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Japan at Geneva The League of Nations Council has very

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wisely remitted the Manchurian question to the Assembly, in spite of the Protests of the Japanese delegate, after hearing from Lord Lytton and his fellow-Commissioners that...

News of the Week

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T HE crisis in Germany has dragged on surprisingly. One element in it is the unexpectedly vigorous refusal of all sections of the populace to have any more of Herr von Papen,...

Conversations or Conference ?

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Lord Cecil very opportunely emphasized in the House of Lords on Tuesday the danger of too frequently sub- stituting private conversations for public conference at Geneva—this in...

OFFICES : 99 (tower St., London, W .C.1. Tel. :

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MUSEUM 1721. Entered an second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. l'ost Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal'subacription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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Occupation for the Workless The Government has been well advised

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in, enlisting the co-operation of the National Council of Social Service in the organization of what is termed ameliorative work for the unemployed. Finding situations is the...

Transport in London The London Passenger Transport Bill, inherited from

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the late Labour Government, puts in the hands of a huge monopoly transport undertakings within a 25-mile radius , of Charing Cross, serving some 9,000,000 people and...

Persia and Anglo-Persian The action of t he Persian Government

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in cancelling the sixty years' concession granted in 1901 to the D'Arcy group, and now held by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, has, and professes to have, no legal justification...

- Mr. de Valera's Problems About the appointment of Mr. Donal

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Buckley as Governor-General of the Irish Free State there is nothing more to be said than that Mr. Donal Buckler has been appointed Governor-General of the Irish Free State. Mr....

Round Table Progress The Indian Round Table in its second

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week has been dealing with some of the most important questions of the draft Constitution, Lord Irwin opening a discussion on the special powers of the Governor-General and...

Economy and its Limits The official committees on local expenditure

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set up by the Chancellor of the Exchequer in July have brought in recommendations very similar in essentials to those of the Private Members' Committee - discussed in last...

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*. * The Economics of Milk Much more than merely

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hygienic considerations are raised by the representations made last week by the People's League of Health to Sir Edward Hilton Young. Milk as produced and sold in this country...

The beginning of the Committee stage of the London Passenger

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Transport Bill produced some of the best fun of the Session. Poor Mr. Pybus sought vainly to placate criticism, which is mainly prejudice against a Bill origin- ally produced by...

Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The debate on the

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Labour amendment to the Address was rather overshadowed by the prominence of other issues in the minds of members, but nevertheless illuminated a pro- nounced and general change...

Misconceived Exams The case of the Public School boy going

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into business is beginning to get some of the attention it deserves. In a letter on a later page General Curling touches on a pertinent question, which Sir Francis Goodenough,...

A Sunday Cinema Decision The result of the referendum on

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Sunday Cinemas at Croydon is significant and satisfactory. Roughly 34,00 0 'Voted in favour of Sunday opening and 24,400 against. The polling has much more than local import-...

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Should We Pay America ?

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A NEW British Note on the debt to the United States will no doubt have been published on both sides of the Atlantic by the time these lines appear. It is safe to predict that it...

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Some Questions on Agriculture

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T HERE are three fundamental questions that must be asked about British agriculture. Is it a national interest to keep a certain proportion of the population on the laird ? If...

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I must be allowed to claim the modest distinction of

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knoWing something about Mr. Donal Buckley, the newly appointed Governor-General of the Irish Free State. About three years ago, driVing down from Dublin to Sligo (as it...

The appointment of Mr. H. G. Wood as Hulsean Lecturer

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at Cambridge is an event of some significance., There has, I believe, only been one Free Churchman, Dr. Anderson Scott, to fill the position since John Hulse's foundation was...

A Spectator's Notebook

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T is natural enough that individual members of the I Cabinet should have held different views about the desirability of paying the American debt instalment, and not unnatural....

Nothing emerges more conspicuously from such news as reaches me

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privately from Berlin than the dramatic importance attaching to the life and health of the massive old warrior who fills the office of Reiehsprasident. Hindenburg is, of course,...

