22 APRIL 1899

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A rumour has reached London from so many quarters that

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there must be something in it, that the Court of Cessation has practically decided the Dreyfus case. The Court will, it is said, in a few days declare, by a majority of ten,...


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T HE Chinese not only tolerate kicks in a very discreditable way,—they invite them. They have ceded to us a small territoryknown as Kowloon, to be used as an extension of Hong-...

Herr von Biilow, the German Secretary for Foreign Affairs, on.

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Friday,. April 14th, explained to the Reichstag the Em- peror's policy in Samoa. It was intended to adhere firmly to the Samoa Acts, unless they were modified by the consent of...

The Times of Friday publishes a letter from its Paris

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correspondent in which he comes very near • to revealing the ultimate secret of the Dreyfus case. It appears that a sum of £40,000 a year is regularly paid to the Ministry of...

A correspondent of the Telegraph, who appears to be thoroughly

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informed, declares that the reports as to the renewed health of the Pope are entirely unfounded. His Holiness is slowly fading away. He cannot regain strength. He did not take...

* ** The Editora cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any ease.


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With the " SPECTATOR" of Saturday, April 29th, will be issued, gratis, ,a SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENT, the outside pages of which will be deroted to Adrertisentents. To secure...

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The Australian Colonies are said to be greatly moved by

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the proposed minute alteration in the Wine-duties, and intend to memorialise the Chancellor of the Exchequer. They believe the new rate will impede the sale of their local...

In the Commons on Friday, April 14th, an interesting little

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discussion took place during the Navy Estimates as to our true policy in regard to Wei-hai-wei. Lord Charles Beresford declared that it was as good a place to make into a naval...

The House of Commons on Monday debated the Small • House

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Acquisition Bill at considerable length, and not with- out confusion, considering that the Bill was attacked (1) be- cause it was so small and meagre as to be quite useless,...

Mr. Balfour in his reply had little difficulty in showing

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the absurdity of the pleas raised against our defensive expenditure. Specially good was his chaff of the Member who had suggested that we only armed for purposes of aggression....

On Tuesday the House of Commons occupied itself with a

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not very profitable debate on the growth of national expendi- ture, raised on a Motion by Mr. Buchanan, and seconded by Mr. Souttar. Their chief complaint was, of course, that...

Mr. Chamberlain in his reply, after showing the contra- tradictory

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character of the opposition to his Bill, met with great force the more substantial objections. He denied that the buildin ,, a societies were to be considered to have a vested...

The Americans are finding out by experience that they must

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use Regulars to conquer Luzon, and that even with them the work will take many months. Under circumstances not yet explained Aguinaldo has captured ten or eleven Volunteers with...

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At Presteign, Radnorshire, on Saturday last the Duke of Devonshire

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made a speech which, though devoted mainly to education, contained a personal passage of considerable interest. He began by a retrospect which he said could not but remind him...

Lord Russell of Killowen on Thursday brought in his Bill

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for assimilating the giving or taking of illicit commissions to other kinds of fraud. It is a very stringent Bill, enabling a Judge to give a witness who speaks the truth a...

On Friday, April 14th, Mr. Chamberlain made a sympathetic speech

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to a deputation which desired him to prohibit the intro- duction of spirits into districts of West Africa where liquor had not yet been introduced. Though, as he said, neither a...

On Tuesday, at the London Diocesan Conference, the Bishop of

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London gave an address of great power and insight. We despair of giving a true impression of its value in a short note, but may point out that the Bishop showed an...

There was a sharp discussion in the Commons on Thursday

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as to the propriety of reducing the Sinking Fund by £2,000,000, Sir William Harcourt accusing the Government of "financial poltroonery" in throwing burdens upon their...

The Vienna correspondent of the Times gives in his 'letter

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published last Saturday a long analysis of the Pastoral Letter which the Cardinal Archbishop of Vienna has issued against those who are urging a secession from Rome. It is in...

It was stated at a recent meeting of the Metropolitan

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Gardens Association that the Middlesex County Council had promised £12,000 towards the purchase of the Donis Hill Estate,—Lord Aberdeen's house where Mr. Gladstone so often...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent. New Consols (21) were on

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Friday 1104.

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THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE. E NGLISH politicians will hear with pleasure that the Duke of Devonshire, who is only sixty-six, a middle- aged man, in fact, as we now reckon the...


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T HERE is one feature of this Anti-Dreyfus agitati o n. which, to our mind, almost passes comprehension. What makes the French Army so nearly unanimous.? Why. does the average...

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the Forum contains under the above heading an article of a kind with which the British public is getting very familiar. Nearly once a month some one finds a new ground for...

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THE SPY SYSTEM IN FRANCE. T HE miserable agitation under which

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France is smarting for the moment has revealed in all their horror the iniquities of espionage. It is a system which all nations loathe, but whose suppression no nation is...

