25 AUGUST 1906

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A remarkable letter on Pan-Islamism and disaffection in Egypt from

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a Cairo correspondent has appeared in the Temps. The writer, while asserting that some of the disaffection may be due to the arbitrary methods of certain members of the Egyptian...

The amazing story of the murder of Redvan Pasha, the

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Prefect of Constantinople, recalling in its primitive ferocity one of the blood-feuds of mediaeval Italy, is now told in full by the Constantinople correspondent of the Times in...

The attitude of the laity towards the Encyclical has been

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curiously illustrated by the conduct of the Conseils Gael-aux, those provincial Councils which in France represent naked public opinion. M. Conabes was elected President in his...


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O N the night of the 16th inst. Valparaiso, the second city in Chile, and the most important commercial centre on the West Coast of South America, was wrecked by a terrible...

The attitude of the French Episcopate to the Papal Encyclical

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seems to be one of unhesitating obedience in the expectation that the French Government will sooner or later surrender to the demands of the Vatican. That is to say, they will...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any case.

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The material prosperity of Switzerland is strikingly fling- trated by

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the statistics just published. During the last fifty- five years the wealth of the country, not including State property, has risen from £400,000,000 to £680,000,000. The...

. The situation in Crete has become very peculiar. It

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was rumoured that Prince George, whose administration has not been a success, was to be allowed to retire, and that the appointment of his successor was to rest in the hands of...

The Times of Wednesday prints a long and interesting letter

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from a Washington correspondent on the return of Mr. Bryan to the States, and his chances of election to the Presidency in 1908. The writer points out as a curious sign of the...

In both directions the omens are favourable to him. "A

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single bad harvest would make the Democratic demand for tariff revision almost irresistible," and though Mr. Roose- velt has stolen the Democratic thunder by his campaign...

Cuba at this moment is in the thick of a

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curious rebellion, of which General Jose Miguel Gomez is said to have been the inspirer. Over a thousand insurgents have taken up arms, and have captured the town of San Luis in...

All Shamil's support of the assassins, and Abdurrezzak's confession, failed

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to move the Sultan. It was not until his Ministers convinced him of the dangers to his authority of condoning the crime that he resolved to take action, ordered the surrender of...

The scandals which have been brought to light in the

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conduct of the German Colonial Department—they bear a curious likenesS to the state of affairs revealed by our War Stores Report—have raised the question of the connexion...

M. Roume, the Governor-General of French West Africa, delivered a

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speech at Timbuktu last month which is repro- duced in the N*che Coloniale and summarised in Thursday's Times. Timbuktu was the most active centre of the slave trade a few years...

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On Tuesday evening there was published in four bulky Blue-books

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the evidence on which the Report of the War Stores Commission was compiled. Looking through it, we are more than ever impressed by the width and thoroughness of the Commission's...

Important news bearing on the Rand labour question appeared in

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Wednesday's papers. It will be remembered that Mr. Winston Churchill recently stated that an experiment was going to be tried by the Robinson group of mines with a view to...

Last Saturday's Times contained a long letter from Mr. Hynd-

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man, in which he expatiated on his favourite topic that our adininistration of India Was a "dead failure." Between 1879 and to-day, he says, there have been more and worse...

The Board of Education have issued the Report of the

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Consultative Committee upon Higher Elementary Schools. The main question on which this large and representative Committee were asked to report was the nature and amount of the...

The Court-Martial held at Portsmouth on the Captain and Navigating

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Lieutenant of the 'Montagu' was concluded on Monday afternoon. The Court found both officers guilty of the charge that "they did negligently or by default hazard, strand, and...

Bank Rate, 31 per cent., changed from 4 per cent.

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June 21st. Consols (24) were on Friday 874—on Friday week 88.

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FRANCE AND THE PAPACY. T HE struggle between France and the Papacy can, we think, have but one end.; but it may be sharper than is at present anticipated. A few Bishops, and a...


