15 OCTOBER 1932

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Ottawa's Secrets The Ottawa schedules are published, and except in

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regard to a few more important items they are (as was inevitable) unintelligible to anyone but an expert. They tell us, what we knew already, that the textile industry is very...

The Zest for Dearer Meat The agreements reached with India

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should help the South Wales tinplate trade. Those with Australia arc too indeterminate to be assessed, except so far as con- cerns the meat trade, regarding which the plan of...

News of the Week T HE French Prime Minister's visit to

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London can 1. hardly - fail, for all the scepticism expressed about it, to carry the disarmament discussions a definite stage further. Details of the French plan, so far as they...


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.0 .1.—A Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world-. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage...

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Paring Cheese at Geneva The one achievement by which the

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British Delegation at the League of Nations Assembly appears to be dis- tinguishing itself is a niggling attack on every department of the League's expenditure. Economy is as...

Saving and Spending It may be true, as The Times

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rather severely observes, that Mr. Lansbury's letter in its columns on Tuesday, appealing to the Churches to realize the miseries of unemployment and do something to help, did...

The Employment Figures The Ministry of„ Labour's employment figures for

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September, were made .up while the Lancashire weavers were on strike or about to strike, but that* 1:10 consoh- tion, and hardly even an excuse, for the decline of 48,000 in the...

The Lytton Proposals New complications in regard to the Lytton

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Report have arisen in the discovery by Feng Yu-hsiang, the so-called Christian General, that the report is inimical to China and must be resisted. There is probably more...

M. Titulesco and His Country The vicissitudes of M. Titulesco's

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political career have been many, but the most , recent has a much , more than personal interest. The late Rumanian Minister in London has always been the potential saviour of...

Pledges to India Lord Salisbury, in suggesting, in connexion with

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the Prime Minister's decision on the communal question in India, that Mr. MacDonald " is not yet prepared to deal with responsibility at the centre," seems to have forgotten...

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Mohammed and Marx A New York message in the News - Chronicle

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conveys the rather startling information that a commission of laymen which has been visiting the Far East mission- field has urged that " Christian missionaries should...

Another Conversion Loan The Chancellor of the Exchequer has lost

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no time in carrying out the new conversion scheme to which he referred at last week's Conservative Conference. It is modest as compared with the conversion of nearly...

Communists and Capitalism The expulsion of Zinoviev and Kameney from

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the Communist Party in Russia is less interesting by reason of the retribution that thus falls on the author of the famous Red Letter than as an example of the inevitability of...

Our Danish Trade The British Trade Exhibition ended as well

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as it began. It attracted nearly half a million visitors, and the firms represented are said to have booked orders to the value of a million pounds. This represents a...

A Bishop on Schism The Bishop of Gloucester's " plain

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question " regarding Methodist Union will seem to most people a strange and very gratuitous question. " Is Methodist unity," he asks, " undertaken as a step towards a greater...

Next Week's " Spectator " Mr. Asquith, by A. G.

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Gardiner ; Sir Christopher Wren, by II. S. Goodhart-Rendel ; Moscow, by F. Yeats-Brown ; Youth and its Task, by the lion. Mrs: Alfred Lytteltou, reviews by Rose Macaulay, H. W....

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The Prime Min ister's Opportunity T HE visit of the French Prime

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Minister to London is of good omen. If he has come, as is understood, on the invitation of Mr. MacDonald the invitation was well advised. The two men are old friends. They have...

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Conservatives and the Government

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F in view of the general electoral prospect the Labour I Party Conference at Leicester a week ago was marked by a touch . of the academic there was nothing of that about the...

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Was it a coincidence or not, by the way, that

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Mr. Lloyd George should have been making an important speech on disarmament to the Peace Society (not normally the most commanding of platforms) just three hours before the time...

" President-Lincoln said ' yQU cannot indict a nation,' 7 '

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states a letter-writer in The Times. And it must have been Burke (or was it Hare ?) who told the electors of Bristol or somewhere that " You can't fool- all the

A Spectator's Notebook

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W E are likely, I understand, to hear very shortly of important housing developments. The Govern- ment seems more concerned at the moment with economy than with what many people...

Mr. Lloyd George's letter on the retiring Liberal Ministers is

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precisely the sort of letter Mr. Lloyd George might be expected to write. So far as it shows traces of, malice there is some provocation, for I understand L. G. was invited to...

