6 JULY 1934

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The Spectator

TOPICS OF THE DAY ACTOR, Author, and Audience.. 282 ' Advertising, the Technique of 983 African Impossible, an .. 83 African Friends, Some .. 986 Air, Great Britain and the .....

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Printed in Great Britain by W. SssAIGHT AND Sows, LTD.,

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98 and 99 Fetter Lane, London, E.C. 4, and published by TILE SPECTATOR, LTD., at their offices, No. 99 Gower Street, London, W.C. 1-Friday, January 25, 1935.

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Mr. Baldwin and the Admiralty Was Mr. Baldwin last Tuesday

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rebuking Sir Bolton Eyres-Monsell, the First Lord of the Admiralty, or certain newspapers , which reported' British proposals for . the forthcoming Naval Conference, or The...

President Roosevelt's Autumn Plans President Roosevelt's final broadcast speech before

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he went off on his holiday was in reality an appeal to the people in view of the Congressional elections in the autumn, and took the form of a justification of his past...

OFFICES 1 99 Gower&., Landon, W.C. 1. Tel. : MUSEUM

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1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Offwe, Dec. 23rd, 1896. • Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

German Debts Whilst these grim events were happening in Germany,

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the German representatives who have been discussing the debts' question were proceeding with their negotiations, with the result that Mr. Chamberlain has been able to announce a...


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S TUNNED by the news which came upon them so swiftly last week-end the people of Germany have had no chance to express frank opinions or to reveal to the world what they think...

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Promotion by Merit The minor reconstruction of the Government is

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a welcome indication that youth is at last being given its chance. Mr. Stanley, Mr. Duff Cooper, Mr. More- Belisha and Captain , Crookshank are all men who . came into politics...

The New Unemployment Assistance Board The Government is to be

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congratulated on persuading Sir Henry Betterton to interrupt his political career to take on the duties of Chairman of the Unemployment Assistance Board. At the Ministry of...

The Dutch Monarchy The death of Prince Henry of the

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Netherlands removes the only Prince Consort of modern times excepting the husband of Queen Victoria. The situation of the Dutch Monarchy is indeed remarkable. The widowed Queen...

League of Nations Referendum There is no doubt that a

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wholly false impression about the attitude of this country to the League of Nations _ has been created by certain sensational newspapers whose inflated circulations are no guide...

The French Agreement The Anglo-French trading agreement does not remove

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the 15 per cent. surtax which France put on imports from Great Britain , following the departure of the pound from the gold standard. But it does remove. the 20 per cent. surtax...

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The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes :—Lord Hartington's

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attack on the Petroleum Bill in the House of Commons caused quite a breeze between Mr. Runciman and a section of ConserVatives. No one doubts Lord Hartington's sincerity, but he...

Oil in Britain Mr. Runciman made a good defence of

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his Petroleum Bill, and fairly disposed of the suggestion that sinister interests had inspired it or undesirably influenced its drafting. Opposition in the Commons was confined...

Mr. Runciman, indeed, has had a bad week, for his

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statement on Government assistance to the Shipping Industry was received with cold incomprehension. Members were clearly expecting an unconditional sub- sidy, and when they...

Foundling Site Saved • When the Foundling Hospital sold its

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Bloomsbury site for £1,650,000 some eight years ago, it seemed 'almost beyond hope that the large open space included in it could be saved as a lung for London and a playing-...

* * Truth Under Revolver-Rule • The International Universities Conference

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has just been launched as a meeting-ground for the professors of all countries, with no national or party prejudices. It has held its first meeting at Oxford ; next year it will...

The House warmly welcomed Sir Henry Betterton's _appointment to the

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Unemployment Assistance Board. They were sorry to lose him, but they thought he ought to go,. being so eminently fitted to operate his own Act. The consequent re-shuffle of...

Railway Wages There is substance in the case made out

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at the annual Conference of the National Union of Railwaymen this week, that the cuts imposed under the stress of 1931 should be restored. The demand is to some extent...

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F ROM the reports made to me I learn that by your prompt action and courageous personal initiative . . . you have rescued the German_ people from a grave danger." Thus the aged...

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STRIKES AGAINST WAR EVERY autumn two great Parliaments of Labour

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meet in succession—the Trades Union Congress and the Labour Party Conference. They are not always in Complete harmony, and last year they disagreed over a very important issue....

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I rubbed my eyes when, on Tuesday, in search of

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the Daily .Mail's views on the events in Germany, I found a - leading article headed " No Dictators." It was on the subject of the Pageant of Parliament and at the end of it...

Captain Rohm was one of the men who played an

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indispensable part in building up the Nazi movement from the start. When the S.A. (Sturmabteilung) were 'first formed in 1921, it was announced that their organiza- tion was...

Of all the figures in the Nazi Movement that of

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Heines, who was arrested with Rohm at the last, was perhaps the most sinister. He has been described by one who knew him as " the primitive type of man who seeks to lay about...

