27 DECEMBER 1913

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Mr. Roosevelt's tour in South America was marked by an

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interesting incident during his visit to Chile. Accord- ing to "unofficial advices" received at Washington, the ex-President engaged in a public debate upon the Monroe Doctrine...

• A curious and instructive example of the more arrogant

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pretensions among German Army officers is to be seen in a letter from Herr von Jagow, the Police President, which was published in the Kreuz Zeitung on Monday. Herr von Jagow...

We note with interest the presentation on Monday to President

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Wilson of a congratulatory address from the munici- pality of Carlisle, where the President's maternal grandfather, the Rev. Thomas Woodrow, held a living for many years and...

A Reuter telegram in the papers of Tuesday summarized an

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article by Prince Billow which has appeared in a work entitled "Germany under William II." Prince Billow says that it would have been a mistake for Germany to join a Continental...


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TN the region of foreign affairs there is no event of special importance to record, unless it be Mr. Wilson's new triumph in the passage of the Currency Bill. That measure,...

M. Briand opened at St. Etienne on Sunday his campaign

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against the opponents of his policy of conciliation. The Times correspondent says that, in the opinion of many observers, politics are tending to unite the different groups into...

A strange improvised Christmas holiday has been arranged in Mexico,

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where General Huerta has decreed that the rest of the year shall be a Bank holiday. The meaning of this is that General Huerta wants to prevent a run on the banks. During this...

. 4 ,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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A "Solemn Service of Intercession for the Preservation of Peace

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in Ireland," issued by the S.P.C.K., has been sanctioned by the Bishop of London for use in his diocese, and in other dioceses with the approval of the Ordinary. The essential...

The Times of Monday made the following important announcement: "We

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understand that the Government have been advised that the recent Proclamations against the impor- tation of arms into Ireland were ultra vires, and cannot be sustained." On...

Surely this is action which can be taken by the

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most con- vinced Home Ruler—even by those who are most strongly opposed to the action of the Ulstermen and regard their attitude as most injurious. No doubt the easy thing is...

The death of Menelek, the Emperor of Abyssinia, has been

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announced officially. Since he had a paralytic stroke in 1908 there have been frequent reports of his death. He was born about 1842, and won the throne by conquest after the...

The decision of the Government to abstain from national official

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participation in the Pa,namaExhibition at San Francisco, announced by Sir Edward Grey on August 5th last, has been confirmed by the Prime Minister. In a letter to the bon....

We of course feel the greatest sympathy with both these

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appeals for prayer in order that we may be saved from the supreme evil that can overtake any community. We trust, however, that those who call for prayers and those who pray...

If the Government action under the Proclamations was good in

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law, we do not see why they could not use them to prevent a barge-load of rifles being ferried from one side of the Thames Estuary to the other or sent along the Grand Junction...

An inter-denominational appeal has also been issued by the Bishop

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of Durham ; the Rev. Dr. Molar° Gibson, ex-Moderator of the Presbyterian Church of England Assembly ; the Rev. F. B. Meyer, ex-Chairman of the Baptist Union and ex-Secretary of...

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The landlord, however, was no more essential to agriculture than

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a chain was to a watch, and the Government's plan was to place the parasitic interest last. Where farms fell vacant, and there was no one with an obvious right in equity to the...

On Monday night Mr. Lloyd George spoke to his con-

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stituents at Pwllheli on the Government's land policy. The life-blood of the rural districts was being poured into the veins of new lands across the seas. While labourers...

The articles now appearing in the Times on "The Indian

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Peril" form a remarkable sequel and supplement to those of Sir Valentine Chirol. That in last Saturday's issue, which deals with the causes and consequences of unrest, points...

Bank Rate,5per cent., changed from 41 per cent. Oct. 2nd.

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Consols (2k) were on Wednesday 72—Friday week 711.

The root of the evil is the intervention between the

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Govern- ment and the masses of a small but steadily growing disaffected minority, who, instead of interpreting the demands of the people, devote their energies to outrageous...

In a letter to the Town Tenants' League, Mr. Asquith

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has added an important point to his recent speech on urban leases. He says that the Government intend, subject to all necessary reservations for the protection of the reasonable...

