15 DECEMBER 1906

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A CONSTITUTIONAL crisis of great importance has • Suddenly arisen in Germany. At - 5.30 in the afternoon of Thursday the Re . iChstag was dissolved by a, decree which the...

We have dealt at length elsewhere with the crisis that

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has arisen in France over the enforcement of the Separation Law, a crisis injurious no doubt to the State, but still more so to the Church, because it is very generally felt...

The German Imperial Estimates for 1907, published this week, show

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revenue and expenditure which balance at 2128,253,671. Of this figure, there is a normal recurring expenditure of 2101,000,000, a non-recurring item of 213,500,000, which will'...

of the Foreign Affairs Budget, made an admirable speech on

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the European situation. He was glad that the Russian Alliance had once more become a "European instrument of conservatism and peace" after its "long Asiatic deviation." That and...

The right to keep the churches open and to celebrate

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the Mass can, it appears, be secured in any parish by any two laymen giving the statutory notice, and this notice will operate for a whole year. If the Vatican persists in for-...

In spite of these protestations, it is, of course, obvious

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that the real struggle is between the German Emperor and the German Parliament. Is the Reichstag to exercise the power of the purse in reality, or only in name P If those who...

VI' The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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King Leopold has confided his defence to an American interviewer,

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and the result was published in the papers on Tuesday. He begins by a panegyric on the wonders of the United States, which are happily not at issue in the con- troversy. He...

In the CoDgo debate in the Belgian Chamber on Friday

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week M. Vandervelde, the Socialist leader, delivered a speech which must rank with that of M. Beernaert as the most weighty in the discussion. He treated the question on its...

The plot thickens in Morocco. The Sultan, through one of

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his Ministers, has announced to the Diplomatic Corps that he is sending troops to restore order in Tangier and remove every cause of complaint. This is obviously aimed at...

The House of Commons on Thursday and Friday week discussed

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in Committee the Education (Provision of Meals) Bill, which bad come from a Select Committee. Mr. Harold Cox moved as an amendment to the first clause that Poor Law Guardians...

In the Commons on Monday Mr. Birrell made his anxiously

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expected statement as to the Government policy in regard to the Lords' amendments. Examining them in detail, he maintained that they altered the whole fabric of the Bill, and...

On Tuesday, in defending the determination of the Govern- ment

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to adopt this procedure, the Prime Minister disclaimed any desire to provoke a conflict with the Lords, or to shut the door against compromise. He was anxious to know whether...

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• The debate was resumed on Wednesday. Mr. Dillon disso-

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ciated the policy of his party from that of the Duke of Norfolk and the twenty-eight Peers who voted with him. While the Duke's party was irreconcilable and contemplated...

The House of Lords will reconsider the Education Bill on

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Monday. Meantime it is understood that negotiations are going on between the Unionist and Liberal leaders in the hopes of reaching a compromise. We have dealt elsewhere with the...

At eleven o'clock on Friday morning the House of Lords

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announced their judgment in the West Riding case, and unanimously reversed the decision of the Court of Appeal, holding that local authorities are bound to pay for religious...

The Convention drafted by the Wireless Telegraphy Con- ference at

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Berlin was published on Monday as a Parlia- mentary Paper, and cannot be described as a satisfactory document. As the whole subject, we understand, will shortly be raised in...

On Tuesday the Committee appointed, under the chair- manship of

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Sir John Dickson-Poynder, to examine Mr. Mackarness's Working Classes Acts Amendment Bill presented their Report to the House of Commons. They recommend that the administration...

We desire to draw the special attention of our readers

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to the fifth letter (appearing to-day) of the series which " Civis " is contributing to our columns in regard to the condition of the Navy. The letter shows how perilous is the...

Mr. Lloyd-George visited Liverpool on Saturday last, and at the

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annual banquet of the Liverpool Shipbrokers' Society defended the attitude of the Board of Trade towards the shipping industry. While opposed to excluding the best foreigners,...

The South African football team—four-fifths of them men of Dutch

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names and blood—practically brought their tour to a close on Saturday last, when the match against England resulted in a draw, the conditions under which the game was played...

Bank Rate, 6 per cent., changed from 5 per cent.

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Oct. 19th. Consols (21) were on 'Friday 86f—on Friday week 86t.

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THE PROSPECTS OF COMPROMISE. O UGHT the House of Lords to agree to a compromise on the education question ? and if so, will they ? These are the questions which are being asked...