The House of Lords had unusual experiences on Tuesday. It

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listened-_ to a comic poem which had been composed for the occasion by Lord Arnold, and a speech by Lord Snowden so frank, so bitter in its personalities, and so utterly...


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O NE can never cease admiring the perfect poise and self-possession of President Roosevelt as he calmly moves forward from one phase of activity_ to another. Having been through...

. It was suggested to me the other day that

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the surest way of killing confidence in Parliamentary government would be to give regular broadcasts of Parliamentary debates. My own opinion is exactly the opposite— assuming...

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By SIR ARCHIBALD HURD TO a community of islanders, especially if they have to buy most of their food and raw materials from Other countries, shipping is the most vital of all...

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[FROM A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT] Berlin, July 3rd. B ERLIN is bored. Of course, as the train trundles along from Charlottenburg to the Zoo, and from the Zoo to the...

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By D. CLEGHORN THOMSON T HE appeal of the B.B.C. to its listeners obviously depends in the main on successful programme- building : in other words on having the right thing...

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By E. 0. HOPPL GATHERING took place at Lacock Abbey, A Wiltshire, on . Saturday afternoon to cele- I,rate the centenary of the invention of photography . . . " states The Times...

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By WALTER BRIERLEY I AM writing on June 22nd, Friday. Most of the miners who work at the pits round about are at home, washed and changed, their pit-clothes put away. But they...

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By JAN STRUTHER It all comes back to that in the end. It is idle for our friends to say (as some of them, notably childless philo- sophers, do), " There is all the time in the...

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT PARISIEN] L E 31 Juillet 1932, au Congres International de l'Education Nouvelle, M. de Monzie, qui reps.& sentait alors la France, annoneait officiellement...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, JULY 6th 13.3o, 16.30, 28.25, &c. England r. Australia : Howard Marshall from Manchester .. • 14.00-18.00.. Lawn Tennis Commentaries at intervals : Col. Brand and Capt....

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The Ballet

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Russian Ballet at Covent Garden—II THE excitement of Russian Ballet at Covent Garden does not pall : in fact, one can go every night. On the Monday of the second week we saw the...


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The Theatre THE child who wanted to see the wheels go round lives on in most adults. There is a fascination in being shown how things are really done, and in this play the...

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An English Opera Auruonon projected before its composer's death, the production of Delius's A Village Romeo and Juliet at the Royal College of Music last week provided the most...


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July Pictures JULY is the culminating month of the London Season. It is not a time when there is much to see if you are looking out for new reputations ; but the old ones are...

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Majorcan Birds It is a curious coincidence that immediately after

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writing the above paragraph I received the summer number of the R.S.P.B. ; and in the first article dealing with the birds of Spanish countries, especially Majorca, Mr. Charles...

* * 5 *

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The Royal Show Every visitor to the Royal Show at Ipswich must have admired the energy and enterprise of the county of Suffolk, which played the host. Thanks almost wholly to...

Birds at Oxford When Oxford at the end of the

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month harbours the inter- national Congress of bird-lovers, it will not be a home of lost causes. The cult grows, in almost every country, not least in Australia and South...

Trees and Art An exhibition of pictures of trees, by

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the ingenious editor of the little Tree Quarterly, was given in London this week; and pleased many countrymen. A special tree poet as well as artist was mobilized on the...


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A Scottish Scheme A thoughtful scheme for the furtherance of animal welfare was put forward by the Scottish S.P.C.A. a year or two ago, and a new hope that it may reach a more...

And Capri In the other Latin Peninsula the conversion of

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Capri into a bird sanctuary, under the inspiration of that kindly genius, Dr. Axel Munthe, is proving, I am told, an infectious example. Though many small birds are killed for...

Birds and Motors Nor was this the end of the

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coincidence. The second article I noticed in the summer number was by Mr. Lockley, though it did not concern his dream island." He has•been taking the toll of the road ; and...

The Bird Isles of Wales The Oxford meeting is likely

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to be famous, if one may say so, for its sequel. A special train and naval craft will conduct a party to. Tenby and three of the islands that lie off the West Coast thereabouts....

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Surely the only possible " factual support " either for my contention that. Fascism is incompatible with loyalty to the Crown, or for Mr....

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SIR,—In 1913 there were in • the Russian Empire approxi- mately 8,000 hospitals, giving one hospital for every - 22;009 inhabitants. There were 22,000 doctors; inekiding ' 1;800...

C. P. SCOTT [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr.

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Hammond's Life of the late Mr. C. P. Scott, and not less Mr. Nevinson's appreciative review of the Life in your last issue, must awaken many memories of Mr. Scott in the minds...


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Sio,L-I would remind Major Procter that a large and unani- mous audience urged- the expunging of the Protection of ' Aniniab3Aet, 1984, from the Statute Book. It not only did...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] ant,—In Mr. - Prioleau's article on " The Dreamers on the Road," he ' inveighs (not for the first time) against The greater deadliness of the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your correspondent, Mrs. Geraldine Mozley, stigmat izes all abortion -as " murder." To some of us that term would seem to apply more...

