18 MAY 1934

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The Reconstruction of China The - Japanese criticisms of Dr. Rajchman, the

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Director of the League of Nations Health Section, who has been lent as technical adviser to the Chinese Government, will serve only to attract attention to the very able report...

The Achievement of the Unemployment Bill The Unemployment Bill, after

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debates extending over twenty-eight days, has now passed through all its stages in the House of Commons. Open to criticism as it is in some of its provisions—and it has been...


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D ESPITE rumours to the contrary, hope for the survival of the Disarmament Conference need not yet be ,abandoned. Not . merely disarmament but the collective system itself is...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W.C. 1. Tel. :

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MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23r1, 1896. Postal subscription. 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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The Natives in Kenya • The long-expected report of Sir

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Morris Carter and his colleagues on native lands in Kenya is a voluminous and valuable document, and it is satisfactory that it has been welcomed in the colony itself. The...

Provocative Repeal of the Land Tax A Government whose leading

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members have been asserting the necessity of continuing its National character will find it somewhat difficult to justify the provocative repeal of the land tax for which Lord...

Italy, Hungary and Austria Italy has kept her compact and

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concluded by the appointed date, May 15th, the economic agreements discussed when Dr. Dollfuss and the Hungarian Prime Minister, General Gombiis, met Signor Mussolini in Rome in...

A Test Case for Germany There are signs that the

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present rulers of Germany pay some regard to Hellish opinion when it is expressed with reason and moderation. * If that is so, and if -they have any desire to cultivate normal...

Tension in the Saar The last six months of the

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fifteen years during which the Saar Valley was placed under League of Nations tutelage are likely to be the most difficult in the Saar itself and the most delicate for the...

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Next Week's " Spectator"

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The next issue of The Spectator will be a special Scottish Number, in which will be included articles by Sir Robert Greig on Scottish Agriculture ; Colonel J. M. Mitchell on...

Matrimonial Disputes

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Though Lord Listowel's Bill to provide for a new procedure in matrimonial cases before police courts was withdrawn on Tuesday, its introduction was fully justified. The object...

Not a single voice was raised on Wednesday in support

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of Commander Locker-Lampson's request for leave to bring in a Bill to prohibit the wearing of political uniforms. The whole House took Lord Winterton's view that it was far more...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

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Un- employment Bill is through the Commons, and 421 members voted for it on third reading with much better heart than on second reading. It is hardly surprising that the...

The Party Uniforms Problem The House of Commons did the

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right thing in.rejecting Commander Locker-Lampson's Bill for the banning of party uniforms. It is unwise to interfere with the private citizen's taste in -dress, however ....

Last Friday there arose a most interesting debate on Palestine,

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which is one of the few spots where prosperity has returned in full flood. Colonel Wedgwood's Puckish sentimentality made him hotly oppose a Treasury guarantee for a new loan to...

The Forty-Hour Week

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Last week Sir Allan Smith produced a carefully reasoned argument to show the engineering trade unions why the employers could not afford to reduce the hours to forty a week ;...

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T HE war that has been in progress . for the past two years in an almost impenetrable swamp on the frontiers of Bolivia and Paraguay has been dragged from the obscurity its...

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IT cannot be said of most of our democratic leaders today, as it was said of Pericles, the greatest of Athenian democrats, that they " flatter the vanity " of the people of this...

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W EST HAM has gone as everyone expected it would, and the defeated Conservative candidate is too modest when he declares that it was purely his personal shortcomings that were...

Documents produced as a result of group . discussions are

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apt to be chiselled off and pared down till they get to be very colourless affairs. That certainly is not a characteristic of the letter (which appears on a later page of this...

There is something attractively picturesque abmit the proposal, sponsored by

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the Dean of Canterbury," to institute pilgrimages to cathedrals for the benefit of the unemployed, and, of course, the first commentators inevitably recalled, as I studiously...

The Croydon murder appeal inspires rather searching reflections on the

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whole question of capital punishment. Leave aside for the moment the question of whether it should or should not be inflicted in a case of open and palpable murder in which the...

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By H. WILSON HARRIS y SAY " impressions " advisedly and with emphasis. I The man who professes to produce settled opinions on the strength of a week in Berlin is a fool or...

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By 0. V. GUY (Secretary of the Cambridge University Appointments Board) W ITHIN the next few weeks something like 15,000 men and women will be passing from the uni- versities...

