21 JUNE 1924

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Five men are supposed to have taken part in the

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murder. Dumini, the alleged leader of the gang, has been arrested. Signor Filipelli, the editor of the Corriere Italian, one of the extreme Fascist newspapers, fled from Rome....

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The result of the General Election in South Africa is a striking reverse for General Smuts and the South African Party. On the other hand, General Hertzog is very far from...


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P UBLIC opinion in Italy has been deeply moved by the presumed murder of Signor Matteotti, the Socialist leader. Signor Mussolini's Government has been greatly shaken, and,...

The Literary side of next week's SPECTATOR will be devoted

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to Holiday Books—books such as one wants to take away for holidays—which have appeared during the year. It will also contain the first of a series of short stories or sketches,...

We have written in a leading article about the situation

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in France as the result of the election of M. Donmergue as President, and of the appointment of M. Herriot as Prime Minister. Here we will write only of the opening of the new...

Obviously Signor Mussolini will have to purge the Administration in

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order to restore confidence. By ruling through Parliament he has begun to bring his country round a difficult curve back to a system of government in which constitutional forms...

EDITORIAL AND PUBLISHING OFFICES: 13 York Street, Covent Garden, London,

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W.C. 2.

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Mr. Coolidge's policy is to adhere to the Permanent Court

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of International Justice with the reservations that were laid down by President Harding ; to co-operate with Europe without entering into any entangling alliances, and to avoid...

The Democratic Convention will be held in New York on

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June 24th, and the lists will then be set for the great contest. It is possible that as the Republicans have chosen a Conservative-minded representative the Demo- crats may he...

M. Herriot next used really liberal language in con- structing

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a vision of the amnesty and conciliation which would be possible in the occupied districts of Germany if only Germany met France in the spirit which was hoped for and expected....

M. Herriot began by speaking of the new Govern- ment's

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decision to withdraw the Embassy at the Vatican. This decision and the complementary decision to apply the law relating to congregations did not mean either persecution or...

The Mexican Government have ordered Mr. H. A. C. Cummins,

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the British Diplomatic Agent in Mexico City, to leave the country. Mr. Cummins has refused and has shut himself up in the British Legation. The police are trying to prevent food...

On Thursday, June 12th, in the United States, the Republicans

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chose Mr. Coolidge as their Presidential candidate. The Times correspondent says that the Convention was one of the quietest on record, which is a fact worth noting as the...

Turning to foreign policy, M. Herriot cautiously stated that it

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was impossible to evacuate the Ruhr before the pledges proposed in the Dawes Report had been given and guarantees for their execution had been received. We can thoroughly...

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The unauthorized strike on the Underground Railways came to an

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end on Friday, June 13th, after lasting a week. The next morning all the absentees reported for duty. Thus the ultimatum of Lord Ashfield and the denunciations of Mr. Cramp...

Much the most important speech on Tuesday was that of

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Mr. J. H. Thomas, who made some important state- ments. First of all he announced that the Government would leave the House free to vote as it pleased, though the Government, as...

There has been a raging controversy during the week about

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Rodeo. After the first performance the steer- roping contests were withdrawn. It was stated, how- ever, that they would be continued in private in the mornings, as the cowboys...

On Tuesday, in the House of Commons, Mr. Baldwin moved

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resolutions designed to procure the ratification of the Imperial Preferences recommended by the Imperial Conference. The Government speakers had no difficulty in asserting the...

The particular incident, however, in which Mr. Cummins has fallen

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foul of the Obregon Government is his support of an Englishwoman, Mrs. Evans, who owns an estate in Puebla. The Government have tried to seize this property, and Mrs. Evans has...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent., changed from 3 per cent.

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July 5th. 5 per cent. War Loan was on Thursday, 101-k ; Thursday week, 101 ; a year ago, 101 ? c . • 81- per cent. Conversion Loan was on Thursday, 78 Thursday week, 78 ; a...

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RUSSIAN TRADE : THE KEY TO EMPLOYMENT. V E detested the Tsarist tyranny and all its works, and longed to see the establishment of true liberty in Russia. But our hatred of...

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B Y the time these words are in our readers' hands, M. Herriot, unless delayed by some unforeseen crisis in : Paris, will be on his way to the Chequers and his week- end with...

