11 JULY 1903

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The comments of the foreign papers on. the visit are

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note- worthy. The French Press is obviously delighted, and looks forw:: rd, in at least momentary sincerity, to the removal of all occasions of grievance between the two...

On Wednesday the President visited Windsor Castle, the impressiveness of

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which, as a survival from a past that stretches back through English history, he is entirely com- petent to appreciate ; and later proceeded to Aldershot to attend a review of...


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T HE event of the week has been the illness of Pope Leo XIII., the extreme seriousness of which was admitted on Monday at the Vatican, where it is a tradition that a Pope while...

. The Papacy is still a great living force in

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politics, and in spite of the mass of traditions with which he is bound down, each successive ,Pope usually contrives to make his personal character and opinions felt. The...

On Thursday afternoon President Loubet despatched from Dover a very

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happy telegram to the King and the British people :—" Au moment de quitter la terre Anglaise j'ai ia. co3ur d'adresser a votre Majeste l'expression de ma plus viva gratitude...

The reception of the President of the French Republic has

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been a great success. The weather has been kindly, the King has worked hard to entertain his guest, and the people, who caught from the first a pleasant impression of M....

7,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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In the House of Lords on Wednesday Lord Welby made

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an important contribution to the fiscal controversy. He asked the Duke of Devonshire whether in the course of their in- quiries the Government would collect information as to...

There is obviously some uneasiness in the Far East. All

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observers report an increase of the war feeling in Japan, and although the Government of Tokio is not greatly moved by popular excitement, it has certainly some fears for Korea,...

We note with no little satisfaction that the feeling against

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Mr. Chamberlain's proposals for taxing the food of the people is increasing every day. For example, the Daily Mail in its issue of Thursday dealt with the subject in the...

The new Motor-car Bill was introduced into the House of

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Lords by Lord Balfour of Burleigh on Monday. We have dealt with it at length elsewhere, and will only say here that its main provisions are as follows :—(1) The speed limit is...

Will Mr. Chamberlain, in face of opposition such as that

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of the Daily Mail, abandon the taxation of food P Mary of his supporters declare that he must and shall, as without such abandonment the country will never consent to "...

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The Irish Land Bill passed through Committee on Wednes- day

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night. The discussion has, on the whole, been marked by a spirit of compromise on both sides, and the representatives alike of the landlords and the tenants have refrained from...

On Wednesday Sir E. Barton, in pursuance of the con-

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clusions arrived at at the Premiers' Conference in London, moved the second reading of the Naval Agreement Bill in the Federal House of Representatives. " The new agreement is...

In the House of Commons on Thursday Sir William Anson

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showed that no little progress has been made in putting the new Education Act in motion. Already two hundred and thirty- eight schemes in England and five in Wales had been...

Mr. Chauncey Depew illustrated the growth of America as a

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world-Power and her peculiar relations with Britain In a humorous apologue. " Miss Columbia was a hundred and twenty-seven years old, but she was the youngest and most...

The American Squadron, commanded by Rear-Admiral Cotton, which arrived on

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Monday at Portsmouth, has met with a very cordial reception. On Wednesday the Mayor and leading citizens entertained five hundred American and three hundred British sailors and...

The money contribution which will be made if the Bill

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passes is a large one, but we consider as more important the establishment of a branch of the Royal Naval Reserve in Australasia, and that sixteen hundred Australians and New...

Independence Day was celebrated by the usual annual dinner given

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by the American Society, and excellent speeches were made by the American Ambassador and Mr. Chauncey Depew. Mr. Choate began by saying that notwithstanding his long residence...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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Consols (21 per cent.) were on Friday 924.

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LEO XIII. V INCENT JOACHIM PECCI, LEO XIII., in whose stout struggle with an apparently inevitable fate the world is so greatly interested, can hardly be classed among the...

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W HATEVER views people may hold on the main issues of the present controversy, we trust that they will not be misled by the notion that we must do something to meet the wishes...

