14 DECEMBER 1934

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NEWS OF THE WEEK I T would be an excess of

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optimism to regard the dispute betweenJugoslavia and Hungary as already in the way of settlement. Far too much was involved for the possi- bility of a final decision during a...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W.C. 1.: MUSEUM 1721.

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Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postaye on this issue :...

Great Britain's Lead The general outcome of the Council meeting

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is a marked .accession of prestige to the League, and a universal display of satisfaction that Great Britain is taking a new place at Geneva. The presence of British troops in...

A Decisive India Vote The vote on the Indian Reform

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resolution in the House of Commons-410 to 127—must be considered entirely satisfactory when it is remembered that the minority, consisting mainly of Mr. Churchill and his...

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Progress in China The absence of news of any importance

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from China in the past few, weeks has been on the whole a good sign, for, the quiet progress of consalid4ion rarely attracts attention. And consolidation is definitely going...

The State and the Arms Industry While nothing further has-been

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heard of the pmn - iised enquiry in this country into certain aspects of the,inanu- facture of arms, President Roosevelt in the United States is clearly contemplating...

Flogging in PriSona Though the Home Secretary has refused the

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VeqUest of Mr. Bernays for an 'enquiry into the ilse . of the 'eat in prisons, the facts regarding the two Princetaivri'eoiiiiiets on whom sentence of that form of piniislunent...

Monopoly in the North Atlantic The replies of Ministers in

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regard to the Government's ban on the Atlantic developments proposed by the Red S7 - ar Line haire been meagre and diiturbing. The promoters of the scheme were convinced, as...

The New Relief Scales The regulations which have been prepared

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by the Unemployment Assistance Board for the guidance of local offices lay down uniform principles which are to govern the administration of relief ; but though the principles...

The Economics of Speed Last week attention was drawn to

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the high speed record achieved by the L.N.E.R. in a run between London and Leeds. Now Sir Josiah Stamp informs us - that a year - ago the engine Comet on the L.M.S., with a load...

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The Nation's Physique Sir George Newman is showing admirable pertinacity

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in insisting on every appropriate occasion on the necessity for adopting a comprehensive and wisely-conceived scheme of physical training for the nation. Countries like Germany...

The HiOhways of Greater London The - Minister of Transport is

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to be congratulated on I I I taking a first practical step towards solving the immense problem of the transport-planning of Greater London. He has shown his appreciation of...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : .It

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is a pity that Sir Samuel Hoare, who opened the India debate on Monday, has not a greater sense of the dramatic. His speech was well reasoned and unprovocative, but it was...

The powerful supporters in the Press of isolation in Foreign

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Policy must have had a cruel disappointment at the reception of Sir John Simon's finely-phrased statement that British troops would co-operate in the preservation of order...

The speech of the First Commissioner of Works on Tues-

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day was admirable, particularly his ragging of the Whigs, who form such a substantial proportion of the dis- sentients. The fact that an educated India demanded Home Rule today...

The Osteopaths Bill .

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The House of Lords, having given a second reading' to Viscount Elibank's Osteopaths Bill, took the sensible course °t€ insisting on- referring the measure to a Select Committee...

It is in my view a mistake to assume, as

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some com- mentators have done, that, with the crushing defeat of the Diehards at the Queen's Hall, so far as-the battle on the Government of India Bill is concerned, " it i§ all...

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A TEN-DAYS' sitting of the League of Nations Council has changed the atmosphere of Europe. That is a large claim, but the facts justify it. The Council. was summoned to consider...

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L EADERS of the Labour Party met at the Albert Hall in a self-congratulatory mood last Sunday, to celebrate recent successes in the municipal elections and in Parliamentary...

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Lord Hewart's attack in the House of Lords on the

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Supreme Court of Judicature Amendment Bill is generally referred to in the daily papers as an " outburst," and its sustained vehemence justifies the designation. His...

I am glad to see that the suggestion made by

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Mr. Alfred Bossom, M.P., in last week's Spectator regarding the film- ing of great national events like the recent royal wedding, or the royal opening of Parliament, is being...

Without Comment " I do not believe this [the Indian

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Reform scheme] will go through. I believe India will forbid it. I believe Britain will forbid it. I believe a higher Power will deflect you froth a course which I think will...

I am reminded that Lord Rothermere is not alone in

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advocating the denial of self-government to India in order to provide employment for British youth: '" Surren- der in India means the closing of avenues of emplOyment for...


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I T is gratifying that the Nobel Peace Prizes for 1933 and 1934 should have gone to two Englishmen, and no one will be disposed to question the justice of the awards. Mr....

