15 MAY 1936

Page 1

Indirectly Italy is responsible for a Cabinet crisis in Austria,

The Spectator

for an outrageous telegram of congratula- tion to Signor Mussolini sent by Prince Starhemberg, the Heimwehr leader and Deputy-Chancellor, has proved too much for the Chancellor,...

NEWS OF THE WEEK T HE Italian question was handled at

The Spectator

the League of Nations Council meeting on Tuesday with marked discretion, the essential passage in the resolution adopted declaring that, while the discussion was adjourned till...

Italy's Tactics Italy meanwhile is making the most of her

The Spectator

military victory. The annexation of Abyssinia (no diplomatic equivocations about a mere protectorate) has been pro- claimed and the organisation of a kind of administration...

The Pope on Conquest Speaking at Manchester on Tuesday, the

The Spectator

President of the Salford Branch of the Catholic Truth Society explained that in regard to the Italo-Abyssinian dispute the Pope " has kept a dignified silence because he is...

Page 2

President Azaiia Senor Azafia's election as President of the Spanish

The Spectator

Republic was certain once he presented himself as a candidate. He is the most powerful personality in Spanish politics ; but his decision to become President has been a shock to...

Arms Manufacture and the State The complexity of the task

The Spectator

of the Royal Commission on the Private Manufacture of Arms was considerably increased by the vigour with which Sir Maurice Hankey, giving evidence last Friday, traversed the...

* * * President Roosevelt's Opponents The Republican Party will

The Spectator

choose its presidential candidate at the national convention which: opens in Cleveland on June 9th. The assumption is that he must be a Westerner or Mid-Westerner, since it is...

The Questions to Germany More comment has been aroused in

The Spectator

Germany by the decision to publish the questions addressed by the British Government to Herr Hitler than by the questions themselves. As to the questions, it was quite essential...

M. Blum and the Franc This week the French franc

The Spectator

has shown a considerable recovery, largely owing to M. Leon Bluni's reassuring speech on Sunday, and to restrictions on the foreign ex- change market which hampered the small...

Page 3

It was not without its significance that Mr. Baldwin in

The Spectator

the course of a long answer to a question from Mr. Churchill on Wednesday afternoon three times referred to him as " the right honourable gentleman " insttad of " my right...

Coincident. Nvith this recovery of Mr. Baldwin has been a

The Spectator

rally to the side of the League and a continuance of sanctions. The Diehards who imagined that Sir Austen's speech had killed the sanctions policy are disagreeably surprised at...

I have been increasingly impressed this week by the immense

The Spectator

Parliamentary competence of Mr. Neville Chamberlain. The claims on his time are prodigious. In addition to piloting the Budget through the House, he has been in charge both of...

The Irish Budget The Irish Free State has so often,

The Spectator

in this country, been threatened with ruin if it persists in the ways of Mr. de Valera that the Irish Budget may seem somewhat surprising to Englishmen. As Mr. McEntee, the...

The Future of the League That the Italo-Abyssinian war, following

The Spectator

on Japanese action in Manchuria, has brought the whole future of the League of Nations into question is a matter of common agreement. The actual existence of the League may be...

Civil List Pensions Mr. Neville Chamberlain used some curious and

The Spectator

striking arguments in his lively debate with Mr. A. P. Herbert on the provision of £1,200 for new pensions in the Civil List. He said that it would be improper to raise that sum...

The Week in Parliament Our Political Correspondent writes : There

The Spectator

has been a substantial rise in Mr. Baldwin's stock from the low levels to which it has recently sunk. Now that Govern- ment supporters have had leisure to consider Sir Austen...

Page 4

THE PLIGHT OF ITALY I TALY is said to have won

The Spectator

the war. That is triumph- antly proclaimed in Rome and impetuously echoed by a limited company in this country. Has she ? The ultimate profit and loss account must he compiled...

Page 5


The Spectator

T O comment at this stage on the evidence given before the tribunal presided over by Mr. Justice Porter would be manifestly improper ; but the enquiry is in itself as...

Page 6


The Spectator

S UFFICIENT tribute has never been paid to " Letters to the Editor " as a national institution. They are not usually thought of as a national institution, but they are in fact...

Page 7


The Spectator

By F. YEATS-BROWN (This is the third of a series • of articles which Mr. Yeats-Brown has been specially commissioned - by " The Spectator " to write on contemporary India. The...

Page 8


The Spectator

By SIR ALFRED ZIMMERN T HERE is a crisis in the working of the League of Nations. But what is much more important is that there is a crisis in world-affairs. The League of...

Page 9


The Spectator

By W. A. FULLER R ECENT cases of the arbitrary suppression of serious and well-intentioned books on account of their sup- posed obscenity have drawn increased attention to the...