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BY LIEUT.-COMMR. C. DENNIS BURNEY, C.M.G., R.N., M.P. P ARLIAMENT and the country at large have been so fully occupied in watching the experiment of handing over the reins of...

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BY CHRISTOPHER TURNOR. I.—SMALL-HOLDINGS. T HE cost of building and equipment is lessening, therefore it is safe to assume that, before long, serious attention will again be...

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T HERE is one cruel maxim which every young playwright must face unflinchingly. Good plays, well written, well acted and well produced, frequently fail, bad pays, badly acted...

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Just one further comment before coming to the subject itself.

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When I wrote an article in the Spectator last year defining the three alternatives before Canada as independence, annexation to the United States or free nationhood within the...

In two sections of the British Commonwealth the fight for

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autonomy which the Canadian Government has been carrying on is, however, being watched with the closest attention, in South Africa and in the Irish Free State. In government...


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ENGLISH-SPEAKING WORL D. MR. MACKENZIE KING AND LAUSANNE. BY EVELYN WRENCH. " I think the aim of effective co-operation within the Empire would be best obtained by giving the...

The reason why the present discussion revolving round the Lausanne

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debates in Great Britain and Canada is of such special importance is that it concentrates our atten- tion on the two most vital problems which the Empire will have to deal with...

The reason for the British Government's departure from the procedure

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at Versailles, and for its giving away the status expressly granted to the British Empire in the Covenant of the League of Nations, is commonly believed to have been due to...

If the Canadian people complain of the nature of the

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comment in the Times and in the British Press before publication of the Parliamentary White Paper they have every reason to do so. Justice was not done to Canada. All who...

When the British Government agreed with France to limit the

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Empire's representation to two, it probably did not realize how much importance is attached overseas to the national status which the Dominions obtained as a consequence of the...

The British Government in power in October, 1922, no doubt

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with the best intentions in the world, made a gross blunder in deciding upon the British Empire representation at Lausanne without previous con- sultation with the Dominions....

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All the subsequent discussions about Canada and the Lausanne Treaty,

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in which, doubtless, there have been mistakes on both sides, must be regarded in the light of the revelations of the above-mentioned White Paper. However much some people may...


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BRITISH EMPIRE EXHIBITION, WEMBLEY. III.—THE PALACE OF ARTS. IT is to be hoped that there is not, in the whole world, anyone so unchildlike as not to appreciate the Queen's...

Doubtless there was much in the French claim, and probably

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it will be recognised in the distant future when the outlying sections of the French Colonial Empire possess a similar autonomy to that of the self-governing nations within the...

In a great concern like the British Commonwealth there will,

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undoubtedly, every now and then be friction- producing incidents such as the Lausanne episode. They are inevitable among nations just as they are among individuals. But the...

A reading of the debate at Ottawa convinces me that

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the Daily Express was quite correct when it stated :— " The claim of a Dominion to be an international party to a treaty made by Great Britain, while retaining the right to...

At the request of the British Cabinet- all the corres-

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pondence between the British and Canadian Governments has not been published. The assertion that the Canadian Premier did not make any protest as regards the Empire's...

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"THE MAN OF DESTINY." THE interesting revival of The Man of Destiny at the Everyman Theatre at Hampstead showed that for once Mr. Shaw was underestimating his own work when he...


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FROM POLE TO POLE. IT is hard to believe that we have seen the last of Der Rosen- /cavalier for many a day : but it is true, for who will dare, in the present circumstances, to...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have read with

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great interest the article on " London Traffic," by Mr. Gordon Selfridge. The subject dealt with is one to which I have paid special attention, and I should like to say that the...


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LONDON TRAFFIC. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr. Gordon Selfridge, in his article on " London Traffic," speaks, no doubt, from bitter experience. What great business...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—You are perhaps right in welcoming the Report of Lord Lee's Commission and strongly recommending its adop- tion, on the grounds .that it...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, —In your issue Of April 19th you commented on my letter re Singapore. You claim that I admit that a naval base for capital ships would be...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR; = -Mr. Porter takes the occasion of a new book on William Blake to give his own interpretation of the mystic. No One finds Blake easy, but...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I read with interest the article in the Spectator of June 7th, entitled " A Civic Sense in England " by Mr. Adshead. Your writer is an...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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Snt,—It is impossible not to question the motive of your correspondent, " J. C. T.," in a recent letter, stating that religious animosity is almost unknown in the West of...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In dealing with the above subject your correspondent, "J. C. T.", states : (a) that "religious animosity is abso- lutely unknown in the...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The Agricultural Wages Bill now before Parliament is a measure which may have the most serious consequences, for it is an attempt to...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I wonder if your readers are going to be as good this year as they were last in their response made to my appeal for the Women's Holiday...