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S lit THOMAS ESMONDE'S reasons for resigning the office of Whip to the Irish Parliamentary party are an interesting contribution to Nationalist history. Sir Thomas himself...

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W E understand the argument of those who think with Sir J. Pease that the State should abstain from all forms of Socialistic experiment, and have some sympathy with it, but...

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ghastly tragedy on Monday. A If the fire which broke out in Hyde Park Court at 10 a.m. had broken out a few hours before, or if it had spread on the second and third floors...

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ROBESPIERRE. might have been the centre of a splendid trag

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). But Robespierre—this meag,re-souled, wizen-faced attorney of Arras—for what is he remarkable save for his wickedness And it is not for his wickedness that he is celebrated on...

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IN SALTHOUSE MARSHES. A MONG the haunts of rare or vanishing

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birds of Norfolk few names occur more frequently than that of Salt- house Marshes and the bank of shingle which runs thence westward to Blakeney Point. The former attracts...

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(TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") • Sin,—The writer of your article, " Why France Hates the Protestants, " in the Spectator of April 8th, would have done well to begin by...


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MR. 0 - EDGE ' S RESOLUTION. [To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") Sin, — In your article in the Spectator of April 8th on Mr. Gedge ' s Motion you state your belief that a...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR:) regret to see that the Spectator, usually sound in matters of public economy, supports Sir Michael Hicks-Beach in his imitation of Mr....


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(To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") earnestly trust that Mr. Balfour's weighty utterances may be laid to heart by that body of loyal High Churchmen to which his eloquence...

[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") SIB, —Will you permit me

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to draw attention to one aspect of the Budget, and with special reference to the additional impost of t3d. per gallon on wines in bulk, and 3s. per gallon on still foreign...

[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sum,—A paragraph in the

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"News of the Week" of the Spectator of April 15th contains a very erroneous statement regarding the result of the recent elections in this county. You stated that "even in...


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(To THE EDITOH OP THE "SPECTATOR.") Srit,—May I take the liberty of congratulating the Spectator on the appearance in its pages of a writer on Irish affairs Who understands...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—The coincidence in which M. Emile Deschamps was concerned, noted by "F. S." in the Spectator of April 15th, is sufficiently remarkable,...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—You do not seem to me quite to realise the position of anti-vivisectionists with regard to experiments on animals. While we consider...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—I have waited to see if any one would give you the following from the veracious Pepys under the date September 11th, 1661 :— " To Dr....


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] do not know whether your readers would care to read the account of an earthquake in the city of Mexico which I received from a friend some...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "srEcrAron.1 Sur,--It is odd that your correspondents " E A. M." and "A Physician." in the Spectator of April 15th, should agree that sleeplessness results...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] eke.,—Our bi-monthly mail has just arrived, bringing the numbers of the Spectator for December 24th and 31st, con- taining letters from three...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] 81)1,-1 have puzzled over the point which you selected for criticism in "The Parson's Handbook," without being able to discover your meaning....


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In your thoughtful article of March 25th on "The Russification of Finland," you say :—" Russia is connected in many directions with...


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[TO TIIE EDITOR OE TER "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—In reply to the letter of "E. H." in the Spectator of April 15th, will you allow me to say that I never meant to imply that my aunt had...

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LIT= child that standest on the threshold Of the dark descent that leads—no man knows whither, Following in the footsteps of thy father, . Where the footprints lead, thou...


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EARTH SCULPTURE.* HISTORY has a curious tendency to repeat itself in the realm of science-concepts as well as of politics. The earliest views of the earth regarded it as a...


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A STAR-FANCY FOR A CHILD WREN summer nights are warm and dry, The Scorpion with his flamilig eye, Down in the South as twilight grows, Watches the lily and the rose. He sees...

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PRANCIS TURNER PALGRAVE.* THE Life of Francis Turner Pidgmve, by

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his daughter, is a eulogy,-1, - eulogy, however, which does not bore the reader. On the title-page Miss Palgrave quotes a poem of her father's of which the last verse explains...

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JAPANESE LITERATURE.* WaoEviur is curious about anything must be curious,

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one would think, about Japan. This singular people, whose origin- ality is stamped upon their productions, have nevertheless twice within the last twelve hundred years,...

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certainly justifying in the most commendable fashion the description of " succinct " applied to it by its author, this book is of very considerable literary interest and...

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NOVELS OF THE WEEK.* IT has lately been discussed whether

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journalists are or are not worn out by forty. What, we wonder, is to be said of the modern novelists, whose abnormal "output" reminds one of the caricature of Mascagni, the...

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The new number of the Edinburgh Review (Longmans and Co., 6s.) is a very good one. That is to say, it contains a number of those satisfying articles which are still for the most...

