22 NOVEMBER 1930

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The Spectator

This document displays the utmost goodwill but scant imagination. In manner it is colourless by the side of the Simon Report. It is already out of date, in view of the momentous...

News of the Week

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Towards an All-India Federation T HE most important aspect of the Government of India dispatch, which was published on Friday, November 14th, is its frank recognition of the...

A Travesty of Disarmament

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The ease for direct limitation of armaments has been allowed to go by default. British policy appears to us as wrong as it is ignominious. In view of the serious increase in...

On three occasions during the past month the SPECTATOR has

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been sold out. Readers who wish to be certain of obtaining copies should therefore place their orders early with their newsagents, or write direct to the SPECTATOR, LTD., 99...


The Spectator

Subscription to the SPECTATOR Coda Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this issue...

In his opening speech on Monday, Sir Tcj Bahadur Sapru

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was both challenging and explicit. He made the point that it would be impossible to maintain any law and order worthy of the name so long as Indian political aspirations went...

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We agree with the critics that there are already plenty

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of demonstration farms, but it seems that Dr. Addison has in view rationalized farms such as certainly have never existed here. His proposal is really a proposal for research,...


The Spectator

The Polish General Election has appreciably helped Marshal Pilsudski to build up that Parliamentary majority which he has always wanted. Cynical onlookers have wondered why he...

A letter from Mr. Wilson Harris, which we print else-

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where, confirms our view that those who have been immersed in this subject for years, in the Preparatory Commission, or in connexion with the League of Nations Union, cannot see...


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In the House of Commons on Monday there was a debate on Palestine, and though there was plenty of criticism of the Government there was a welcome change from the rash tendency...

A Commission of Budgetary experts is to study ways and

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means, and to report at an early date so that the full Conference may not be delayed. The Italian Govern- ment maintains its naval offer to France of " parity downwards," but...

A Spanish General Strike

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The threat by the Spanish Federation of Building Trades--which had a grievance against the Government on account of hasty action by a police officer—was carried out last "...

The Land Bill

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On Tuesday the Government, enthusiastically helped by Mr. Lloyd George, carried the second reading of their Land Utilization Bill by a majority of 81. The Unionist attack upon...

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Allotments We wish that the section of the Land Utilization

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Bill which provides allotments could be detached and passed quickly by itself. What happened in the Rhondda Valley, thanks to the energy and imagination of Mr. John • Robson and...

Sir John Simon and Liberal Tactics

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Speaking at Cleckheaton last Saturday Sir John Simon amplified his recent letter to Mr. Lloyd George. He said that the time had come to strike against the Govern- ment and that...

The Coal Crisis

The Spectator

The wages dispute in the coal industry is a knot which nobody knows how to untie. In a little more than a week the Mines Act will come into force and the eight hour day ought to...

Railway Wages and Salaries

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The reductions in wages and salaries proposed by the Railway Companies arc very heavy, but the position of the Companies, with a revenue decreasing by nearly £10,000,000 a year,...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 31 per cent.

The Spectator

on may 1st, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday, 1021; on Wednesday week, 102i , ,, ; a year ago, 99(1. ; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 94I ; on...

can last long that flouts this opinion. For every reason

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both the companies and their employees will be well advised to state their case carefully in detail. If it be said that nothing but personal self-sacrifice will save the...

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Next Week

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" The Future of the Press (2)," by St. John Er-vine. " Sociology—the Study of Human Needs," by A. M. Carr-Saunders. " Life Without Faith," by G. M. Boumphrey. "Divorce," by...

Great Britain and a Better World

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L AST year the Christmas Number of the Spectator took the form of a " Better World " issue, and this week we repeat the experiment. At a time when there is so much acute Party...

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The Imperia 1 Conference

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S OME untrue pictures of the Imperial Conference have been drawn by Protectionist journalists—pictures like those futurist productions which convey no meaning until they are...