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I N a speech on Monday. at Charlestown the Natal Minister of Justice made a declaration of the greatest significance. He hoped, he said, that the amalga- mation of Natal and the...

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T T is possible to approve the finding of the Court- - Martial which has been inquiring into the loss of tile ' Montagu ' without withholding sympathy from the two officers...

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T HE Times of Thursday week contained a very interesting article, "From a Correspondent," on the unemployed. The writer's description of the question as "an economic problem of...

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AUSTRALIAN NAVAL DEFENCE. T HE Report which the Imperial Defence Committee

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have made on the naval defence of Australia has not been officially published in this country, but it has been presented to the Federal House of Representatives, and cabled...

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S ILENT opinions play a great part in the anatomy of character. If we want to know what a man is we must consider not so much what he says—however sincere he may be—as what...

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W RILE the explorers are busy around tombs and rubbish- heaps, happy if they can, like Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt at Oxyrhynchus, recover stray and fragmentary leaves of ancient...

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T RUTHFULNESS compels us to confess that in the ordinary village, art—writ large—differs from mercy in that not only its quality but its quantity likewise are so finely...

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MR. ARNOLD-FORSTER AND THE YEOMANRY. [TO Tun EDITOR or Via 'SPECTATOR:3 SIR,—I have to thank you for giving publicity to my letter on Army reform. In publishing it in your...

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[To TER EDITOR OT THE "SPECTATOR.") Si, — In the letter under the above title which I addressed to you on July 28th I had two objects. The immediate one was to say that...

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L'ro THE EDITOR Or TILE SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—A series of articles has appeared in your journal designed to show that some of our present methods of dealing with poverty result in...


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A. Herbert Gray has pointed out in your issue of August 4th, both room and necessity for a positive and constructive treatment of the problems so ably dealt with in the series...

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for the mere sake and pleasure of flying There is

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one quite notable exception, and perhaps one only the skylark." For some years I have been interested in watching rooks, and have noticed that on windy days they appear to play...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF TEE "5PECTATOR:] Si,—In your review in the Spectator of the 18th inst. of one of our little "County Readers "—the Kent Reader—your reviewer calls in...


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[To THE EDITOR Or TRW SPROTATOR."] SIR,—" A Believer in Short Service" in your last number talks of the "old system inaugurated by Lord Cardwell, of seven years with the...


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Sum,—In my last letter I merely stated the results of our inspections in signalling and gymnastics ; now, with your permission, I propose to give fuller particulars, and to...

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MUSICAL CULTURE AT PUBLIC SCHOOLS. A FEW weeks ago we dealt with the estimate—in the main hostile—of the influence of "University musicians" given by, Mr. Baughan in a...


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A WALK WITH TENNYSON, 1855. (" The Federation of the World.") AM! and what is it, to tread on air, When the winds are silent, the night is fair, And the soulless moon wakes...

REPOR.T ON SIGNALLING.—" I SSW the men of the Spectator

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Experimental Company reading and sending Morse code (on small flag only) and Semaphore. It was impossible to examine them on any standard of examination, as the men had only...

THE "SPECTATOR" EXPERIMENTAL COMPANY. WE have received the following further

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subscriptions towards meeting additional and unforeseen expenses connected with the Spectator Experimental Company :— 22 2 0

REPORT ON GYMNASTICS.—" The exercises set were the usual passing-out

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exercises for recruits at the termination of their course of gymnastics, and were most creditably performed by the Company. The average number of marks obtained was extremely...

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THE LATE W. T. ARNOLD.* THE singularly interesting literary monument which in the introduction to this volume has been raised to the memory of the late William Arnold by the...

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IDOLA THEATRI.* WHEN Alan Breck discussed the character of the

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Master of Lovat he was constrained to admit that, whatever his short- comings, he was a "very respectable person on the field of war." Some such praise we think that Mr. Sturt...

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THE chief difference between Mr. Thomson's translation of Machiavelli's Florentine History and the six which have preceded it lies, as his prefatory note points out, in arrange-...

