2 MARCH 1878

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The latest intelligence from Vienna, published both in the Times

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and the Telegraph, and in both, therefore, coming through anti- Russian channels, confirms the view we have steadily maintained of Austrian policy. The Emperor is not prepared...

Up to Friday evening the terms of peace were still

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officially unknown. According to report, the Russians demand the inde- pendence of Roumania; reforms for Bosnia and Herzegovina ; the liberty of exchanging the Dobrudscha for...

On Monday Lord Stratheden and Campbell moved a resolution declaring

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her Majesty's Government justified in taking every pre- caution to discourage encroachments on the Treaties of 1856 and 1871, assailing Lord Derby with all the force of which he...

On Thursday night Lord Dorchester succeeded to Lord Stratbeden's part

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of hostile interrogator to Lord Derby, but came off no better, and asked, after preliminary complaints of Lord Derby's reticence in replying to questions, as to the whereabouts...


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T HERE is a "scare" every week. This week it has been caused by an official notification that in the event of an expeditionary force being sent anywhere, Lord Napier of Magdala...

*.* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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President Hayes, in spite of his Financial Secretary, Mr. Sherman,

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and the majority of his Cabinet, decided to veto the Silver Bill. In his Message, which was sent to Congress on the 28th ult., he declares that it would be a breach of faith to...

Sir Charles Dilke seconded the motion in a very finished

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speech,. in which he appealed to the wide suffrages under which the German and French Parliaments are elected as yielding legislative Assem- blies quite in sympathy with the...

Rustchuk was occupied on the 20th ult. by the Russians—

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who thus obtain a complete control of the passage of the Danube, over which an iron bridge will immediately be laid. On the day after, the evacuation of Erzeroum, which...

We regret greatly to perceive that the meeting is to

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be repeated on Sunday, the 10th, and think the leaders of the workmen belonging to the Peace Party entirely ill-advised. if it is necessary to show that the body of the people...

Mr. Lowe, of course, spoke against the motion, hammering away

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at the old ground that the new electors, if they knew their own power, as they soon would, might combine so as to outvote all the other classes,—an argument which, so far as it...

Sir William Harcourt on Wednesday published a long but closely

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reasoned letter in the Times upon the " alarm and humiliation " felt in England at the course of events in the East. He does not feel either at all, and does not believe the...

Mr. Plunkett, the Conservative Member for West Gloucester- shire, made

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a remarkable and carefully-finished speech in the same sense as Mr. Lowe, though of course not so reactionary ; and later in the evening Mr. Goschen defended his well - known...

Mr. Trevelyan brought on his resolutions in favour of house-

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hold suffrage in the counties yesterday week, in a vigorous speech in which he declared himself quite in favour of disfranchising all voters so illiterate as to be unable to...

The result of the Peace meeting of Sunday in Hyde

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Park was not such as to encourage similar " demonstrations." From 80,000 to 120,000 persons attended, but they were chiefly spectators, and the actual " meetingers " were...

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Mr. Goschen, Mr. Lowe, and Lord Charles Bruce were the

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only Liberals who voted against the motion, while only one Conser- vative, Mr. Serjeant Spinks, voted for it. The majority was the smallest which the Government have yet...

It seems probable that there was no bullet in the

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pistol with which Mr. Dodwell shot at Sir George Jesse' yesterday week. At least none has been found, and this seems to be the impres- sion on the minds of those who...

Sir Bartle Frere, Governor of the Cape, has found it

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necessary to dismiss the Molteno Ministry. They refused to place the local forces under the command of Sir Arthur Cunynghame, the General in command in South Africa, and...

The debate on the question whether marriages which would not

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be good in this country,---marriages, for instance, with a deceased wife's sister,—but which are good under certain Colonial Acts, assented to by the Crown, should entitle the...

There was an influential meeting at Lord Shaftesbury's house last

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Saturday, to consider whether the Society for " the protec- tion of animals liable to Vivisection," whose offices are at 1 Victoria Street, Westminster,—the most moderate of the...

The Government has brought in, through Mr. J. Lowther, the

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new Irish Secretary, its Bill for Irish County Reform. It closely resembles the English Bill. The Grand Juries are superseded by " Baronial Presentment Sessions," that is,...

The Academy states what every one who values genius and

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high purpose must deeply regret to hear,—that Professor Ruskin is now lying dangerously ill from overwork, at his house at Coniston. We have very lately fallen under his rod in...

Consols were on Friday 94} to 95.

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It appears by a return which Earl Fortescue has obtained

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that, speaking roughly, between one-fifth and one-sixth of the persons married did in 1875 still sign the marriage-register with a mark. In 1875, there were 201,212 marriages,...

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SOBER AND PASSIONATE CONSERVATISM. L ORD BEACONSFIELD has always been a democratic Tory, and not in any sense a Conservative. And now it is noticeable enough that it is the...


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E NGLISH belief in Russian diplomacy is as immovable as Protestant belief in the Jesuits, and is of very much the same kind. The Czar is supposed to be served by an organised...

