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Vienna to Angora ', Though Germany's anniversary day passed off

The Spectator

Without the half-expected Nazi outbreak in Austria, the impression tliat Dr. Dollfuss is fighting a losing battle gains ground. Herr Hitler has given new assurances against any...

News of the Week

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H ERR HITLER'S references to Germany's foreign policy are discussed in an article on a later page. The importance of his statements on the domestic situation lies mainly in his...

M. Daladier's Experiment It cannot be said that M. Daladier's

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new govern- ment inspires great confidence. It introduces no new elements of importance, with the rather conspicuous exception of Colonel Fabry at the Ministry of War, and what...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W .C. 1. Tel.

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: MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Moil Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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How to Deal with Japan An avenue of hope is

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opened up by Sir Harry McGowan's reference in his speech at Birmingham on Saturday to negotiations now proceeding between Imperial Chemical- Industries and their opposite...

The Freedom of the Church In his address to the

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Convocation of the Northern Provinee the Archbishop of York dealt with his accus- tomed Wisdom with the Liverpool Cathedral case in a survey which did much to clarify the issues...

The Churches in Germany The apparent collapse of the resistance

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of the dissident Bishops in Germany before the Reichsbishop, Dr. Milner, is so remarkable in its suddenness and completenesa that it may be doubted whether the full truth is...

Iron and keel .

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It is not Often that we hear a great captain of industry declaring that there : must be some form Of Government control (temporary) before the industry can fully recover. But...

Lancashire's Trade Rivals Fortunately the Government and the City are

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still eager to meet Japanese competition in cotton goods by peaceful negotiation, for which the recent Judo-Japanese treaty, offers an admirable precedent. But if one can judge...

Co-operators and their Critics • That private traders should resent

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the appearance of any new competitor is natural enough, but it is difficult to make any genuine - grievance out of the decision of the Co-operative Wholesale Society to open...

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A Great Enterprise : The Last Effort Some parts of

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London are splendidly provided with. parks and open spaces, where children can get recreation in the open air. But that is not so in the crowded area between Regent's Park in...

The Allowance for a Child We should be loath to

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support any proposal which threatened to destroy the solvency of the Unemployment Insurance Fund, but there appears to be no such danger in Captain Crookshank'S amendment to...

Road Safety The considerations laid before the Minister of Transport

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by the two great motoring associations are concrete and practicable, and, as the conclusions of responsible bodies should be treated with respect. The R.A.C. supports . the...

The Hidden Riches of Cyprus It is astonishing that we

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should have had to wait till 1934 before there should be a beginning of an adequate organization for maintaining and exploring the as yet incalculable riches of Cyprus in...

Poison Gas The remarks made by Dr. F. A. Freeth,

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of Imperial Chemicals, on the subject of a gas attack from the air are in the highest degree controversial. His contention that the dangers of poison gas have been much...

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Herr Hitler's Opportunity

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II ERR HITLER'S speech in the Reichstag on Tuesday, and the publication of the new British disarma- ment proposals on Wednesday have sensibly modified the international...

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Nations in Training T HE youth movement has been exploited in

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many forms in many countries, with various results —some healthy, some the reverse. One passage in the speech broadcast by the Prince of Wales last Saturday was in its essence...

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There is a good deal of superficial attraction about the

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proposal, laid before the Home Secretary a few days ago, that the journalistic profession should be organized on the same kind of basis as law and medicine and two or three...

In case anyone is disposed to be impressed by the

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conclusions which the National Association of Broadcasters in the United States has reached regarding the superiority of American broadcasting over British, it is well to...

Too little, I think, is heard of the remarkable volume

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of altruism represented by the London Blood Transfusion Service, a voluntary and unpaid organization of people who, after passing every kind of medical test, are prepared at any...

The sudden silence that has enshrouded the Loch, Ness Monster

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is almost as perplexing as the (discrepant and largely incredible stories poured out -by 'special correspondents of the London papers till a ffirtnight or so ago. Now even the...

The suggestion which Mr. Churchill put forward a few days

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ago (in the Evening Standard) that one of the defects of our democratic franchise should be remedied by the allocation of a second vote to house- holders—that as a first step,...

A Spectator's Notebook

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- Germany To-day : - 1-41itler's Supremacy

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By H. POWYS GREENWOOD or-respondent of THE SPECTATOR who is intestigating year of National Socialism.] BERLIN, January 28th. • [This is the first of a series of articles by a...

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Christianity and the Family

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By CLAUD MULLINS [Mr. Claud Mullins is the Stipendiary Magistrate at the Nort " Christianity and Conduct." Lord Hugh Cecil will write in T HROUGHOUT history the family as a...

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Mr. Elliot's Schemes : I What is He Driving At?

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By H. V. HODSON N EITHER complacence nor indolence is numbered among the Minister of Agriculture's faults. Since he has been in office, the legislative and administrative...

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In the Season of the Planting of Trees

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By E. L. WOODWARD W E went down to the river through Christ Church Meadow. After a week's rain the stream ran high ; here and there little waves lapped against the embankment....

