6 MAY 1871

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There have been two great party debates this week on

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the Budget, on Monday and Thursday,—the former professedly on the question whether the income-tax should bear the whole burden of the deficiency, the latter, substantially at...

Mr. Stansfeld, after intimating that the success of the resolution

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would throw out the Government, made a somewhat general speech on the expenditure of the country, showing that the great increase of the Civil-Service Estimates was partly...

The Commune has once more changed its Minister at War.

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General Cluseret was accused of tardiness in succouring Fort Issy, —which is probably false ; of aspiring to a Dictatorship,—which is probably true ; and of arranging to...

Mr. Lowe has had a thousand pounds' worth of his

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halfpenny stamps for match-boxes struck in anticipation of sanction, and now he does not know what to do with them. The Daily News suggests that he should sell them by auction...

Monday's debate languished a good deal in its early stages.

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Mr. W. H. Smith was sensible, but not exciting, and his only original point was a clever hint thrown out to excite a grudge against both income-tax and the Government in the...


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T HIS French civil war is like nothing so much as a transpontine tragedy, abounding in incidents, chokeful of horrors, and in- -expressibly tedious nevertheless. M. Thiers has...

0 * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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The Ministry received something like a memento mori yesterday week,

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on occasion of the Epping Forest debate, when Mr. Cowper Temple, seconded by Mr. Holms, carried by a majority of 101 (197 to 96) a resolution calling on Government, in...

Mr. Ward Hunt rallied Mr. Stansfeld on that "irony of

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events" which had turned him into the advocate of a great military expenditure, after leading the attack upon it in 1862. Mr. Richard made a peace speech against...

Negotiations at Brussels do not appear to progress very rapidly._

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There has been a hitch about the commercial treaty, which M. Thiers refuses to grant, and there are difficulties about the indem- nity. The French offered 214,000,000 a year in...

Prince Bismarck on Tuesday delivered a great speech to the

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Reichstag in defence of the terms of his treaty with France, a speech reported in extenso in the Telegraph only. The Chancellor - employed the well-known arguments for seizing...

The Manchester Guardian has received a telegram announcing- that a

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truce for twenty-five days has been agreed upon between Versailles and Paris. The report, which is in itself very impro- bable, derives no authority from the source from which...

Mr. Gladstone was rather lengthy on the technical side of

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the proposal to suspend repayment of the Debt, and Mr. Disraeli hardly spoke so well as on Monday night. In the interim he had prepared a sobriquet for Mr. Stansfeld, whom lie...

Thursday's debate, introduced by Mr. McCallagh Torrens, turned solely on

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the postponement of the repayment of debt on the Terminable or, as Mr. Disraeli called them, with reference to Mr..Gladstone's diffuseness, the "Interminable Annuities," but its...

Mr. Lowe complained of Mr. Harcourt for fancying that all

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the world was as clever as himself, showed that, as experience proved, it was too late to vote money for defence when war was upon you, and justified the income-tax as the only...

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The London School Board has at last decided to get

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to work, or rather to get to what the world would recognize as work, for it has really done a great deal of good work in its Committees. It has resolved :—" That the Board,...

Mr. Jacob Bright's bill for conceding the Parliamentary fran- ohise

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to female householders, if single women, was defeated on Wednesday by 220 to 151, after a debate in which the honours were carried away by Mr. Bright himself, who argued his...

Consols were on Friday 93f to 93.

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The Westmeath Bill passed its second reading in the Lords

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on Tuesday. Its object is simply to enable the Lord-Lieutenant to suspend the Habeas Corpus in Westmeath and some adjacent baronies for two years, but persons escaping from the...

The Bishops of the Irish Church have at length consented

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to take part in a complete revision of the formularies of the Church, to be conducted in a cautions and reverent spirit, and therefore all further discussion of the proposals of...

Professor Harley made a clever speech at the Academy dinner

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of Saturday. It is wonderfully difficult to say anything new on those occasions, everything is so used-up, and thought is so restricted by the necessity of answering to the...

Mr. Seely, on Tuesday, moved that postage between America and

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England should be reduced from 3d. to id. The point of ibis speech, a very inadequate one, was that no rate above id. tempted the masses to write, or could, therefore, be...

A public meeting of the friends and pupils of the

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late Professor De Morgan is to be held in the building of the University of Lon- don next Wednesday (10th May) at hall-past 4 o'clock (after the ceremony of conferring degrees...

Mr. Jacob Bright will probably be consoled for his defeat

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by the half-adhesion of the Premier, who seemed to think a visit to the polling-booth would injure women, but that, the ballot once established, they might be admitted to the...

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• THE PARLIAMENTARY CRISIS. T HE Government is convalescent. After the severe treat- ment of the Ministry in the early part 'of last week, and the exhibition of a drastic...

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P ROBABLY the Retrenchment Radicals do not quite under- stand their own minds, and we should be glad to con- tribute something towards helping them to do so. As far as we can...