• A relatively short run for a Shaw play is

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not unprecedented ; but happening nowadays, when Mr. Shaw is old and in the enjoyment of a renown so extraordinary, it is a disturbing event. Most people do not realize the...

Mr. Priestley comes better than the B.B.C. out of the

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affair of the lost manuscript and the consequently cancelled talk, but even Mr. Priestley, I should have thought, would have taken the precaution of going to the studio with a...

France, I see, is claiming that French motorists are more

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careful or more skilful than British, as proved by the fact that in the six years 1926-31 almost exactly twice as many people were killed on English roads as on French. The...

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Japanese Liberals and the Far Eastern Crisis

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By YUSUKE TSURUSII. S INCE the cloud broke in Manchuria last year in September the world must have been curious to know about the attitude of the Liberals in Japan towards the...

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Russia As I Saw It

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III.—Sovjet Eve BY F. YEATS-BROWN. A MIDST the pomp and platitudes of the Materialist Dialectic, one note is always discernible : the aim of Socialisin (as Marx-Lenin...

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Modern Youth : This Derided Age

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BY HENRY W. NEVINSON. L IKE a bright young warrior in Homer, each genera- tion boasts itself much better than its fathers ; and that is only natural, for otherwise the...

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America in Convalescence

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. BY PROF. 'T. E. GREGORY. I T haS been my privilege to Visit the United States in the summer of every year since 1928, and to have had the opportunity, therefore, of studying...

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Unemployment in Prison s BY COLONEL G. D. TURNER.

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A COMMITTEE on Prison Industries was appointed by the Home Secretary last . week " to review the methods of employing prisoners and of assisting them to find employment on...

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So this is the Pierian Spring ?

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BY SEAN O'FAOLAIN. I N my undergraduate days nothing gave me more annoyance than 'to met t men who had never been to college or read The Faerie Queene or The Hind and the...

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Plagiarism and Vulgarity THE paintings which Mr. Mark Gertler is at present showing at the Leicester Galleries display many of the failings of modern English painting. Starting...

The Theatre

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"Children in Uniform." By Christa Winsloe. Pro- duced by Leontine Sagan. At the Duchess Theatre. Gestern and Heute, the German original from which this play is adapted, is the...

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In one garden (incredibly odorous with beds of " cherry

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pie " (whose purple flowers blend very peaceably with mixed snapdragon) a long path has two sorts of weeping standards that are now bright with blossom. Both are common enough...

Some of the vacant acres referred to above are flanked

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on either side • by farms which appear to flourish beyond the average. To' one at any rate, as to the Wiltshire pioneers, a new form of dairying has brought new prosperity. It...

* sn This evidence from this wise and thoughtful expert

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is con- clusive of a new fact which has many illustrations: the open- air "bail" (invented in Wiltshire by Mr. Hosier) when asso- ciated with the milking machine, which enables...

Country Life

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FROM HAMILTON TO WILTSHIRE. A long letter has reached me from a young emigrant to New Zealand, which by a very pat coincidence fits exactly with a simultaneous expression of...

The English parallel to this New Zealand plea for dairying

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comes from Mr. Street, the author of that glorious book, Farmer's Glory, and, since last week, of The Strawberry Roan. At the end of a farming diary which he contributes every...


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One oddity of this autumn has struck many observant gardeners in the villages. The apples have shoved themselves off the trees by their own fatness. What happened was that at...

It was one part of the scheme of the latest

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Garden City that it should be fed to a considerable extent by its own agricultural belt ; and this was a plank in which the Society of Friends, the Quakers, took a particular...


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We have enjoyed an autumn which may reasonably persuade us that England possesses the best climate in the world. The roses continue to blossom. In one new garden the entrance to...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs.—Ed....

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THE FUTURE OF MILK [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—In reference to your article on October 1st regarding the milk position, I should like to point out that the National Association of Creamery Proprietors have for four or...

GOLD VALUATION [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Sir Graham

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Bower's attitude is jejune because he seems to think that like the laws of the Medes and Persians a currency convention should be unalterable ; it is dis- ingenuous because like...


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is accustomed in educational discussions to find factors vital to a clear understanding of the problem omitted or suppressed. But it is almost enough to cause despair when one...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The dedication of the Authorized Version has, of course, no spiritual value, but it is an exceedingly interesting historical document...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—In your leading article on Mr. Roosevelt and former- Mayor Walker you say it is a misfortune that Mr. Roosevelt has had to prosecute...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is important at the present moment that the public opinion abroad should be helped to secure a clearer under- standing, than can be...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your generous note with reference to The New Common- wealth in the Spe . etator dated October 8th is much appreciated. Perhaps I may be...

