25 JUNE 1932

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News of the Week 91HE direct implications of Mr. Hoover's

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new dis- armament proposals arc discussed on a later page. Here it may be observed that public opinion in America is clearly behind them, and that the President's action has no...

Breaking Down Barriers

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In 1927 the World Economic Conference laid it down that "the time has come to put an end to the increase in tariffs and to move in the opposite direction." Now, after five...

A Low-Tariff Group Belgium and Holland evidently hoped that the

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three Scandinavian States, which signed the Oslo Convention of 1981 (designed rather vaguely to prevent sudden tariff changes as between the signatories), would join at once in...

EDITORIAL AND PUBLISHING OFFICES: 99 Gower Street, London, W.C.I.—A Subscription

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to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this issue : Inland...

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Controlling the Labour Party

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An issue of capital importance was raised - on Tuesday by Mr. W. H. Hutchinson, President of the Amalgamated Engineering 'Union, when he declared there was only one answer to...

Whether it Will do that • or not depends . very

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largely on what happens next Month at Ottawa. Last week's debate in the House of Commons revealed Mr. Amery in full cry for tariffs on wheat and meat (the wheat' quota has...

More Manchurian Trouble

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The seizure of the Dairen Customs revenue by the nest Manchukuo State raises grave issues as between China and Japan, and the Vigorous protest made by Mr. T. V. , Soong, the...

Wireless in the Indian Village

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The working of the project for establishing village listening-in stations in the Bombay Presidency will be watched with particular interest. Lord Dufferin, writing in the...

Dangers in Germany

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When a reputable Berlin paper, even if it is a Socialist paper hostile to the Government, talks openly of civil war in Germany, it is clear that a grave situation exists, and...

Mr. Baldwin on Monday, in reply to a question, repeated

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the Prime Minister's assertion that it is " the imperative duty" of private citizens and employers to maintain the ordinary employment which they give tolabour and that "wise...

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Faith and Politics The Eucharistic Congress, producing in Dublin an

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unprecedented demonstration of fervour for a faith whose essential tenet is brotherhood, has been marked, in the capital of a country which is still a British Dominion, by a...

Nationalism in Malta Lord Strickland's Constitutional Party has been heavily

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defeated at the Malta elections and Sir trgo Mifsud and his Nationalist colleagues arc in office once more. The suspended constitution having been restored, it was clearly for...

Town and Country Planning

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Now that the Town and Country Planning Bill has reached the House of Lords, after a somewhat stormy passage through the Commons, it should become law this Session. The need for...

The Republicans' Platform The" platform" adopted by the Republican Party

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Con- gress at Chicago, at which Mr. Hoover was renominated, vi rtually without opposition, is of interest to Americans chiefly for the ingenuity with which the Prohibition plank...

Exeter and Chicago

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Two American gunmen came up for trial on Monday,. One of them, Elton, appeared at the Exeter Assizes, He had stolen a car and assaulted a policeman, and was suspected of...

Other Countries' Papers The international discussions now in progress give

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expressions of national opinion on international questions more than ordinary importance. The most representa- tive vehicle of public opinion is the Press, and Press opinion in...

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Lausanne and Geneva

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THE American disarmament proposals laid before the world at Geneva on Wednesday swing the whole Disarmament Conference into a new channel. In their boldness they recall the...

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An Irish Interlude

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} OR the week of the Eucharistic Congress Ireland is permitting herself a brief respite from the rigours of politics. It would be well if it were spent on both sides of St....

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The Week at Westminster

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THE two main debates of the week on Thursday and Friday allowed the House of Commons to express firmly its hopes for the Ottawa Conference and its views upon Mr. de Valera. Mr....

A Prospect

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UNSURE as dawn after a night of rain, Cold, overcast, with yet a hint of breaking In the cloudy masses ; Pregnant with hope ; a patch of light on water, Turning it green ; a...