Page 10


The Spectator

By SIR ROBERT GREIG T HE Bracken or Fern (Pteris i..1quilina) is spreading over Scotland so successfully that it has become a menace not only to pastoral farming, but to the...

Page 11


The Spectator

By FRANCIS GOWER T HE present expedition is the sixth to be sent to Mount Everest. It is the fourth expedition to enter Tibet with every other aim subordinated to the attempt...

Page 12


The Spectator

By SIR STEPHEN TALLENTS H OW many parents, I wonder, pricked their ears when The Times told them not long since that the ranks of Mr. Baldwin's experienced colleagues, past and...

Page 13


The Spectator

By ROSE MACAULAY T HE fait accompli : magic phrase ! One knew already that faits, once they are aceomplis, are apt to be accepted by the world pretty quickly, but surely the...

Page 14


The Spectator

Commonwealth and Foreign [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Stn,—The state of mind of Austria in these times is like that of the man who tried to shoot Niagara in a barrel. She...

Page 15

The Cinema

The Spectator

" The Trail of the Lonesome Pine." At the Carlton —" Secret Agent." At the Tivoli—"A History of the Film, 1896-1936." At the Everyman. THE only film I have seen with real...


The Spectator

" How doth the little busy bee Delight to bark and bite " went some half-remembered parody of my childhood ; and the swarm symbolically infesting the boat-deck of the S.S....

Page 16


The Spectator

Degas and La Fresnaye THOSE who in general admire the Impressionists and Post- Impressionists are apt to be scornful of Degas because of the prettiness of his subjects ; and...


The Spectator

[Von einem deutschen Korrespondenten-J DAs Dritte Reich erhebt den Anspruch auf Totalitia. Das bedeutet, dass es alle Gedanken, Taten und Funktionen seiner Einwohner...

Page 17


The Spectator

Rural History Now quietly continuous are the annals of our country places in England, even now ! For example : a very local historian in Essex has been searching in the manorial...

Page 18


The Spectator

[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Under the heading of " German Settlers of Tanganyika," appeared in the East African Standard's weekly Edition of March 27th, the...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,--T have read with great interest the Hon. Mrs. Geoffrey Youard's article in the May 1st issue of The Spectator, but I think her criticisms...

Page 19


The Spectator

I To the Editor of THE SeEcTATon.] SIR,—I have read with interest the article by Mr. Dyneley Hussey, in The Spectator of April 17th, on " Broadcasting and Opera," which...


The Spectator

SIR,—The recurrence of trouble and bloodshed in Palestine, trouble that has been endemic ever since Great Britain accepted responsibility for the government of the country and...

Page 20


The Spectator

[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,--I have read with interest Mr. S. L. Bensusan's article and subsequent correspondence on this subject. It is possible that the experience...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,--I think thirty-six years' intimate association with South Africa qualifies me to speak with as much authority on the above question as...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—Italian difficulties—real dangerous ones—in Abyssinia will perhaps date from now. It is one thing to facilitate an advance by the new...

Page 21

SIR, — Mr: Fellows, in 'making his suggestion that Gerniany be invited

The Spectator

to wrest Abyssinia from Italy, has overlooked one point—the Suez Canal. It is hardly to be expected that France, having found legal reasons for allowing Italy free passage,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have been interested by the review in your issue of May 8th by Miss Macaulay of the Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Plare Names....

SIA, — Your correspondent C. D. L., in your issue of May

The Spectator

8th, states " At 'Waterloo his (i.e., Wellington's) voice and presence rallied retreating companies again and again ; unlike our commanders in the last War." What exactly your...


The Spectator

SIR, — In connexion with my recent letter about church services, &c., I was interested to note the suggestion that one difficulty which arises when changing services is that in...

Page 22

The Journey

The Spectator

FIRST in the North : The black sea-tangle beaches, Brine-bitter stillness, tablet strewn morass, Shawled women against the sky with heads covered, The witch's house below the...


The Spectator

THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —As your May 1st issue of The Spectator was one of your best, it ill becomes one to find a fly in the ointment. And as Macaulay found it so distasteful to...

SI R,—

The Spectator

" I came not to send peace on earth but a sword." If you will accept Erasmus as a competent exegete then here is what Erasmus wrote : " And now when the summe of all that...

Page 23

Where Angells Fear to Tread

The Spectator

BOOKS OF THE DAY By GORONWY REES SIR NORMAN ANGELL is an expert in exposing illusions. He pictures the political scene as a darkened arena, in which nations violently blunder...

Page 24

Obscurum Per Obscurius

The Spectator

Dialectics. By T. A. Jackson. (Lawrence and Wishart. 108. 6d.) THIS work is the longest book devoted to dialectical materialism which has yet appeared in English. The publishers...

Page 25

The Modernity of Medievalism

The Spectator

IT may be not uninstructive, and possibly more amusing. to regard this, the concluding volume of the Cambridge Medieval History, as the prelude to the modem age no less than the...