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Riverscape IsTo your arms your gray olives withdrawing, Gray stony hills, you lie watching aloof Rhone lying couched 'neath the sky's pale roof, Rhone with his cypresses massed...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE SPECTATOR... OCTOBER 13TH, 1832. We thought the breed of " Charlies," with their lanterns and greatcoats, had. been extinct ; but it appears there are still a few specimens...


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SIR,—In view of reports current in the Press regarding the withdrawal of the £25,000 Government publicity grant to the British Industries Fair, perhaps a brief statement. of...

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A Personally Conducted Tour

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An Outline for Boys and Girls and their Parents. Edited by Naomi Mitchison. (Gollancz. 8s. 6d.) MRS. MITCHISON, in her Outline for Boys and Girls and their Parents, has...

Central Banking

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TB ERE is a legend that in the Treasury they lock Mr. Hawtrey away in some lonely eyrie (deprive hint of writing materials) and express a hope that lie will " have a good...

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A Page Out of " Cranford " MRS. GASKELL has

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long been regarded, in her life as well as her works, as a typical figure of the Victorian age, discreet, ladylike, tranquil, " playful," as Mr. Lilly wick said, " but sewerely...

A Poet's Theology

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God Without Thunder : An unorthodox Defence of Ortho- doxy. By John Crowe Ransom. (Gerald Howe. 4s. Od.) THERE are certain services which only the saints and the poets can...

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In Queen Anne's Day

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Tim second volume of Professor Trevelyan's history of Queen Anne's reign is as excellent as the first. It is as readable as his great-uncle's history, which stopped at the...

Edgar Wallace •

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DURING the War & typist of eighteen once. answered an adver- tisement in the " Situations Vacant " column of a newspaper. A fortnight passed. She took it for granted that the...

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George Crabb:

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Selections from the Poems of George Crabbe. Edited by Anthony C. Deane. (Methuen. 3s. 8d.) Ir is a disadvantage of centenary celebrations that, while exalting names already...

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Arctic Adventure

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Those Greenland Days. By Martin Lindsay. (Blackwood. 15s.) Tnis is a racy personal- narrative of the British Arctic Air Route Expedition of 1930-31 by one of its members, who...

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Cum Grano Sails JOAN OF Astc (we have paid her,

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though an enerny, the com- pliment of naturalization) is the heroine of one of the greatest stories in the world. Like all the best stories, it has been freely adapted to the...

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BY L. A. G. STRONG The House Under the Water. By Francis Brett Young. (Heine- mann. 8s. 6d.) Ix the Tregarons Mr. Brett Young has created a family of great variety. Griffith...

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For Reviews of Medical and Health :Books see Index on

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Page 497. ,

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ELIZABETH Awn THE ARCHDEACON. By Ccorge A. Bir- mingham. (Methuen.

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75. 6d.)—The latest George Bir- mingham starts slowly and never gets very far ; but it involves 'Corsica, a missionary archdeacon, a drew designer, and twin suitcases, and...

STRANGE GUEST. By Sylvia D. Hooke. (Murray. 7s. 6d.) —A

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novel of family life in Edwardian days and our own, handled in a friendly wny that makes even the thoroughly high-minded daughter of the house an attractive person.

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DROVER'S BRIDGE. By Beatrice Hill. (Sampson Low. 7s. 6d.)—A pleasantly

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sentimental account of the return of happiness to a lonely man's life. The party of children who bring it to him are, like so many children in fiction, as large as life and at...

MARRIAGE OF HERMIONF.. By Richmal Crompton. (Mac- millan. 7s. 6d.)—Miss

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Crompton writes, as always, with distipction and humour. Her story of Herinione's married life can be heartily recommended as an• individual novel about ordinary people.

Current Literature

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EARLY ASTRONOMY AND CHRONOLOGY By C. P. S. Menon The first of a promising series of monographs to be known as the History of Science Library, under the general editorship of...

• BRAVE MASTER. By John Le Strange. (Murray. 7s. - 6d.) '—An

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excellent study of a marriage with the odds against it. Helen had to decide whether she valued her literary career More than her husband : and, though neither conclusion could...

THE LIFE OF THE CHURCH Edited by M. C. D'Arey",

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S.J. • This book, the, work of five Jesuit scholars (Sheed and Ward : 7s. 6d.) was first published- and widely read in France under the title, Christus. It is really a...