It was announced yesterday week that a site had been

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acquired in Bloomsbury for the Shakespeare Memorial National Theatre. The most serious objection to the Bloomsbury site is that it lies quite outside theatre-land, and that no...

Mr. Sidney Webb has done good service in exposing a

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grave anomaly in the working of the Insurance Act in the last issue of the New Statesman. The correspondence which has passed between Sir Robert Morant and himself clearly...

A disastrous fire broke out in Portsmouth Dockyard last Saturday

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night, resulting in the destruotion of buildings and stores estimated at some £200,000 and the loss of two lives. The origin of the fire is at present unknown, but it appears...

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MR. AUSTEN CHAMBERLAIN AND THE "SPECTATOR." W E publish in another column a short letter from Mr. Austen Chamberlain in which he tells us that we have misconceived the meaning...

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THE UNREST OF THE WORLD. T HE year comes to an

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end in a cloud of unsettled inter- national questions, any one of which in other times might have been the cause of war, or at least of a serious war scare. There is little talk...

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T HE action of Sir Edward Henry in warning the Metropolitan Police that it is contrary to regulations for members of the Police Force to join any Trade Union will help to...

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I T is very difficult for a layman to write of the Kikuyu controversy in that spirit of gentleness and patience which is in truth the only spirit in which theological...

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"W HY THEN, GOD'S SOLDIER BE HE!" T HE difficulty of reconciling

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the pacific tenor of Christianity with the conception of a soldier's life as fit for a Christian man is a familiar and, superficially, an acute one. It might be argued that...

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D OES a man deserve our special courtesy because he differs from us ? If he happens to belong to a very small minority, he will probably demand it, or tell us straight out that...

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S PELLS of warm weather in December are more often than not followed by bitter wind and frost, and no one, looking round in the middle of the month, and seeing so many evidences...

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[To THAI EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — In 1910 the Bush Book Club of New South Wales was started at Sydney. Its object was to provide books for the bookless in such parts...


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[TO Tag EDITOR OP THR "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — The Kikuyu affair, of which you write admirably in your last issue, bids fair to bring certain matters in the Church of England to a...


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MR. AUSTEN CHAMBERLAIN AND TARIFF REFORM. [To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—You strangely misconceive the meaning of the speeches delivered at Manchester by both Lord...


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r To THE EDITOR OP TIM "SPECTATOR.") SIR, — It is worth observing that the word " consent " is being offered to the Unionists for their ruin. Their present position is that...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In view of Lord Haldane's powerful speech at the Mansion House in favour of commercial education, it would be interesting to know his...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Some extracts from old family letters and diaries which, owing to your courtesy, you permitted me to publish recently in the...


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[To Tat EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Your critique on Mr. Meyrick Booth's work (Spectator, December 13th), and its concluding paragraph— "If that great work [revival of...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."1 SrE,—In reading your notice of the reminiscences of Sir Edward Chandos Leigh (Spectator, December 13th) I was taken aback by learning...

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[To THE EDITOR Or THS "SPECTATOR,21 Stn,—In your interesting review (Spectator, December 13th) of Sir E. Chandos Leigh's book of recollections, Bar, Bat, and Bit, a passage...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIn.,—When Fred Archer, the famous jockey, had been for about two minutes on the continent of America, he was asked by the interviewers...


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[To THE EDITOR 07 THE "SPECTATOR.1 SIR,—Farmers, landowners, and all who love the country must feel an interest in this subject; and a copy of the little pamphlet recently...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Some three months ago attention was drawn in your columns to the fact that a sum of money had been bequeathed for the "Restoration"...

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THE YOUNG DISRAELI.* Mn, GEORGE TREVELYAN, in a recent interesting essay on the writing of history, says that the first and principal duty of an historian is to compile an...


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[To TIER EDITOR Or TUB " SPECTATOR...1 SIR, — Since you are thinking of combustible houses, do allow me to mention the American labourer's house, which he builds, not as kind...


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[To TIM EDITOR OT THE "SPECTATOR."] SI31, — In view of the fact that your generous notice last week of my edition of Tom, Brown's School Days makes no reference to the...


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HOSPITALITY. Accipite hospitium, neve ignorate Latinos Gentem Saturni, non vinclo aut legibus aequam, Spout° sua, veterisque Dot se more gerentem. —zloneid, VII., 202-205....