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Advertising Ideas

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By GERVAS HUXLEY. 1 3110PAGANDA, in one form or another, is a business - 11 . : as old as man himself. It is the art of influencing public opinion. Like other arts, it was...

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The German Press By Woix vox DEWALL.

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THE daily papers of Germany, like those of any country, represent between them every, shade of political view. Taken as a whole, the German Press has frequently shown...

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A Tongue Not "Undetstanded of the People"

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BY PROFESSOR GILBERT MURRAY. (The Oedipus Tyrannus of Sophocles was played by the Oxford University Dramatic Society last week in the original Creek. Professor Murray is the...

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DIRECT subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

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notify the SPECTATOR RffiCe BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

The Eyes of Sibiu

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BY E. M. FORSTER. i T never occurred to me that when the Pied Piper of Hamelin led his little charges through the mountain they would emerge in Roumania. Nor did it occur to...

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Diet and Dental Disease

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BY DR. J. MENZIES CAMPBELL. D ENTAL disease is the most prevalent of modern complaints ; it is more widespread to-day than ever before in the world's history. The two most im-...

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RY MOTH. CIF the small economies of the Enormously Rich I have always meant to write. When we go yapping down the ages on the heels of a vice, or a virtue, or a taste, or a...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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THE "SPECTATOR," JUNE 23Rn, 1832. THE DUKE OF WELIANOTON.—Tho Duke of Wellington havisig occasion to pay an early visit to the Mint on Monday (the anni- versary of Waterloo),...


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Mr. Stowitts' Pictures of India Tx it brief foreword to the catalogue of the Stowitts exhibi- tion at the Imperial Institute Sir William Itothenstein refers to the curious...

Two Poems

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The Debt LovmR, make alp love's necount, Pay what's due. Of all his lending reckoiming take Owed by you. Nothing is owing. Sleep he took. Sight he gave. But such anxious...

Alas, You Nothing Know

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Ar.A.s, you nothing know Who so much speak of love, Who all impatience now Thrust through her sacred grove, Whom bud and hanging bough To envy only move, Alas, you nothing know...

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orchard-makers in Herefordshire, has succeeded in grafting trees successfully in

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every single month of the year, though we are generally told that it can only be done in the spring, as budding can only be done in the summer. An experience of the last week or...


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From a number of districts evidence has reached me of the multiplication of that once rare bird, the lesser-spotted woodpecker ; and as it happens, two friends have this week...

sadly few acres where grain is now grown) will be

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conspicuous for some experiments in the mechanical farm that are new in scope and method, and promise further extensions when the technique is fully acquired. The most...

A query about some young wild duck on a London

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reservoir has been answered, though not perhaps convincingly, by several correspondents. They say that young mallards, like moorhen, will dive and remain submerged with only the...

The experience is this : There is a twelve-roomed house

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on the road two hundred yards from the electric cable and a country house to which light is supplied. The two hundred yards is fringed with cottages and one country house, and a...

Country Life

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A BENEFIT WITHHELD. Some very attractive displays of the value of electricity to the farm have been made this year at Western agricultural shows, especially by the Shropshire,...

This new English-made combined-harvester—the Clayton— which is to be used

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on this farm is a comparatively simple and compact affair. Two men can manage it, though it will cut up to 14 feet at a swathe and simultaneously perform the operations of...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Si,—Mr. De Valera has always had a hostile Press in England, where his failure to fit into any well-defined Irish category has caused...

Letters to the Editor

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[In lien) of the length of many of the letters which we receive, we would remind correspondents that we often cannot give space for long letters and that short ones are...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The decision of the Government to suspend the Irish preferences is better than mobilizing the Territorials and sending the fleet to...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The increase in crime during the last few years, par- ticularly among young adults, must focus attention on the question whether...

ROAD versus RAIL • [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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Sin,—In a footnote to' my letter Colonel Young says : "An estimate of the average cost of stopping a passenger train is, of course, quite useless for the purpose in view." But...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—I notice a -courteous enquiry in your last issue as to my authority for speaking of the King as Head of the Church of England. It was by...