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The Future of Burma

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I the task of reorganizing the basis of Government of India, to which the Round Table Conference is now applying itself, there is a danger that the claims of a loyal section of...

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The Week i n Parliament

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A N extraordinary situation arose in the House of Commons on Wednesday of last week, when Mr. Hore-Belisha moved a motion relating to pre-War pen- sions. The Government accepted...

The Challenge To Religious Orthodoxy

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[In this series men and women presenting the outlook of the younger generation have been invited to express their criticism of organized religion in order that their views may...

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Science : Yesterday and To-day

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[The following article is the fourth of a series, not mainly intended to convey lmowledge of particular conclusions that are being reached in various sciences—this will only be...

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Broadcasting and a Better World

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BY SIR J. C. W. REITII. I SUPPOSE one must assume that a better world is coming, although some may query the assumption if the term is restricted to "this world " in the...

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The League and Public Opinion

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BY VERNON BARTLETT. A N American on a liner was once astonished by a friend of mine who told him he was bound for Geneva in connexion with the League of Nations. " But why go...

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Imprisoned Birds

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BY LORD HOWARD OF PENRITII. 'LIVERY Englishman who wishes to be really English 12.4 —and which one worthy of the name does not ?- must have learnt to ride a hobby horse. It is...

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Universities in Danger

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BY DR. WILIIELM DIBELIUS. * A BOUT half a century ago Uniyersity reformers in England were heavily assailing the . University of the Oxford and Cambridge type. The University...

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World Finance and Economics : The Next Steps

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BY SIR ARTHUR SALTER. rpHE world is now suffering from one of the most -I- severe general depressions that has ever been known—the more severe because on the top of an...

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Socrates and Glaucon in the Shades

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By C. E. M. Jonas. S OCRATES : Yes, Glaucon, I think that these scientists are very wonderful thinkers, but I wish that they would 'stick to their own jobs and not meddle With...

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Research : A Bond of Empire

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BY WALTER ELLIOT, M.P. Research within the Empire has three functions. It has to continue the material advances which have taken us so far. It has to add to the stock of pure...

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The Future of the Press—I

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By ST. JOHN ERVINTE. -1 - ATE commonly attribute the change in the conduct V / of newspapers to the revolution made by the late Lord Northcliffe, but as time passes and...

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India and " Bengal Lancer"

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BY RABINDRANATH TAGORE. I HAVE just finished reading almost in one sitting the book of a Bengal Lancer*, and feel that it is one of the most remarkable books in modern...

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What Next ?

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BY STEPHEN LEACOCK. T HERE are certain people, of whom I am one, who have the peculiar gift of looking into the future. I believe it is often called " peering " into the...

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Our World for Heroes

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By GEORGE GLASGOW. * T HE well-known epigram of Clausewitz, that war is politics by other means, gives the clue to the attitude of the War generation to public life. In the...

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Travellers and Tourists

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BY STELLA BENSON. E FFORTS grow simpler and simpler nowadays, yet the simpler they become, it seems to me,, the more elaborate is the noise that they make. The gramophone is a...

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The Post Office and the Serpent

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BY A. E. COPPARD. T WALKED into the post office at the foot of the 1 mountain to buy a stamp. The mountain was no grand height, but it was long and boggy and got in the way of...

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Animal Welfare

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A PERUSAL of the 1929 Report of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and of the speeches made at the meeting of the Society held last June, discloses how...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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THE "SPECTATOR," NOVEMBER 20TH, 1830. TAxes ON NEWSPAPERS. Sir,—I am inclined to agree with your correspondent W. that the revenue would not suffer by the reduction of the...

Cat Chasing Leaves

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THE orange cat spins in the wind, Paws pouncing, where the leaves in a whirlpool Pirouette on frosted grass. And all around, stealthily, Over the luminous laurels of the...