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THE MOTOR - CAR BILL. T HE new Motor-car Bill introduced into the

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Lords by Lord Balfour of Burleigh on Monday is in some respects a good measure. It has, however, one or two defects so serious that unless they are remedied no one who wishes to...

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THE NATIONAL PHYSIQUE. T HERE is, we believe, some exaggeration in

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the wide- spread idea that the physique of our population is declining. All through history every successive generation has indulged in that fancy, and of all generations this...

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T HE allied Colonial Universities Conference which met at Burlington House on Thursday compares favour- ably as an instrument of Imperial unity with some more ambitious...

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ATOW &DAYS everybody travels third,—that is, if one may be allowed the expression, some of everybody. There is no class or set of people, unless, of course, it be Royalty, of...

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T HE term " ocean tramp " is known to many landsmen; its verbal antithesis, "turnpike sailor," is probably less familiar outside thieves' circles, where, Mayhew tells us in his...

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" THE first time that I had the pleasure of meeting Mr. Gilead P. Beck was at a bear hunt." " B'ar behind," said the owner of the ' Golden Butterfly,' explaining. The...

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THE NEW PROTECTION. [To TIM EDITOR 05 TUN "SPROTATOR.1 Sin,—A correspondent [Mr. H. W. Wilson] in the Spectator of July 4th makes the statement that I " put the interest on...

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Sirt,—The Protectionists in the Press and on the platforms are shifting their ground. Preferential tariffs, with their accompanying Corn-tax, are no longer given first place....

[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. ") Sin,—Your statement in the

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Spectator of July 4th that I have made "unsupported strictures" on Mr. Fuller's letter compels 'me to support them,—though I should have thought it unnecessary. I read Mr....


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Sin,—Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in his letter in the Spectator of July 4th has pithily stated the whole argument for Protec- tion in a sentence, and thrown down a challenge to Free-...

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you allow me in perfect good faith to put three questions to your Protectionist correspondents ? (1) If wealth consists in commodities (and Mr. Seddon appears to be alone in...


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SIR,—In your editorial footnote to the letter of "Open Mind" in the Spectator of July 4th you say "that it is an eternal law that he who will not buy neither shall he sell." May...


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to save England from the national disaster of a relapse into Protection, we must recognise what it is which makes the idea of Protection attractive to many working men. The...


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SIR,—Your comments last week on my article on Free-trade in the Fortnightly Review are so misleading, they so completely by their tone, wording, and direct misstatements alter...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The letter in the Spectator of July 4th under the heading of "Protection and the Home Trade" appears to me to deal with the question...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Might I point out what seems to me the central doctrine in the theory of international trade ? It is that imports are paid for, and...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE " SP ECTITOR.1 SIR,—The letter of " A. L." in the Spectator of June 20th is very interesting. It states some facts, but it does not tell the whole truth....


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Sin,—The English agricultural implement makers recently imitated an American example and formed a " combine " to protect the profits of their trade. The farmers strongly resent...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."' Sin,—With the tone of your article on " The Church of Com- promise" in the Spectator of July 4th most people will agiee. but a good many...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."1 SIR, —Your correspondent who writes on "'Hooliganism' and Ragging '" in . the Spectator of July 4th appears not to realise fully that there...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR.1 SIR, — Referring to a treatise on lying written by a French casuist severely and very properly condemned in your columns on June 13th, I...


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MORTUI TRIUMPHATIS. [Lines written for the dedication of a cloister erected at Cbarterbouse to commemorate Cartliusians who fought in South Africa, thirty-five of whom died....

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DICKENS'S COLLECTED PAPERS.* THE value of the new Biographical Edition of Dickens issued by Messrs. Chapman and Hall has been considerably enhanced by this supplementary...


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AT Cronstadt, on their way home from the Coronation of the Czar Alexander III., M. and Madame Waddington were enter- tained on board an American frigate. As they stepped of the...

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WHETHER the artificial fly is presented to the trout floating upon the surface or sunk in mid-water may not seem a matter of great moment, yet it divides anglers into two...

