12 AUGUST 1911

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As we have stated elsewhere, we are not going to

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do the Unionist Party the ill service of indulging in recriminations. We shall, therefore, say as little as we can upon the whole subject. We must, however, express here as...

Before we attempt any summary of the debate in the

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House of Lords we desire to put on record the fact that the bulk of the Unionist peers who saved the situation were not Unionist Free Traders but Tariff Reformers. It was a mere...

Lord Cromer's name is not to be found in the

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list, solely from the fact that he was laid up by a sudden attack of gout. Though it was absolutely impossible for him to go to the House of Lords, there is no question that his...

But though the motives of the peers were above suspicion,

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we cannot commend the methods by which their supporters outside the House of Lords directed the campaign. There was a tendency to use intimidating language which cannot be too...

Splendid as was the self-sacrifice shown by the Lords in

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question, it would hardly have sufficed had not the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, supported by eleven Bishops, had the courage to resist the pressure put upon them to take...

Before we leave the subject of the division we must

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say something of the composition of the minority of 114 who followed Lord Halsbury. The list contains undoubtedly many honoured and distinguished names, such as those of the...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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W RITING last week when on the surface the pro- spects seemed very dark, we maintained our belief that the Parliament Bill would become law " without the added evil of the...

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Thursday's debate was opened by Lord Midlcton in a speech

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of great good sense. He supported Lord Newton's view that it was not the Government which would be swamped by ridicule if the peers were created. " The Government would get the...

On Tuesday in the House of Lords Lord Curzon moved

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a vote of censure on the Government in the same terms as that moved in the Commons the day before. The most interesting feature of the debate that followed was the speech of...

We cannot leave the debate without drawing special atten- tion

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to the speech of Lord Curzon, who has behaved with statesmanship and courage throughout the difficult and anxious situation of the last three weeks. He pointed out that the...

We can only very briefly allude to the principal subsequent

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speeches in the debate. Mr. F. E. Smith exposed the incon- sistencies of Mr. Asquith's attitude towards Home Rule ; Mr. Ellis Griffith retorted in a witty speech on the...

Lord Rosebery, in a speech of striking eloquence, also no

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doubt contributed largely to the happy result achieved in the division. No one, he pointed out, had ever dared to accuse the Duke of Wellington of cowardice, but it was due to...

After consultation with himself and Lord Crewe, continued Mr. Asquith,

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the King "felt that he had no alternative but to assent to the advice of the Cabinet." He (the Prime Minister) had never used the word "guarantee" or "pledge." The under-...

The Lords' amendments to the Parliament Bill were con- sidered

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in the House of Commons on Tuesday. All the essential amendments were of course rejected, but Mr. Churchill on behalf of the Government agreed to accept a few small modi-...

Mr. Asquith in his reply stated that, at the King's

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strong desire and with his express permission, he was in a position to disclose the confidential communications with the Sovereign. He recalled his statement on April 14th,...

The vote of censure was moved by Mr. Balfour in

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the Commons on Monday. Mr. Balfour began by insisting on the great wrong done to the King by giving advice and compelling its acceptance eight months before it had to be carried...

On Wednesday Lord Lansdowne, who has never spoken with greater

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cogency or weight, was the first speaker for the Opposition. If the Lords persisted in their amendments they would be voted down by a body of newly created peers. In these...

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Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 31 per cent.

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Mar. 9th. Consols (21) were on Friday 781—Friday week 78k. Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 31 per cent. Mar. 9th. Consols (21) were on Friday 781—Friday week 78k.

At the end of last week the additional Sessions Judge

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at Dacca delivered judgment in the Dacca conspiracy case. He sentenced three of the prisoners to transportation for life, seventeen to ten years', fourteen to seven years, and...

The strike of the London transport workers, which broke out

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more than a week ago, has assumed a much graver aspect during the last few days. On Friday it was estimated that about 80,000 men were on strike, while many more must have been...

The Malissori refugees in Montenegro, after some hesitation and recriminations

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among themselves, decided at the end of last week to accept the Turkish promises, which we described in our last issue, and to return to their homes in Albania. On Friday week...