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A Threat to Education in Scotland

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By PRINCIPAL SIR ROBERT BAIT A REMARK made by Lord Sands in delivering a judgement has attracted widespread attention to the policy of the Scottish Educational Endowments...

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Working Round the World

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By STELLA BENSON A T the time when I worked my difficult way round the world fourteen years ago, I often had the feeling that such a venture was difficult only for me— that if...

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Two Poems

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The Feather A mAN and woman walking Up the rye hill Had no breath for talking ; The evening was still. Only the wind in the rough grass Made a papery patter ; I won't say who...

A Hundred Years Ago

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"Tax SPECTATOR," FEBRUARY 1ST, 1834. CHINESE PUFFINO. — The following is quoted in the newspapers of the week, as a literal translation of a Chinese inkrnaker's shop. bill....

Arctic Rose

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Sirrme with her back to a lace-curtained window, waiting, Wearing the faint sun like a silver shawl, A woman saw nothing hour after hour but the invisible world of her love :...

Gefalschte Bilder

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[VONEINEM DEUTSCHEN CORRESPONDENTENJ D ER Prozess des bilderfalschenden Professors Hauser, der dieser Tage in Berlin zu Ende ging, enthilllte em n Kapitel Kunstgeschichte, das...

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The Masquerader.—Ronald Colman in version of Katherine Thurston's novel, John Chilcok, M.P. A drunken M.P. is impersonated, to save his reputation, by high-minded cousin. Tall...

The Cinema

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"Little Women," At the Regal Tars talkie version of Louisa Alcott's story has rather surprisingly broken theatre records all over the United States. Part of its success can be...

"Clive of India." By W. P. Lipscomb and R. J.

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Miring. At Wyndham's IN a book published last week Mr. Ivor Brown observed : "What seems so strange nowadays is the neglect of power as the spur of action." In Clive the...

"The Invisible Man." At the Tivoli

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Mu. H. G. WELLS wrote the story of the Invisible Man in 1897. It was one of his early successes, before he gave up scientific romancing for sociology. In this talkie version it...

"Henry V." By William Shakespeare. At the • Alhambra

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"No nonsense, and not too much Shakespeare" would appear to be the motto of this production. FaLstaff's deathbed, immortally reported, is consigned from the wings to oblivion....

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A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, FEBRUARY and 2.30 Some Books I LikeEntil and the Detectives: S. P. B. Mais 6.5o The Harmonic Highway : Sir 'Walford Davies .. . 7.30 Savitri-an opera in one act :...


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Artists and Materials MICHELANGELO'S theories about sculpture are much in fashion at the moment, in particular his views about carving in stone or marble as opposed to...

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Homeless Vermin_

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Wide and fairly - level Space's without, interruption are necessary for this sort of farming ; and it is certainly true that the extinction of the hedge makes the control of...

Where are the Pigeons 1

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As to birds, it is generally agreed that the number of most resident species depends chiefly on the severity of the winter, but we have small means of discovering why...

Dykes and Pheasanti In that attractive part of England which

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we call in Cam- bridge and Huntingdon the Fens andin South the marsh, there have never been hedges. t - heir place is taken . _ by wide dykes. One of the very best farmers on...

New Plants

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The race of gardeners like the Athenians love some new thing, and this year they have found in their catalogues a greater than usual number of novelties ; not, of course, in...

Its Friends The second view is that the hedge provides

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a natural shelter for all stock, serves to divide field from field without the necessity of artificial fencing, gives the small birds which are an undoubted boon to farmers a...

Vanishing Mice

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The ingenious school of young biologists at Oxford continue their enquiries into the cyclical changes in the population of animals, especially the smaller mammals. A good deal...

Room for the Machine

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For the moment the battle inclines in favour of the destroyers. A great many hedges are being grubbed, and close clipping that almost amounts to destruction is in evidence along...

- Country Life

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l'he Hedge's Enemies A very large bonfire is burning on an East Anglian farm. It beacons the significant fact that, a good Fart ctf the winter work on the farm consists in the...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our !` News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—There is an obvious

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reason why today "the country is being run by the old and middle-aged," as you- say in your article on "Youth and the Politicians." It was not so in the eight years before the...


The Spectator

have read Canon Barry's articles with great interest : he is always so clear and incisive. But there are two or three points worth making, I think : (I) First, that the...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The writer of your

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article on "Youth and the Poli- ticians," in an attempt to show the great appeal which the party of Sir Oswald Mosley is likely to have to the younger generation today, becomes...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—It is manifestly difficult to answer in the short space allotted to me Mr. C. R. M. load's rejoinder to " Spiritualism Challenged." I made it perN.ctly clear in my original...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sta,—I agree with Colonel Elliot that dark Wttings for physical phenomena are undesirable except under test conditions, for they encourage...

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The Spectator

SPECTATOR.] Sia,—In adding the plea of an amateur to Sir John Latta's, I would mention a case which is much more serious than Messrs. Bowater's, yet it has received no such...


