11 DECEMBER 1936

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Mediation in Spain With the threatened attack on Madrid still

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postponed and the number of foreign soldiers fighting on Spanish soil increasing daily, the most important feature of the Spanish situation today is the concerted movement for...


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K ING EDWARD'S abdication has been foreshadowed but not announced as these words are written. His final decision is as hard as any a man can make, though the situation that made...

The Implications of Neutrality

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The feature of the past week's meetings of the Pan- American Conference at Buenos Aires has been Mr. Cordell Hull's speech last Saturday. Outlining a Peace Plan for the...

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M. Blum's Anxieties In the Committee of Entente between the

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French Communists and Socialists on Tuesday, it was agreed that the Communists would continue to support M. Blum on every issue except Spain, which had no part in the original...

No More " Ober-Prima " It is interesting though painful

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to watch in Germany the working out of the conflict between the totalitarian State and the claims of religion, culture and education. Week by week, in the Church, the arts, the...

An Economic Symposium The remarkable symposium on British monetary policy

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which has appeared in recent numbers of The Economist provides a valuable bas' is for an agreed monetary and economic policy for this country. The contributions included...

Soviet Citizens' Rights The final and formal adoption of the

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new Soviet Constitution on Saturday was notable for the acceptance by M. Stalin of two or three amendments of some im- portance externally and internally. Among the former was...

An Ageing England In his report for 1935, published last

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week, Sir Arthur MacNalty, Chief Medical Officer of Health, draws atten- tion especially to the changing age-composition of the population. Since the beginning of the century...

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The discussions on the Public Order Bill concluded in as

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friendly and public-spirited an atmosphere as that in which they were launched. This was very largely due to the sympathetic and searching consideration that the Home Secretary...

Next to Mr. Baldwin no man has risen more splendidly

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to the occasion than Mr. Attlee. Throughout he has behaved in a very difficult position with exemplary restraint. His questions have always been helpful and in perfect taste. It...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary correspondent writes :—Never in

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post-War history has there been a Parliamentary week comparable to that through which we are passing. For five minutes each afternoon the Chamber has been more full than on...

What added to the resentment of the House was the

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fact that not content with visiting the King over the week-end he had broadcast a statement in the Press which, in view of the fact that he had spent several hours at Fort...

Electrical Supply P.E.P. (Political and Economic Planning) has recently issued

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a valuable report on the Supply of Electricity in Great Britain. In three important respects it differs from the recommendations made by the MacGowan Committee earlier this...

Collusive Divorce If the supporters of the Divorce Bill now

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before the House of Commons are right in their belief that the measure would by facilitating permitted divorce diminish substantially the evil of the collusive divorce,...

A Test Match Won Very few people expected that England

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would win the first Test match against Australia, and certainly no one expected a victory by the ample margin of 322 runs. Against an English team severely disorganised by...

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A S the constitutional crisis moves towards a climax that may well come in the brief interval between the printing of these words and their publi- cation there must be claimed...

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F OR the last week the Governments of Great Britain and the Dominions have been occupied with one problem, to the exclusion of all others. While we wait for its solution the...

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A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK T SPOKE here last week of the

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loyal reticence of the .I. Press in the last nine or twelve months regarding the King's affairs. No one, I imagine, can doubt now that though thoroughly well-intentioned—and,...

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P RINCE ALBERT FREDERICK ARTHUR GEORGE, Duke of York, on whom the eyes of all the Empire have been set in these last days, has in common with his father the fact that he is a...

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By CAPTAIN LIDDELL HART General von Seeckt, the rebuilder of the German Army after the War, had been the brain of Field-Marshal von Mackensen in the War, devising the plans...

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By Dr. R. W. SETON-WATSON ITHE first of December—the eighteenth anniversary of ¶f HE proclamation of Jugoslav and Ropinanian :Unitywas celebrated in Bucarest by an incident for...

