29 OCTOBER 1881

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The Berwick election, which took place on Wednesday, ended in

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a vast majority for the Liberal candidate, Mr. Jerningham—indeed, a majority almost perplexing in its magnitude, when one looks at the history of Berwick elections for some time...

The French, who were marching on Kairouan last week, are

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marching on Kairouan still. It is only a hundred miles from Tunis, and the resistance is not strenuous ; but so bad is the commissariat, so defective is the water supply, and BO...


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T HE Volksraad of the Transvaal on October 25th ratified the Convention by an unanimous vote. The majority inserted in the motion for ratification a clause declaring that they...

Mr. Gladstone's visit to Knowsley, and Lord Derby's presence during

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his address to the Liberal deputation, is supposed by the Conservative Press to indicate the probable admission of Lord Derby to the Cabinet in a very short period. Had this...

After negotiations which have lasted weeks, the King of Italy

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on Thursday left his dominions for a visit to the Emperor of Austria. The Viennese Court, if it did not pro- pose the interview, is eagerly taking advantage of it ; the King is...

Mr. Gladstone, in replying to an address read to him

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at Knowsley on Thursday by the Committee of the Liverpool Liberal Association, made a very important statement as to the action of the Government in Ireland, and the immediate...

** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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The German elections came off on Thursday, but, of course,.

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with such masses of votes to be counted, the results are not known yet. The provision, too, that a candidate must be sup- ported by a clear half of the electors causes much...

Mr. Chamberlain has made - two very striking speeches this week

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at Liverpool. In the former, he dealt with the subject of Ireland, maintaining that the Government had no right to suppress such an association as the Land League while it kept...

Sir W. Harcourt made a very witty and effective speech

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at C la.sgow on Tuesday, on being presented with the freedom of the city, in which he compared Lord Salisbury, Sir Stafford Northcote, and their colleagues in the recent...

The Dublin Town Council has rejected the motion for con-

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ferring the freedom of the City of Dublin on Mr. Parnell and Mr. Dillon, by the casting-vote of the Mayor ; the Archbishop of Dublin is said to have suspended a priest in his...

We pointed out a few weeks ago that the Blue-books,

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if care- fully studied, proved that this Government would have used force rather than not carry out the enfranchising clauses of the Treaty of Berlin. The Vienna correspondent...

In the second speech, Mr. Chamberlain told the Liverpool Tories

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that he had come to return the compliment paid to him by Lord Sandon last year, when the senior Member for Liverpool recom- mended Birmingham to replace its junior Radical...

Dealing with the outcry of the Fair-traders against the excess

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of our imports over our exports, Mr. Chamberlain remarked that he had found a better remedy than Protection. France, within a year or two, had exchanged. a balance of...

The best part of Sir W. Harconrt's speech was, however,

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his attack on Sir S. Northcote. He compared Sir Stafford's alliance with Lord Salisbury, as Lord Chatham once compared a similar alliance, to the junction of the Rhone and Saone...

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No class requires the aid of English female doctors like

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the ladies of India. They have fairly skilled native midwive- , but for the cure of any grave disease they have absolutely no skilled help whatever. Men cannot attend them, and...

In Mr. W. Hatchett Jackson, the Demonstrator of Anatomy in

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the University Museum at Oxford, and the Natural Science Lecturer at St. John's College, it seems probable that the late lamented Professor Rolleston may receive a worthy...

We observe with pleasure that the Bishop of Manchester has

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cut the Manchester Branch of the Church Association very short, in an attempt to get him either to assent to proceedings against another Ritualistic clergyman, Mr. Day, or to...

S. Camacho, the new Spanish Minister of Finance, has pre-

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sented a budget which relieves Spain of her immediate rivancial difficulties, and delights all parties, except, perhaps, the foreign bondholders, who expected more. He first...

Mr. Plunket, the ablest of the Irish Tories, delivered a

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speech on the Irish situation in Chelsea on Tuesday. It was a very able speech. as free from the temper which distinguishes Irish Tory speeches as from the bombast which Irish...