No vessel that ever crossed the Atlantic will arouse such

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hopes so anxious as the Cont6 di Savoia', which left Genoa on her maiden voyage on Wednesday. The great army of the seasick in every land (myself not least) has its mind and...

I see it stated that a selection of Mr. Asquith's

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letters to Mrs. Harrisson is to be published. It is, but not, I believe' , till 1934. When the letters do see the light they should reveal a good deal of their writer's...

The old question of how many words the average man

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of culture needs for the expression of his thoughts is revived by a remark of M; Andre Siegfried iii his suggest- tive speech at the Anglo-French lunch at the Savoy on Tuesday....

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A Christian's Faith

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T HESE are not the days of creeds. They are rather days of questionings. Science, with its double r evelation of the infinitely little and the infinitely distant, tends to make...

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Houses and Wages

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BY B. SEEBionst ROWNTREE. A LMOST everyone agrees that, with 2,750,000 unemployed, it is desirable that we should under- take works of national development. The trouble is that...

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Why Home Rule For Scotland ?

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BY SIR lax MALCOLM. A LL that can be said for Scottish Home Rule has now been said : moderately and well by the self-styled " Scottish Party " under the leadership of the Duke...

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The Gypsies of Roumania

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BY LADY ELEANOR SMITH, A IRE all Balkan people, the people of Roumania are renowned for their strange, intricate heritage of many diverse bloods. They are Latin, Slav, Greek,...

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Lady Lilian and the Modern Doll

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I3y JAN STIWTHER. I T is with us once again—the annual pageant that is spread before our eyes by invisible powers from All Saints to Hogmanay. Sometimes it is called Toy Fair,...

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Old Masters in Painting and Sculpture MESSRS. AGNEW are at present showing at their galleri es i n Bond Street thirty-three paintings which formerly belonged to the Viennese...

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Further enquiry and information from watchful corre- spondents proves that the new habit of woodpeckers in attack- ing electric poles is much more widespread than I had thought...

A St:ssmx MODEL.

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A model of the right sort of work for the Rural Community Council has been produced in Sussex, a county almost suprene. in county pride. It is nothing inure, and nothing less,...


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A strange result of the eruptions (not of the political sort) in Chile is reported to me from Argentina. Most Argentines at the time held that the reports of falling dust were...


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More than once I have sung the praises of the Poulsens, those most glorious of Polyantha roses, and incidentally of the small, more delicate and, because of its quaint salmon...

Country Life

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TIn: EXTINCTION OF THE QUAIL. In further reference to the quail, which are caught in vast q uantities on migration in Egypt, I find in a recently published c lassic on Egyptian...


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An old -theory on the migration of birds is weakened, if not destroyed, by news which reaches me from Madagascar, and 1 have found corroboration from other sources. It has been...

A budget of inquiries has reached me about the publieations

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of the Airicultural F,conornics Research Institute at Oxford. The Report for last year and the list of publications and back numbers of Occasional Notes may be had for the...


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News of the spread of this strange taste in woodpeckers reached me by the same post as a photograph of a blue tit making, its way with speed and precision into a milk bottle...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs.—Ed....


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SIR,—In view of the critical position of the War Debts controversy, will you allow me to quote, for the benefit of American commentators, some words which I wrote long ago on...


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the SPECTATOR.] Sur,—Railway union leaders' strike talk is not justified by the circumstances of the ease: Railway wages are higb i the employment steady, and by no means...

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[To the Editor of the SPEcr.vroa.] Sur,—At the Headmasters' Conference nearly a year ago, Dr. Norwood criticized the curricula at our public schools as being dictated by the...


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SIR,—On the question of the desirability of Home Rule fur Scotland I entirely agree with the case put by the Duke of Montrose in your issue of November 25th, with the exception...


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Sad:,--Mr. Barnes, Miss (2) Roberts and others in their letter under the above heading .make the extraordinary statement, that the farmer settler, who is often an ex-officer, is...

" GREY WOLF " [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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Sul,— In your issue of October 4th, 1932, we have read a review of the recently published Grey Wolf, by Mr. H. C. Armstrong. We feel obliged to point out certain inaccuracies...


