17 JULY 1936

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If this does not cause the Government to reflect profoundly

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on its fortunes it can only be because the Government's capacity for reflection is atrophied. Derby, of course, is no more than Derby ; the current of, by- elections has not so...


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C ONSIDERED from any angle, the result of the by- election at Derby is a heavy blow to the Government. Certain allowances must, no doubt, be made. The poll was light. Mr. J. H....

But there will be decreases also. In the first five

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months after the regulations are applied, reductions will be made in allowances to some 60,000 people, con- sisting of single persons under 25 and of those who have enjoyed "...

Unemployment Assistance The Government is to be congratulated on speeding

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up, at the last moment, the publication of the new Unemployment Assistance Regulations. With even greater speed the Labour party decided that the regulations must be opposed....

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The Removal of Sanctions Sanctions against Italy came to an

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end on July 15th, and commercial relations with Italy revert, at any rate officially, to the status quo ante November last. It is sometimes forgotten that that status was in...

Drought and Heat in U.S.A.

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The earlier estimates of desolation wrought by drought and heat in the United States were vastly below the reality. Shade temperatures of 110° and 112° have been recorded day by...

The Situation in Austria

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The first result in Austria itself of the Austro-German Agreement was the suspension, on the motion of the Public Prosecutor, of the trial of ten Nazis for high treason. It is...

Progress at Montreux The Straits Conference, which looked at the

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outset a comparatively simple affair, soon became involved in deadlock after deadlock. Haunted by ghosts of the once notorious 'Eastern Question, it developed rather un- happily...

July 14th in France The July 14th celebrations in Paris,

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a time-honoured occasion for party effervescence, have passed off with a number of arrests and minor casualties, but without serious disturbance of the peace. The feature of the...

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The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

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attitude of the OfEcial Opposition on the Unemployment regula- tions is curiously inconsistent. Having agitated for months against the delays in their production they were then...

The Austro-German agreement on the whole has been well received

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in the House of Commons. The inter- national situation has been worsening so rapidly in the last few months that there were real fears that we should not get through the long...

Presumably this sudden desire by the Labour Party to speed

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up the proceedings is due to the fact that the campaign against them in the country, so far from gathering momentum, is falling remarkably flat. The only point on which they...

The Indiscretions of Mr. Pirow Mr. Pirow, the South African

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Minister of Defence, who has just returned home from a visit to this country, has been in trouble over the question of German colonial claims. Having last year boldly expressed...

Legislation, as is inevitable on the eve of a Summer

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Recess, is being passed at a great pace. A Bill of nearly 300 clauses was carried through its Committee stages and given a third reading in less than ten minutes on Monday...

Defence Preparations Each week new evidence appears of the progress

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made in our preparations for defence. A fortnight ago Sir Thomas Inskip, the Defence Minister, said that the first .preliminary stages were already past. Last week Supplementary...

Bishops in Judgement The Bishop of Chichester has aroused considerable

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public interest by his action in refusing admission to Holy Communion to Mr. Bunting. Such a punishment is rarely applied. It is capable of inflicting great spiritual pain. If...

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I TERR HITLER has the art of the dramatic gesture. -1- On four occasions during the past three years he has, by a process as apparently simple as the pressing of a button, not...

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O N ...Tune 11th, in the House of Commons, Mr. A. P. Herbert, the junior Burgess for Oxford University, had an interesting and violent altercation with the Chancellor of the...

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T HE smashing news of the Austro-German Agreement broke upon the Cabiriet in an hour of extreme bewilderment. Mr. Eden had taken his week's rest as the Prime Minister was...

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By F. YEATS-BROWN [This is the last of a series of articles on India written by Mr. Yeats-Broom exclusively for " The Spectator." They will form part of a book shortly to be...

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I. By VISCOUNT SNOWDEN T HE conclusions of the examination by your Parliamentary Correspondent into the causes of the failure of the Labour Party to make headway will meet with...

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By LIEUT.-COMMANDER KENNETH EDWARDS, R.N. (retired) F OR ten months a British fleet, strengthened by rein- forcements from home and from many outlying squadrons and ready for...

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By A CORRESPONDENT LATELY IN ABYSSINIA T HE rains have settled down upon the high plateaux in Abyssinia, and on the mountainous territory south-east of the Rift Valley threaded...

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By WALTER GREENWOOD I WRITE these lines in Glasgow. It is a cool Sunday evening, and I am standing in the middle of a smallish crowd of unemployed working men, most of whom are...

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By KAY BOYLE T HE day was quite fair and the ground soft as spring under foot, and the boy and the diviner set off together to walk to the farm. The diviner was a tall man and...

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By E. L. WOODWARD T HE Ministry of Transport, having taken over main roads and bridges, is an impersonal pontifex maximus in a new world where the only wayside crosses are...

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Commonwealth and Foreign By WILLIAM BLUMBERG PROFESSOR BRODETSKY said at the last Zionist Congress : " Our Arab policy remains what it has been—namely, to develop Palestine to...

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The Cinema

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"Poppy." At the Plaza—" Living Dangerously" and "Charley Chan at the Circus." At the Regal IT is the loud check trousers we first see, a pair of shoe; which have known their...

Russian Ballet at Covent Garden

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STAGE AND SCREEN The Ballet Tun production last Friday (an Eton-and-Harrow-match evening) of an extremely inferior Spectre de la Rose brings to a head the question of the...

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Le Bourgeois Proletaire [D'un correspondant parisien] SANS doute les historiens

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de la Troisierne Republiqua fixeront-ils au 7 juillet 1986 le commencement de la fin de l'experienee du Front populaire. Certes, le gouvernement Blum est encore au pouvoir ; il...