The Theatre

The Spectator


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The Round Table Conference Prolegomena : What Is And What

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Might Be BY DR. EDWARD THOMPSON. [This is the first of a series of articles in which Dr. Thompson will comment week by week on the Round Table Conference.] Tux Indian problem...

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The Spectator

Near one of these ex-orchards of some two acres, which contained exactly two antique trees much more horizontal than vertical, stretches a forty or fifty acre marsh : " the...


The Spectator

A purely temporary malady befell many of the orchards of the West this year. While apples were a bumper crop towards the East, the trees of Worcestershire and neighbouring...


The Spectator

It is difficult to explain the sudden prevalence of such a pest as this and others which befell the western orchards. It is common, it is almost usual, to attribute them to cold...

Country Life

The Spectator

HEREFORD U. HERTFORD. England is so various that visiting another county may be almost like visiting another country : an East Anglian is no longer insular when he has...

In another respect the comparison was in favour of the

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East, and Hereford seemed to me to lag a long way behind, say, Kent and Cambridge. I saw the ruins of a large number of the gracious orchards that were once the glory of the...


The Spectator

A number of very interesting experiments in the creation of new sorts of apples are being made privately as well as by scientific institutions in both England and France. It is...

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Letters to the Editor

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GREAT BRITAIN AND INDIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sut,—The anti-British feeling in India was noticeable on the occasion of Deepavali Festival, when thousands of...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The writer of your article on " The Madura Case" brings me in, so perhaps you will let me say something. The British Magistrate's action,...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

Sra,—I admire the pertinacity with which Sir Charles Spencer has been answering his critics. He must not, however, blame others for unfairness when an many of his statements are...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—In reply to Miss Pankhurses letter in your current issue ; it is always a difficult matter to discuss a highly technical subject like...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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do not know whether the articles of " Challenger " or " Defender " are the more interesting of your series, but when I analysed my feelings after reading those of Mrs....


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPEcncroa.] Sm,—The notes in last week's issue of the Spectator on the proceedings of the Preparatory Commission at Geneva under the general heading " The...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

Sin,—Dr. Dawes' helpful letter in your issue of November 8th deserves the thanks of all midwives. It is true that at present they are able to do very little to lessen pain in...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Readers of Mr. Bertrand Russell's article in your last issue may perhaps have guessed (if they did not know), from its careful...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The article which appeared in the Spectator of October 25th will be read doubtless by many who are not intimately associated with the work...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I am sorry that my friend Colonel Vignoles, in his capacity as Director of the British Electrical Development .Association, should have...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—As a member of

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the Nursing Staff of a London Hospital, I feel I must not allow M. A. Marshall's letter, published in the Spectator of November 15th, to remain unchallenged. Unfortunately he...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The cruelty and danger of trapping rabbits cannot be eliminated by writing letters to the Spectator and other journals, since rabbit...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I have been much

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interested in the correspondence in these columns concerning the cruelty involved by the use of snares and steel traps. As a farmer who is greatly troubled by rabbits I should...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sne,—May I express my

The Spectator

thanks to Major Van der Byl for his excellent letter in your issue of November 8th TT the terrible trapping of rabbits in Devon and Cornwall with the steel gin? My Society was...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sus—My letter in the

The Spectator

Spectator of November 8th has brought forth enquiries and support from all over the country. There is, I find, a prejudice against buying shot rabbits for food. Now, shot...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mrs. Carswell's letter in the Spectator of November 8th is interesting and pregnant. She says, " On the eve of publication steps were even...

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A New Competition

The Spectator

We offer a prize of ten guineas for the best Ghost Story not exceeding a thousand words. We reserve the right to publish any contribution submitted to us. The closing date for...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I point out that it is the excessive use of the hand- kerchief which prolongs the cold ? When, as in the case of a cold; the mucous...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of November 8th a reviewer of my book on Wolsey says that I " refuse for no adequate reason to agree with most unbiased...


The Spectator

PHEASANTS IN LONDON. A writer in your columns in the current issue says, " Pheasants were seen the other day in the Mall (perhaps strays from Buckingham Palace)." Pheasants...