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Sin, —In our news cables Sir Herbert Samuel is reported as follows : " He added that ho should like, without unfriendliness, to ask Why. if Britain admitted Dominion...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sit,—Take your stand on the roof of any high building, in one of our crowded cities, and consider the vacant sites, advertised in the streets...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, —The question has often been raised whether Sir Walter Scott had ever seen the ruins of Melrose Abbey by moonlight. The enclosed copy of a...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Wi th reference to your criticism of the Ulster Parliament in your issue of November 18th, I should be glad to know what legislation you...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—As your article says, an Act should be passed quickly to suppress Tote Clubs. Let the Government at the same time effect a moral reform...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is interesting to note in connexion with the article by the Rt. Hon. W. Ormsby-Gore, published in your issue of November 18th, that the...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Snt,—I wish to express my thanks to Mrs. Nelson Ward for her letter on this subject. I too was moved to indignation by Sean O'Faolain's remarks...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of November 25th, the interesting article, " The Modern House," by G. M. Boumphrey, refers to the possibility of danger to...

Three Poems

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For Anne Gregor y NEVER shall a young man, Thrown into despair By those great honey-coloured Ramparts at your ear, Love you for yourself alone And not your yellow hair. But...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SPECTATOR," DECEMBER Jar, 1832. THE DO-NOTHING SYSTEM. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SLR,—I have road with great interest your " Rationale of Govern- ment...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Stn,—This splendid phrase is always credited to Descartes, yet in the second volume of Augustine's City of God, book 10, chap. 26, Augustine...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—As an artist working in a populous neighbourhood, I am very much interested in the question of noise. I suppose nothing can prevent one's...

OUR SUPPLEMENTS.—It is not improbable that some of our best

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readers are looking out for our gratuitous volume this month. If we do not gratify them, it is not because we have ceased to delight in scattering valuable, or at least what we...

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Joseph Chamberlain, Radical

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By LORD EL - STACE PERCY. The Life of Joseph Chamberlain. Vol. 1. 1836 - 1885. By J. L. Garvin. (Macmillan. 21s.) POLITICAL biography is a dangerous trade. Nothing fades more...

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An Indian Miscellany

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s o me Aspects of Indian Foreign Trade, 1757-1893. By I. Durga Parshad. (P. S. King. 12s.) Diversions of an Indian Political. By Lieut.-Col. R. L. . Kennion, C.I.E. (Blackwood....

Reforming the Lords

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House of Lords or Senate ? By Cuthbert Headlam, M.D. and Duff Cooper, M.P. (Rich and Cowan, 2s. tki.) Tim contribution by two junior Ministers, both Conservatives, to the...

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Methods of Social Study. By Sidney and Beatrice Webb. (Longmans. 8s. 6d.) IT would be an instructive exercise for any imaginative student of the social sciences to attempt to...

Outwitting Napoleon

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Metternich and the British Government from 1809 to 1813. By C. S. B. Buckland. (Macmillan. 25s.) NAPOLEON at St. Helena told Gourgaud that the Austrian marriage was his fatal...

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The Hypochondriack-

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James Boswell. By C. E. Vulliamy. (Geoffrey Bles. 10s. 6(1.) " SERVILE and impertinent, shallow and pedantic, a bigot and a sot, bloated with family pride . . . a talebearer, an...

Further Reflections upon Reality

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The Buddha and the Christ : An Exploration of the Meaning of the Universe and bf the Purpose of Human Life. By B. H. Streeter, D.D., F.B.A. (Macmillan. 7s. 6c1.) THE title of...

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Jane Austen in her Letters

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Jane Austen's Letters. Collected and Edited by R. W. Chapman. 2 Vols. (Oxford•University Press. 42s.) THESE are very fine volumes, a pleasure to possess for the sake of their...

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Animals and Sport

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Shooting Days. By Eric Parker. (Philip Allan. 12s. 6d.) A Highland Gathering. By H. Frank Wallace. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 15s.) At the Tail of the Weir. By Patrick R. Chalmers....

