24 JANUARY 1914

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But a programme of four ships to be laid down

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this year does not by any means exhaust the requirements of the situa- tion. As we have explained fully elsewhere, the speeches made by Ministers themselves, and by Mr....

The Dreyfus case had ita heroes as well as its

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villains and its victim, and of the heroes General Picquart, who died on Monday, was the greatest, because the most self-eacrifieing. lie was the youngest Colonel in the French...

The Daily Chronicle, which seems to have been the mouth-

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piece of Mr. Lloyd George lately, places the excess at "nearly R5,000,000," and states the causes of it as follows :— " (1) Speeding-up Of construction, which had been retarded...

President Wilson read to Congress on Tuesday his Message bh.

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Trusts and Monopolies: Premising that the object of fresh legislation is not to - al:meals- business - el' aniiabers hreakaa established course, he recommends, first of all, the...

The new Egyptian Legislative Assembly was inaugurated on Thursday by

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the Khedive with much ceremony. Led by the Premier, Said Pasha, the Ministers and Delegates filed past the throne and took the oath of fealty. The Khedive in his inaugural...


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T HE coming Naval Estimates have been the centre of political interest during the week. If we may judge from the reports and comments published in the Liberal newspapers of...

• The Editors cannot underfak to return Manuscript in any

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In the course of a speech at Henley on Monday

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night Mr, Herbert Samuel said that the present year would see Homo Rule in Dublin and religious equality in Wales, to be followed next year by the abolition of plural voting....

Last Saturday Sir Edward Carson arrived at Belfast on another

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visit to Ulster, and in the afternoon inspected a parade of the East Belfast Regiment of the Ulster Volunteer Force. East Belfast is the characteristically working-class...

On Monday at a luncheon given to the delegates to

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the Ulster Unionist Council Sir Edward Carson made a remark- ably powerful and moving speech. He said that, though further " conversations" about Home Rule were possible, all...

We note with sincere regret the decision of Mr. ,Tease

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Collings to retire from Parliament at the next Genera/. Election. In a letter addressed to the President of the Bordesley Division Liberal Unionist Association on Satur- day...

The Mater Women's Unionist Council held their third annual meeting

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in Belfast on Tuesday. The thoroughness and magnitude of their preparations for resistance are fully borne out in the Annual Report. The women's covenant was signed by two...

Last Saturday Mr. Walter Long put forward some pro- posal.

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in answer to Mr. Lloyd George's policy as to urban tenancies. The Government plan was to establish a horde of officials, subject to Government control, who would try to settle...

A. meeting convened by the Committee for the Reduction of

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Expenditure on Armaments was held at the Cannon Street Hotel yesterday week. Mr. F. W. Hirst, who presided, com- pared Mr. Churchill to Dryden's Zimri, "a man so various that he...

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He also dreamed of arterial roads, 120 feet wide, with

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tracks for slow and swift traffic, the abolition of tramways, a belt of green round London, a great monument to Shakespeare on Primrose Hill, and the protection of Old London....

Bank Rate, 4 per cent., changed from 4 per cent.

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Jan. 22nd. Consols (2-1) were on Friday 74—Friday week 72.

We much regret to record the death of Lord Strathcona,

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which occurred on Wednesday, in his ninety-fourth year—at least Lord Strathcona believed that that was his age, though some of his friends maintained that lie was two years...

Speaking at the dinner of the London Sooiety on Tuesday,

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Sir Aston Webb, RA., drew an attractive, if fantastic, dream. picture of London in 2014. From the city of his dream smoke and dirt were banished, there was salmon and trout...

• The end of the Dublin strike is now in

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eight. On Monday about seven hundred dockers and other labourers resumed work for three of the principal shipping companies and for the Dublin Port and Locke Board, having given...

We greatly regret to have to record the loss on

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Friday week of the Submarine 'A7,' with her crew of eleven officers and men, in Whitaand Ray, off Plymouth. Thu ' A7 ' was engaged in torpedo exercises, and the officers of the...