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Imperial Ideals

The Spectator

New Imperial Ideals. By Robert Stokes. (Murray. 10s. 6d.) A VERY considerable part of Mr. Robert Stokes' book (Near Imperial Ideals) which has a very special interest in view...

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Two Arts

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The Art of Dying. Edited by Francis Bissell and F. L. Lucas: (Hogarth Press. ns.) THE compilers of The Art of Dying have not, fortunately, agreed with Dr. Johnson's " No Sir !...

The Quality of Joy

The Spectator

Wordsworth. By Herbert Read. The Clark Lectures, 1929.30. (Cape. 10s. ad.). Wordsworth. By Herbert Read. The Clark Lectures, 1929.30. (Cape. 10s. ad.). EVERYONE knows those...

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The Moral Law

The Spectator

The Philosophy of the Good Life : Being the Gifford Lectures delivered in the University of St. Andrews, 1929.30, by Charles Gore, D.D. (Murray. 108. lid.) A WRITER in the last...

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Coral Architects

The Spectator

A Year on the Great Barrier Reef. By C. M. Yonge. (Putuam4 21s.) THE oddity of Australian animals (whose evolution is indeed unique) is in some measure repeated in the...

Dear Mrs. Gaskell !

The Spectator

Mrs. Gaskell and her Friends. By Elizabeth Haldane. (Hodder and Stoughton. 12s. 6d.) MRS. GASICELL'S place in English literature is, of course, somewhat uncertain ; she is not...

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The Fourth Seal. By the Rh Hon. Sir Simuel Hoare,

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LL.D., M.P. (Heiriomann. 15s.) SIR SAMUEL HOARE has written a very good book about Russia during the period just prior to the revolution, when he was chief of the British...

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Women in India

The Spectator

The Key of Progress. (Oxford University Press, 7s. ed.) LADY lawns is justified in her prefatory assurance that this handbook, edited by Miss Caton on behalf of the National...

James Joyce

The Spectator

A GIFTED reviewer, writing in the Spectator some months since on the subject of Mr. Joyce's later manner, cites as a similar phenomenon the public-house wit, known to us all,...

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The Spectator

Clashes—Mental and Physical The Knife. By reader O'Donnell. (Cape. 7a. 8d.) THE ways of literary influence are mysterious and surprising. One is taken aback, for instance, by...

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THE NIGHT OF THE FOG. By Antony Gilbert. (Gollanca. 7s.

The Spectator

6d.)—Mr. Gilbert's new story is rather refreshing, in that we are not compelled to follow every thought in the mind of the brilliant young amateur detective, but allowed to see...

THE BACK-TO-BACKS. By J. C. Grant. (Chatto and Windus. 7s.

The Spectator

6d.)—We should like to think that Mr. Grant's novel of life in a mining district is a skit on the work of those modern writers who mistake filth for force and ugliness for...

GREAT SHORT STORIES OF THE WAR. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 8s.

The Spectator

6d.)—It was, of course, inevitable that a book of this title should be published sooner or later, the surprising thing is that it should be so good. For we have been glutted...

PIRDALE ISLAND. By Captain A. C. Pollard. (Hutchin- son. 7s.

The Spectator

6d.)—Complicated though the plot is, there is a predominating simplicity about Captain Pollard's method of telling a story. " One can always," he says, " tell the truth to...

THE IMMORALIST. By Andre Gide. Translated by Dorothy Missy . . (Knopf.

The Spectator

7s. Od.)—In this extraordinarily clever and moving story M. Andre Gide tells us, in his Preface, that he has not tried to prove anything " but only to paint my picture well and...

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SORROWSTONES. By W. II. Calvert. (Putnams. 7s. 6d.).—When Mr. Calvert

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published The Secret of the Wild, in which a naturalist's impressions of the Lake District were charmingly combined with an autobiographical and human interest, it was obvious...