GUYS AND DOLLS. By Damon Runyon. (Jarrolds. 7s. 6d.) —Broadway

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society, it would appear, consists of guys, dolls, and " little moustaches," and has no time to be dull. These lively tales are told by a gentleman with a taste for scandal, an...

ONCE IN BNGLAND. By Ernest Raymond. (Cassell. Ss. 6d.)—All lovers

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of Mr. Raymond's books will want this ;omnibus volume, which contains revised editions of A Family That Was, The Jesting Army, and Mary Leith. Print, paper, find price are aboVe...

GOLD OF TOULOUSE. By John Clayton. (Heinemann.

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8s. Wherever La Blanca Rosa was, there would be adventure." In Toulouse in 1209 there were - battle, torture, bloodshed and intrigue in her honour. Mr. Clayton deals in...


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The Royal Commission on Historical Monuments has added to its excellent series a second volume of An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, dealing with the...

CHEERFUL WEATHER FOR THE WEDDING. By Julia Strachey. ":Press. 55.)—A

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light-hearted squib about the wedding of two unlovely people in a high wind. Miss Strachey is acute, malicions, and high-spirited, and knows the length of a joke.

YOUNG MAN'S TESTAMENT. By John Arrow. (Putnam. 6d,)—An excellent tale : of

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a yachting holiday on the Broads. Mr. Arrow writes well, with a real sense of character and proportion, and no shirking of action. His first novel can be highly recommended.

Tim SYSTEM. By Lionel Birch. (Allan. 7s. Gdi—An argument on

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a much-discussed aspect of the public-School system. Mr. Birch contrasts a boys' school and a' girls' school with a co-edueritiorial - one, in a • story that is meant to be...

Further Fiction

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t.Kopz CARRIES ON. - By F. 0; MUM. (Faber and Faber. R. tad.)- 2 --Grope, that lovable and Pepysian,man, was shaken by the War into a Government office and adventure. The hero...

SISTER OF tan Sex. By Sonia Keppel. (Chapman and Mall.

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7s. 6d.)—It is a far cry front the Edwardian drawing room to the start of a solo flight to Cape Town. Georgia Fane goes her rebellious way with real charm, and the worlds in...

FupITIVE MORNING. By Leslie A. Paul. (Archer. 7s. tad.) Penton's

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ideas are high-falutin and Shavian, but the story, of his life in $outh.Lendon, and his various loves and friend:ships; is human and quite readable.

SHORTGRASS. By Hal. G. Everts. -(Skeffington. 7s. 6d.)— Readers tired-

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of the everyday "should get hold. of Shortgrass, a Wild West extravaganza which will 'take them back to the Puttalo Bill country of their youth.

PITY OF Goy. By Beulah Marie Dix. (Bodley Head. 7s.

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6d.)—One day is all we are given with the Vickery fl mily f and then tragedy overwhelms the house in the canyon. near Hollywood. In that day, however, Miss Dix tells its all...

CHINOOK.' 'By Ursula Leigh. (Heritdge. 7s. 6d.)--A young woman named

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Catherine, who had a bad time in various parts of Canada, finds port after stormy seas. Miss Leigh writes with force, in the Canadian idiom.,

THE SECOND LEOPARD. By John Lambourne. (Murray. 6d.)=Itlate tibia - it - Wore - agar Ell

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s, tlieOWT, the Leopard, and the other inhabitants of The Kingdom Thal Was. Mr. Lambourne's animals. talk charmingly, and act with decision. - - - – •

Page 33

Are We Getting Healthier ?

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W E cannot possibly give an intelligent answer to this question until we have made up our minds what we mean by health ; for the word clearly symbolizes an abstraction, an...

Page 34

Beds, Tobacco, and Middle Age

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T HE late Sir Andrew Clarke, who, though not a great man, was quite a famous physician, was said to owe some of his success to a habit of punctuating his talk with what It. L....

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Light and Radiant Heat

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T HE health-giving virtues of light and warmth have always been recognized. It is but lately, however, that these generalities have been analysed and their elem'ents separately...

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Healthy Maternity

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W ITH over five mothers dyin g for every thousand children born alive, the subject of maternal mortality has recently received an unusual amount of notice, and there is a...

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A Reasonable Standard of Health I DEALS play a big part

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in human life ; indeed, it is probable that every activity in which we engage is determined by an anticipatory, picture of self-realization. There is, however, an element of...

