air-currents in Downland as they saunter in from the Channel; their cool touches come and go upon the cheek, whisper in the topmost...

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WHAT NEXT IN RUSSIA? [To TED EDITOR OP THR . SPECTATOR.1 must take it for granted at the start that the readers of the Spectator do not share that view of the Duma which has...

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LTO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Though I fear you will not agree with my conclusions, yet I believe you will think it well that the ideas underlying these political...


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THE REFERENDUM. rTo THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Some seventeen years have passed since I pressed upon the public the inquiry whether the Referendum ought not to be...

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[TO TRH EDITOR OP THR sescrAroic...] Sin,—One of the most signal warnings of history seems to have been disregarded by the Russian Government. In France, on the eve of the...


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[TO TUE EDITOR OP TII/C "SPECTATOR.".1 SIR,—I think your article in the issue of June 29th hardly does justice to the Prime Minister's Resolution. You treat it as doing nothing...

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rr0 THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:] SIR,—Those of your readers—and they must be many—who are not hardened optimists in their view of the present naval position of this country,...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] can, I regret to say, corroborate from my own observa- tion what your correspondent "E. T." (Spectator, June 22nd) says about "Unionists and...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] Sin,—An accidental reference to Jonah in your last issue reminds me of an incident which may amuse your readers. A critic with an...


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[To THE EDITOR OF Till . EPEOTI.TOR."] SIR,—In your leading article in last week's Spectator you object on general principles which are unquestionably sound to the important...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—Mr. McKenna announced in April this year that the Board of Education had no longer the power to decide whether the Cowper-Temple Clause...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—May I point out that the election address from some unnamed place in Ireland to which you devote two columns of your last issue is just...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."' SIR, — In the Spectator of June 29th "0. L. G." writes :—" Of deliberate and successful parody in music few examples have attained to more...

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LT0 THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.'l SIR, — Is the reviewer of "Napoleon at the Boulogne Camp" (Spectator, June 22nd) correct in rendering Homo assalito 6 mezzo presso with "A...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — In the few lines which your reviewer gives to my "Notable Pictures in Rome" (Spectator, June 29th) he warns the unwary against the...


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THE " TIMES " HISTORY OF THE WAR IN SOUTH AFRICA, VOL. V.* THE fifth volume of the " Times " History is without doubt a notable achievement. In some respects it will rank as the...


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THE UNSEEN HOST. IF once again, as oft before, This land must fight for life and name, A world her foe—alone no more— Living and dead shall guard her fame. Drake's drum shall...


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[ To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—I shall be grateful if you will once more kindly allow me space to appeal on behalf of the summer camps held under the auspices of the...

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CRICKET seasons differ in interest, and the present season will always be memorable as that in which a team of South African cricketers first visited this country to play a...

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SIR CHARLES ErJor, alike by his long and varied diplomatic experience and his administration in East Africa, is a highly qualified judge of unfamiliar civilisations. Among the...

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THE future of the House of Lords is while we write the question of the day. Mr. Atherley-Jones deals with it in a temperate article to which the Nineteenth Century gives the...

DALE'S HISTORY OF CONGREGATIONALISM.* THE history of English Congregationalism—it could

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be said of Congregationalism generally—might have begun with the sixteenth century rather than with the first. It is natural, however, even for the most "independent" of divines...

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THE LONGEST JOURNEY.* WE confess to preferring agreeable to disagreeable people in books as well as in life. A few disagreeable persons, to be sure, may serve the useful purpose...

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The House of Defence. By E. F. Benson. (W. Heinemann.

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6s.)—Unlike his brother, Father Benson, in "A Mirror of Shalott," Mr. E. F. Benson supplies a preface to his new novel, telling the reader which of the miracles described within...

READABLE NOVELS.—A Woman Perfected. By Richard Marsh. (John Long. Gs.)—A

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modern story concerned with the disagree- able consequences to one's heirs of leading a double life, even from virtuous motives.—Sir Elyot of the Woods. By Emma Brooke. (W....

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The Real Australia. By Alfred Buchanan. (T. Fisher Unwin. 6s.)—Mr. Buchanan is, we learn from his preface, a resident Australian. He is not by any means foolishly partial to the...

Victoria County History : Gloucestershire, Vol. II. (A. Con- stable

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and Co. 41 us. 6d. net per vol.)—This second volume, among other matters, deals with the ecclesiastical history, the religious houses, which wero of more than average...

The Annual Register, 1906. (Longmans and Co. 18s.)—We have nothing

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to say about the Annual Register that we have not said in one way or another many times before. The method on which it is worked is familiar, and this is carried out with the...


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THE CRISIS IN THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST CONGO MISRULE. The Crisis in the Campaign against Congo Misrule. By E. D. Morel. (Published by the Congo Reform Association, 165 Queen...

The Historic Thames. By Hilaire Belloc. Illustrations by A. R.

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Quinton. (J. M. Dent and Co. 21s. net.)—Mr. Belloc's book is a serious contribution to history. He discusses the river in its military, political, and economic bearings, and...


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[Under this heading we notice such Boa; of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] Traditions and Beliefs of Ancient Israel. By T. K. Cheyne, D.D. (A....

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The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond. By Sir Ernest Clarke.

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(John Murray. is. net.)—Jocelin of Bralceloncl was a monk of Bury St. Edmunds who took the habit in 1173. (His designation seems to refer to a street in the town which still...

The Bankside - Restoration Shakespeare. Edited by Appleton Morgan and Willis Vickery.

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(Shakespeare Press, New York. 25s. net per vol.)—This edition purports to give the text "as rewritten or rearranged by [Shakespeare's] successors of the Restoration Period." The...

The Days of a Year. By Ashley Dodd. (Elkin Mathews.

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2s. 6d. net.)—Here we have in poetical prose descriptions of skies, land- scapes, atmospheres, and so forth, one for every day of the year. But the year was very different from...

Farm Live Stock of Great Britain. By Robert Wallace. (Oliver

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and Boyd, Edinburgh. 16s. net.)—This work appeared for the first time in 1885; a second edition was published in 1889; a third in 1893; this was reprinted in 1903. The subjects...

Dr. Henry C. Lea publishes a third edition of his

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History of Sacerdotal Celibacy, 2 vols. (Williams and Norgate, 21s. net). This work was first published in 1867, and now appears with some additions. Dr. Lea's reputation for...

History in Fiction. By E. A. Baker. 2 vols. (G.

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Routledge and Sons. 2s. 6d, per vol.)—This is a very carefully compiled catalogue of historical tales, arranged chronologically with respect to their subjects. The first volume...