In connexion with the advertising of the Army, Colonel Leveson-Gower

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sends a pertinent letter to Monday's Times. Being in a position to provide permanent employment for several ex-soldiers, he receives weekly visits from Reservists, "many of them...

The action taken by the Commissioners of Works under the

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Ancient Monuments Consolidation and Amendment Act, by which the house at No. 75 Dean Street, Soho, is placed under their protection for a period of eighteen months, must give...

The proceedings in the Canteen ease opened at Bow Street

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last Saturday before Sir John Dickinson, the Chief Metro- politan Magistrate. The defendants, eight of whom are Quartermasters holding honorary commissions or Sergeant. Majors,...

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THE CABINET AND THE NAVAL ESTIMATES. WHOSE who see in the discussion—or rather dispute, 1 as we may safely call it—about the Naval Estimates an irremediable division that will...

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I N the midst of the excitement created by Mr. Lloyd George's unexpected pronouncement upon the Navy, the public has failed to notice the importance of a letter written by the...

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T HE Convention drawn up by the International Con- ference on Safety of Life at Sea and signed on Tuesday is a document which deserves something more than a passing salutation....

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H UMANITY has prayed for plenty since the beginning of recorded time. Yet everywhere we find schemes for the limitation of supply, and therefore for the nega- tMn of plenty,...

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A N Anglican Bishop (was it not Creighton ?) said that it was his sad fate to be obliged to contemplate the silly side of every good movement. All movements which create...

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W E were kalying [ceilidh, a visit] at Mary Ann James

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Peter's house. She is a McCaughey, but then every- body in that part of the mountain is a McCaughey too, except a few who are Corrigans; and James Peter McCaughey being her...

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F ROM time to time a stray paragraph finds its way into some local paper announcing the discovery or capture of a bird with a stamped metal ring on its leg. The finder writes to...

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THE SUTHERLAND CLEARANCES. ITo 11111 Esues 0, .SPECTIVE0111.1 Sin, — So little seems to be known either about the motives or about the phenomena of the Sutherland clearances...

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LTo Tut Emma ar TIM ° spec - m . 0ml Sin—Sorely the alleged clearances

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one hundred years ago arc; a purely Scottish Question, and do not, whatever the real facts may be, in the least justify the wanton attacks made by Mr. Lloyd George on English...

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(To rim &MOB OF WS “SPECLAT012.1 Sin—Pray induce your correspondent " R. S. V. P." (Spectator, January 17th) to amplify his interesting contribution to the history of "the...

PORTUGUESE POLITICAL PRISONERS. (To TR. Horror or rem ' , Error...or...1

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Sii,—You express astonishment at the eccentricity of the Daily Netos in publishing Mrs. Bonner's articles under the acrimonious title of "Portugal and the Pharisees." Your...


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[To ass EDITOB OF TOR ••Brt.crktor."1 Sir.,—Sir John Stirling Maxwell reminds us in his letter to you of January 17th that Mr. Munro-Ferguson has during the last thirty years...


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Too ..srecriros."1 Sia,—In your article of January 17th on "The German Military Despotism" I was particularly struck by your remark that "the conduct of the rulers of Germany,...

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[To tax genes or TEZ . 5.nc - nrcon"J 8111,—ICO one with any feelings of humanity could have read the letters in your issues of the last two weeks on the subject of "Old English...

E TO 7IIr Lenox or res sesermo."1

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Sin,—A correspondent writing on this subject in the Spectator of January 17th wonders where the horses that go to supply this terrible traffic come from, and another asks how...

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NUMBERS IN HISTORY.* ACCURACY of statement, more especially where numbers are concerned, is a talent which is only developed in highly civilized communities, and which, even in...


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[To me Ems. or sits "Srserovon."1

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Sru,—Many of your readers will have felt indebted to you for the suggestive article in your last week's issue under the heading "The Casual Reader." Although it may seem to be...


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[To ma EDITOR or me .. SPECTATOO..3 SIR,—Of the five expressions with which, in Parthian fashion, H. C." challenges the reader of his delightful article (Spectator, January...

