22 OCTOBER 1881

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On October 18th, 1781, Lord Cornwallis surrendered, with the British

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Army, at Yorktown, Virginia, and so virtually ter- minated the war between Great Britain and the United States. The Americans, who recollect their own history, have this week...


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O N Tuesday the Irish Land League shot its last bolt,—by the issue of a Circular enjoining on the Irish farmers the ab- solute refusal of all rent till Mr. Parnell and his...

** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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The general tone of the news from Ireland, disastrous as

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some incidents have been, is not without some gleams of hope. The rioting in the cities, though serious, was in a great degree the work of lads, and even the American Irish...

The rioting in Dublin, Limerick, and Cork, at the beginning

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of the week, attracted much attention, but by later advices it is attributed in great part to the ordinary roughs, though they may be directed by more dangerous men. In Dublin,...

The manifesto of the League was immediately met by Government

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with a decree for its suppression. On Thursday the Government announced that the League, by its recent pro- ceedings, had shown itself an " illegal and criminal association,...

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The Dean of Durham, Dr. Lake, has written a rather

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striking letter to this week's Guardian, in which he describes the greatest offenders " against not only this but almost every other Publiz- Worship Act," as follows :—" If...

The Bishop of Liverpool (Dr. Ryle) delivered his first charge

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on Wednesday to the Clergy of his diocese, at the pro- Cathedral, St. Peter's, Liverpool, and dealt, of course, as he could hardly help doing, at some length with the Ritualist...

The details of the new Indian Census, taken on February

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17th, have reached London, and are even more extraordinary than the figures on which we commented some months since. The total population of India i, 252,000,000, the• total...

At the opening of the new Swansea Dock, on Tuesday,

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the Prince of Wales referred very gracefully to Mr. Goldwin Smith's charge against the Royal Family, that they have not done what was in their power to promote great and useful...

Mr. Goschen addressed his constituents at Ripon on the 17th

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inst. He was strongly for reform of procedure in the House of Commons, and for re-establishing the law in Ireland, " as a measure not tyrannical, but intended to coerce tyrants...

The march of the French from Tunis to Kairouan commenced

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on the 18th inst., but it is most difficult to understand the French position. In spite of the immense reinforcements, so many troops are in hospital, so many occupied in...

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The correspondent of the Times who accompanies Lord Lorne through

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the Far West of Canada bears emphatic testimony to the English plan of managing the Indians. He says that on American territory the savages who attack every American will not...

The discussion on Imports and Exports, in the Times, has

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been singularly instructive in showing us how little economical knowledge the ordinary thinking public has. Mr. Arthur Cohen, the Member for Southwark, is the only writer...

A discussion has arisen in the Times as to the

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character of the oppositiou to Mr. Stanhope's Church Patronage Bill, the object of which was to remove some of the greater scandals in the Church, such as the purchase of " next...

At the Manchester Diocesan Conference, a sitting was de- -voted

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to the discussion of the course taken by the Bishop (Dr. Fraser) in relation to Mr. Green, the imprisoned Ritualist. From the Bishop's statement, it appears that Mr. Green acted...

On the closing day of the Diocesan Conference at Peter-

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borough, a discussion took place on the Sunday closing of public-houses, iu which the Bishop (Dr. Magee) referred to the obloquy cast upon himself for his celebrated statement...

The hurricane of Friday week probably did more mischief on

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land than any storm that has passed over England for many years. At sea, though destructive enough, it does not appear to have been quite so destructive as the storm which...

Console were on Friday 943i to 99,

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IRISH ULTRAS AND ENGLISH RADICALS. T HE Irish Land Leaguers treat England to a good deal of criticism which is unusually frank and • explicit. We are not disposed to complain...

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T HE greatest of all difficulties for Englishmen in this Irish crisis, and also the most imperative of all obligations, is to keep quite cool ; and while insisting on obedience...

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T WO very great events have occurred in Ireland this week. In the morning of Thursday, October 20th, the Land Court was opened for business, and in the afternoon the Government...

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T HERE is much. to. excite intellectual as well as political interest in the slow- straggle of the. English Farmers towards a better tenure. Their representatives are not in-the...

