Page 1


The Spectator

: Franco-German Relations THOMAS HODGKIN: Albert Schweitzer MICHAEL BERRY : A Way With Animals TOM HOPKINSON : Boswell's Grand Tour

Page 3


The Spectator

The question of housing and rent control is, by common con- sent, likely to provoke the sharpest battle with the Opposition, but there is no reason why it should not have" a...


The Spectator

No. 6 5 4 1 FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1953 PRICE 7d.

Page 4

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan

The Spectator

The decision of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan that the country should become a republic, while it may cause regret, comes as no surprise. Indeed, in the styles of royal...

The People's Democracy

The Spectator

West Berlin received the latest reports of unrest in Eastern Germany a great deal more calmly than London; and to the immediate question of whether a popular revolt is likely to...


The Spectator

When the Russians raised once more at the United Nations the old, wearisome and largely discredited charges of the use of germ warfare by Americans in Korea they could hardly...

The Russian Reply

The Spectator

Russia does not wish to discuss the future of Germany with the Western Powers. This emerges from the Note that has been delivered by the Kremlin five days before the Lugano...

Hell in Korea

The Spectator

What has happened to the conscience of civilised people to make it possible for the hideous farce of the Communist " explanations " to prisoners at Indian Village in Korea to go...

Page 5

Russian Colonialism

The Spectator

Britain's policy towards its dependent territories is to educate them in the ways alon g which they will travel to • independence. Some are close to the objective. Others are...

Waiting for Mr. Randall

The Spectator

Until a committee now sittin g under Clarence B. Randall has reported to President Eisenhower, the United States will have no forei g n economic policy. It is becomin g hi g hly...


The Spectator

0 NE cannot but love the man for his g aiety, his wit, his vision and his coura g e. It is not presumptuous to write thus of Sir Winston Churchill for, thou g h few are admitted...

Page 6


The Spectator

I N this country the fallacies of Communism have been only too clearly exposed as such by the refusal of society to proceed obediently along the lines laid down by the...

Page 7

The Debate Continues to Continue

The Spectator

Most controversies which engage the attention of our curious nation run their course as a fever does. For a week or perhaps a month the partisans on either side cross swords in...

The Jargon of Doom

The Spectator

By what quirk of euphemism has the English-speaking world decided to find a new employment for the verb long used to des- cribe what midwives do to babies, orators to speeches,...

In Darkest Bloomsbury

The Spectator

There have been several recent incidents in which malefactors have been assisted by the apathy, indifference or cowardice of members of the public who, though present at the...


The Spectator

T HE story of the Everest film is an unusual one. The film rights of the expedition were acquired for £1,000 plus a percentage of any profits there might . be by Countryman...

The Lunatic Fringe of the Law .

The Spectator

1 attended the other day, for the second time in a year, the hearing by Regional Traffic Commissioners of an applica? tion for a licence under the Road Traffic Act, 1930. On...

Page 8

The Eternal Problem

The Spectator

By ERNST FRIEDLAENDER Hamburg N OVEMBER will be a month of increasing activity in the field of foreign policy for the Federal Republic of Germany. Dr. Adenauer has accomplished...

Page 9

Smog Time

The Spectator

By ALOYSIUS PEPPER EASON of mists and mellow fruitfulness." Keats was writing in the early 19th century when both could be reasonably enjoyed within the sound of Bow Bells....

Page 10

Danger in Trieste

The Spectator

By G. E. R. GEDYE Trieste, November 2nd I T is nearly four weeks since John Foster Dulles and Anthony Eden tried to " lance the sore " of Trieste by the decision of October 8th...

Page 11

THE SPECTATOR thin paper edition can be forwarded by air

The Spectator

to any address in the world. SUBSCRIPTION RATES U.S.A. and Canada (Air Mail) £4 15s. Od. per annum. S. Africa (Air Express) £4 Os. Od. per annum. Rates to other parts of the...

Albert Schweitzer

The Spectator

By THOMAS HODGKIN A D. LINDSAY, in his introduction to the late Professor ' Kraus's book on Albert Schweitzer, said: " Kraus .cannot abide Schweitzer's philosophy. He thinks...

Page 12


The Spectator

Roman Portrait Busts (Arts Council Gallery). To walk round the Baths of Diocletian in Rome is to find them—as indeed almost any Italian museum—as full of visual quotations as...


The Spectator

THEATRE King John. By William Shakespeare. (Old Vic.)—Witness for the Prosecution. By Agatha Christie. (Winter Garden.) IN King John Shakespeare was for the first time trying...


The Spectator

Prokoflev THE music of Prokoflev, who died last year, is enjoying a belated boom, and this last week his fifth symphony and two of his piano sonatas have been heard in London...

Page 13

The Bog Midge

The Spectator

Tidying my fly-box the other day, I came across three very special flies and presented them to a friend who has recently taken up fishing. A year or two ago when I was in Dublin...


The Spectator

An enthusiasm for tidying up took me and I hurried down to the shed for the hedging knife with which I could clear a great patch of briar and thorn that has somehow been...

A Blood Drinker

The Spectator

While on the path leading to the kitchen garden, I saw a rabbit slithering and scamper- ing down the face of the cliff. As it reached the bottom and bounded into the weeds, a...

Country. Life A FLOAT of sheep pulled , in to the

The Spectator

field gateway in front of me and I waited for the cargo to be unloaded. An old man joined me and watched the sheep jumping down. They proved to be sturdy little animals that had...


The Spectator

Julius Caesar. (Carlton.)—Wife for a Night. (Marble Arch Pavilion.)—Second Chance. (Odeon, Marble Arch.) WHAT a magnificent play is Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and how greatly...

Page 14


The Spectator

SIR,—The publication of Performing Flea will . have delighted those admirers of Mr. P. G. Wodehouse who never believed in the nonsense that was talked and written of him in...

