17 APRIL 1936

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Italy and Geneva The Italian military successes have brought the

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relations between the League of Nations and Italy to their most critical stage. Signor Mussolini, with much of Abyssinia in his hands and the capital of the country at his...


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IN Northern Abyssinia the Italian penetration con- .' tines with unabated speed, and unchecked by any opposition more serious than sniping. A column moving along the Sudan...

If any fighting spirit remains on the Abyssinian side— and

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no one who knows the Abyssinians and their Emperor will readily believe that it does not—Marshal Badoglio may yet find himself involved in a type of warfare in which his...

The Locarno Talks The next meeting between the Locarno Powers

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will take place at Geneva during the League Council session which begins on May 11th, and in the mean time Mr. Eden is to seek elucidation of various proposals in t he German...

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Germany's Strength An attempt is made by a competent German

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writer in an article on a later page of this issue to throw some light on the obscure question of what Germany's armed strength really is. The difficulty, of course, arises from...

Socialism in the Indian National Congress The meeting of the

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Indian National Congress at Lucknow revealed the profound divisions in the ranks of the movement. In his Presidential address Mr. Jawa- harlal Nehru committed himself to a...

Turkey and the Dardanelles There are four reasons why the

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formal notice given by Turkey that she intends to propose before the League of Nations Council next month the removal of the veto (embodied in the Treaty of Lausanne) on the...

The French Elections" When Herr Hitler re-occupied the Kliineland, it

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seemed as if panic and fear might combine to cheat the Front Populaire in France of its expected victory in the elections which begin.on April 26th. But Hitler's action may have...

Red Cross and League The refusal of the International Red

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Cross Committee at Geneva to communicate to the League of Nations Council the evidence in its possession regarding the use of gas in Abyssinia is surprising and discreditable....

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Mr. Baldwin too, has dearly, for the time being at

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any rate, lost his power of controlling incipient revolt. In the old days of the Indian -controversy in the last Parliament the rebels were at pains to avoid, if possible, a...

Let me commend very warmly a shilling pamphlet, Germany and

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the Rhineland, just issued by the Royal Institute of International Affairs, and containing addresses on the German situation delivered within the last month at Chatham House by...

These arc some of the factors which have helped to

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produce the decline in the power and prestige of the Government. If further damage is to be prevented, counter measures must be taken. In my view, the first essential is that...

Labour and the Co-operative Movement By rejecting a proposal to

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merge its electoral organisa, Lion with that of the Labour Party, the Co-operative Conference has once again emphasised its independence. It is not indeed complete, and....

Parliament in Recess Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Few men

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in the House of Commons can have welcomed the Easter . Recess with keener pleasure than the Chief Government Whip. In the last few, weeks he has had an exceptionally di ffi cult...

Red Cross Aeroplanes for Abyssinia The efforts Lady Gladstone is

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making to replace the Red Crossaeroplane which crashed in Abyssinia a month ar two ago are fortunately meeting with success. The number of contributions received is large, but...

Trade with..the United States It would be rash to assume

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that an Anglo-American trade. agreement will .result from the preliminary con- versations which, as announced from an authoritative source, have taken place between Great...

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I T is something that in the course of their fevered diplomatic interchanges the two most antagon- istic Powers in Europe should each have launched a peace plan for the...

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W HILE most people during Easter were trying to find such pleasure as snow and sleet permitted, a small minority, of Socialists, trade unionists, and educationists, were in...

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IN his election speech at Lyon on Friday M. Herriot 1 made what seems to me a remarkable statement, though no notice appears to have been taken of it. • Sir- Austen Chamberlain,...

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By IL G. WELLS I his more fragmentary notes there is evidence that 1 Steele remained extremely dissatisfied with his treatment of the riddle of the frustration.of civilisation....

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By SIR BERNARD PARES T HERE is one aspect of life in contemporary Russia which cannot cease to affront the better instincts of this country. It is the persecution of all forms...

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By FRANCIS GOWER 1917. • It. is sometimes claimed that these islands produce about half. the food required by the population, but this is an estimate based on values and not on...