[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] &a—Replying to the letter

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from " Modernist " in your last issue, may I say that I readily accept Bracton's definition of abortion as homicide " if the foetus be already formed and animated " ? This is...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May we bring to your notice a few facts to indicaw one aspect of the needs for which this Fund is appealing? There are at present in...

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A True Detective Story (John Sparrow) .. A Study of History (E. L. Woodward) .. Rural Prospects (Edmund Blunden) Divine Disclosure (Evelyn Underhill) .. Obliquity in Poetry...

A True Detective Story

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By JOHN SPARROW A MASTER of the art of fraud has, it seems, of late been at work among us : his name is not yet known, though his secret is now given to the public. The book*...

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Alpha to Omega

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TuEsE three volumes are the first half of an extremely interest- ing and ingenious study of history in the widest sense of the term ; the emergence and rise, the decline and...

Rural Prospects

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ON a first glance, these two books appear to be widely separated. Mr. Massingham offers " a record of my personal associations with an English village," and requests us not to...

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Divine Disclosure

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Trus little book, which was originally published in Sweden in 1003, and passed through several editions, now appears for the first time in English. That it does so is probably...

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Hogg in Sheep's Clothing

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Tnosiis JEFFERSON Hoes is the Richard Crookback of literary history. Time maintains his notorious reputation, and there are always advocates who appear at intervals to try to...

Obliquity in Poetry

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Poetry, Direct and Oblique. By E. M. W. Tillyard. (Chatto and Windus. 8s. 6d.) A GOOD poem, like a symphony or painting, must always tend to lose its freshness and its early...

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Romains IV.

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which he is issuing the volumes of this translation of Men of Good Will ; this is the fourth to appear, and two more are promised this year. We have now reached the end of the...

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The Summer Game

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W. G. Grace. By Bernard Darwin. (Duckworth. 2s.) JUST now, when the Test Match fever has taken hold of the Press of England, and Larwood's foot has seemed likely to prove as...

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The Spectator

WILLIAM PLOMER By Going Abroad. By Rose Macaulay. (Collins. 7s. 8d.) The Darkening Green. By Compton Mackenzie. (Cassell. 7s. 6d.) Queenie Molson. By Wynyard Browne....

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Everyone serving in India, as official or missionary ; should possess

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and should have read this tightly written bOok(Oxford University Press. 7s..6d.) which is free from padding or loose statements. The author distinguishes alwayS between what '...

Current -Literature

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AUTHORS-AT-ARMS By C. P. Hawkes The author of this book has selected six English writers who by their own will or the accident Of fortune indulged in • military service during...


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January, 1932, near the anniversary of that "Janwar win'," which "blew hansel in on Robin," Dr. Grant, the Editor of the Scottish National Dictionary, appealed "fiir ' financial...

- The Periodicals

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Or the monthly Reviews one does not expect facts so much as opinions, the leisurely and considered judgements of sound writers ; a little heavy (if they have a fault) but worthy...


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By Eric Linklater In these three 'consecutive short stories, (The White Owl Press, 3s. 6d.) we have the brilliant improvisations of an accepted composer, resting or dallying...

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Motoring A Holiday Cruise Abroad IT is time to go.

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For three weary years and more we have shown such patience as only the natives of these islands possess ; and, partly because we were told that it was unpatriotic, partly...

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Financial Notes

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QUIET MARKETS. ALTHOUGH the Stock Markets have not been unduly perturbed by the terrible news from Germany, and while there has been no pressure to sell German Bonds, the...


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The latest profit statement of the National Bank of Austra- lasia shows that the net profits amounted to £274,028 against £291,944 for the previous year. A further Dividend is...


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Sir Hugo Hirst, to be known in future as Lord Hirst, Chairman and Managing Director of the General Electric Company, has a high reputation as a forceful and practical speaker on...


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Home Railway Ordinary Stocks, however, remain somewhat dull under the influence of the wages question, and although gross Traffic Receipts for the half-year, which has just...


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The National Accounts—A Good Start I REFERRED last N1cek to the many favourable features of the past half-year, so far as developments in internal conditions of finance and...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," JULY 6TH, 1834. On Tuesday last, a very simple-looking couple, both steam-loom weavers from Oldham, named Jeremiah Greaves and Marian Marsden, presented...


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Not a few industrial concerns with outstanding Debentures- carrying high rates of interest are now taking the opportunity wherever afforded of repaying them and substituting new...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 93

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BY XANIIIIPPE. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...


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As regards the improvement in domestic business, Sir Hugo said it was mainly confined to the mass-production articles absorbed by the general public, and he attributed the Main...


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(.I °IN' SI VI I niurri 1 0 IN OIL: 4 101AI CI HI RI I I HI II) 0 N•O NINIYIL IINIAM a N DI OIM MT/ 1 S T J 01 BI LI (./11.4 . 1211 SI A HI t._.);411 V HI Is w r. xi i I Al...