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by the Ritual Commission to give evidence before them, and was examined and cross- examined for five days. It was a great, and, to the best of our belief, a well-deserved,...

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MU. HOWARD PEASE has committed himself in his new venture to the perilous ordeal of continuation ; but the quality of the sequel to Magnus Sinclair proves that he was justified...

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The Writings of S. Francis of Assisi. Newly Translated into

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English, with Introduction and Notes, by Father Pascal Robinson. (Dolphin Press, Philadelphia, U.S.A. 4s. net.)—Father Robinson accepts the conclusions of the editors of 1904,...

Dearloue. By Frances Campbell. (Hodder and Stoughton. 6s.)—Mrs. Campbell's writing

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possesses a charm of its own, which is very well brought out in the story of " Dearlove's Summer of Makebelieve." The captions reader will, however, not quite see why Dearlove's...


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TWO BOOKS ON CHINA. John Chinaman at Home. By the Rev. E. J. Hardy. (T. Fisher Unwin. 10s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Hardy tells us that he went to China with the ambition to gain the...

Lady Marion and the Plutocrat. By Lady Helen Forbes. (John

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Long. 6s.)—Lady Helen Forbes has yielded to the temptation which so often besets modern novelists,—to endow their heroes with fortunes so colossal as to make them remarkable...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in -other forms.] Bulletin of the Bureau of Labour, May, 1906. (Government Printing...

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Historical Portraits Exhibited at Oxford, 1906. (The Clarendon Press. 7s.

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6d. net.) — Many people will doubtless possess themselves of this volume. It will be a reminder to those who were fortunate enough to see the Exhibition itself (open during...

Efighways and Byways of Dorset. By Sir Frederick Treves, Bart.

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With Illustrations by Joseph Pennell. (Macmillan and Co. 6s.)—The pen of Sir Frederick Treves and the pencil of Mr. Joseph Pennell make a very powerful combination for dealing...

ifelandra Castle. Edited by R. S. Conway, Litt.D. (University Press,

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Manchester. 5s. net.)—Melandra Castle—the name is a pedantic invention of the eighteenth century—is a Roman fort, about two miles from the Derbyshire town of Glossop. In...

The Bible and its Critics. By the Rev. James Crompton.

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(A. H. Stockwell. Is. 6d. net.)—Mr. Crompton must learn much before he is competent to deal with the very serious subject of Biblical criticism. Let him begin by mastering the...

Notes on the Shakespeare First Polio. By Sidney Lee. (H.

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Frowde. 2s. net.)—In this pamphlet Mr. Sidney Lee supplements the census which he published some three years ago of copies of the First Folio. At the same time he corrects his...

To the large and increasing library of books which are

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intended to help the amateur horticulturist we have to add Roses and .171eir to Grow them (W. Heinemann, 2s. 6d. net), and Ferns and How to Grow them, by G. A. Woolson (same...

In Thamesl and. By Henry Wellington Wack. (G. P. Putnam's

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Sons. 12s. 6d. net.)—" To one who has lived upon the great Mississippi," or "has cruised upon the great St. Lawrence," the Thames seems "an aqueous dwarf." So thought Mr....

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The Climate of Lisbon, Mont' Estoril, and Cintra. • By

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Dr. D. G. Dalgarno. (H. K. Lewis. 2s. 6d.)—Dr. Dalgarno defends the climate of Lisbon against attacks which have been made upon it, and if it is indeed true that "east winds...

ScsooL - BooKe. — A Heuristic Arithmetic. By Clifford Gran- ville, B.A., and C.

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E. Rice, M.A. (Horace Marshall and Son. 2s. 6d.)—" While a teacher," • say the authors of this book, "may be left free to choose and develop his own methods, he needs to...

Paton's List of Schools. . (J. and J. Paton. Is.

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6d.)—This list does not profess to be exhaustive. It is a list of the schools which advertise in it. Parents may very probably find in it "an aid in the selection of schools,"...