(To rits Eorroa or rue "Srscrovoa."J hare read the letters

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on this subject appearing in your issue of January 17th with considerable interest and pain, and I think we all owe it to ourselves and to the good name of the country that...

MO TIM EDITOR OP TIZ "Srecrovon."1

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SIR, —In the article in the Spectator of January 17th entitled " The Casual Reader" it is stated that Thomas Carlyle's famous dictum regarding his fellow-countrymen was antici-...

ICONCE.—When "Correspondence" or Articles are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily to held to be in agreement with the rises therein expressed or with the mode of...

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Ma. Manner, in spite of an undistinguished style, deserves credit for being an industrious collector of material. It is characteristic' of his method that be provides his books...

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Ir would be bard to find a more picturesque appellation than that of the ancient Highland house which is the subject of this story. To have your patronymic linked, not with this...

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GOOD ideas do not grow old, for they are always being reborn ; all the oldest and noblest arts have been discovered afresh by each successive master. The teacher's art, at...

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SHORTLY after the South African War an amusing little skit appeared upon the customs, regulations, and traditions of the British Army, entitled " Tactics and Military Training,...


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OF all the beautiful women in the seventeenth century who shone at Courts, who plotted against Ministers and Govern- ments, who raised wars and rebellions for their own...

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THE EURASIAN.' THE literature of Indian unrest is no longer confined to contra. versial, didactic, or propagandist works. Novelists, more or less well equipped, are beginning...


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THE editor of the Edinburgh draws a crashing though dis- passionate indictment of the Government's new land campaign, of which he finds the origin in the complete failure of the...

A BOOK OF FISHING STORIES.* THESE true tales of fishing

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experiences, written by famous anglers and superbly illustrated, will form welcome reading during the winter season to those whose year begins with the opening of the waters....

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[Tinder We heading sae native ems% Books of the auk as haws not ton swerved for review in other forms.] Elizabethan Rogues and Vagabonds. By Frank Aydelotte. (Clarendon Press....

Circulation by T. and A. Constable.)—Dawid Laing, who is probably

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known to the general reader of to-day chiefly through Carlyle's commendation of him as the ideal editor of John Knox's works, was a very remarkable figure in the literary...

READABLE NovEra.—The Happy-Go-lucky di - organs. By Edward Thomas. (Duckworth and Co.

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6s.)—The Morgans are a most delightful Welsh family, who live at Baiham, and, thanks to Mr. Thomas's little sketches, and in spite of his tendency to repetition, we love them...

Tales from Ariosto. By J. Shield Nicholson. (Macmillan and Co.

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6a.)—It is open to question whether it be ever worth While to "adept," or translate with any freedom, the work of nations or centuries other than our own; and we are inclined to...

Loot. By Horace Annesley Vachell. (John Murray. 63.) —Mr. Vachell,

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in the preface to his new book, assumes an apologetic attitude for giving to the world a collection of short stories instead of a more solid contribution to literature ; and...

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American Ideals, Character, and Life. By Hamilton Wright Mabie. (Macmillan

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and Co. Os. 63. net.)—We should like to know what Dr. Johnson would have said if he could have been told that within a hundred and thirty years of his death Japan and the United...

NEW Enmoms.--The Bayeux Tapestry. By Frank Reds Fowke. (George Bell

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and Sons. 55)—This book was well worth reprinting in " Bohn's Antiquarian Library." Mr. Fowke first gives an interesting historical sketch of the vicissitudes through which the...

The Layman's Old Testament By H. G. Glazebrook, Canon of

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Ely. (Oxford University Press. 4s. 6d.)—Canon Glaze- brook has done the intelligent layman a great service by this volume. To some extent it covers the same ground as Mr....

A Guide to the Mental Deficiency Act, 1913. By John

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Wormald and Samuel Wormald. (P. S. King and Son. 5s. net.)-- The Law Relating to the Mentally Defective. By Herbert Davey. (Stevens and Sons. Ss. 6d.)—Two useful vottunes on the...