19 JANUARY 1934

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A Success for Nanking The capture of Foochow by Nanking

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troops seems to indicate that the rebellion in Fukien is virtually sup- pressed. Some doubt still remains, owing to the astonish- ing vicissitudes that Chinese military...

Still Prisoners • The last official concession to the wretched

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Van der Lubbe was the suturing of his severed head to his shoulders, in which condition his corpse was allowed to be buried by his relatives last Monday. Meanwhile, Ernst...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W.C. 1. Tel. :

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MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office. Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

News of the Week

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T HE Council of the League of Nations acted wisely in postponing its discussion on the Saar, to give Germany an opportunity of being represented if she chose, though there was...

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More Science in Industry On the one hand we arc

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lamenting the labour-saving mechanization of industry ; on the other hand we are promoting it. But there can be no turning 'back on the road to which we arc committed ; that the...

Speeding Up at the Post Office How the application of

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labour-saving devices is likely to affect the workers is obvious enough, and an example is ready to hand in the case of the Union of Post Office Workers. They have noted the...

Minor Mercies The League of Nations Council meeting at Geneva

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this week has been prosaic enough in its early stages, for the one subject of first-class importanee, the Saar, was held over till the ground had been prepared through private...

The Sterilization Report The report of the Departmental Committee in

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the Sterilization of mental defectives was not, after all, published in time for comment here, but obviously well- informed forecasts make it clear that the decision of the...

Death in Birth The appointment of a committee on midwifery,

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with the Earl of Athlone as chairman; is very opportune in view of the disturbing persistence of high maternal mortality: For every thousand children born in Britain, approxi-...

The Upward Trend Though unemployment figures regularly increase after the

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Christmas burst of special employment is over, and the February statistics are therefore likely to look a little disappointing, the facts contained in a:number of isolated...

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Hospitals and State Aid Is rejection of the principle of

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State aid to be made a sacred article of faith among all members of the managing committees of voluntary hospitals ? At a Queen Mary's Hospital appeal dinner Sir Eustacc Fiennes...

Polish Coal for England The placing in Poland of an

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order for 1,600 tons of Polish coal to be delivered in the Thames for use in Messrs. Bowater's Paper Mills is, happily, an isolated incident ; and the idea may be at once...

Canada's Peace Campaign The " peace drive " which a

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number of leaders of public opinion in Canada are organizing is in line with the attitude the senior Dominion has habitually adopted at international conferences at Geneva and...

Confusion in the Air Few people had probably ever heard

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of the Lucerne Plan until its imperfect workings upset the Daventry programme for listeners last Monday. It represents, briefly, the attempt of the broadcasting authorities of E...

Insulin Cheaper One advantage, which it is proper to point

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out, has arisen from the public discussion of the probable effects of the increase on the duty on imported insulin. The British producers have not only been as good as their...

The Dependencies of the Empire When we speak of the

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British Empire we are too often inclined to think in terms of the Home country and the self-governing Dominions alone, and to lose sight of the colonies, protectorates and...

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Mr. Roosevelt and Gold

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T HE President's message to Congress on the devalu- ation of the dollar is a document of immense inter- national importance. Between its lines is written the future of the gold...

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Art, Industry and Fashion

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A LETTER addressed to the President of the Board of Trade, criticizing the composition of the new Council for Art and Industry, touches the very heart of the practical problem...

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The introduction of political propaganda into ordinary cinemas is a

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dangerous game. Too many people can play at it. But the Polish Corridor propaganda—under the title Ombres sur Europe—at the Cinema House theatre is so astonishingly well done as...

A Spectator's Notebook M EMBERS of the Cabinet met a little

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blankly on Tuesday, for, instead of considering, as they hoped to do, the German reply to the French aide- memoire, they could do little more than speculate on the reasons for...

Apropos of the Dean of St. Paul's, I must correct

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a slip of which I was guilty in this column a week ago. I asked whether the Dean, who is a K.C.V.O., should be known as Sir William or Sir Ralph. The answer, apparently, is...

A reading of the revised edition of Dean Inge's England

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- admirable so long as it is merely historical—provokes certain reflections. The Dean himself enjoys a salary of £2,000 a year and a house, and the discharge of his official...

Lord Rothermere's " Hurrah for the Blackshirts " article in

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Monday's Daily Mail is not entirely negligible. It is quite true that the Daily Mail is little read by people who think ; it is equally true, as the Manchester Guardian...

Whether Soviet Russia actually intends to join the League or

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not, it no doubt suits her, in view of the tension with Japan, to have it thought that she is moving increasingly away from isolation into new companionships. The interesting...

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Christianity and Conduct : I. Is the Ideal Practical ?

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By Canon F. R. BARRY [This is the first of two articles by Canon Barry introducing a short series to which. Lord Hugh Cecil, The Bishop of Bradford and other writers are...

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In Defence of Old Age

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By GILBERT MURRAY T HE depravity of Vie young has been kept well before our eyes of late years both by the Press and the pulpit. Their standard of conduct, we are assured, is...