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T HE Bishop of Liverpool does, at least, make an effort to take a statesmanlike view of the National Church; and for that he should receive credit, even though, when he comes to...

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T HE Report of the Committee appointed at the beginning of the year by the Lord Chancellor, to inquire into the practice and procedure of the Queen's Bench Division of the High...

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M R. DARWIN has written another of those wonderful books in which he works out the cumulative effect of an apparently very minute cause when multiplied by an immense...

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T HE Times of Wednesday, in a leader upon that wonderful record, the new " Census of India," the details of which have just come home, calls attention once more to one of the...

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O F late years there has been a growing laxity in the use of quotations. Indifferent writers in prose and verse brighten their pages with fine things from their betters, and...

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WOMEN AND CENSURE. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. " ] SIR,—Will you allow me to express the pleasure I have felt in reading your article on this subject, and my general...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—" Unconscious reading," to which you refer in your editorial note on Mr. Harper's letter, is, as you observe, the explanation of some...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The following anecdote may interest those of your readers who are accustomed to observe the characteristic actions of dogs. I can vouch...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.'l SIR,—Will you permit me to say a word in confirmation of Mr. Hardy's defence of himself, in your last week's issue, from the charge brought...


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VOICES OF THE SEA. AGAIN I linger by the Langland shore, And listen to the music of the Sea, For some familiar voice to speak to me Out of the deep, sweet, sad harmonious roar...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TEE " SPECTATOR."' Sra,—It is a matter of regret, as affecting his character for fair- ness, that Mr. Gladstone at Leeds should have spoken of the...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.''] SIR,—In the review of Mr. Marshall's " Through America," in the Spectator of October 15th, yon notice that the author remarks that Niagara...

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M. DU CHAILLU'S SCANDINAVIAN BOOK.* IT is a great pleasure to the reading world to renew their acquaintance with so old and cherished a friend as M. Paul du Chaillu. Their...

A. P. S.

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AN IRREGULAR SONNET. [" Aps," or "Apse."—An arched recess at the east end of the choir of an Anglo.Saxo a church .—aamberb's Dictionary.] Musisa upon the letters of his name...

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prefatory note, gives a list of the published works he has consulted in the preparation of this monograph, and states that he has also had access to some un- published material...

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Tax originality and talent displayed in David Armstrong made us turn hopefully to A Man of the Day ; but we confess we are disappointed in it, and think that it falls short of...

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ONE summer evening, in a meadow near Dolgelly, Mr. Groome found that some old acquaintances had pitched their tents. Gipsies they were, some thirty in number, of ages varying...

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THE EDUCATION OF LANDOWNERS.* THERE are books which it may

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be well to keep for medical pur- poses. They may be of no more use to the owner than certain drugs are to the physician, which he hopes never to need in his proper person. Such...

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from the majority of the very numerous little manuals of laboratory instruction which have been produced during the last few years. Of course, the simple experiments in...

Stoicism. By Rev. W. W. Capes. (" Ancient Philosophies fcr

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Modern Readers." Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.)—The "modern readers" addressed by this series of books are presum. ably readers who are not able or willing to study...

Essays and Phantasies. By James Thomson. (Reeves and Turner.) —Those

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who received Mr. Thomson's " City of Dreadful Night" as a singularly powerful manifestation of poetic imagination will be naturally eager to learn bow he deals with prose....

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Practical Chemistry. By W. A. Tilden, D.Sc. (Longmans.)—A small, well-written

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introduction to qualitative chemical analysis. Perhaps the part of the book in which it differs most from the scores of little handbooks of similar character, is that in which...

Inorganic Chemistry. By W. B. Kemshead. (W. Collins, Sons, and

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Co.)—This is stated to be an " enlarged, revised, and extended edition" of a book by the same author, published some time ago. As the preface is dated November, 1880, Mr....

Newfoundland to Manitoba. By W. Fraser Rae. (S. Low , and

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Co.)—Mr. Rae visited a considerable part of British North America —all the Dominion of Canada, in fact, excepting British Columbia— and communicated his observations to the...