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Natural Living and Nature Cures

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I NEVER pick up my old gossip Herodotus, or follow the carefully-kept diaries of Caesar, but I recognize what luml lives men and women lived in the days of old. A little word...

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The Healing Power of Nature This book, by a distinguished physiologist, should be read by every layman who wishes to understand the fundamentals on :which must . be based all...

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• Nurses, Doctors and Teachers

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A General History of Nursing. By Lucy Ridgely Berner. (Faber and Faber. 12s. 6d. ) The Newer Practice of Medicine. By J. Stenson Hooker. (Daniel. 3s. Bd.) APART from the...

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The' Personal Cite 'of Health

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New ,Health for Everyman. By Sir ,W. Arbuthnot Lane, (Hies. 5s.) THE New Health Society, of which Sir_ William Arbuthnot Lane is the president, has done good work in drawing...

The Sanitary Idea

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A Century of Public Health in Britain. • By Harley Williams. (Black. 7s. 641.) Dn. HARLEY WILLIAMS was fornierly Medical Officer of Health for the Isle of Lewis--an...

Minds in Arrear

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DR. SHERLOCK sets out to explain to the " ordinary citizen " what mental deficiency really is and to indicate its place in the life of the nation. He starts off well enough, and...

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London : Printed by W. SrliAIDIET AND SONS, LTD., 98

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and 99 Fetter Lane, EC. 4, and published by Tut: SPECTATOR...LTD.,. at their Offices; No.. 99 Goweg Street, London, W.C. 1—Saturday, October 15, 1932,

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The Spectator

As against the actual and prospective decline in Income and Sur-tax revenue has, however,, to., be set the great advance under the head of Customs and Excise. Under the head of...

Winter Health Cruise Notes

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AMONG the principal Winter Tours arranged by shipping companies are the followin g : Bibby Line.—Special low rate return tickets are being issued to Egypt (£47), Ceylon...

Finance—Public & Private

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The Nation's Balance Sheet IF it were possible to measure the general financial and economic condition of the country by the figures of the National Balance Sheet there would...


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Unfortunately it cannot be assumed from the increase for the - first six months that the Chancellor's estimate fora net loss at the end of the year will not be verified, for it...


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, i Cruising in Luxury . TIIERE was no mistaking the 'Arandora Star' in Southampton Docks. To anyone with an eye for ships it was obvious that s he was a fine sea boat, and...

Page 54


The Spectator

• As anticipated, the partial removal of the embargo on new issues of capital has not been followed by any rush of Undesirable issues. On the contrary, the flotation which...


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• The figures on the Expenditure side of the Balance Sheet arc also encouraging so far. The Chancellor estimated for a saving of about £13,500,000 on the interest on the...


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I find that in the reference in this column a fortnight ago to the revision of the Bank of England's By-laws, the impression given regarding the alteration in the remuneration...


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I suggest that there are two reasons for believing that a balanced Budget, with the prospect of some relief in direct taxation, may have its influence even upon the industrial...

ExcnoAcmnNG ON .3ESERVES.. . Moreover, to any thoughtful person there

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is another aspect of a 5s. Income Tax which is .gravelyAlisquieting. Quite apart from the actual. :strain and burden :of the tax so far. as present conditions' arc...

Financial Notes

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A SPECTACULAR SUCCESS. EVeri in these days - Of 'spectnenlar'sticeesses issues the success which attended the Government's offer of 2 per cent.-Treasiiry Bonds must be regarded...


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It is still too early to judge as to the final outcome of the National Accounts at the end of next March, especially having regard to the probable resumption in December of our...

Page 56

What is the right , way, of reading poetry over the

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micro- phone ? I think the first essential is that the reader shall not impose his personality between the listener and the poetry. After all, the poetry is the thing. Mr. David...

It was an excellent idea to send -Mr. Vernon Bartlett

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travelling round Europe to study at first hand the conditions of life, the political situation, and the mood and outlook of the various European peoples. Mr. Bartlett is one of...

A Radio Review -- - - HOPING for an occasion

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for pleasant disagreement,. I waited patiently to hear what Mr. J. B. Priestley would have to say last Monday when he was due to inaugurate the new series, " To an Unnamed...

The first of the B.B.C.'s winter season of Symphony Concerts

The Spectator

will be broadcast on Wednesday next. The season consists of eighteen concerts and extends until the end of March. Dr. Adrian Boult will conduct eleven of the concerts, and Sir...