21 MARCH 1914

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For purposes of record we must note that the vote

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of censure, on which Thursday's debate took place, was moved by Mr. Boner Law, and that it resulted in a majority of 93 for the .Ministry (345-252). The voting was on strict...

Mr. Churchill explained the Navy Estimates in a vivid and

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lucid speech of two and a half hours in the Commons on Tuesday. They were the largest Estimates, he said, ever pre- sented to the House. In the past three years there had been...

To the deep disappointment of all the best elements in

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the House, Mr. Asquith, instead of proving that his questions were not merely "traps," but boniefide attempts at a settle- ment, did not meet Sir Edward Carson by a frank avowal...

At Bedford Mr. Lloyd George had said—not of Rosyth: "Housing

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is atrocious, inadequate, insufficient, insanitary, rotten." If Mr. Lloyd George had been speaking of the Government housing at Rosyth, no one could have quarrelled with his...

In the House of Commons on Monday Lord Robert Cecil

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called attention to the condition of the workmen engaged on the naval works at Rosyth. There had been gross neglect of a body of three thousand six hundred men, with their...


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fillHE event of the week has been the proposal of a Refer- endum by Mr. Bones Law in the House of Commons on Thursday night. He "formally and solemnly" declared that if the...

The country, continued Mr. Churchill, was now in the third

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year of the aeries, and the Admiralty believed that the four ships already foreshadowed would be enough. We may point out here that the four ships of the present programme were...

• .* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in

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any cat&

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In the House of Commons on Wednesday Mr. Aubrey Herbert

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moved a resolution in regard to our position in the Mediterranean. Without a strong Fleet we could not have a strong policy. The main portion of Sir Edward Grey's reply was in...

In the House of Lords on Tuesday the Bill establishing

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a system of Imperial naturalization on a uniform basis was read In the House of Lords on Tuesday the Bill establishing a system of Imperial naturalization on a uniform basis was...

In the debate on the Navy Estimates on Wednesday the

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question of democratizing the selection of officers was raised by Mr. Hugh Edwards. He appealed to the Admiralty to do more for poor boys by establishing bursaries at Osborne...

In 1912, said Mr. Churchill, the Government had investigated the

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whole question of the Mediterranean, and had decided that we must remain "the independent guardian of our own important and long-established interests." Accordingly the...

During the week the House of Lords has discussed at

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length the Bill introduced by Lord Willoughby de Broke authorizing the raising by compulsion from among the well- to-do classes of a body to be called the Imperial Force. In the...

Lord Midleton, who always brings weight and good sense into

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a debate, endorsed Lord Cromer's appeal, which, he rightly said, went home to the House more than any made in the course of the discussion. It was admitted by all classes that...

Other notable speeches in the debate were those by Lord

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Sydenham, Lord Roberts, and Lord Midleton. Lord Sydenhaan, though opposed to the policy of the National Service League, advocated compulsory universal training for boys. Lord...

Lord Cromer ended his speech by a statement which was,

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and no doubt was desired by him to be, more far-reaching even than the subject of the debate. He insisted on the extreme importance at this moment of unity in the Unionist...

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The Daily Chronicle of Wednesday gives prominence, without any editorial

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comment, to a remarkable letter on the amnesty in Portugal. The writer, Mr. Donald Mackenzie, of Tatafield, Surrey, sends a long letter recently received from a resident in...

On Thursday the King and Queen visited the National Institute

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for the Blind in Great Portland Street. The Institute was formerly known as the British and Foreign Blind Association. If the Institute succeeds, as we have no doubt it will, in...

Bank Bate, 3 per cent., changed from 4 per cent.

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Jan. 29th„ Consols (21) were on Friday 741—Friday week 7411.

In view of the conflicting statements as to the numbers,

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organization, and equipment of the Ulster Volunteer Force, the precise information supplied by the Military Corre- spondent •A the Times in Wednesday's and Thursday's issues...

The double significance of Yuan Shih-kars decree announ- cing his

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decision to perform the sacrifice known as the Worship of Heaven at the Circular Altar in the southern suburb of Peking on the Winter Solstice, is discussed by a Peking...

The Select Committee appointed by the House of Lords to

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inquire into the allegations in the Press against Lord Murray of Elibank met on Friday week and again on Tuesday. The charges, as formulated on behalf of the Morning Post and...

The counties also supply corps for transport and supply and

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cadet bicycle corps, and there is an extensive medical organization, including regimental doctors, dressing stations, ambulances, and hospitals. The democratic basis of the...

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PEACE AND THE REFERENDUM. lk /R. BOMAR LAW, on behalf of the Unionist Party, _al has made an offer to Mr. Asquith which, if accepted, would not only save us from the immediate...