The Complete Anarchist

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Living My Life. By Emma Goldman. ( D uckworth Two • Vo13. 36s.) ; I N 1885, as a girl of sixteen, Emma Goldman left Russia for the United States. Within four years she was...

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Views and Reviews

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Views and Reviews. Second Series 1920-1932. By Havelock Ellis. (Desmond Harmsworth. 103. 6d.) Tars collection is a further example of the variety of Mr. Havelock Ellis'...

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Br L. A. . STRONG. 3enny Wren. By E. H. Young. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) No Epitaph. By Ramond W. Postgate. (Hamish Hamilton. 7s. 6d.) Josephus. By Lion Feuchtwanger. (Seeker. 7s....

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Our Not So Dumb Friends

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Is there any animal who has not a place in one of these books ? It seems doubtful : but, if there is, I advise him first of all to search through the preceding article, for some...

Children's Books

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By MosicA REDLicri. (Reviews of children's books ought really to be seen by children as well as by their elders. After - all, the children read the books. The elders only pay...

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Annual Affairs

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There is a newcomer this year to the argosies that reach port just before the Christmas present season : The Silver Ship (Putnam, Os.). It is one of the very best kind...

Poetry and Other Matters

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IPoetry, as Mr. Walter de la Mare says, wears well, A poem has something new for us every time we come to it ; and the pOems we read when we are young will, if they are the...

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One of the most disheartening experiences that listening can offer

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was mine the other day when I " toured the various stations during the Children's Hour. On one wave- length a singer was lugubriously singing some ballads ; on another someone...

The song accompanist has always been the Cinderella among pianists

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; and yet a good accompanist, who really knows how to subordinate himself to the singer and yet at the same time do full justice to the music, is almost as rare as a good...

The "Spectator" Crossword No. Io

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BYXANTIIIPPE. ACROSS 1. Government Department that suggests a counter (three words). 7. Oddly enough, this ten- ' deny in art is now out of • date. 9. Incarnation with...

The Sunday night religious broadcasts have always occasioned a good

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deal of acrimonious criticism. Prejudice apart, however, it must be admitted that the broadcast sermons are not among the most interesting events of the week. This mav be due,...


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Sunday ; Elgar's Part-Songa_.(Daventry_ National, 5.30) ; Orchestral Concert-Sir Henry WoOd (London Regional, 9.5), , Monday : Birmingham Catholic Choir Concert (London...

The Radio Review

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THE B.B.C. Yearbook, 1933, provides an invaluable back- ground for the intelligent appreciation of the broadcast,pro- grammes, and I commend it to all listeners who take their...

* * *

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There are three regular concert relays which are usually worth the attention of musical listeners. One is the Wednesday afternoon Symphony Concert by the Bournemouth Municipal...

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the Chairma countries by the great fall in the . price

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of Silver, and while were combined Budget deficits for the year r - 1980-1 explicitly denying any desire to recommend , bimetallism -Williamson advanced a plea for - an intern...

Not only is the tribute paid by Mr. Andrew Williamson

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Williamson's speech, but because I consider that his to the Australian Government and the Australian people summary of the position in Australia may well serve as an inspiration...

Finance—Public and Private

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Australia's Or deal IT has been said that troubles come not singly but in mortgages. Mr. Williamson shovved that notwithstandin g battalions, and there can be no question that...

striking to note that whereas the export of 2,643,885 bales

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and Savings Bank interest, and relief in -respect of private

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• (Continued on rage 814) bearing the burden of trade depression, but that the recent -

opened with a critical state of affairs, -both politically THE

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OUTLOOK. and socially, • in New South Wales, while it closed with - Concerning this larger question of the financial and commercial outlook, Mr. Williamson's remarks were also...

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An Important Project

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IT is• with considerable satisfaction that I am , able to refer this week to an important industrial development of - a wholly favourable character and one, moreover, promises...


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But what, it may be asked, will be done with regard to the financing of the undertaking seeing that it is no easy matter at the present moment to raise large sums of money for...

Financial Notes

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BANKING IN SCOTLAND. It speaks well for the confidence existing .both north and south of the Tweed in the sound and conservative policy of the Royal Bank of Scotland that when...