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Hitlerism as a Sex Problem

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By RODNEY COLLIN if 7 MIS love that makes the world go round," says folk-wisdom, and the Viennese psychologists have added a modern rider to the effect that 'tis lack of it...

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A Challenge to Spiritualism

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By Lt.-Colonel R. H. ELLIOT • [A rejoinder to Col. Elliot's article by C. E. 31. Jowl will appear in next week's" Spectator."] T HE two great religions of the West,...

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The Young Tory's Outlook

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By KEITH STEEL-MAITLAND• Y OUNG Conservatives have just been making their views known to the world. If the Conference of University Conservatives which was recently held at...

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English and Scots : The Gulf Between

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By J. A. MacCULLOCH T HE Englishman loves to tell humorous stories about the Scot, the point of which is usually his (suppo- sititious) meanness or lack of humour. And the Scot...

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Mickey and Minnie

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By E. M. FORSTER I AM a film-fanned rather than a film-fan, and oh the things I have. had to see and hear because other people wanted to ! About once a fortnight a puff of wind...

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December Stillness

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DECEMBER stillness, teach me through your trees That loom along the west, one with the land, The veiled evangel of your mysteries While nightfall, sad and spacious, on the down...

Karl Bleibtreu

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[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTEN.] D IE Vorkriegsgeneration Deutschlands wird sich gerne des Schriftstellers Karl Bleibtreu entsinnen. Er wurde namentlich von der...

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Song of Songs.—Marlenc Dietrich directed by Rouben Mamoulian in version of Sudermann's novel about a trustful country girl, a faithless artist, and a bullying Baron. Acting and...


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The Theatre " Genius at Home." By Elizabeth Drew. At the Embassy Theatre, Swiss Cottage Osta had not thought of Thomas Carlyle as a likely subject for the stage. The career of...

"Liebelei." At the Academy Cinema

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SCHNITZLER'S romantic tragedy is set in pre-War Vienna. Music plays in the cafés ; a sledge goes jingling through the snowy forest ; smart young officers click their heels...

The Cinema

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"Le Petit Roi." At the Rialto Cinema ROBERT LIEN, the remarkable youngster of Pail de Carotte, is seen here as Michel I, the boy king of a troubled Ruritania. His brutal father...

London Film Society

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THERE was a time in the early film days when Turin ranked almost as the world's leading production centre. Since the War very few Italian pictures have reached this country, and...

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The Pre-Raphaelites IN one respect the English exhibition is particularly well timed. It has come at-the • first moment of the reaction in favour of the Pre-Raphaelites. Had...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, JANUARY t9th 2.5 Newfoundland-Labrador. Sir Wilfred Grenfell talks to schools- .. N. 7-.3o The British West Indies : Sir Algernon Aspinall N. A talk in the series on...

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What is a Sewin ?

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A point in nomenclature puzzles some of the investigators. What is a Sewin ? In a number of districts, so I understand, it is used of small and young fish, whether salmon or...

Tell-tale Scales

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• We owe a great deal to the research workers who spend hours a day in' studying scales under a microscope. The ability to infer the world, as Tennyson desired, from the little...

Caged Birds

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On this subject of cruelty to birds—not in killing but in caging—a hot controversy has arisen between some excellent naturalists—including Lord Tavistock and Major Hills, and...

A Mystery of the Clyde The Scottish Fishery Board and

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their most able assistants— one of them a fine scholar—have been finding out a good many things about the way of a fish in the water. One of the oddities is that fish,...

Osprey Plumes It may serve a purpose, other than the

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purpose of adver- tisement, to quote a passage from a recent catalogue pub- lished in London. The headline is " Hats for those important occasions," and the subscript paragraph...

Continuous Wheat All this is welcome enough ; but some

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things are being done this sowing season that make both the academic and the old-fashioned farmer shiver. I happen to have seen several large areas where a second successive...

Country Life

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" Speed the Plough " When the farming statistics of the year are published, it will be found—and there is no secret about the figures—that the area under wheat will exceed most...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is .reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—A cogent reply to Sir Harold Bellman's le:t2r defending the purchase of the Codex Sinaiticus (which is, to my mind, intellectual snobbery,...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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Sia,—Sir Harold Bellman has, I fear, missed the point of my letter. I did not suggest dividing the £50,000 or any money amongst the unemployed. What I tried to emphasize was...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The obvious answer to

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Sir Hesketh Bell's query as to my attitude toward the Police is that this query begs the question, by assuming that police functions in civil and national life can be carried...


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is a disquieting belief held by persons who should-be well informed that the upward trend in employment in most of the heavy industries referred to in your issue of January 5th,...


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SIR,—" Sir John Simon has been a dead failure." So writes Janus in a pontifical utterance. I hope I, as a rank- and-filer, may be permitted to challenge it. It is quite true...


