19 JULY 1924

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But something more than this was wanted. He ad- vised,

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therefore, or has been understood to have advised, that the British Empire should offer a kind of reinsurance 91 to France and Germany over and above this scheme. He said :- "...

Last week the Liberal Committee presided over by Mr. Lloyd

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George issued its Report on the coal pro- duction and coal consumption of this country (Coal and Power, Hodder and Stoughton, Is. net). Their most striking proposal, perhaps,...

In an important debate on Monday on foreign policy Mr.

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Asquith made the most concrete proposals for securing French, or rather international, security against war that any English statesman has as yet put forward. He laid down three...


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T HE London Conference met in the Secretary of State's room at the Foreign Office at eleven o'clock on Wednesday morning. Once again the fate of Europe lies on the conference...

Whether these words can really be taken to mean that

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the British Empire should become the policeman of the world we leave it for our readers to decide ; but at any rate they make one extremely useful concrete suggestion. The vital...

The INDEX to the SPECTATOR, January to June, 1924 ( Vol.

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132), is now available. It can be obtained through all newsagents and book- sellers, price SIXPENCE.


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London, W.C. 2. A SUBSCRIPTION to TILE SPECTATOR Costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage to any part of the world.

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Though there is probably ground for saying that the political

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crisis in Italy is passing into a safer stage, there is still much doubt, perplexity, and anxiety. There seems to be a general consensus of opinion that Signor Mussolini stands...

Though we feel so clear as to what Signor Mussolini's

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action should be, we do not fail to realize the difficulties of his position. But great men show their greatness by dealing with situations which to lesser minds seem hope- less...

A friend, however, is said to have gone to him

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and said, " Mussolini, I am at heart a stronger Republican than you are ; but be advised. Do not. attempt to set up a Republic. That would mean civil war and the setting of one...

The conclusions of the Inquiry were as follows :-

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1. That while it would bo ruinous to continue the present policy of drift, nationalization of the mines would almost inevitably lower wages and add to the price of coal. If it...

We publish on page 98 a letter from Mr. Kitson,

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in which he asserts pat the threat of deflation has resulted in various trade organizations warning their members to stop buying, and that there is alarm through- out the...

The third conclusion of the Report is one that has

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given most offence to Labour. It runs :-- " Co-operation between mine-owners and miners. There will be no peace in the coal-mining world unless the ruiners have an effective say...

* * * * We do not pretend either to

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have given this policy study adequate to express a judgment upon it, or indeed to have the necessary knowledge to do so, but we do feel that here is an important suggestion...

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The Lewes by-election has resulted in the return of the

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Conservative eandidate a , _Captain T. Beamish, by_ a majority of 3,472. His Labour opponent polled 6,112 votes, and the Liberal_ candidate 2,718 votes. . The lesson of the...

• 'On Sat - um:lay morning_last Zaghlul Pasha, the Egyptian Prime Minister,

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was wounded • by an Egyptian student at the Cairo railway station. The Prime Minister _was on his way to Alexandria to take ship for a visit to England in order to explain his...

It is -said that the assailant now states that he

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did not wish to= kill the: Prime Minister, but merely : wished to prevent him - opening negotiations with the British Government by frightening him: He had to be taught a lesson...

The Prince of . Wales, when speaking at the luncheon held-on

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Monday at Wembley in connexion with the City of Hull Civic Fortnight, dealt with the question with which we dealt last week—the future of Wembley. After congratulating the City...

We note with satisfaction that Mr. Gosling is introducing a

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Bill to give his Ministry the power to plant trees along the sides of the new 'roads. At present the local authorities have not the power to do this. It is felt, and in our...

ROYS.1 C,orniniSsion 'on Limacy W on Witnesses and to take

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their eiridenee on oath. The words of the resolu: • tion are worth . quoting in full because they show how thorough is to be the investigation into our extraordinary system of...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent., changed from 3 per cent.

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July 5th. 5 per cent, War Loan was on Thursday, 101* ; Thursday week, 101# ; a year ago, 1001. - 81 per cent. Conversion ,Lotui was on Thursday, 761-; Thursday week, 764 ; a...

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THE PHILOSOPHY OF ADVERTISEMENT. T HE newspapers during the past week have rightly given a very large amount of space to the Inter- national Advertising Convention—a body which...

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By LORD WINTERTON, M.P. T HAVE for several years past, both- in and out of office, by study, by reading and by discussion with. Europeans and with Indians, in their own country...

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T HE London Conference has opened in an atmosphere of hope and unreality. It will seek to catch up the threads of post-War Allied diplomacy, torn and tangled by the French...

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CORSICA IN SPRING. .• "A L'ODEUR seule je devinerais la

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Corse les yell fermes " was: a famous saying of Napoleon at St. Helena. The lovely island retains her scented breath*, but it is only 'one of her distinguishing charms. All of...

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ENGLISH-SPEAKING WORLD. BY EVELYN WRENCH. T BELIEVE this will be the greatest business congress in the history of . the English-speaking world," said Mr. Lou. Holland,...

The Convention is the largest of its kind ever held,

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and while there are some three hundred delegates from Continental countries and a couple of dozen from India, Japan, China and the Malay States, the gathering is predominantly...

An attractive programme has been planned to make our visitors

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feel at home. Certainly in the matter of extending the " glad hand " to visitors " John Bull " has made much headway in recent years. • Those sti:io have received hospitality in...