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IT, is nearly three centuries since the first submarine boat was constructed by a Dutchman, one Cornelius Drebbel, " the wonder-man of Alkmaar," who displayed its remarkable...

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STRANGERS IN THE LAND.* Tat transitional character of the modern novel is occasionally marked by the emergence of a book in which old conventions • Strangersix the land. By...

The Undersong. By H. C. Macilwaine. (A. Constable and Co.

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6s.)—This, except for the last two sketches, is a book of Australian stories which give a very lifelike picture of the country in which the scene is laid. To the ordinary reader...

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Sir Julian the Apostate. By Mrs. Clement Parsons. (W. Heinemann.

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6s.)—There is a great deal of very clever character- drawing in this novel, and though the central theme must be called " unpleasant," the book contrives to avoid the worst...

Mrs. Pendleton's Four - in - Hand. By Gertrude Atherton. (Mac- millan and Co.

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2s. net.)—This is a most amusing little story of what we may call the " genteel farce" kind. Mrs. Pendleton, who has been a pronounced flirt in her married life, becomes a widow...

London Roses. By Dora Greenwell McChesney. (Smith, Elder, and Co.

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6s.)—We certainly miss the vigorous hand that drew " Cornet Strong " for us. London Roses is the story of a love affair begun in the Manuscript Room of the British Museum, of...


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THE MUSLIM CONQUEST OF INDIA. Mediaeval India. By Stanley Lane-Poole. (T. Fisher ITnwin. 5s.)—It is a fascinating and romantic story that Professor Lane- Poole—a highly...

Cap'n Sinteon's Store. By George S. Wasson. (Gay and Bird.

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6s. net.)—These thirteen papers are sketches of life in one of the little towns of the New England shore which are now left nearly as high and dry as our own Sandwich and...


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[Tinder this heading w notice such Books of the week as have not beet• rossrarsit for review in other forme.] edition, but we do not remember to have seen the book before....

Marie-Eve. By Marian Bower. (Cassell and Co. 6s.)—Although it is

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very often melodramatic, and therefore ridiculous, there is something in this book which makes it worthy of mention. Like the novel noticed above, it has one excellently drawn...

Pixie O'Shaughnessy. By Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey. (R.T.S. 2s.

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6d.)—" Pixie," christened "Patricia Monica de Pere," is of a familiar type of Irish girl; but Mrs. Vaizey has the art of making old material look fresh, as all who have read her...

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A Gloucestershire Wild Garden. By the Curator. (Elliot Stock. 6s.

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net.)—The " Curator's" garden is not a common one. He is happy in having had a beginning made for him, though there was a period of neglect between this beginning and his own...

Schleiermacher, Personal and Speculative. By Robert Munro, B.D. (Alexander Gardner,

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Paisley. 4s. 6d. net.)—This volume was intended for the series of " Philosophical Classics " ; circumstances retarded its completion ; before it could be finished the series was...

Remembrances of Emerson. By John Albee. (Gay and Bird. 4s.

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6d. net.)—Mr. Albee has not much in the way of " remem- brance" to give us after he has told the story of how he went over to Concord from Andover and spent an afternoon with...

Sketches of Old Downside. By the Right Rev. Abbot Snow,

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G.S.B. (Sands and Co. 6s. net.)—The story of this book begins with the transference of the Brotherhood and school from Acton Burnell, where they had found a home after their...

Life of Benvenuto Cellini, Written by Himself. Translated, with an

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Introduction, by Anne Macdonell. 2 vols. (J. M. Dent and Co. 7s. net.)—This is the first of a new series of "Temple Autobiographies" which is to appear under the editor- ship of...

Public Schools Scholarship Questions. By E. J. Lloyd, B.A. (Swan

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Sonnenschein and Co. 5s. net.)—Mr. Lloyd has collected the papers recently set in the examinations for scholarships, entrance and other, in eighteen public schools. The dates...