I learn with some surprise that an applicant lately obtained

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from Lloyd's a quotation of 2 per cent. premium for insuranee against the risk of war between France and Germany within a month. The rate seems high, but I suppose a lower...

A gleam of light from a radio speech by Senator

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Huey Long is brought to me across the Atlantic. The Senator was attacking President Roosevelt's restriction of production policy. " Over-production ? " he said. " Why, if you'd...

I still wish the War Office had had the imagination

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to send a kilted battalion to the Saar. There is too much deadly earnestness in that agitated territory at the moment, and the kilts would have been a salutary distraction, as...

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Air) (Major J. W. Hills, M.P., will write next week against the nationalization of arms factories.) T HE suppression of the private manufacture of arms appears to me a wise and...

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By the BISHOP OF SOUTHWARK N O one who is practically and sympathetically concerning himself with the well-being of his fellows will be in a hurry to dogmatize concerning the...

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_1 3 41J--krv•-kArOod•- S a_ eic-cdt.+0A..

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k 3v co -: an

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By H. POWYS GREENWOOD I the bad old days of the System, before the Press 1 had become the " reliable instrument of the National State," which Herr Goebbels claimed the other...

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By S. L. BENSUSAN I DEVOTED three months of the summer of 1934 to 1 an extensive tour through England and Wales, tra- versing forty-six counties, covering 4,500 miles. The...

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By M. T. RITCHIE O N December 15th, 1734 (0. S.), George Romney was born in Lancashire, seven years after Gains- borough and eleven after Reynolds—the two other pre- eminent...

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By BARBARA WORSLEY-GOUGH • G AKE," according to Doctor Johnson's Dictionary, means " animals pursued in, the field " ; and a Gamekeeper is " one who looks after game and...

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Light Bird

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A LIGHT bird blown across infinity framed, ' my wan-through-window west, against heaven's seldom named and secular anger dared take her slender part. Oh parcel of feather and...


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[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTEN] D I E musikalische Schlacht, die jetzt in:Deutschland .1.1 mit dem Siege einiger anonymer Musik-Analpha- beten fiber die zwei...

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"Refugees." At the Curzon This Ufa film—shown with German dialogue

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and English captions—is based on the real adventures of a band of pre- War German settlers in the Ukraine who in 1928 are trying to find a way out of Russia by way of northern...


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The Puppet Theatre English and German OF all theatrical entertainments the puppet-show is the most slender, the most intimate. It is true that Signor Podreeca's Piccoli...

The Cinema

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"Les Miserables." At the Academy Vic roe Htmo's huge novel has been filmed in two parts, of which this is the first. It takes the story down to M. Made- leine's escape from...

"The Man Who Knew Too Much." At the New Gallery

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Miss Nova Pilbeam, the gifted child actress who recently made her name in Little Friend, undergoes further ordeals in this new Gmunont production, for she is kidnapped by a gang...

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Decoration and Observation Pkitrraros may be divided into three classes : those which produce an immediate effect of pleasure, which may wear off with time ; those which...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14th 1.15 Friday Midday Concert from Birmingham ; Birmingham Philharmonic String Orchestra .. • • • • • • 3.15 This and That : John Hilton on current affairs...

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A Humane Master The verdict of an M.F.H. in the

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West Country is peculiarly emphatic and convincing : " That the pest of rabbits is entirely due to traps having destroyed all their natural enemies has been evident to many...

* * * * Relapsed Asters All amateur gardeners at

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one time or another have lamented the relapse of beautiful flowers to a simpler and less gorgeous form. The latest of these regrets concerns the aster or Michaelmas daisy. The...

This wet and warmth has encouraged phenomena altogether new to

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the experience of most country observers. The songs of birds have been continuous from morn to night ; and though the thrush and robin, which are the master singers of winter,...

A Rabbit Monograph

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An admirably composed Bill for the prevention of a standard cruelty was discussed in the House of Lords last week. It originated with the Animal Welfare Society of the...

* * * * New Apples All gardeners should realize

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how very much they owe to Wisley. There is no other organization anywhere which makes quite such strict and prolonged tests of new plants and thus sets up standards. None of us...

Fruit Imports A very thorough pamphlet has been issued from

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Oxford on the vexed subject of " the planning of British Food Imports." Up to 1927 we imported roughly £410,000,000 worth of food or, again roughly, 62 per cent, of our needs....


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Prophetic Ice An old doggerel prophecy that still has a certain vogue in country places has justified itself with emphasis, at least temporarily : " If there's ice in November...

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reference to the article " Are the German Labour Camps Militaristic?" which appeared in The Spectator on November 2nd, I would like to draw the attention of your readers to the...