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[To the Editor of the SpieTA7on.] SIR,—Is not Captain Ian Fraser rather hard on the low comedian in his article last week on " Ten Years of Broad- casting " ? He complains that...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—May I claim the hospitality of your columns to draw attention to the coining again of Hospital Sunday, which falls this year on June...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,- May I ask for a little space to support Lady Astor's appeal on behalf of the Nursery School, which appeared in your issue of June 18th?...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Snt,—It is probable that widespread attention will be given to the quadrennial Sokol festival, to be held at Prague early next month. The...


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Once more I appeal to your subscribers to support our "Women's Holiday Fund," which does so much to help the tired working woman in London to get away from her sordid...

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"Spectator" Competitions

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RULES AND CONDITIONS Entries must be typed or very clearly written on one side of the paper only. The name and address, or pseudonym, of the competitor must be on each entry...

It has been decided temporarily to suspend these Competitions. The

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result of Competition No. 62 will be announced in our issue of July 2nd ; that of Competition No. 63, as mentioned above, on July 911;.

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Types of Holiness

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1515-1595. By Louis Ponnelle and Louis Bordet. Translated by R. F. Kerr. (Sheed and Ward. 16s.) THE richness of the Christian life will never be fully realised by those who...

The New World

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The Great Days of Discovery. Edited by A. P. Newton. (University of London Press. 15s.) WHEN fifteenth-century Portuguese and Spanish sailors ven- tured forth upon the ocean in...

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A Parnassian

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The Poems of T. Sturge Moore. Collected Edition. 2 vols. (Macmillan. 12s. 6d. each vol.) Posers to-day seem to have a choice of ways thrust upon them. Contemporary life in its...

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Fanny and Sarah

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WHAT would one not give to have seen young Fanny Kemble, who could move so beautifully, and had such wonderful eyes and eyebrows, rushing across the stage as Juliet to throw...

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Christianity and Democracy

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Supernatural Religion: in its Relation to Democracy. By S. C. Carpenter. (Nicholson and Watson. 15s.) Tins is the second book that the Master, of the Temple has devoted to the...

:Ile Portrait of Don Quixote

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ONE may, within strict limits, make the comparison between El Greco and Cervantes, but it • is fatal to take a roving commission. The danger of comparing literature and...

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A History of '93'

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The United States in World Affairs,. 1931. By Walter Lippmann. in collaboration with William 0. Scroggs. (Harpers. 12s. (Itl.) MR. WALTER LIPPMANN has been entrusted by the....

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By L. A. G. STRONG TUE author of The Pony-Second Parallel has more than earned his right to use any form he chooses, and we must accept the manner of his new book as an integral...

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Portugal for the Traveller IT'S a very ill wind which blows good to no one ; and the high cost of living in so many favourite haunts abroad is helping us to discover others....

I he Modern Home

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The Goren Committee's Report MIU unsatisfactory relations between art and industry in this 'country have been analysed and examined on this page more than once in the past few...

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Finance—Public & Private

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Financial Reconstruction THE more closely and constantly the world financial situation is considered, the clearer does it become that the foundations of the pre-War financial...

Summer Travel Notes

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THE foresight shown by shipping companies in planning short cruises this summer has been well rewarded. Not only have the novel 8-6 days' sea tours proved popular in them-...

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A more liquid position than that displayed in the " Shell " Transport and Trading Company it would be difficult to find, for at the recent annual meeting Lord Bearsted stated...

Financial Notes

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kr the beginning of the week the stock markets opened firm on hopeful views with regard to the developments at Lausanne. British Funds and kindred securities were especially...


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When allowance is made for present conditions of trade, the accounts presented to shareholders of Scribbans and Company at last week's meeting were satisfactory. At the meeting...


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If we remember the abnormal conditions of the past year, the falling off in profits of the General Electric Company from 81,122,000 to 11,058,000 seems comparatively mall. The...