"The American Government has published a letter, forwarded lby Mr.

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Blaine on June 24th to Mr. Lowell, the American Minister in London, about the Panama Canal. In this letter, Pre5ident Garfield protests against the European Governments...

The Baron de Billing, formerly French representative at Stockholm and

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at Tunis, has made some extraordinary state- ments, at a meeting called in Paris to denounce the Tunis Expedition. He declares that M. Grky declared to him that he 'would not...

Consols were on Friday 99k to 99,k.

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MR. GLADSTONE'S AIM. I N the short but very important speech which Mr. Glad- stone made to the Liberal deputation at Knowsley on Thursday, he succeeded in defining, as well as...


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T HE German Elections came off on Thursday, and allowing for the delays caused by universal suffrage, the general results will be accurately known to the Government in Berlin...

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Ni rt. CHAMBERLAIN'S first speech at Liverpool is an event of some importance, as it proves definitively to the world that the Radicals in the Cabinet do not at heart differ in...

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M R. PLUNKET'S speech in Chelsea, upon the condition of Ireland, is one deserving of special attention. It is, so far as we know, the first in which the policy pursued by...

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M GAMBETTA may well hesitate, if he does hesitate, • to accept power, for he will inherit a position as embarrassing as any which ever fell to a statesman's lot. It is worse...

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T HE close of the trial of Mabel Wilberforce for perjury was an event over which Thackeray would have brooded in an extasy of imaginative cynicism. The impression evidently made...

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T HE author of the very amusing, though rather thin, essay on "Luxury, Ancient and Modern," which appears this week in the Quarterly Review, after repeating a number of stories...

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T HERE was a time, doubtless, when these words conveyed a literal fact, and not an ironical figure of speech ; when the Fleet Brook danced and babbled and sparkled...

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“spEcrsvos.-] Sia,—Allow me, with all respect, to point out that, in criti- cising the Farmers' Alliance Land Bill, you argue as if no such measure as the Agricultural Holdings...


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THE RIDSDALE JUDGMENT. THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Speaking of the Ridsdale judgment, you observe, "All we wish is that that decision should be fairly and fully...


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OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In last Saturday's Spectator you say, "At the Manchester Diocesan Conference, a sitting was devoted to the discussion of the course taken by the...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In your review of Mr. Marshall's "Through America," you allude to the softness of the tone of the sound of these Falls, and intimate...


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go THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTLTOR.") Sra,—Archbishop Whately's sentiments with regard to Vice- royalty in Ireland are in singular harmony with the tone of your short note, in...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR?'] SIR,—The writer of the article in last week's Spectator called "The Plough of the Animal World," seems to hang too great a weight of...

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THE LIFE OF COBDEN.* [FIRST NOTICE.7 'rills book makes a most valuable addition to our political literature. In the first volume especially, which contains the great story of...


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A DAY'S RIDE—A LIFE'S ANALOGY. 'Mm o tangled forest and o'er grass plains wide, By many a devious path and bridle-way, Through the short brightness of an Indian day, In middle...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF TSB "SPECTATOR."] Sia,—As the philosophy of Dreaming is being discussed in your journal, I offer two personal experiences as contributions to the material,...

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PRA.CTICAL considerations aside, the virgin novelist is attracted to his subject by one or more of three motives,—a desire to express his sentiments upon things in general, a...

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of a series of studies by M. Ernest Daudet, who has undertaken the very useful investigation of those counter-revolutions which have modified the course of events in France...

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have found much favour with the father of Tristram Shandy. The author accepts the Shandean system" in almost all its integrity. He may not be prepared to admit that "men who...

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"THE CHAPLAIN OF THE FLEET."* AUONGsT elderly people, it is

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common enough to say, and probably far more usual still to think, that the old times were the best. They point to the scattering of families by the im- proved means of...

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PROFESSOR CHURCH'S fascinatingly-told stories from Ilerodotas, Homer, Virgil, and the Greek tragedians have been so deservedly successful, that he has been encouraged to extend...