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APROSAIC POSSIBILITY IN FRANCE. T HERE is an inclination in this

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country, which we confess we fully share, to explain this contest in Paris a little too much, to make too much of an effort to understand its meaning, its tendencies, and its...

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T O all who believe, with us, that voting is not an end, but only a means to an end, the end being the welfare of the Commonwealth, the debate of Wednesday on Female Suffrage...

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T HE Dissenters would have more influence than they have, if they were not so susceptible. Mr. Miall, in his speech at a Conference of the Liberation Society the other day,...

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T HE Government Bill for the better suppression of crime in Westmeath will, we fear, disappoint all the friends of Ireland. It may restore order in Westmeath, but it will not...

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T HE extraordinary strength of the modern desire for more leisure is curiously illustrated by the accounts of the existing strike at Oldham. Thirty thousand workmen in the...


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T N the "agony column" of Thursday's Times was a modest little advertisement representing, we will venture to say, as much genuine distress of heart as any of the more...

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THE "SPEOTAT0R.1 Sin,—Allow me to say a few words in defence of the opposition made to the appointment of Dr. Hampden as Regius Professor of Divinity in Oxford in 1836; I was...


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THE ANTI-JACOBIN ELEMENT IN THE COMMUNE. (TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPEOTATOR.1 SIR,—The Times speaks (2nd May) of the Paris Commune being "so little understood." I will not stop...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THS "SPECTATOR."] SIH,—Suffer me to add a few words of explanation to the letter which I wrote to you on "Reconciliation," as I find that some ,passages in...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Sin,—The people of England established their Church and en- dowed its clergy for the sake of united public worship, and of bringing...


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{TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") 'Sra,—The emigrants Mr. Jenkins sends out will, I fear, be grievously disappointed, if they expect to live off ten acres of land or to...

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THE GENESIS OF SPECIES.* Tars Origin of Life, the Genesis of Species, the Descent of Man— such are the grand problems which now-a-days engage the atten- tion of philosophic...

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A GOOD NOVELLETTE.* As admirable little miniature painting, with no

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dreary padding, and only one fault, a bad title, which hardly suggests anything at first, and even when explained by the story is not found to fit it_ In that State of Life' is...

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Ix is a pity there should be a ridiculous flavour about pedigrees. and genealogies, but so it is, that those very words evoke a host of absurd associations. Yet heraldries and...

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MR. GIBBON is no unsuccessful student of Sir Walter Scott. We say this without any intention to disparage still less to hint at plagiar- ism. Far from it. We mean simply that he...

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WE can hardly assume that a course of lectures on pastoral. theology addressed to the students in a Roman Catholic seminary will have any practical interest for our readers. Nor...

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A NEW POET.* WE have often thought, and possibly have

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taken occasion to say, that the writer of a volume of verse should give on his title-page not only his name, from which, indeed, we may very probably learn nothing, but his age,...

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IT is with feelings of disappointment and dissatisfaction that we finish each series of this work ; disappointment at not finding the contents we hoped for, dissatisfaction at...

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The See of liome in the Middle Ages. By the

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Rev. Oswald J. Reichel. (Longmans.)—Mr. Reichel's book is the work of an accomplished man, who, in dealing with a subject that becomes continually more entangled with...


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Essays, chiefly on Questions of Church and State. By A. P. Stanley, D.D. (Murray.)—These Essays range over a period of twenty years (1850- 1870), and they furnish a series of...

in Spite of All. By Helen Boult. (Newby.)—There is a

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certain satisfaction in finding that there are readers—if, indeed, we may argue, from seeing a book, that it has or will have readers—who still take delight in a love story...

Parisiana. By Cameron Stuart Macdowall. (Provost.)—Mr. Mac- clowall describes himself

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as "a volunteer with the besieged armies," and claims for his book that it tells "the real truth about the bombard- ment." He is evidently a witness with very strong...

Saint Paul : his Life, Labours, and Epistles. By Ftilix

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Bungener. (Religious Tract Society.)—We may be permitted to congratulate, though we do not know how far our congratulations may be welcome, the "Religious Tract Society" on...

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Mr. C. D. Yonge has revised his History of England

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(Longmans), and brought it down to the death of Lord Palmerston. It is a work on which much industry has evidently been spent, and which is certain to be useful, as indeed any...

Cousin Afabel's Experiences. By Miss E. J. Whateley. (Religious Tract

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Society.)—Miss Whateley describes her book as "Sketches of Religious Life in England ;" and gives to her first chapter the heading of " Ritualism " and to her second...

Street's Indian and Colonial Mercantile Directory (Street) is a volume

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which commends itself almost sufficiently by its title. It gives a short summary of information about each colony and settlement, its population, revenue, &c., with a classified...

A Book of Golden Thoughts. By Henry Attwell. (Macmillan.)— There

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seems always to be room for a book of " good " selections. Part of this volume has been published before under the title of "A Book of Thoughts ;" Mr. Attwell has now made...