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T HE Prime Minister's announcement that we are not going to retire from the Sudan and hand it over, not to its inhabitants, but to the Egyptians on the ground that it was they...

The subjects under discussion at the Conference Hall at Wembley

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give one an idea of the widespread interests of the Convention. They comprise business research, church advertising, community development, export and overseas trade, women's...

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In connexion with Mr. Strachey's interesting article last week concerning

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the future of Wembley, in which he advocated the holding of an English-Speaking World Exhibition in some future year, it is interesting to note that Mr. Albert E. MacKinnon, one...

Next week is women's week at Wembley, when one day

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is being allotted to each of the self-governirig Dominions: On these special days women from the Dominions and from the Old Land will dismiss the eonditionS of . ivdnien'4 life...

,Last year in these notes, as readers cif the Spectator

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will - recall; I advocated the summoning of leaders of the Opposition throughout the Empire to our Imperial Conferences of the future. It is not without interest, therefore, to...

In connexion with the scenic attractions of Kenya I have

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received .the following from Mr. C. Kenneth _ Archer, Chairman - -of the_ Kenya Land Settlement': Advisory Committee :— . - • .. " In your issue of April 12th you refer at some...


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"HUGH THE DROVER.". ON Monday night the B.N.O.C. gave their first performance of Dr. Vaughin-WilliamS' new opera; Hugh the Drover. The members of the Royal College of Music had...

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THE- PROBLEM OF THE OFFICE BLOCK. ONE of the most difficult problems which faces the modern architect is the designing of - a high office-block. He gets no help from the past...


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HEALTH AND ATHLETICS. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Dr. Saleeby is right when he urges that this subject is one for inquiry and study. In the present-day physical...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is not easy

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to reply to Dr. Saleeby's invitation in his invigorating contribution on " Health and Athletics," for he does indeed take the word out of the minister's mouth. However, he has...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Slip,—Dr. Saleeby, in the

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interesting article which you printed last week, questioned whether athletic development saps or feeds intellectual energy. I should suggest that while a good physique...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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Siu,—An answer to some of the questions asked by Dr. Saleeby in his excellent article on " Health and Athletics " may be of interest to some of your readers. Three years ago a...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Your recent predictions regarding the disastrous results which the threatened increase of the Bank Rate would produce have been speedily...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have read with

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amazement the articles entitled " An Impending National Calamity " and " The Bankers' Threat," which have appeared in your valuable paper. That you should so describe the...

[To the Editor of the Siscra.Ton.] Sia,—I expect there are

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many who are like me in being exceedingly ignorant of financial matters, either through apathy or from a. feeling that finance is a mystery beyond the comprehensiori Of those....

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I read in the " Notes of the Week " in your issue of July 12th that you regard the action of the House of Lords in rejecting the second...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I draw the attention of your women readers who are interested in Imperial matters to the six Conferences on the interests of the...


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THE SONG OF THE LAVENDER. (From The Thousand Nights and One Night.) I AM no terrace flower, Vile hands and foolish talk Escape me,. I grow in the hot brown dust, Loving not...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I be allowed to express my gratitude to your correspondent in Teneriffe for his very remarkable letter revealing the fantastic...


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The PUBLISHER desires to inform subscribers that arrangements have been made whereby notification of changes in addresses to which copies of the SPECTATOR are to be sent can now...

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) MATTHEW ARNOLD'S PROSE. To Messrs. Methuen are due -the thanks of the reading public for bringing out a volume of selections from Matthew Arnold's prose and for- having found...

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THIS WEEK'S BOOKS. THE fourth volume of Essays by Divers Hands (Oxford Univer- sity Press) is chiefly interesting for Mr. John Drinkwater's study of William Cory, the Eton...


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WE are fortunate in the possession of an immense amount of authoritative contemporary writings concerning the ill-fated Dardanelles campaign, for there is more to be learnt from...

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75. 63.) • • WHEN one is young—really young, I mean, young beyond the dreams of the middle-aged—one never has the least diffieuIt3 in distinguishing between Poetry and Not. It...

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ONE does not take up books on America, written by peripatetic English lecturers, with very great confidence in their value, Too often what the author said in Boston sounds very...

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OTHER NOVELS.—Robinetto. By Beatrice Sheepshanks. (Selwyn and Blount. : 7s.

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Od. net.) Robinetta is a first novel and has all the-faults 'of-youth and inexperience. The theme is not original,- and the strong-man - hero behaves with extra- ordinary...


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SATIRE AND IRONY, Tim biographical element in modern fiction threatens to become a menace. In Victorian times, of course, the prac- tice was not unknown ; Diana Warwick had her...

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(Clarendon Press. 16s.) For some years Mrs. Leslie Milne made her home among the Palaungs of the Shan States with a view to studying their habits and customs. She learned their...

THE DEPTHS OF THE UNIVERSE. By George Ellery Hale. (Scribner'a

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7s. 6d. net.) Though these chapters were written for a periodical Press, there is no pseudo-science about them. They form a little book which seriously attempts to survey our...


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[BY OUR CITY EDITOR.] RISE IN STERLING., [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The influences operating upon markets during the week have been of a mixed character. On the...


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THE CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND TO THE REFORMATION. By James Mackinnon, assisted by J. A. R. Mackinnon. (Longmans. 16s. net.) Professor Mackinnon has done a valuable...

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There haYe not been Wanting indieations during the last week'iii - twO that the number and extent of capital issues has: occasioned some financial indigestion. The complaint vis...