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Church Quarterly Review, October. (Spottiswoode and CO—The most attractive article in this number is the biographical sketch of Henry Martyn, a great missionary, if we are to...

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Stronbuy ; or, Hanks of Highland Yarn. By the Author

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of " Tobersnorey.' (Macniven and Wallace.)—Stronbuy is a small Highland shooting-box, which its proprietor, who is seized with au accommodating desire to spend his summer in the...

Notebook of an Amateur Geologist. By J. E. Lee. (Longrnans.)—

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Here are 90 pages of letterpress and 203 of lithographic plates. The scattered notes, the imperfect descriptions, and the (for the most part) very elementary sketches, of which...

The Westminster Review, October. (Triibner and Co.)—The writer of the

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first article in this number, after a brief and generally un- favourable criticism of the Irish Land Act, proceeds to propound his answer as to the English Land Question. He is...

Incidents of a Journey through Nubia to Daifoor. By F.

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Sidney Ensor, C.E. (W. H. Allen and Co.)—Mr. Ensor visited the region lying between Old Dongola and El Fasha, for the purpose of making the necessary observations for the...

Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. Vol. IX. (Printed: for

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the Society.)—The Society, which has been reorganised, and seems to have a promising prospect of success in the future, has. here published an interesting volume. Mr. F. G....

The Brides of Ardmore : a Story of Irish Life.

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By Agnes Smith. (Elliot Stock.)—Miss Smith has produced a carefully studied and interesting picture of Irish ecclesiastical life, before it had been assimilated to Roman rule by...

The New Werther. By "Loki." (Kegan Paul and Co.)—The peculiar

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character of this book makes it probable that the critics, whose attention the author modestly deprecates, will be his chief readers. The slender volume is a genuine record of...

Mind in Animals. By Professor Ludwig Buchner. Translated by Annie

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Besant. (Free-thought Publishing Company.)—We are mach obliged to the translator and to the publishers for this very interest- ing volume, though we neither wish nor expect that...

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Gleanings frost the Desert of Arabia. By the late Major

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N. D• Upton. (C.Kegan Paul and Co.)—Major Upton, who was prematurely carried off while engaged in correcting his book, knew much about the dwellers in the Desert. The...

A Glance at the Passion-Play. By Captain R. F. Burton.

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(W. II. Harrison.) —Captain Burton is as vigorous and graphic as usual in his description of Ober Ammergau, of the route thither, of the place and its people, and of the great...

Health in Schools and Workshops. (Ward and Lock.)—No more useful

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volume has been published in the "Long Life Series." Some statements, doubtless, are open to controversy, some seem to us to be made with insufficient reserve. Among these...

M. Tulli Ciceronis pro C. Plancio Ora'io. Edited by the

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Rev. Hubert A. Holden. (Cambridge University Press.)—Every one who Las read the Pro Plancio will agree with Dr. Holden's favourable estimate of it. As an oratorical effort, it...

England and Egypt. By Edward Dicey. (Chapman and Hall.)— A

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republication of the interesting articles which Mr. Dicey has con- tributed to the Nineteenth Century on the subject of Egypt, during the last few years, is very welcome at this...

Memorials of a Scotch Student. By the Rev. George Steven.

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(Maim:Liven and Wallace.)—The subject of this memoir—Mr. Peter Thomson, Free-Church Minister at St. Fergus—bad a strange spiritual and mental training. He was reared in a home...

History of the Zulu War, and its Origin. By Frances

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E. Colenso and Lieutenant-Colonel E. Durnford. (Chapman and Hall.)—This is a second edition, revised and augmented, of a book which, if it does not take its place as the history...

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TALES.—Harold Hastings ; or, the Vicar's Son. By James Teames.

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(National Temperance Publication Depot.)—The story is told by a gentleman, who introduces himself to us as "the New Curate." It soon becomes evident that mischief is brewing....

An Epitome of Anglican Church History. By Ellen Webley-Parry. (Griffith

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and Farran.)—Mrs. Parry has "endeavoured to compress into a small space the leading events of Anglican Church History, as a whole." However desirable the conception of having so...