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on Anglo-Egyptian relations is often a thank- less task. On one side are those Englishmen who regard any effort to solve the problem as treason and who think concessions...

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By KATE O'BRIEN I RELAND, to the confusion of many who have sought to understand, befriend or bully her, keeps on with a trick she has of being exceptional, even when...

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in England, I was taught to make bamboo flutes ; a very complicated and prettily rustic craft, it seemed, with only one drawback—that the bamboo flute, when made, could rarely,...

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By W. J. LAWRENCE I T is more than passing strange that no one has hitherto remarked that a story told of Old Rowley in Colley Cibber's classic autobiography on the authority of...

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT FRANcAISJ L A crise mondiale, qui, apres avoir exerce ses ravages sur les pays les plus divers, s'est abattue a son tour, it y a un peu plus de deux ans,...

A Cool Curved Shell

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A euarED cool shell Your hand, to hold Incense and myrrh and spoils of gold. To cup within Its fluted shape The silver fig And golden grape. To trap an echo From the seas Of...

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" The Scarlet Empress." At the Carlton

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THERE might have been an opportunity of comparing two Catherines—Marlene Dietrich directed in this Paramount picture by Josef von Sternberg, and Elisabeth Bergner directed by...


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Duck Soup.—The Marx Brothers in a Ruritanian extra- vaganza. Too much slapstick, and atmosphere too near musical comedy ; but in certain episodes the Brothers are at their...


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" The Dark Tower." By George S. Kaufman and Alexander Woollcott. At the Shaftesbury THE experienced theatre-goer who finds a suit of armour playing a part in the interior...

" Pecheur d'Islande." At the Academy

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It is difficult for anyone who has not read Pierre Loti'S novel to criticize this French talkie, which opens at the Academy on Saturday, May 19th. The story—concerned mainly...

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Music " Schwanda "

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IT is very easy to criticize the choice of new operas for produc- tion this season made by the Covent Garden authorities. It is not quite so easy to make constructive...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, MAY 18th 17.15 Goodwill Day Children's Programme-World Wireless Message of the Children of Wales .. . W.R. 19.3o Along the Roman Roads : G. M. Boumphrey. A new series...

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Seedling Apples For the second year running I have watched

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the experiment, on a commercial scale, of the sowing of apple pips for the sake of growing trees on which to graft cider apples. Each year the pips have germinated to so large a...

Hawk and Rabbit The other example of the rabbit's power

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of offence is less - moral and rather more surprising. A gamekeeper (who perhaps deserved the name better than some of his class) saw a sparrow-hawk attack a full-grown rabbit...

Courageous Owls The owl is, of course, a bird of

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astonishing courage, almost of savagery. This very week, oddly enough, I talked with two people, both residents in Worcestershire, who had been directly attacked in person by...

Safe Blossom If the Austrian view that blossom is safe

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after the Festival of the Three Icemen (May 10th, 11th, 12th) this year should be the best ever known for much fruit. I walked this week through a Worcestershire orchard of...


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Revived Crafts The Oxford Rural Community Council, which is fondly known as the Ore, deserves among birds of such feather the title of the Great Ore. It has done much fine...

Animal Greed It is, I suppose, the peculiar fondness of

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birds for the pips of' the apple that makes the apple seedling so very rare an occurrence in most of our orchards. Where apple pulp ,is thrown out in heaps from cider factories...

The Courageous Dam

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Two examples have come to my knowledge this spring of the courage and warlike capacity of the rabbit, which we all class as one of the hunted, a victim whose only protection is...

Where Oxford Leads The whole credit does not, of course,

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belong to Oxford, though Oxford has gone rather further and more practically into details of organization than anyone else. Accounts . of the first year's achievements give...

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I read with interest

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the article, " What does Germany Mean ? " in The Spectator. May I just point out how vital the disarmament question is regarded also in Germany? The hegemony of France as a...

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Sni,—In his criticism of Sir Evelyn Wrench is excellent article on Palestine, Mr. Israel , . Cohen firstly finds it "dis- quieting " that people still persist in believing that...


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SIR,—A " Law for Pedestrians," recently demanded (and with some truculence) by writers of letters to the daily Press, would be welcomed by none more warmly than the luckless...


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is little real conflict between Mrs. Green's state- ments and those in my article. The difference is in the con- clusions we have drawn from our respective experienees. do not...