The Shifting and Incidence of Taxation. Sy Edwin R. A.

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Seligman, Professor of Political Economy and Finance, Columbia University. Second Edition, completely Revised and Enlarged. (Macmillan and Co. 12s. 6d. net.)—No subject is of...

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The Oaks and Porto Rican Campaigns. By Richard Harding Davis.

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(W. Heinemann. 7s. 6d.)—This book by a war corre- spondent gives the reader the same impression of reality as do the snapshot photographs by which it is illustrated. The...

The Right to the Whole Produce of labour. By Dr.

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Anton Menger, of the University of Vienna. Translated by IL E. Tanner. With an Introduction and Bibliography by H. S. FoxwelL (Mao- millan and Co. 6s.)—For English readers the...

Adam Smith. By Hector C. Macpherson. " Famous Scots Series."

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(Oliphant, Anderson, and Terrier. ls. 6d.)—An in- teresting and lively study of the English founder of political economy, this little book is remarkable as a whole-hearted...

Mogreb-el-Ackqi : a Journey in Morocco. By R B. Cunninghame

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Graham. (Heinemann. 9s )—Mr. Cunninghame Graham's book belongs to that class of which" Eot hen" is the finest example ; that is to say, it does not aim at adding to knowledge by...

The Economic Policy of Colbert. By A. J. Sargent, BA.

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(Long- mans and Co.)—This short but brightly written study forms one of a series edited by the Director of the London School of Economics, and English readers , will be grateful...

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West Irish Folk-Tales mid Romance. Collected and translated by William

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Larminie. (Elliot Stock. 3s. 6d. net.)—This is a collection of stories taken down by a student of folk-lore word for word at the dictation of peasant narrators in the West of...


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[Under This Heading we notice such Books of the week as hare not hem reserved for review in other forms.] Selections from the Sources of English Hi stor y, B.C. 55—A 18 ....

Saint Clotilda. By Godefroi Kurth, Professor at the Liege University.

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Translated by V. M. Crawford. With a Preface by G. Tyrrell, 8.5. (Duckworth and Co. 3s.)—This Life of St. Clotilda appears in a series, and is written upon principles which, if...

A History of the Colonisation of Africa by Alien Races.

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By Sir Harry H. Johnston, K.C.B. With eight Maps by the Author and J. G. Bartholomew. (Cambridge University Press. 6s.)—Sir Harry Johnston has a wider experience of African life...

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Psellus of Byzantium. Edited, with Critical Notes and Indices, by

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Constantine Sathas. (Methuen and Co. 15s.)—This is a volume of the "Byzantine Texts," appearing under the general editorship of Professor Bury. Psellus wrote the history of the...

MISCELLANEODS.—We have received the second annual issue of Burdett's Oficial

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NUrsing Directory, by Sir Henry Burdett, K.C.B. (Scientific Press, Gs.), giving an outline of the laws which affect nurses and an account of the institutions, large and small,...

The Quest of Faith. By Thomas Bailey Saunders. (A. and

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C. Black. 7s. 6d.)—Mr. Saunders's "Notes on the Current Philosophy of Religion" are a aeries of thoughtful essays on various religious and non-religious positions occupied by...

NEW EDITIONS.—The Works of Shakespeare, Vol. IIL, edited, with Introduction

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and Notes, by C. H. Herford (Macmillan and Co., Gs.), belongs to the Eversley Series." This, the third of the ten vol- umes contemplated, contains "Much Ado about Nothing,"...

COOKERY Boons.—Three books on cookery may be mentioned together :—Catering

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for Two, by Alice L. James (G. P. Putnam's Sons, 3s. Gd.), the sub-title being "Comfort and Economy for Small Households." Miss James begins with twenty - eight menus for...

Thoughts on the Present Position of Protestantism, by Adolph Harnack,

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translated by Thomas Bailey Saunders (A. and C. Black, Is. 6d.), is a contribution of distinct value, not so much to controversy, as to the larger knowledge of the great...

Irory, Apes, and Peacocks. By Israfel. (The Unicorn Press. 5s.

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net.)—We are generally ready to admire " Israfel " when he is serious. He has a very pretty gift of description, somewhat florid, it may be said ; but then, when you are...

The Temperance Problem and Social Reform. By Joseph EOPTn. tree

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and Arthur Sherwell. (Hodder and Stoughton. 6s.)—We cannot pretend to deal with this volume in detail. It is a careful resumi of facts, and states the position from the...

Christian Scierwe. By R. Heber Newton. (G. P. Putnam's Sons.)—This

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pamphlet is well worth reading. The numerous phenomena that come under the head of " faith - healing" cannot be safely neglected, and it is well to have the views of a...