EOTICE.—When "Correspondence" or Articles are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...

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THE extremely interesting autobiography which Mr. Roosevelt contributed to the American Outlook is here republished in a volume which is heavy to hold and ugly to look at. We...

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THIS is a very interesting and timely book. The author occupies the Chair of Moral Philosophy in McGill University, Montreal, and so is to some extent in personal touch with the...

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MODERN RUSSIA.* M. ALEXINBRI'8 book deserves all the praise that

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belongs to good intentions. He means it to be "a small encyclopaedia of Russian life in all its manifestations; an unpretending photo- graph which seeks to reproduce, as...

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IRISH LITERARY AND MUSICAL STUDIES.* WE all, especially just now,

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talk much about Ireland, but few perhaps with any real insight. It is cut off from us not only by the sea, but also by one of those deep divisions which Nature, in her...


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ON Christmas Eve, 1914, a hundred years will have elapsed since the signature of the Treaty of Ghent, which put an end to the last war between England and the United States, and...

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MR. CLEMENT SHORTER'S book is entertaining, and in spite of carrying a load of unpublished letters there is movement and life in it. The most illuminating criticism (it is a...


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FOR the idle hours of literary readers, or those who wish to be thought literary, the winter publishing season has given us nothing better than Mr. Maurice Baring's new volume...


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As an academical essay on the probable future of Indian nationalism, Mr. Bevan's book deserves all the admiration due to scholarly precision and lucidity of style, and to argu-...

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The Custom of the Country. By Edith Wharton. (Macmillan and

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Co. 6s.)—It is hardly fair to class Mrs. Wharton's new novel under the simple heading of "Fiction." Here is indeed the story of an American girl who is dominated by a social...

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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for Teriew in other forms.] provides us with two very good reasons for wishing it every success....

Undergrowth. By F. and E. Brett Young. (Martin Seeker. 6s.)—This

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is a Welsh novel dealing with the construction of a dam. The hero, a Scottish engineer named Forsyth, finds himself quite unable to believe in the sinister fate which overhangs...

News from the Duchy. By " Q." (Bristol : J. W.

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Arrow- smith. 6s.)—The most attractive story in this collection is the first, which deals with the flower industry in the Scilly Islands. Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch, however,...

Richard Wagner : Composer of Operas. By John F. Runciman.

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(George Bell and Sons. 10s. fid. net.)—This is at once a life of the composer and a commentary upon his work. It contains much sound criticism and fresh apprecia- tion;...

Messrs. Stanford have sent us a copy of their New

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Library Chart of the World, 1913. This finely produced map is drawn to an equatorial scale of three hundred and fifty nautical miles to the inch. It may be obtained in four...

READABLE NOVELS.—Phyllida Flouts Me. By Mary L. Pendered. (Mills and

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Boon. 6s.)—A cheerful little story of the manner in which a rustic coquette was brought to her bearings.—A Midsummer Rose. By Katharine Tynan. (Smith, Elder, and Co....

Booxs OP REFERENCE.—Debretes Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Conipanionage, 1914. Edited

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by Arthur G. M. Hesilrige. (Dean and Son. 31s. 6d. net.)—The names of the sons and daughters of knights (with particulars as to their births, marriages, etc.) have been added...

The "Sign of the Flying Fame" (45 Roland Gardens, S.W.),

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some of whose publications we have already noticed, have sent us a further collection of broadsides (2d. plain, 4d. coloured) and chap-books (6d., or hand-coloured 2s. 6d2)....

Winter Sports in Switzerland. By E. F. Benson. Illustrated in

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colour by C. Fleming Williams, and with photographs by Mrs. Aubrey Le Blond. (George Allen and Co. 15s. net.)— Mr. E. F. Benson has written an intermittently amusing book,...

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DIARIES AND ALMANACKS.—From Messrs. Hudson and Kearns (Stamford Street, SE.)

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we have received various specimens of their useful "Register Date Indicating Blotting Pad" for 1914, ranging in price from 2s. to 8s. These provide, as it were, a synthesized...

NEW EDITIONS.—Mr. John Murray has published a second edition of

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Mr. Edward Jenks's well-known book, Law and Politics in the Middle Ages (12s. net), originally issued in 1897 and reprinted in 1905 and 1912. Mr. Jenks has made few changes in...