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T ORD HALIFAX the Trimmer told the nation two _LI hundred and twenty years ago that the first article " believeth in the sea." "Without that there needeth no General Council to...

THE MURDER OF M. CALMETTE. N O one who knows French

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history will need to be told that political crises frequently arise in France out of incidents that seem to have no direct connexion with politics. A duel caused by a personal...

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I 1' Mr. Asquith is the most important of Liberal politicians, Mr. Lloyd George is the most successful. His success has been extraordinary. Everything he has touched has brought...

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fr HE world becomes newer every day ! As we hurry along the railroad of life everything that is old or picturesque seems to be disappearing. The pastures which surrounded the...

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W E have all been watching lately, in the relations of the United States with Mexico, the havoc whioh may be accomplished by motives that are admittedly excellent.. It is a most...

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..TriE new crusade against hedgerows" was the subject of a new article in the Times the other day, and last Saturday Sir Herewald Wake pointed out in a letter the real value of...

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AN EXAMPLE OF GERMAN MILITARISM- " SELF-DEFENCE PRESUMED "1 IT0 rem EPITOS or ram 0 Sescerros.'1 Sin,—The German Military Courts, followed promptly by German military...

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THE REFERENDUM AND THE HOME RULE BILL. [To pop EDISON op pas "Bpsorapoo.".1 SIR, — May I, in thanking you for your cheering article, "The Triumph of the Referendum," express...


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[To ens Bono. op Pam "SpropaToo."1 SIR,—The making of the city of Londonderry an area for optional Exclusion is evidently calculated to discredit the whole principle of the...

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[To nix EDITOR. OF TEO .. SPZOTAT02."1 Sis.,—Admittedly the policy of the Government towards Ulster is determined by the strength of Ulster's resistance— be it from a...


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(To TH2 EDITOR OF TIM .SPZOn.701t."] Sin,—When the French under Napoleon endeavoured to outflank Central Europe, from 1798 to 1813, yid Switzerland and the Alps, they signally...

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[TO Tex Terms OP THII "Byre...vox:] Sin,—Your laconic reply to my request (published in your issue of February 14th) that you would set forth in a brief article the principal...


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[To TIM EDITOR OP THE 4. SPECT■7011.1 nt.—This hymn, as the Bishop of Chester calls it, labours under an incurable defect. It attempts to define what is indefinable. The...

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[To me Eamon or rue "Srsemoz."] Sia,—Eighteen years ago, in the course of my ministerial visitations in the City of London, I came across an old sailor who had a distinct...


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[To Tee EDITOR OF rue “Brscr■Toa."] Sin,—With reference to "skivers." As a director of a leather company, may I ask you to find space for my letter ? Sheep- skins are...

ETO TIT EDITOR ON TIM “Srscraxo..."1 SIR,—May I add another

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link in your chain with the past? I think I must be almost unique in being able to say that (though l ain not yet nearly an octogenarian) my father, the late Hear-Admiral Sir...


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[To TIT E1.110I OF TEN "tircorxxoa.") Sta,—As an admirer of George Crabbe, 1 have seen with interest your notice of his" non-couplet " poems (Spectator, March 14th). There is...


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[TO TIM EDITOR or TIE " SFICTAT0e."/ Si,—Your correspondence on the word " skivers " reminds me of a local usage which I am at a loss to explain. The term " skivvies " is used...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TIM " SPICTATOM..1 Sut,—Some of the difficulty about birds in the third Georgia mentioned in your article of last week on Virgil's birds arises from a...

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[To ran Enrroa or TIM "SrecrAron."] will not argue with your reviewer on the merits of Indian mythology (Spectator, March 7th). I will only refer to two points. I stated a...


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[To run EDITOR or me "Sracraroa."] Sin,—To me and to other members of the Selborne Society whom I know, it is a most regrettable fact that the Selborne Society has committed...


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"TORPEDO." CIRO: A.D. 400. "Quota non indotnitam dine Torpedinis erten Audiit . . Emicat horror 's." motnendua ab fade —CIA CY/J.1AM Elassrmit ILL, 1.2, 20414 Arras 1500...

ELM BLOSSOMS [To ens Zones or vs. " Srecraroa.".1 SIR,

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—Your correspondent in your last issue says that he cannot find any mention of elm blossoms in Tennyson The poem "To Mary Boyle" begins as follows :— " Spring-flowers' While...

1.70 1115 EDITOR OF TRW .13Tscnureit..] Stu,—Your correspondent will find

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an allusion to the above in William Morris's poem "Riding Together," which is included in The Defence of Guinevere :— " Up the sweep of the bridge we dashed together, It...


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FRANCIS RAKOCZI.* IT is probably no libel on the historical knowledge possessed by most Englishmen to say that their acquaintance with past Hungarian history is at best very...