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By MICHAEL ROBERTS I SUPPOSE that by this time several millions of my fellow-citizens have seen and reflected on Mr. iVelts' film, The Shape of Things to Come. It shows the...

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By AMBROSE HOOPINGTON But though elaborate ceremonial (to be tolerable) must be ancient, an ancient form of procedure or . an ancient law is not always inefficient or absurd....

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By J. VIJAYA-TUNGA HAVE not seen the bees, but the honey is the best I 1. have seen or tasted. The tiniest granules sticking together only for the touch of tongue to melt....

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By E. L. WOODWARD Etrare 7 4 ; filiTLA. XL11.11Lt 74tre 8aatAtiv at■Xli • W.KiTL 4101/30g ;XEL KLEA.0111', OP 441716U EIC141711% " Tell the king on earth has fallen the...

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By V. S. PRITCHETT THE heyday of the Spanish Liberal movement was the time of General Primo de Rivera, a Spaniard said to me the other day. He was a fervent republican and...

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"Is there a deeper hurt ? " solicitously asks the ruined politician's sister ; and we realise suddenly how far, how very far, we have been all the evening from the contemporary...

"0 Mistress Mine." By Ben Travers. At the St. James's

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Waste would b an apt title for this play, too. A good theatre, an author expert in farce, a brilliant comedienne, a plot well spiced with both domestic and foreign...

the Regal I HAVE sometimes doubted Mr. Hitchcock's talent. As

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a director he has always known exactly the right place to put his camera (and there is only one right place in any scene), he has been pleasantly inventive with his sound, but...

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[Von einem deutschen Korrespondenten] Ars man dem Wiener Biirgermeister Karl

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Lueger, dem Vater des osterreichischen Antisemitismus einmal semen auffiilligen Umgang mit Judea vorwarf, enviderte er semen Kritikern einfach : " Wer ein Jude ist, das bestimme...

French and Spanish

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TnnEE of the most important phases of French painting during the last 50 years are represented in exhibitions now running in London. Various aspects of Impressionism appear at...

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The Council for the Preservation of Rural England has recently celebrated its tenth birthday. The King has become patron ; and his patronage is the most highly cherished of the...

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Week"...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In the article entitled "Where Britain Stands," which appeared in your issue of November 27th, the writer allowed that a minority does...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Sir Frederick Sykes' impressive article emphasises the fact that in the future the Regular Army will have to be mainly used for foreign...


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[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] SIR,—There are few subjects on which there appears to be a more lamentable confusion than that of the next war, a confusion due largely to the...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In a letter in your issue of November 13th, Mr. Ernest Oklmeadow, ex-Editor of the Roman Catholic journal, The • Tablet, professes to give...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,—The writer of A Spectator's Notebook in your issue of November 27th made some scathing comments on the architectural practice of certain...


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the Editor of TI1E SPECTATOR.] Sta,—All those who believe that the Beauty of Rural England is a most precious part of the great inheritance into which as Englishmen we have been...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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Siii, —After you published, on 'November 13th, a letter of mine under this heading, the postman brought me . many anti-Popish tracts, together with earnest advice on the...

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By LAWRENCE ATHILL Tun Abyssinian War already seems ancient history to most of us, and yet it is - only twelve months, almost to a day, since the first contingent of the...

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Mr. Huxley's Essays

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and Windt's. 7s. ild. ) • Mu. HUXLEY has been the alarming young man for a long time, a sort of perpetual clever nephew who can be relied on to flutter the lunch-party....

The Novel Today. Studies in Contemporary Attitudes. By Philip Henderson.

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(The Bodley Head. 7s. Bd.) A Communist Critic The Novel Today. Studies in Contemporary Attitudes. By Philip Henderson. (The Bodley Head. 7s. Bd.) THE sub-title of Mr....

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- The First British Empire

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The British Empire Before the American Revolution. By Lawrence Henry Gipson. Three vols. (The Caxton Printers. 15 dollars.) Tux title of this book is a little misleading; "On...