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A S far as we can form an opinion on a very complicated situation, the Pope has made a grave mistake. Moved, we have no doubt, mainly by his conscience, which is of the...

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but interesting speech on the House of Lords made in Edinburgh on Tuesday night is timely, for the question of how to obtain a strong and prudent Second House is just now very...

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I N the last of an interesting series of articles which he has just brought to an end in the Daily Mail Mr. F. A. McKenzie appeals to Englishmen not to neglect the opportunity...


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O N Wednesday the new Constitution for the Transvaal was published as a Parliamentary Paper. Blue- books are notoriously unattractive to most readers, so we propose to summarise...

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A DELIGHTFUL little collection of mottoes has just PI been published by Mr. A. L. Humphreys called "The House, the Garden, and the Steeple" (3s. 6d. net). "They are taken from...

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W HEN Dr. Johnson was giving Boswell one of his. lectures on the delights of living in London, he would probably have been greatly surprised if he had been asked at which season...

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I T is greatly to be hoped that when the South African footballers return to their own country their memory Of their English Visit will not be dominated by the reception which...

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THE STATE • OF THE NAVY. V.—RECENT NAVAL "ECONOMIES." [To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 SIE., -" Efficiency combined with economy" is the declared intention of the "series...

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THE STATE OF THE NAVY. [To THE EDITOR 07 TUN "SPECTATOR...I Si,—In your last number "A Civil Engineer" brings against me the grave charge of having made (in my . letter of the...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I happened to read

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your issue of December 8th only quite lately, so you must pardon me for being so tardy in asking your permission to answer " Civis's " article, entitled "The State of the Navy."...


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SIR,—Will you grant me the privilege of a reply to your correspondents "A. E. L." and "Islander," whose letters appeared in your issues of November 24th and December 8th...


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SIR,—There are twenty-one points upon which the opponents of the Admiralty are silent. Since October 21st, 1904, the gunnery of the British Fleet has doubled in accuracy at long...

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[To TIM EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR") S112,—As several of your correspondents have referred to the Latin verse on sleep written by Thomas Warton, author of a "History of English...


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The Letters of Dean Hole," which I have undertaken to edit, are to be published within the next year or so. People who possess any letters from the Dean on subjects of general...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") STR,—Mr. Harry H. Marks, M.P., has again been attracting attention. His character may be as bad as, and even worse than, the Times and you,...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIB, — As a reader of the Spectator for many years, may I be allowed to make a correction ? In your last issue the writer of a highly...

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pro THE EDITOZ OP THE "SPECTATOR-1 SIR,—Were Mrs. Fawcett and

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Mr. Walter McLaren dowered with the saving sense of humour, this storm in a tea-cup anent Mr. Talla.ck's "personal reminiscence" of John Bright could, surely, never have arisen....


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HYMN FOR THE HEALING OF STRIFE. DEDICATED TO P. Roos, CAPTAIN OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN TEAM. [Written on the day of the declaration of Peace after the South African War.] [After...


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[TO•THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:] SIR,—The attack made on a worthy and honourable man like Mr. Tallack induces me to write a few words. It is surelY going very far to impute...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE ." SPECTATOR.] SIE,—It is probably surprising to many persons besides myself that my recent quotation in your columns of two good-humoured remarks (or...

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A LODGE IN THE WILDERNESS.* THE anonymous author of this remarkable book must have sat down to write it in much the same frame of mind as that in which Disraeli wrote...

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THOMAS HILL GREEN.* Tins is an edition in separate and

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cheaper form of the late Lewis Nettleship's Life of Green, which appeared in 1888 in the third volume of the "Works." Perhaps the best proof of the merits of the biography was...

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The Pattern Nation is a little book of great merit. In one hundred and seventy-two pages of excellent print it sets out the economic issue which now confronts our Western...

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Mits. BROOKFIELD has written an interesting book, with William Henry Brookfield as a central figure. We may quarrel with her title, for Brookfield himself was never an...

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THE BELOVED VAGABOND.* NOVEL-READERS ought always to be grateful to a writer who strikes out a new line, writes fresh variations on an old theme, or in any way emancipates...

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Monitor at Megson's. By Robert Leighton. (Cassell and Co. 3s-.

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6d.)—The boys at Haddisthorpe—of which school Megson's i3 a house—have more than their share of sensational excitement. It commences with the advent of Pierre Le Roy, a boy of...