Page 26

Long Live Liberia

The Spectator

REALIMS of The Spectator need no introduction to Mr. Graham Greene. Tart, discriminating, brilliantly selective, its under- lying Melancholy tempered by a genuine inner acrid...

A Theory of Industrial Combination

The Spectator

The New Industrial System. By Hermann Levy. (Rouiledge. 10s. ad.) • WHEN the phenomena of cartels, syndicates, and trusts first attracted attention . towards the end of last...

Page 28

A New Survey , of English Fiction Ma. L. A. PAVEr,

The Spectator

in his article on Trollope in this book, has a sentence which well expresses the difficulty in which the modern novelist finds himself. Speaking of the nineteenth century he...

Jawaharlal Nehru. An Autobiography. (The Bodley Head. 15a.)

The Spectator

A Candid Revolutionary PANDIT JAWAHARLAL NEn/C` has written an exceptional book. Product of Harrow and Cambridge and the English Bar, stormy petrel of the Indian political...

Page 30

The Progress of Victorian Religion

The Spectator

IF I were asked to choose the pivotal sentence in this excellent and encylopaedic book, I should point to Dr. Elliott-Binns's quotation from Mandell Creighton, that " religion...

Page 32

In Search of the Picturesque

The Spectator

Wanderings in Yugoslavia. By Nora Alexander. (Skeffington. 18e.) AN interesting essay might be written on the British habit of eccentric foreign travel and the ways in which it...

Stubborn Music

The Spectator

Break the Heart's Anger. By Paul Engle. (Cape. :is.) Poems. By Michael Roberts. (Cape: 5s.) Ix the noise of the loud buzzes that greeted Mr. Paul Engle's American Sang, echoing...

Page 34

Nicholas the Unready

The Spectator

THE author, who writes in German, has already published in English a picturesque life of Stalin, the merits of which depended mainly on a liberal use of local colour and a vivid...

Page 36


The Spectator

By ADRIAN BELL Greengates. By R. C. Sherriff. (Gollanez. 7s. 6d.) A House of Women. By H. E. Bates. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) Miss Linsey and Pa. By Stella Gibbons. (Longmans. 7s. &I.)...

Page 38

WORDS FOR TONIGHT By George Buchanan

The Spectator

Mr. Buchanan has continued the journal and commentary of which his Passage through the Present gave a first instal- ment some years ago. Some of the paragraphs in his new book...


The Spectator

By Major G. Harrison and F. C. Mitchell Statistics have become the indispensable instrument for the study of social changes and movements : in this book (George Allen and Unwin,...


The Spectator

In his introduction to Lasseter's Last Ride (Cape, 7s. 6d.) Field-Marshal Sir William Birdwood writes : " The annals of Central Australian exploration are tragic and heroic, but...

Books like this of Mr. Price's (Allen and Unwin,6s.) are

The Spectator

often more illuminating than the clever productions of the bright young things of modem letters. Mr. Price has had the good idea of publishing together the travel diaries of two...

Current Literature

The Spectator

This book (Longmans, 15s.) is a reprint_ of the Tamer lectures delivered at Trinity College, Cambridge, last year, by Mr. A. D. Ritchie. Its purpose is to study the mind from...

Page 40


The Spectator

By Fedor Stepan As a consequence of the persecution to which the majority of the Russian intelligentsia have been subjected since the Revolution, some of the most profound of...


The Spectator

By H. P. Price Under the catch-penny title, When Men Wore Muffs (Dent, as.), Mr. Price has put together a_short history of men's dress, and some notes on correct modern wear....

Mr. Eyre-Walker is one of those people who cannot settle

The Spectator

' dovni. A Vdrkshireinan by birth, he has lived and worked in various parts of the- globe, mostly. as a fanner, and at odd times turned his restless hand to writing. He has a...


The Spectator

• By J. G. Hides • Papua is fortunate in its administrators. Sir Hubert Murray, Lieutenant-Governor under the Commonwealth mandate, in his treatment of the natives, has set a...

Page 44

International Problems

The Spectator

Finance AT the annual banquet of the British Bankers' Associa- tion, which took place last Monday evening, the President for the year, Mr. J. Beaumont Pease, Chairman of Lloyds...

Page 48

Financial Notes

The Spectator

DUNLOP RUBBER. THAT shareholders will do well to give careful attention to the remarks of chairmen at the annual meetings of companies is evidenced by the recent report of the...

Page 52

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 190

The Spectator

BY ZENO 1.1 prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this rroutrord puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword Puzzle,"...


The Spectator

SOLUTION NEXT WEEK The Winner of Crossword No. 189 is Mrs. Forbes Watson, The Cottage, Morpeth, Northumberland.