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Myths and Politics

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Ideology and Utopia. By Karl Mannheim. (Kogan Paul. 15s.) THE theme of this unusual book is that the collective un- „ _ conscious presuppositions of men liNing in communities...

A Sanctified Voltaire

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Voltaire. By Alfred Noyes. (Shoed and Ward. 12s. 6d.) "IF thou wouldst view one more than man' and less, made up of great and mean, and foul and fair "—these words of...

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Sir Richard Burton

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The Arabian Knight. By Beton Dearden. (Arthur Barker. 12s. 6d.) . BOTH these books set out to rescue the figure of Burton from oblivion. So surprisingly little has been...

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A Conventional Elizabethan

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Timm is little enough in Sir Henry Lee's life to excite, or perhaps even to interest. A good-looking young man, much addicted to physical exercise, an excellent tilter, minor...

The Scottish Writer'

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Scott and Scotland. By Edu in Muir. (Routledge. 5s.) How account, without too deeply wounding Scottish self- esteem, for the unsatisfactoriness of Scottish literature as a...

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A Patriotic German FREIHERR VON STEIN belongs to the large

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company of Germans, not Prussian by birth, who have taken - a prigninent part in shaping the future of Prussia. His fainily'eame,from Nassau, at no great distance from the...

Movie Memories

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Movie Parade. By - Paul Botha. Studio. 10s. &L) Tins is a record - in _pictures of more than thirty." movie" years. Mr. Rotha has chosen stills to illustrate 600 odd films, from...

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Living China

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THIS is the fullest and most important collection of modern Chinese stories yet published in English. From a somewhat involved essay appended to it we gather that from 1917 to...

Mr. Dylan Thomas

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Twenty-Five Poems. By Dylan Thomas. (Dent. 2s. 6d.) REVIEWERS are often told to confine their attention to the book in front of them, but one cannot ignore the fact that Mr....

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By PETER BURRA All the Trees were Green. By - Michael Harrison. (Barker, 7s. 6d.) The Hesperides. By John - Palmer. (Becker and Warburg. 7s. 6d.) Wild Harbour. By Ian...

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COCKALORUM By Hamish Maclaren Born writer as he is, Hamish

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Maclaren should know that even a genius must discriminate between subjects. He may have the gift of words, but if there is one subject a writer should avoid unless he has...

Current Literature

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When, in September, 1934, Frank Lenwood, the subject of this memoir (S.C.M. Press, 3s. 6d.), perished on the Aiguille d'Argentieres, there passed away one of the most...


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By Friedrich Wencker-Wildberg The career of Bernadotte was one of the most remarkable of recent centuries in its wild improbability. The son of a bailiff who lived at Pau in...


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In this book (Robert Hale, 12s. 6d.) Mr. Mottram tells the story of the life of the chief clerk in the Norwich bank of Messrs. Gurney during the second half of the nineteenth...

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If anyone wishes to know how and why China has

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made progress in putting her house in order during the past ten years, he must read the volumes of Mr. T'ang Leang-li's well-known series en- titled China Today. Of these,...


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By Freda Utley Miss Utley has here written an arrest- ing book (Faber, 15s.). It should be read both by those who fear Japan and by those who admire her overmuch. Miss Utley's...

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The City and the Constitution WHEN the final record of Stock Market conditions during the current year is concluded, it will certainly be admitted that the firmness of prices of...

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Financial and Investment Notes

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RAILWAYS AND THE INVESTOR. I FIND it very difficult to know what to say with regard to the iinejediate prospects of Home Railway stocks. Some months ago I referred to the prior...

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The winner of Crossword No. 219 is Miss M. E. Kilbride, Knocklofty, Broadwalk, Winchmore Hill, N. 21,

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 220

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BY ZENO. [21 prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelope, should be marked "Crossword...