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By S. L. BENSUSAN I T is matter for surprise that while experts estimate the damage done by the broWn rat in England and ' Wales at £1 per head per annum of the population,...

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By BERNHARD BUCKHOLZ G ERMANY still keeps her own counsel regarding her actual military strength, and as a result widely divergent estimates are current of the number of her...

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By E. L. WOODWARD Spatsum, yes. Spuzzum, yes. Why Ruskin ? Was the founder of this township an early socialist, an admirer of Turner, or merely a distant cousin of John Ruskin ?...

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By MONICA REDLICH A LL this week the air has been full of place-namesi " Where did you go ? " people ask one anot her, politely observing the rule that five minutes' talking...

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Commonwealth and Foreign [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In Kalimegden Park near Belgrade a monument was unveiled six years ago. It bears the words " May we love France...

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"King Lear." By William thikespeare. At The Old Vic Sees. - ri : Britain," says the programme ; and in the last act the author refers to the army which Albany and Gloucester...

The Cinema

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" Ix:ro her unfinished basket Dhi—the daughter of the Quan -- was weaving dreams of her beloved one." That is the kind of • au n t the Marquis de-la Falaise has brought back...

"The Happy Hypocrite." By Clemence Dane and Richard Addinsell. Based

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on Max Beerbohm's Story. At His Majesty's ' LORD GEORGE HELL, when we first meet him, has not seen a cowslip for thirty years. His face, marred by vice and mottled by the vine,...

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Leopold von Hoesch

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[Von einem deutschen Korrespondenten] VOR einigen wenigen Woehen noch sateen wir ihn in dem schonen -Festsaal der Londoner Universitat. Mit der Freundlichkeit eines Weltmannes...


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Broadcasting and Opera THE B.B.C. has set up a Committee to examine the problem of operatic broadcasts and to make suggestions about the future policy of the Corporation in that...

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Wheat and the• Crown Imperial The favourite flower of the cottage garden since the days of Elizabeth has been the Crown Imperial ; and it has gathered about it a certain amount...

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[To the Editor Of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—May I be permitted one or two comments on Professor Berriedale Keith's 'letter in your April 3rd issue on the subject of self-government...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Two of your recent

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correspondents have insisted upon the importance of separating the economic life from the political State. In no other way, they declare, can the problem of raw material be...


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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested t.) keep their letters as brief a: is rewona5ly potsible. The most suitable length is that of one of our News of the Week"...

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SIR,—In reply to Professor A. Berriedale Keith I should like

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[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] to point out that reference to Article 2 of the Palestine Mandate shows that the provision regarding " the development of self-governing...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —Your correspondent, the Rev. W. G. Edwards Rees, should ascertain his facts more carefully before rushing intm print. If he will read the...

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SIR,—There are two points in connexion with the churches today

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that seem to me to deserve some attention. I know that in what I say I am speaking for a number of younger people with whom I have discussed the matter. There are two churches...


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Sta,—I have read Mr. J. D. Jenkins' contents on -Japan as usual with much interest. .r find I 'get- lore information from him than I manage to extract front the. Japanese Press...

THE CASE FOR SMALL AIRSHIPS [To the Editor of '1.`n

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SrEcrirott.] Sin,—The subject of defence is receiving a great deal of attention just now ; and it is generally admitted that one Of our biggest problems is that of safeguarding...

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[To the Editor of TOE SeErr_1roa.]

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submit a possible solution of the problem suggested by your quotation last week, from Mr. Kellett's reminiscences, about an old lady who, speaking in 1884, of Oliver Cromwell,...


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[7'o' the Editor of Tux SPECTATOR.] Six,—The passage in As I Remember may be reconciled with possibility, though not with probability, in the following manner : 1790/1884;...


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[To the Editor of Tin: SinicT.vron.j your issue of April 10th the reviewer of my hook The Painter's Eye kindly draws attention to some of my misspellings. One word which I did...


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[To the Editor of Tin: SeEcT.vroal April 28n1 and 24th this Association is celebrating an historic anniversary : the' Jtibilee of the Repeal of the. Contagious Diseases Acts in...