General Knowledge Questions

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Oust weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Mr. George L. Ferguson, 14 Montgomerie Quadrant, Glasgow West, for the...

A VOYAGE TO PURILIA, By Elmer Rice. (Gollanez. 7s. 6d.)—Purilia

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is - a planet known only to the astronomers until the narrator of this story, an ethnologist, reaches it in company with the pilot of his aeroplane. Physically the planet is...

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My Friend Mr. Edison, by Mr. Henry Ford (Berm, 3s.

The Spectator

61) makes extremely good reading. " When all is said and done, the ability to work means more than anything else," writes Mr. Ford. " Mr. Edison has a wonderfully imaginative...

Some Books of the Week

The Spectator

THOSE who are interested in the deeper currents of Anglican thought know how great an influence is exercised at present by the theological writings of Pere de la Taille. Many,...

It must have been almost as great a delight to

The Spectator

Mr. Archibald Lyall to write The Balkan Road (Methuen, 12s. Ild.) as to acquire the material for it by travelling across Trans-sylvania to Bucarest, thence to Constantinople and...

The Princess Lichnowsky makes of her dog On the Leash

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(Jonathan Cape, 7s.. 6d.) a peg for the slightest of slight sketches of European life. The best chapter in the book describes London, the look of it, and the outward ways of its...

Jan and Cora Gordon are excellent journalists. They live for

The Spectator

months—maybe for years—in a foreign country, and yet they always retain the capacity to observe interesting and amusing peculiarities of the inhabitants of whatever country they...

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Now that archaeology is really popular and serious attention is

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even being given to Roman-British sites, there should he a large public for Mr. Leonard Woolley's excellent little book on Digging Up the Past (Benn, 6s.). Here the famous...

It is good to see the third volume of the

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Victorian History of the County of Northampton, though it appears some twenty years after the second (St. Catherine Press, £3 8s.). The family of the late Mr. James Manfield...

Students will welcome the final instalment of the late Pro-

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fessor T. F. Tout's Chapters in the Administrative History of Mediaeval England (Manchester University Press, 30s.) in fifth volume which is to be supplemented by an index...

Mr. Arthur Mee pleads earnestly and justly, in the attractive

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Christmas number of My Magazine, for the restoration of Cromwell's severed head to the Abbey grave, from which the corpse was taken by order of the Restoration Parliament in...

Sir Charles Fielding, in Your Road to 'Prosperity (Th e Okehurst

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Co.), is rather pathetic in his loyalty t o " the Party in which I was brought up." For the policy which he is here expounding is nothmg less than that Socialist agricultural...

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Finance—Public & Private

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Finance and Industry in 1930 I AM aware that the title of this article seems to be more fitting for December 31st than for November 22nd, but while at the year's end I shall...

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Financial Notes

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SPECULATIVE MARKETS MORE ACTIVE. Dunn:a the past week there has been greater activity with improvement in 'plates in some of the more speculative markets. The stimulus may be...

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Peruvian stocks have been a weak feature of late owing

The Spectator

to the disturbed political conditions, but the Report of the Peruvian Corporation was not an altogether unfavourable document. The Railway receipts showed a small increase both...


The Spectator

Having regard to the present trade depression, the decline in profits shown in the Reports of the Cargo Fleet Iron and the South Durham Steel and Iron Company was less than...

The Report of this company is a distinctly favourable one,

The Spectator

the net revenue being nearly £801,000 against £732,000 for the previous year. The directors have declared a final dividend for the year on the Ordinary shares making a total of...

Financial Notes (Continued from page 818.) RAILS DEPRESSED.

The Spectator

In the markets for Home securities movements have also been of an irregular character. British Funds and high. class investment stocks have been fairly well maintained; but an...


The Spectator

The past year has, of course, been a poor one for financial institutions concerned in loans and company flotations, and having regard to that fact the recent Report of the...