There is little trustworthy news of the advance of the

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ex-Shah in Persia, but he is said to have captured Dam ghan, east of Teheran, and it is expected that he will be able to do much as he pleases in Kermanshah and Hamadan, which...

The third recurrence of the heat wave culminated on Wednesday

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in a shade temperature which has never been exceeded in the 54 summers during which records have been kept. At 2.15 p.m. 971 degrees were registered in Camden Square, while a...

On Thursday night in the House of Commons Mr. Lloyd

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George moved a resolution in favour of the payment of Members. He recapitulated the main arguments, pointing out that the Government were reverting to an old custom, and laying...

The Paris correspondent of the Times, in a message pub

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Raked on Thursday, says that the conversations about Morocco have not yet led to any " basis" for an agreement. Germany has abandoned her original extravagant demand for the...

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A UNIONIST VICTORY. I T is in no mood of paradox or rhetorical exaggeration that we describe the refusal of the Lords to insist on their amendments as a Unionist victory. It is...

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THE POSITION OF THE KING. T HE one bright spot in

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the welter of party passion, muddle-headedness, obstinacy, and self-seeking, which we have been dignifying in the last few weeks with the name of the Political Crisis, has been...

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of political controversy is sometimes tempered by an unlooked-for breeze. The " No Surrender " meeting at the Chelsea Town Hall furnished an oppor- tunity for one of these rare...

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W E notice with much satisfaction that the Navy League has issued a memorandum urging the Government to reconsider the desirability of giving some form of national indemnity...

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O N August 1st every year the Swiss celebrate their national fete day. The day is to them what July 4th is to the United States and July 14th to Prance ; it is the day when they...

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O N Sunday the quiet hollow lanes of that beautiful village beneath the wold were invaded by the seldom-seen motor car, farmers' carts jingled towards the churchyard, and long...

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T HE Committee of Inquiry on Grouse Disease, appropri.. ately enough with the opening of the shooting season, have issued their final report, and they are to be congratulated,...

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THE CAUSES AND COST OF SEPARATION IN FRANCE. rro TRI EDITOR OY THE " SPRCTATOR."1 Sin,—As the question of a sweeping or a partial disestablish- ment of our National Church is...

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[To THE EDITOR OP TEE "EPROTATOR."1 Sis a —Permit me to refer with a few words to your interesting Sta.rpi/36, "Sheep and Shepherds," in the Spectator of July 15th. It so...


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[To THE EDITOR 01 THE "SPRCTATOR."1 Sra,—As the result of the Albanian revolt and its suppression no fewer than 25,000 persons, on the most moderate estimate, stand in imminent...

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Sta,—We have made the fullest inquiry possible into the question of servical labour on this island, though, unfortunately, the vessel having less cargo than usual to discharge...


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[TO THE EDITOR 01 THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—My Committee has received important information from our Organizing Secretary, the Rev. J. H. Harris, in regard to the question of...


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[To TEE EDITOR 07 THE "sPzCrwroa."] Sin, — We beg your permission heartily to commend to all who are able and willing to relieve distressed humanity the appeal for help made on...

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(TO THE EDITOR or THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — August, the holiday month, is with us. Many Londoners have left for the moors of Scotland, or the cool seaside, or are seeking change...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTAT011.1 8I11,—In a review in the current Spectator of " A History of England," by C. R. L. Fletcher and Rudyard_Kipling, your reviewer says : " In...


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[To THE EDITOR or THE "SPECTATOR."J SIR, — The phenomena described in the letter of "Sens Quidam " in your issue of July 8th serve as another link in the chain of proof of a...


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pro THZ EDITOR Or THE "SPRCTATOR.”1 SIR,—My original letter on trout streams having produced some interesting replies, I venture to comment on some of these. That overstocking...

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THE LATE MR. ABBEY. T HE death of Mr. Abbey removes from the artistic world a figure of great interest and influence. There has been a reaction of late years among young...


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BY JEDDAH TOWN. THREE were ten Arabs in the plain, who met him with his guide, The Sheikh of them rode forward then, to talk at eventide. He said: "The desert is a place where...


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r To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' • should be so grateful if you would give as wide a publicity as possible to the following suggestions for the benefit of horses during the...