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[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] Sni,—As recent events have shown us, the translation of a single word may be of world importance, and I hope I may be forgiven for enquiring...

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The Autobiography of an Agitator BOOKS OF THE DAY

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By VISCOUNT SNOWDEN Sin JAmns SEXTON, familiarly known as " Jimmy " Sexton, has been for nearly fifty years a prominent figure in the Trade Union and Labour movements. In this...

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A Constitutional History of India, 1600-1935. AcIlinc

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The New Reforms in India Berriedale Keith. (Methuen. 15t4.) Tins book, as its title shows, is not a history of India, but a history of the institutions of government which...

A Flame in Sunlight. The Life and Work of Thomas

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de "Legendary Monster .Quincey. By . Edward Sackville 'West, (Cassell. 15s.) . Jr 'anyone is in doubt about the difficulty of writing a bioz graphy of De Quinces, let him go...

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Casement Exhumed

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THE story of Casement's life has been adequately told before. Mr. Parmiter has little to add to what has already been recounted by Mr. Denis Gwynn, Mr. Redmond-Howard, Mr....

Columbus and the Jews

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A Dictionnaire des Idles Refuel about Christopher Columbus would make entertaining reading ; for .of the immense Columbus literature purporting to tell the truth about him a...

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Lawrence and Woolley .

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Abraham. By Sir Leonard Woolley. (Faber. is. 6d.) THE joint work is an archaeological report published in a learned journal at the beginning of the War, and well worth...

A Personal Religion - SIR FRANCIS YOUNGIIUSBAND was born in the

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Himalaya, and has lived there for many years., Eleven times Ile has crossed the entire breadth of the- range from the plains of India to the plains of Turkestan or Tibet and...

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A Hundred Responses from Delphi

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ALL men love advice, though few follow it. In classical Greece this natural craving of State and individual was admirably satisfied by the oracles of Dodona, Delphi and...

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Sweet Disorder

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Tins book is a monument to the quality of genius : for no other quality could have saved most of the musicians whose lives arc told here from mantal, and often physical ruin....

Short Stories

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From Death to Morning. By Thomas Wolfe. (Heinemann. 7s. 6d.) The Marchesa. By K. Swineit-Smith. (Hogarth Press. 7s. 6d.) The Cosy Room. By Arthur Machen. (Rich and Cowan. 7s....

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By SE 4N 0 'FAOLA.IN The Thinking Reed. By Rebecca West. (Hutchinson. " Let Us Pray.. By Joist Gray; - Marra!). 7s. 6d.) 'Silence in Heaven. By Lance fiieveking. (Cassell. 78....

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By G. B. Stern Miss Stern's publishers suggested that she should write a book about anything she_ liked. Not fiction, not history, not autobiography—just anything. Monogram...


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By Nina Murdoch Miss Nina Murdoch, who is an Australian journalist and writer- of travel books, here recounts a stuiuner holiday spent in the Austrian Tyrol. It was not an...


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Current Literature By Rockwell . Kent Mr. Rockwell Kent, the well-known American illustrator s went to live among the natives in a tiny settlement on the coast of Northern...


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By Hervey de Montmorency Sword and Stirrup (Bell, 16s.) is described by the publishers as " . . racy, readable reminiscences." It is much more than that. For these are the...


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By Private Frank Richards The old soldier who can talk amusingly about his experiences over a glass of beer is not uncommon, but one who can write his talk down, without losing...

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A Study in Contrasts

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Finance I DOUBT whether it would be possible to discover an :weasion when so striking a contrast was presented between conditions at home and thosepre*lingi ! in adjacent...

Financial Notes

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UNDERLYING OPTIMISM. BUSINESS in the Stock Markets during the last few weeks has been considerably restricted, a circumstance by no means surprising in view of the Easter...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 186

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BY ZENO I A prize o f one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's erase:cord puzzle to te opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...


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SOLUTION NEXT WEEK The winner of Crossword No. 185 is Mrs. E. V. Phillips, Kibworth Beauchamp, Leicester.