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AMONG the foothills of poetry the surveyor may do good work, but he cannot take his theodolite to the peaks ; criticism • Trtvas«ttiana front Catalina. With as Introduction....

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THE Scots are supposed to have a special inclination towards genealogy and a peculiar talent foe " redding up" complex relationships, and certainly few countries are so...

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ECON031 ICS are supposed to be dull, and they receive little enough attention. Yet if our politicians of all parties would , learn a few fundamental facts from the study of...

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LADY HESTER STANHOPE.° THE story of Lady Hester Stanhope's life

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might have been one of the most romantic histories imaginable if she herself had not, in addition to many commanding qualities, possessed faults of understanding and temper...


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THE new book by Mr. W. H. Mallock on Social Reform is largely occupied with a statistical analysis of the growth of the wealth of England since 1801 This critical examination of...

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Idlehurst appeared in 1897, and as the author reminded us in a subsequent preface, took ten years to exhaust its first edition. After Idlehurst came Longwood Corner, and here is...


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LADY CONSTANCE LYTTON'S Prisons and Prisoners has all , the charm and interest which arise when any person with' sincerity of mind and innocence ofheart tries to give a direct...

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THP EIGHT OF DLIMONDS.• ADMIRERS of Little Lady Mary and Peter Steele the Cricketer, to mention only two of Mr. Horace Hutchinson's excursions into the field of fiction, will...

Seaborne of the Bonnet Shop. By R K. Weekea. (Herbert

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Jenkins. Gs.)—The main theme of this novel is the account of a young gentleman of the smart world who starts the business of a fashionable milliner. The story is cleverly...

The Marriage of Cecilia. By Mande Leeson. (T. ..Fieher Unwin.

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6s.)—Mies Maude Leeson shows in her first novel that she has the root of the matter in her. There are certain faults of construction in the story, but the author contrives to...

Kipling's "They."—st Rose of Old Quebec. By Anne Hollingsworth Wharton.

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(J. B. Lippincott. Company. Is. net.)—The romance of a girl who loved Lord Nelson; it is hampered by the writer's style, which is stilted and uncom- fortable.—Lady Sylvia's...

The Tracy Tubbses. By Jeasis Pope. (Mills and Boon. 3s.

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6d.)—This little book, which, it may be said at once, is con- structed on purely farcical lines, contains an account of the astounding adventures which happen to a young...

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..1 . 174t . dr for t h r (e ..6 !Lad o in ! a le , ot ie. ) such Books of the week as have not gen C. Dili Caesaris Commentarii. Edited by T. Rice Holmes. (Clarendon Press. 8s....

Matthew Arnold on Continental Life and Literature. By Alexander P.

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Kelso. (B. H. Blackwell. la 6d. net.)—Mr. Kelso is—or was—a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford. In publishing the essay with which he won the Matthew Arnold Memorial Prize last...

Athens and ifs Monuments. By Charles Heald Weller. (Macmillan and

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Co. 17s. net.)—Days in Attica. By Mrs. R. C. Bosanquet. (Methuen and Co. Is. 6d. net.)—The somewhat alarming announcement that Athens is to be re- modelled by the latest...

A Woman in the Antipodes. By Mary Hall. (Methuen and

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Co. 16e. net.)—M:es Hall won her spurs as a traveller by accomplishing a trek from the Cape to Cairo. In this volume she recounts a less adventurous but interesting journey...

Golf. By Arnand Massy. Translated by A. R. Allinson. (Methuen

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and Co. 2s. 6d. net.)—This addition to the voluminous literature of golf comes from the pen of the great French player who won the Open Championship at Hoylake in 1907 His...

Kindred and Clan. By Bertha Surtees Phillpotts. (Cam- bridge University

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Press. 10s. 6d. net.)—The aim of this volume in the "Cambridge Archaeological and Ethnological Series" is "to discover how long the solidarity of the kindred survived as a...

The Irish Question. With Foreword by Sir Horace Plunkett. (Macmillan

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and Co. 6d.)—This able article is reprinted from the December number of the Round Table, where it created much interest. Its main argument, with which Sir Horace Plunkett...

The Real Mexico. By H. Hamilton Fyfe. (William Heine- mann.

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6e. net.)—What Mr. Fyfe means by "the real Mexico" is his recent impression of the country, "as opposed to the Mexico of those who during the reign of President Diaz foend...

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NBW EDITIONS. - Vietes and Reviews. By W. E. Henley. (David Nutt.

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Is. net.)-It is not very creditable to British taste that it should have taken a quarter of a century to exhaust two editions of this brilliant collection of literary...

BOOKS OF NEFERENCE. - The Russian Year-Book for 1914. Edited by Howard

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P. Kennard and Netta Peacock. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 10a. 6d. net.)-This fourth annual issue will be of great value to all English readers who are in- terested in Russia. Among...