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"Spec?Arm"] SIB,—Some time ago you were good enough to insert in the Spectator a note respecting the proposed Pilgrim Fathers' Memorial at Southampton. A considerable stun of...

NOTICE.—When "Correspondence" or Articles are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked " Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the Mews therein ea-pressed or with the mode of...

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LIBERALISM.* IT would be impossible to have the essential principles of any political creed more clearly stated than they are in this little book. Professor Leonard Hobhouse is...

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Da. POUMAS DE LA SIBOUTTE wisely prefaces his Recol- lections of a Parisian by a chapter which deals with matters antecedent to those he finds in his own memory and relating,...

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TAE name of Mr. Taylor's work is pregnant with suggestion, and it raises many problems which affect our own traditional opinions, especially in theology. In other directions,...

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THE new issues of the two books of reference named below present no fresh features of a notable character. These are scarcely to be expected seeing that one book has appeared...

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THREE BOOKS ON FISHING.* THREE books on angling may be

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conveniently noticed together. Each is very different from the others in style, scope, and subject. A Scottish Fly-Fisher, by Mr. Leitch, will be read with pleasure. It is well...

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De. OSWALD'S reminiscences go back more than eighty years. His very earliest recollection is of sitting on his mother's knee and helping her—" helping" must be a figure of...

THE MANTUAN.t IT is safe to say that Professor Mustard

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has found a subject which will be new to most readers. Yet three centuries ago the " Mantuan " was a familiar name to most educated Englishmen. When Shakespeare puts into the...


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RED STAR OF NIGHT.* ME. MACKENZIE is to be congratulated, not only on his story, but on the opportuneness of its publication. This is not the weather for complicated...

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Drender's Daughter. By Netta Syrett. (Chatto and Windus. 6s.)—Miss Syrett

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chooses for her theme the good old Sandford and Merton story of the hero of ethical tastes who educates a child to become his wife in later years. The experiment is no more...

Themes from St. John's Gospel in Early Roman Catacomb Paint-

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ing. By Clark D. Lamberton. (Princeton University Press.)—The appearance of this volume reminds us how much remains to be done in this country in respect of higher study. It is...

The Price of Empire. By E. Hobart Hampden. (Wm. Black-

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wood and Sons. 6s.)—This is an Anglo-Indian story which concerns the unrest which has been going on all over India during the last few years. There is a native assistant...

Other Laws. By John Parkinson. (John Lane. 6s.)—The end of

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this book is both immoral and unsatisfactory, but the chapters which deal with the travels of the hero in Africa are well worth reading. The accounts of the life of the two...

READABLB NOVEL8.—The Bread upon the Waters. By Georgette Agnew. (W.

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Heinemann. 6s.)—The story of an actress who, having raised herself to a good position through her own high character and excellence, finds her past rise up before her in a way...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forme.] Essays. By Rev. H. J. Dudley Ryder. Edited by Francis Bacchus....

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Religion and Immortality. By G. Lowes Dickinson. (Dent and Co.)—Mr.

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Lowes Dickinson has republished two essays and a lecture upon immortality, together with a new and strange little prose poem called Euthanasia. All his readers are already aware...

Captains and Comrades in the Faith. By Archbishop Davidson. (Murray.

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6s.)—This volume is made up for the most part of occasional sermons. In the list of contents we find such titles as these : " The Coronation in Prospect " (Edward VU....

The Young Idea. By Phyllis Browne. (Elliot Stock. is. 6d.

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net.)— These "Talks with Mothers on the Home Training of Children" are full of good sense and insight, and are evidently the outcome of experience carefully gathered and...

Pitman's Economics for Business Men. By William Jayne Wes- ton.

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(Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons. ls. 6d. net.)—Mr. Weston writes about our monetary system—he sees a possible danger in an overcoming of silver, a profitable business, as 2s. 3d. is...

Latin and Greek in American Education. Edited by Francis W.

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Kelsey. (Macmillan and Co.).—Things are going in the educational world on the other sido of the Atlantic very much as they are going on this. In most schools and colleges Latin...

Origins and Meanings of Popular Phrases and Names. By Basil

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Hargrave. (T. Werner Laurie. 6s.)—Mr. Hargrave has collected a great mass of curious information. He has used discretion in his choice ; limits himself, for the most part, to...