MR. NEHRU'S NEIGHBOURS Ste,—Your readers may be interested in the

The Spectator

following impressions of conditions in Tibet as seen from the Indian frontier State. of Sikkim: Kalimpong and Gantok are full of. Tibetans and Chinese—apart from the locals....

Letters to the editor

The Spectator

SOCIAL HELPS OR SICK MEN ? Sta,—The official report published jointly by the British Medical Association and the Magistrates Association made it quite clear that experience...

Sweet Peas

The Spectator

In mild districts sweet , peas can be brought forward to obtain early blooms by getting the bed ready as soon as possible in autumn. Well dug and deeply manured ground is...


The Spectator

SIR,—The Spectator in an editorial note wel- comed the formation of the British Empire Society for the Blind, and your readers will, I hope, be interested to hear what progress...

SIR, —The Spectator in its issue of October 23rd indulged in

The Spectator

the prevailing habit of showing' inverted sympathy for the wrong- doer rather than for the people who have been wronged. Although one would have expected this from the Observer...

Page 15

THE SPEED OF LIGHT Sta,—In your issue of the 30th

The Spectator

October, Mr. R.. L. Kitching writes that although light radiations from the sun to this earth travel at the speed of 186,000 miles per second, how do'we know that light from...


The Spectator

SIR,—Mr. Ashley Courtenay states that the name Westbury for the new hotel is mean- ingless. But is it ? The word has municipal con- nections, as it distinguishes a town in...

CHEAPEST BEST SIR,—It looks very much a's though the new

The Spectator

white loaf is a non-seller after being boosted into such a good starter. On Monday Dr. Charles Hill told the House of Commons that pretise information cannot be given till the...

Bait for the Zoo

The Spectator

I must begin by quoting the entry—not, fear, quite prizeworthy—which has given me most delight : They say the Lion and the Lizard The rhinoceros and the izard Although they have...


The Spectator

o Set by Eric Swainson P.E.N. is the apt abbreviation of a dis- tinguished fraternity of Poets, Essayists, Novelists and others. Competitors are invited, for the usual prize of...

Page 16

Week-end Neurosis

The Spectator

By ANTONIA WHITE I WAS never an easily displaceable person. The idea of even the shortest journey has always suggested impossible difficulties to be overcome. How I envy those...

Page 18

A Way With Animals

The Spectator

By MICHAEL BERRY . W HAT is it that determines whether a man shall or shall not be a horseman ? By that word is meant not a man (or woman) who rides on a horse, but a man who...

The Spectator

Page 19

Beyond Possession

The Spectator

Our images withdraw, the rose returns To what it was before we looked at it. We lift our look from where the water runs And it's pure river once again, we write No emblems on...


The Spectator

NOVEMBER 5th, 1853 A " National Association for the Vindication of Scottish Rights " has been recently formed; and on Wednesday its adherents appeared before the public at a...

Page 20


The Spectator

The Liberated Ego By TOM HOPKINSON B OSWELL in his journals has invented, it seems, a new technique of writing. This is to allow the " ego "—that inflated image of himself...

Page 22


The Spectator

Letters to Milena. By Franz Kafka. Translated by Tania and James Stern. (Seeker & Warburg. 18s.) Letters to Benvenuta. By Rainer Maria Rilke. Translated by Heinz Norden. (The...

Desert Prose

The Spectator

The Coast of Incense : Autobiography 1933-1939. By Freya Stark. (John Murray. 25s.) I HAVE long suspected that the remarkable fame of women travellers is maintained by the same...

Page 24

An Existential Historian

The Spectator

The Human Tradition. By H. J. Blackham. (Routledge. 21s.) THE history of ideas is a fascinating subject, but nearly all the best books about it are as boring as could be. This...

A Study of Gide

The Spectator

THE publishers claim that "this will be the standard book on Gide's life and works" and "will supersede all other books on its subject." Publishers are entitled to a certain...

Turbulent Spirit

The Spectator

Orders of the Day. By Earl Winterton. (Cassell. 21s.) IN his new book Lord Winterton—the peerage is Irish—set out primarily to give an account of events in the House of Commons...

Page 26

William Godwin

The Spectator

THOSE who study Keats and Shelley and their circles may love their subject wisely, but they are also inclined to love it far too well. They should indeed consider all the...

The Devil and the Violin

The Spectator

Paganini. By Renee de Saussine. (Hutchinson. 16s.) Tim vie romancie will always attract a good many readers and can never therefore be quite out of fashion....

Page 28

Robinson Crusoe

The Spectator

Robinson Crusoe knew our living-tricks : He wound his mind and counted out the ticks ; And when the echo turned them into drums He did not linger sitting on his thumbs, He shut...

New Novels -

The Spectator

Hackenfeller's Ape. By Brigid Brophy. (Rupert Hart-Davis. 9s. 64.) Waiting for Camilla. By Elizabeth Montagu. (Heinemann. 10s. 6d.) THERE are some novels to which, on the...

Page 30

Company Notes

The Spectator

By CUSTOS ALBERT E. REED, the second largest paper manufacturers in this country (and associated with the Daily Mirror), pro- vided the market sensation this week by jumping...


The Spectator

DAVENPORT By NICHOLAS THE application lists for denationalised United Steel close next Monday and it is expected that dealings will start at about 6d. premium on the issue price...

Page 31

Solution to Crossword No. 753 Solution on Novenfmr 20th

The Spectator

The winner of Spectator Crossword No. 753 Is MR. G. R. SMITH, 46 Henson Road. Match. Cambs.


The Spectator

(A Book Token for one guinea will be awarded to the sender of the first correct solution opened after noon on Tuesday week, November 17th, addressed Crossword. 99 Gower Street....