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Decoration and Realism IT is a happy chance that has arranged for the exhibition ' of Raoul Dufy's paintings at the Lefevre Galleries to occur at the moment that Stanley Spencer...

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A Land Survey What may really be called a magnum opus has been almost concluded by the Council for the Preservation of Rural England ; and it deserves wide appreciation. It...

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SIR,—The facts are extracted from [To the Editor of THE

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SPECTATOR.] the official Communiques : To destroy properties and crops ! Do you call it STRIKE ? To destroy schools by fire ! Do you call it STRIKE ? - To murder man, to...


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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents.urt requested to keep their Zellers as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "News, of the Week...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Jeffries objects to the use of the term " Pales- tinian " because he thinks that it " assumes that there is a genuine nation...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—You published recently a

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letter from me on Arab and Jew in Palestine. That letter, which was refused by papers that did •not wish the Arab case heard, has brought me an immense number of letters—perhaps...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,—The account of the Oxford Group's Albert Hall meeting; as given by you in your issue of July 10th, is not without interest. Our good...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Snt,L-Mr. Lloyd asks whether I have an answer - to the pre- tensions of dictatorship. I am afraid I have no more than a prejudice against it,...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —The article by .Mr. Frederic Prokosch, in your issue of July 3rd, is a surprising performance. Sandwiched in between the maunderings of...


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‘. [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —I see that a Turk who visited the Display of Scottish Foodstuffs now being given at British Industries House in London claimed that...

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[To the Editirr of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—With the advance of scientific knowledge, especially in the realms of psychology, the grounds on which Madame Blavatsky could be...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Snt,—The situation at home and abroad makes it imperative that progressive opinion should make itself felt in the conduct of national policy....


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] wish to correct an error in the second paragraph of " The week in Parliament," in your issue of July 10th, when you state that " the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR., SIR,—In his tenth article on " India Revisited," Mr.' Yeats-Brown mentions C. R. Das, and has described the' Doon School at Dehra-Dun. He...

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News into America BOOKS OF THE DAY

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By D. W. BROGAN HERE we have a series of celebrated " stories " as they first " broke " on the American reader, from the Boston tea- party and the shot heard round the world at...

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The Misuse of Marks

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The Marks of Examiners. By Sir Philip Hartog, E. C. Rhodes and Cyril Burt. (Macmillan. 8s. Bd.) NUMERICAL marking is a necessary evil : it simplifies the' work of...

A Pacific Programme Plan for Peace. By Francis Williams. (Methuen.

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38. 6d.) So -many books on -international affairs are little more than a compound of gossip, clichés and half-truths that one really gets tired of reading them. Mr. Francis...

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Seeking Peace

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Tms book is, Mr. Wickham Steed tells us, the fruit of twenty years' thought, and may perhaps be called his political testament. It is a series of reflexioris rather than a...

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The Struggle for Life Gold Fever. By L. M. Nesbitt.

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(Cape. 7s. 6d.) IT would be tempting to make the comparison between the careers of T. E. Lawrence and L. M. Nesbitt, who both came recently to the almost characteristic modern...

" The Father of English Musick " William Byrd. By

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E. H. Fellowes. (Oxford University Press. 15s.) IT is clear that, as Canon Fellowes is now satisfied, Byrd has come into his own—at least in the opinion of those qualified to...

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Two Poets

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Collected Poems. By Austin . Clarke. With an Introduction. by Padraic Colum. (Allen and Unwin. 7s. 6d.) Collected Poems. By Andrew Young. (Cape. 6s.) IT is usually a left-handed...

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Comrade Gide Les Nouvelles Nourritures. Par Andr6 Gide. (Gallimard. 10

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fro.) THERE is something touching in the faith with which our age, or rather the mass of contemporary society, believes in the utterances of its spiritual leaders. And every...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER The Weather in the Streets. By Rosamond Lehmann. (Collins. 8s.) A Gun For Sale. By Graham Greene. (Heinemann. 7e. 6d.) Their Ways Divide. By Dennis Kincaid....

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DIRECT subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

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notify Tim SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

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Current Literature Edited by H. P. Biggar With this volume the Champlain Society of Toronto finishes the task, begun in 1922, of publishing a complete edition of the writings...

This book (Hutchinson, 18s.) is partly a series of sketches

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of women of different types and stations. All the women played some part in history ; apart from this undoubted fact, and apart from the sequence of time, there is little...

Mrs. Oakley is an American who has lived in Provence

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for many years and knows its history, folk-lore, its people, country and towns, as only an enthusiastic foreigner can. In The Heart of Provence (Appleton-Century, 15s.) she...

Dr. Starkie, Professor of Spanish in Dublin University, spends his

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vacations (presumably) as a gypsy. With nothing but a fiddle—he would prefer that name to violin—he plays his way wherever the fancy takes him. This time it took him to Morocco...

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Travel Notes NORTHERN IRELAND is best known, perhaps, for its beauty-spots and its historical associa- tions, but many visitors return to Ulster in later years feeling that...

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The Neglect of Front-Wheel Drive

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Motoring Mr trial of the latest small B.S.A. 10-h.p. " Scout " — not . to be confused with the other 10-h.p. B.S.A. with the Overheat valved engine and the Daimler...

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Home Railways as Investments

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Finance RUT for the uncertainty which exists as to the outcome of the present dispute between the trunk railways and their employees in the matter of wages, there is little...

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Financial Notes

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. MOST MARKETS FIRM. THE main influences operating on the Stock Markets during the past week have been the renewal of cheap money and the further political developments in...

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The winner of Crossword No. 198 is Miss M. L. Radford, 42 Boundary Road, N.W. 8.

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 199

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BY ZENO [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...