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[Under this heading tee notice *Isola Boobs of the *eels as have net been reserved for revitto in ether forms.] The Story of the Later Popes. By the Rev. Charles S. ThaliCSOn....

The First Claim. By H. Hamilton. (Methuen and Co. Cs.)—

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Readers of "Cut Laurels" will be more than a little disappointed in this book. The story is extremely clever ; but it is so painful that the present writer, at any rate, found...


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JOHN CALVIN. John Calvin. By Williston Walker. (G. P. Putnam's Sons. 6s.)—Professor Walker, who holds the Chair of Ecclesiastical History in the University of Yale, has given...

The Modern Way. By Mrs. W. K. Clifford. (Chapman and

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Hall. 6s.)—More than one of these stories might be credited with the title of the last tale in the volume, "A Grey Romance." ' They certainly are not a cheerful collection, and...

The White House. By H. E. Braddon. (Hurst and Blackett.

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6s.)—No one who reflects otl the length of time during which Miss Braddon has been working and on her enormous output can help being surprised at the unimpaired freshness and...


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Bather a Sc,apegrace. By Mrs. Neville Cubitt. (S.P.C.K. 2s. 6d.) —Raymond Curtis is the chief figure in the book. He is a type of the straightforward schoolboy, with no more...

Women and the , West. By Charles Marriott. (Eveleigh Nash. 6s.)—In

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his short stories Mr. Charles Marriott frees himself from the congestion of style which marks some of his longer novels. These sketches are quite different from the ordinary...

New Chronicles of Don Q. By K. and Hesketh Prichard.

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(T. Fisher ITnwin. 6s.)—It was a true instinct which made the readers of the former volume of adventures of "Don Q." sceptical as to the finality of the brigand's disappearance....

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Stories from the Earthly Paradise. Retold from William Morris by

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Madalen Edgar, M.A. (G. G. Harrap : 28. 6d. net.)— The only objection to this book is that the stories are Ms coda. William Morris told them from the originals, and now they...

The Greedy Book. By Frank Schloessor. (Gay and Bird. 5s.

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net.) —This "gastronomical anthology "—a somewhat philistine use of the word "anthology "—is without question a very amusing' book. Some of the stories are curious in the...

A History of Royston. By Alfred Kingston. (Elliot Stock. 75.

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6d.)—Royston stands, partly in Cambridgeshire, partly in Hertfordshire, at the crossing of Erwin Street and Icknield Street. Such a situation would soon become more or less...

Royal Navy List and Naval Recorder. October, 1906. ( Witherby

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and Co. 102.)—The hundred-and-sixteenth issue of the Royal - Navy List now before us is an improvement on its predecessors in that it contains an alphabetical list of the War...

A Dictionary of Political Phrases and Allusions. By Hugh, Montgomery

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and Philip G. Cambray. (Swan Sonnenschein and Co. 78. 6d.)—We do not find "Fiscal Reform" in its proper alphabetical place; " Protection" we do find. This is as it should be....

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We have received The English Catalogue of Books, Vol. VII.,

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1901-1905 (Publisher's Circular C ffice, ..£.3 13s. 6d. net), a catalogue with price, size, /cc., of "Books issued in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" during the...

We welcome the appearance of the eighth half-yearly volume (June-November,

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1906) of The World's Work and Play, Edited by Sir Henry Norman, M.P. (W. Heinemann, 7s. 61 net, an "Illus. trated Magazine of National Effieieney and Social Progress."

The Confectioners. By William Caine and John Fairbairn. (J. W.

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Arrowsmith, Bristol. 3s. 6d.)—This is a highly humorous extravaganza in which the authors project us, so to speak, into a future when adulteration, substitution, and the sham...

Who's Who, 1907. (A. and C. Black. 10s. net.)—The number

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of distinguished persons seems steadily to increase. This, the volume for 1907, contains twenty-one thousand biographies. Every one, it will be remembered, tells his own story....

We have received Vols. III. and IV., "Con—Ho," of The

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Modern Cydopaedies, Edited by Charles Annandale, LL.D. (The Gresham Publishing Company, Os. net each vol.) It is a new edition, and brought up to date, a thing easier to do in a...

We have received an illustrated edition of one of Miss

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L. M. Alcott's books. This is the ROSE in Bloom (Sampson Low, Marston, and Co., 6s.) The illustrations are by Harriet Roosevelt Richards. The Rose in Bloom first appeared in...