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SIR,—One aspect of sterilization which has not so far been discussed arises in connexion with entailed property. Supposing that the beneficiaries under an entail who are all sui...

[To the Editor of Tun SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am much interested

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by your excellent article on "Sterilization and Society" and wonder why we should mit proceed forthwith to ask for the necessary legislation for legalizing voluntary...


The Spectator

[To - the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] _ SIR,—One of yOur correspondents say's he is puzzled by my use of the term" intellectual snobbery " to describe the frame of mind in which...

[To The Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] Sut,—The Sinai Codex lacks

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neither friends nor detractors : but if its friends are friendly, its detractors detract with a vengeance. I exclude your correspondent, Mr. W. S. Bakhurst, who submits a...

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The Spectator

announcement that Mr. H. P. Greenwood is to report on the situation in Germany for The Spectator lends a special interest to his review of Mr. Wickham Steed's book in your last...

SENSE AND POETRY [To the Editor of Tux SrEcrieroa.] SIR, —Your

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issue of January 26th contained a letter from Mr. Graham Greene concerning my book, Sense and Poetry. It is a good rule for a writer never to answer those who criticize him in...


The Spectator

interests of efficiency in Local Government, may appeal to your readers to turn out and vote in the County Council elections in March ? I make the appeal, in good time, so that...

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Literary Causeries

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By BONAMY DOBREE Mn. FRANK Lucas has real talents as a literary causeur, and illus- trates with a great deal of charm his own notion that literary criticism when properly...

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Oxford and Dr. Buchman

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Tim Is is a singillarly valualile hi ink by far the most important yet evoked by the Group Movement. To say that is not, as it. may seem. to 41%-er-estimate the significanee of...

T. P.

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T. P. O'Connor. By Hamilton Fyfe. (Allen and Unwin. 16s.) A" LIFE " of T. P. O'Connor was inevitable, and Mr. Hamilton Fyfe was eminently fitted to undertake the task. Ile has...

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After Death?

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After Death ? By Dr. F.dwyn Bevan, Professor Julian Huxley, Dr. L. P. Jacks, the Hon. Mrs. Alfred Lyttelton, Professor G. Elliot Smith, Christopher Dawson. "The Spectator" Book-...

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The Napoleonic State

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M. MADELIN'S technique is that of a man writing contem- porary history. Events occur and the observations of spectators are left not so much to speak for, as to fight it out...

"Our Little Machiavel"

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The First Earl of Shaftesbury. By Louise Fargo Brown. (Appleton - Century Company. 15s.) UNDER the auspices of the American Historical Association, Miss Louise Fargo Brown has...

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Piano and Politics

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' 18s.) PADEREWSKI is the spoilt child of fortune. He has been an acknowledged master of two arts, music and politics; and— since it is, perhaps, easier to give up two careers...

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Sea Fever

The Spectator

A Sea Lover's Memories. By Thomas Washington Metcalfe. (Faber. 12s. 6d. ) TnE author of A Sea Lover's Memories is one of those soldiers who ought, without doubt, to have been a...

The Panel Doctor

The Spectator

• 1(As. 6d.) THE family doctor or general practitioner of today is nearly always panel doctor; and it is to panel doctors that practically the whole of the working men and...

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Two• South. African Novels

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Whistler's Corner. By Nora Stevenson. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) The Ridge of White Waters. By Norman Giles. (Collins. 78. 6d.) THE Dominions provide all the " material " but few or none...


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BY HERBERT READ EVELYN Scorr is a writer of intelligence aud sensibility (I seem to associate her name with the days when the Little Review and the Egoist . were the...

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The Spectator

Trade Improvement SPEECH BY Mg MCKENNA. IN an able address to the shareholders of the Midland Bank, Mr. Reginald McKenna dealt primarily with what he evidently believes to be...

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Will Trade Improve Further ?

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VIEWS OF MR. RUPERT BECKETT. IN his address to shareholders of the Westminster Bank, Mr. Rupert Beckett confirmed all that had been said by Mr. McKenna and others with regard...

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Financial Notes

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NEW CHAIRMAN OF THE G.W.R. ALTHOUGH it is true that Sir Robert Horne is already a director of many important companies, I consider the directors of the Great Western Railway...


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Although business in the City of London may be pri- marily associated with the sordid task of money-making, there is no place where high character and high principles are more...

And more recently when commenting upon the develop- ments in

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the United States, Lord Revelstoke showed himself to be clearly in sympathy with what he believed to be the high aims of the President. Referring to a then recently published...

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The Spectator

V1E1 RIDI AfFirliCil it l Is D E B Ai RI TI AIX/ AiMi I N 01U b LIAIODIIICIEIA N S P t.• 11-grr 0101E1 SI RI AI /A ki R NI TI R APAI LI I N Ei SIR 1 TI! lUI MAI L Si Y LI LI...

The Spectator" Crossword No. 7T BY XAN . ruirrE.

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(.4 prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "Crossword Puzzle,"...