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suita'de length is that of one of our "News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your brief answer to my letter you tacitly withdraw from the racialist position you had taken up—namely, that what was unjustifiable...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—Come off that high horse ! You do not present the facts, but a selection of facts. You also present opinions. With both I frequently disagree. But I have nothing but...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The varied correspondence provoked by my article confirms me in the conviction that we shall never solve this difficult problem until we...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sra,—You recently published an article on the South African Protectorates, from which I assume that the question of our future may be of some...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, -:-Sir Norman Angell's article, " Peace and the Public Mind," in last - week's issue, instances one of the ultimate causes of war as the...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is possible that some of your London readers have - leisure at their disposal to give away. London is in urgent' need of workers for...


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• [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] an article by. Mr. John Prioleau, - printed in your issue df the 7th inst., it is stated that cyclists are " potentially the "greatest....


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—In Parliament, in the Press, and on the platform refeience is made continually to supposed huge subsidies paid by other nationalities to...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I, through your paper, ask friends of my brother, the late Roger Fry, to lend me letters from him which might be of use as material...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Six,—I have no particular wish to pick a quarrel with your reviewer, Mr. Evelyn Waugh. But still less do I like seeing one of the few notable...

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Blood and Fire

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By HENRY W. NEVINSON MY first astonishment about these two stupendous volumes is that they should have been written by Mr. St. John Ervine. He himself admits that it is...

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A Symposium Against War

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Challenge to Death. By Philip Noel Baker, Gerald Barry, Vernon Bartlett, Edmund Blunden, Vera Brittain, Ivor Brown, • G. E. G. Catlin, Guy Chapman, Mary Agnes Hamilton, Gerald...

Naval Policy Surveyed

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Mn. BYWATER in this book throws a clearly focused and well- balanced beam over the whole arc of naval polity. He does not deal in abstract theories but in concrete facts and...

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An Orgy of Love

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The English in Love. Assembled by C. C. and D. G. With Daec l ations by Joh n Austen. ,(Seeker. 634- ." IT is hoped," say*C. C. and D. G., in a charming preface to a charming...

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Origins of Modern Theology

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Religious Thought in the Eighteenth Century. Illustrated from writers of the period. By J. M. Creed, D.D., and J. S. Boys Smith. (Cambridge University Press. 10s. 6d.) Tins...

A Nest of Simple Fiends

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The Devil and All. By John Collier. (Nonesuch Press. 12s. 6d.) EACH of the six stories in this elegantly produced volume is concerned with an pmbassade from Hell: Either the...

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Pound on PropertiUs

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Homage to Sextus Propertius. By Ezra Pound. (Faber and Faber. 2s. 6d.) poem stands between Mauberley and the Thirty Cantos of Mt; Ezra Pound. It - is the most` interesting and...

The Victor of Lepanto

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Don John of Austria. By Margaret Yeo. (Sheed and Ward. 7s. 6d.) Miss YE0 makes a case for Don John as the essential Spaniard : " Fatalism, individualism, pride, generosity,...

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Biography in a Novel Form

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It Might Haye Happened. By R. Egerton Swartwout. Illui- trated by J. P. Doncaster. (Heifer. 7s. 6d.) Lord Dovecot. A Memorial. By Roscoe Beddoes. (Martin Seeker. 5s.) I Aat...


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By V. S. PRITCHETT Lost Shepherd. By Roland Luehington. (Cobden-Sanderson. 7s. 6d.) -- A coon title—I do not mean one which attracts the public but one which really describes...

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DIRECT subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

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notify THE SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.


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Why Securities Have Risen IT is a commonplace that trade stagnation produces easy money, and easy money in turn promotes a rise in gilt- edged stocks. But it is doubtful...

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Financial Notes

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0 VERSEA FACTORS IN MARKETS. STOCK Exchange business seems destined never to remain long without disturbance from developments abroad. Twice during the past week or so events...


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Although the Rhokana directors have adopted the policy of only producing what they can sell, they feel it necessary to put themselves into a position to produce more, because...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 116

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BY ZENO Ed prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "Crossword...


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01 P1 • Ul GIN/ S HI A ' RIPIOISIIIT I T.I AI RI P101 L TI BI RI 01 El I 1 SI TI , 01 SI I • R El B SIO1 T EL' I up G1 LI NI I1N SII SIM Al PI GIN' 0 LI 1 El Al R Al C HIE N...


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This week's meeting of the Rhokana Corporation was notable for a lucid explanation of the aims of the directors of the undertaking, and for the unanimous approval given by...