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hope it is not yet too late to comment on Sir Hesketh Bell's plan for a world constabulary, published in your issue of December 29th. His proposal is put forward with such...


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Sia,—Is not Miss Rose Macaulay's horror of pronouncing a word as it is spelt rather exaggerated ? Most people today get the greater part of their vocabulary from the printed...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your admirable article on . the lynching madness seemed to imply that troops were used against the mobs in all cases. This was not so in...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR,] SIR: The Reformed Churches, with better claim to be orthodox in doctrine and catholic in respect of quod server, nbique, ab omnibus, as well...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The existing world depression continues to give rise to discussions without end. We are painfully familiar with all the arguments about...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sir,—The Dean of Exeter, in his article, " Guidance and the Groups," talks of " revelation " and " supposed revelation " regarding the former...

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• • [To the Editor of Tor: SPECTATOR.] Sta,—In your

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issue of January 5th a correspondent refers to the practice of members of the Roman Church to describe themselves as Catholics, and not as Roman Catholics, and no doubt most...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,---In my review of First Over Everest I debated the question of whether the flight over Mount Everest should truly be regarded as it mighty...


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[To the Editor of Tux Smut-mon.] Sin, -I look forward to your obituary notice of Stravinsky, and hope that your paper, which is so fond of soft money, will note the resemblance...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR, " JANUARY 18TH, 1834. The momentous question of Peace or War occupies the thought a of - almost every Englishman who gives himself any concern about the great...


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[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] Slit,- --With regard to Mr. Bradshaw's letter on the increase in the number of mentally deficient persons, is it not just possible, in view of...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sut, 7 -0wing to absence abroad I have only just seen your issue of December 29th with Mr. C. R. V. Coutts' reply to my letter on the above...

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John Evelyn

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By GRAHAM GREENE IF it were necessary to play at the Shakespeare-Bacon game with the seventeenth century, and having lost the sources of all its lyrics arbitrarily to choose...

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The Poetry of Christianity

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By R. A. SCOTT-JAMES PROFESSOR KNIGHT has written a bold and original book* which, however difficult it may be, ought not to be allowed to be tucked away in libraries and...

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Parliament or Dictatorship

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Parliament or Dictatorship. By the Marquess of Lothian, F. Yeats-Brown, Herbert Sidebotham, Andre Maurois, Lord Eustace Percy, and Sir Stafford Cripps. " Spectator Booklets,"...

African Mines and Society

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Modern Industry and the African. Edited by J. Merle Davis. (Macmillan. 12s. 6d.) Modern Industry and the African. Edited by J. Merle Davis. (Macmillan. 12s. 6d.) THE old lure of...

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Outlook Unsettled

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The New Spain. • By Sir George Young. (Methuen. 7s. 6d.) DURING the last year four books on modern Spain have been reviewed in these columns : two favourable to the new regime...

Women of the Thirties

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The Adventuroui Thirties : A Chapter In the Women's MRS. COURTNEY'S title, it should be made clear, refers not to our present decade but to that of a hundred years ago. Her...

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Justice in Scotland

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IN a slim volume of some 160 pages Professor Hannay has embodied the results of much research among the Scottish legal and historical records. Perhaps, however, it is a pity...

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Poetry and Meaning

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Sense and Poetry. By John Sparrow. (Constable. 7s. 6d.) Ma. SPARROW'S long-awaited series of essays on " the place of meaning in modern verse " arrives belated and a little...

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BY HERBERT READ THE first of these novels bears the label " The Choice of the Book Society " ; the second a similar label which reads " Recommended by the Book Society."...

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The New Safety Road Signs E VERY road-user, with the possible exception of that immortal type that refuses AO -find any good in any scheme that is not perfect, will Welcome the...

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The Friends of Europe have published seven pamphlets on the German menace (Friends of Europe, 97 St. Stephen's House, S.W.1. : lid. each). Professor Einstein's plea for a...

Current Literature

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ENGLISH POTTERY AND PORCELAIN By W. B. Honey The inauguration of the new Library of English Art, by Messrs. Black, was happily timed, either by accident or design, to fall...


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A Banker. on the Situation EVEN before 1914 an increasing interest was being taken in the speeches of Bank Chairmen at the annual meetings. That interest was due to the fact...


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Edited by Campbell Dodgson In the preface to his Modern Drawings (Studio, 30s.) Mr. Cair a vbell Dodgson defends himself in advance against most of the charges which could be...

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The latest message of President Roosevelt with regard to the monetary and currency policy has only become known at the moment of writing these notes, and I prefer to defer a...

Financial Notes

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RISE IN GOLD SHARES. WHILE the general tone of the Stock Markets during the past week has been quite good, the outstanding feature has been the activity and strength of South...


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Even although the revenues of Trust companies may not yet have greatly increased, the depreciation in investment holdings which in some instances had become considerable, now...

" The Spectator " Crossword No. 69 By XANTHIPPE.

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[A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword Pu=le," and...


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