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few people either read or . understand their policies of insurance that I think it may be useful to call the attention of persons insuring jewellery or other valuables to an...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Lord Dunsany's article and your previous review of my Modern English Punctuation illustrate the prevailing uncertainty as to the very...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Moved by a deep sense of the gravity of the present international situation, after consultation with representatives of various Christian...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Sir Oswald Mosley quite clearly indicated in his speech that he set the self-contained Empire as an ideal to be worked for over a number...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr. Graham Greene reviewing my novel, I, Claudius, in your issue of May 4th has two complaints to make : the first that in writing an...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] hope you will allow me, as you did last May, to write briefly concerning the splendid work being done for crippled children at the Heritage...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May 13th was the anniversary of the late Sir Ronald Ross's birthday. Those of us who have not yet forgotten this great man's services to...

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Vilma°. and Sage

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By ALFRED E. ZIMMERN Or the nine biographical sketches in this volume two are of exceptional interest : for they bring us face to face with men of our own day, one, happily,...

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A Good Hater

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Karl Marx : A Study in Fanaticism. By E. H. Carr. (Dont. 12s. 6d.) No biographer of Marx may .hope to please everybody ; but Mr. Carr's work can at least claim very painstaking...

The Story of Henri Spahlinger

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ON the wrapper of this book the publisher tells us that " never before have so many distinguished persons collabo- rated in such a work as this. Forewords have been con-...

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William Morris

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HAVING in mind the writing of this review, I asked a number of friends what they thought of William Morris : how did they rate him as a poet, what view did they take of his...

Men and Cities

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Special Correspondent. By Robert Bernays, M.P. (Gollancz. 8s. 6d.) MR. BERNAYS has travelled far, and observed widely and wisely. He travelled from Oxford, where he was...

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Soldiers What Next ! By Katherine Mayo. (Cassell. 8s. &I.) Timis is a book to be read by those who desire to know what has been happening to the men who fought in the Great War...

Old Masters

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THE interval between the closing of the doors of Burlington House on the recent Exhibition of British Art and their re-opening on the Academy Exhibition now in progress was...

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P. F. Warner's Book of Cricket

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Book of Cricket. By P. F. Warner. (Dent. 72. 6d.) A FELLOW feeling still makes us wondrous kind. I once wrote a Book of Cricket myself. So right away I approved even the outside...

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By GRAHAM GREENE News from Havre (Le Notaire du Havre) is the first of a series of novels dealing with a family called Pasquier, the upward struggle of the lower middle class,...

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Nice Goings-On

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By L. A. G. STRONG Murder to Measure. By Robert Mason : (Pawling and Ness. . _ 3s. 6d.) 7s. 6d.) DETECTIVE fiction has now reached such a high level that there is no need to...

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FOR anyone wanting 'what I should call an Easy Abroad,

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I should say that Sweden was an ideal country. For if there are no terrific gorgeousnesses of blazing colours, at least there are no terrific smells either ; _ and if there are...

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The State and Industry , THAT there has been some improvement in the domestic trade of the country during the past year there can be no question. Evidence of it is afforded in...

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The annual report of the Forestal Land, Timber and Railways Co. makes cheerful reading. Notwithstanding the difficulties in international trading operations, the profit on...

Financial Notes

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RELAPSE LN RUBBER SHARES. WITH few exceptions the various departments of the Stock Exchange have been quiet during the past week. -Dealings have doubtless been restricted by...

For a short time during last week the market for

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Oil shares received a stimulus from the announcement by the Emmet Oil Co.iof a 24 per cent. cash bonus in addition to the final dividend of 15 per cent., thus making 224 per...

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If the continued expansion in our Imports can be regarded as the forerunner of an ultimate expansion in our Export trade, the figures for the past month of April must be...


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At the meeting of Spillers, Ltd., held last Saturday, the Chairman, Sir Malcolm A. Robertson, was in the position of being able to present a thoroughly good balance sheet. At...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," MAY 17TH, 1834. Marshal Sonir has obtained a supplementary vote of credit from the French Chambers, for about a million and half sterling, to defray the...

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TI El CI 01.1.1 Fl I /DI Ai x_i TIE I I RI RIIMAIT I NII.ELT 111)1 ILI I I FIO AIDA MIN Blui-r * N1HID■R AiMl A 1.11NI I I Et ClOIM HIT RI I I C1H1 Al R D OIMI E Pi A I IT'...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 86

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Bzir XAN'THIP£E, [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...