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[To - the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—May I be allowed, as one of your readers, to correct an inaccuracy in Mr. Osbert Sitwell's review, last week, of Mr. Alfred Noyes's new...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIn,—The seventh anniversary of the Life and Liberty Movement will be held on Monday, Ju?y 7th, at the Queen's Hall, Langham Place, W., at...

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VENUS. Is that star dumb, or am I deaf ? Hour after hour I listen here To catch the lovely music played By Venus down the evening air. Before the other stars come out: -...

" EVEN IN AN AFFIDAVIT." - [To the Editor of

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the SPECTATOR.] • SIR,—I agree that Mathew L.J. published this on the bench, but whoever did, got it from The Cloister and the Hearth, c. 27 : " He had spoken the truth and in...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, —I have no

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means immediately available to prove whether I should have attributed the saying, " Truth will out—even in an affidavit," to Lord Bowen or Lord Justice Mathew ; for the present...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] have been surprised that the Spectator, of all papers, has not published any appeal so far on behalf of Stoke Pages Church. As a lover of that...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Dean Inge accuses democratic politicians of thinking only of the present, and not at all of the future, but is not the Church equally...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have read the essay by Mr. Gwynn in your issue of June 7th with much interest, but without much satisfaction. Consideration for your...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Miss Edith Johnstone's letter very clearly exposes the fallacy underlying the optimism which confuses equality of opportunity with...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—Many will feel grateful to you for the advice on the housing difficulty in the Spectator of June 7th. May I add one suggestion, viz., "...

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THE QUEEN'S DOLLS' HOUSE. By A. C. Telegraph by A. C. (Methuen. The Book of the Queen's Dolls' House Library. E. V. Lucas. Vol. II. (Methuen. £3 3s. net.) Edited by TILE...


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THIS WEEK'S BOOKS. A Century of Work for Animals (John Murray), by Edward G. Fairholme and Wellesley Pain, is an unexpectedly good book. It is in aim a history of the...

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Economics of Fatigue and Unrest and the Efficiency of Labour in English and American Industry. By P. Sargant Florence. (Allen and Unwin. 16s. net.) Economics for Helen. By...

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Catullus. Translated by Sir William Marris. With the Latin Text. (Oxford : Clarendon Press. 58. net.) Tim Governor of the United Provinces, who twelve years ago gave us a...

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A Book of " Characters." Compiled by Richard Aldington. (Routledge. 12s. 6d. net.) - - • WHY should TheOphraitus, who succeeded to the most awe- inspiring chair of philosophy...

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Old New York. By Edith Wharton. (D. Appleton. 4 vets. 18s.) THE four complete stories comprised in Mrs. Wharton's* new volume—or volumes, one should rather say, since they are...

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OTHER NOVELS.—The Princess and the Perjurer. By Alan Hillgarth. (Chapman

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and Dodd. 7s. 6d. net.)—This entertaining and exciting work suffers from one major mistake. The- whole story is built up on a likeness so close that the English hero cannot be...


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THE CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF HEREFORD. By Canon Bannister. (S.P.C.K. 7s. 6d.) The record of our cathedrals is a key to English Church history ; and, in the case of Hereford, the...

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THE REVIVAL OF* EUROPE. By II. G. Alexander. (0. Allen

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and Unviin.. 5s. net.) • . Since few people in Europe and America give to the League cf Nations a tithe cf the thought that it deserveS, we would draw their attention to this...


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Quite the Outstanding feature of the Trade figures for the month of May was the remarkable size of the imports, which totalled over £122,000,000. This • is the highest point...


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[BY OUR CITY EDITOR.] THE MARKET ' OUTLOOK. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,— Although movements in securities since last I commented upon the general outlook of markets...