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W E can understand easily the anger of the Turkish party in this country at the liberation of Bulgaria, for of course that liberation destroys the authority of the Pashas ; but...

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W E have never been of the number of those who croak about the probable result of a contest between this country and the Russian Empire. We have seen England do too...

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I T pleases those who are against the extension of household suffrage to the counties, to say that all the weight of argu- ment in last week's debate was on their side. That is...

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LORD JUSTICE CHRISTIAN. T HE Irish Bench has had many strange

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members. Norbury and Clare, to name only two, were extraordinary Judges, as measured by any standard. Eloquent invectives from the Bench, more in the style of an impassioned...

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T HOSE who regard the preservation of Epping Forest as an accomplished fact should be aroused from their dream by the proceedings which are pending both in and out of...

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T HE popular theory in England just at this moment about the Khedive is that he is a cheat, who has robbed English Bondholders to buy a big estate for himself, and intends to...

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M R. ARNOLD'S recent panegyric on Equality, delivered at the Royal Institution about a fortnight ago, and pub- lished in the March number of the Fortnightly Review, is a model...

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MR. GLADSTONE AND THE LIBERAL PAR*. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE "EPEOTATOR."1 Szn,—The great body of Liberals continue to give Mr. Gladstone their deliberate approval of what he has...

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SiR,—Though I certainly make no pretension to " eyes that cam penetrate far beyond " those of others, yet I shall be glad if you will allow me to offer a few remarks upon your...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR") Sin,—In the Spectator of the 16th ult. you express a doubt whether short-sight tends to become hereditary, and give as one of your reasons...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." Longissima ecenw apes homini," yet one human hope there is which dies harder than that of being asked to Stay dinner,- " He thought of...


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A STRANGE SINGER. JOY'S the shyest bird Mortal ever heard ; Listen rapt and silent when he sings ; Do not seek to see, Lest the vision be But a flutter of departing wings....


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VENEZUELA.* MR. SPENCE'S book comes appropriately after Mr. Brown's British Guiana, to instruct us respecting an equally little known country which borders the colony whose...

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CANON FARRAR preached in Westminster Abbey towards the close of last year a series of Sermons on the prospects of mankind in the future life. These discourses seem to have...


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" IN the centre of Florence the last great work of native Etruscan architecture, her Baptistery, and the most perfect work of Christian architecture, her Campanile, stand within...

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THE remarkable band of men who helped to make one side of the most important and interesting page in recent American history is beginning to break up. A few weeks since we were...

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Canters in Crampshire is an amusing volume of sketches and adventures in the hunting-field, drawn with great spirit, a keen sense of humour and fun, and no lack of observation....

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Religion in China. By Joseph Edkins, D.D. (Triibner.)—This volume, one of the series entitled" The English and Foreign Philosophi- cal Dictionary," is a second edition, "...

Ida Milton; or, "To Be, or Not To Be." By

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Graham Stephenson. 3 vols. (Tinsley Brothers.)—The momentous question is whether Ida Milton is or is not to be the wife of Walter Hervey, a young gentleman with whom she has...

Nine Lectures on Preaching, by R. W. Dale (Hodder and

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Stoughton) ; Lectures on Preaching. By the Rev. Philip Brooks. (Dutton, Boston, U.S.) —Some few years ago a " Lyman-Beecher Lectureship on Preaching " was founded in Yale...

The Heroes of Young America. By Ascott R. Hope. (Edward

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Stan- ford.)—The object of Mr. Hope's work is to give an account of the English colonisation of the coast of North America, and the foundation of "the great country now known as...

Shakespeare: the Man and the Book. By C. M. Ingleby,

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LL.D. (Triffiner and Co.)—This book is a collection of sundry papers, Dr. Ingleby has written at various times on diverse Shakespearian matters. He descants at length and with...

The Maid of Norway : an Historical Romance. By A.

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Munch. Translated from the Norwegian by Mrs. Robert Birkbeck. (Chatto and Windus.)—It is difficult now-a-days to read historical romances— the literary atmosphere of the time is...

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Ocean to Ocean. By the Rev. George M. Grant, of

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Halifax, U.S. (Sampson Low and Co.)--In July, 1871, British Columbia entered " The Dominion," and on the same day surveying parties left Victoria for various points of the Rocky...

Regent Rosalind. By the Author of "The Wynnes." (Samuel Tinsley.)—It

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is pleasant to moot with a book of so " old-fashioned " a type as Regent Rosalind, — old - fasbioned in the sense of being cool, quiet, sedate, and unpretending, like the...

Incidents of Travel and Sketches of Remarkable Places in England

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and other Countries. By C. R. Carter. (D. Green.)—Mr. Carter, who has apparently seen the world extensively, starting from the other side of it, asks his readers' indulgence for...

Angus Gray. By E. S. Maine. (Smith, Elder, and Co.)—This

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is a dull novel, with some very good writing in it. The story is of a kind to which we object strongly, the kind in which human relations are un- reasonably and unnaturally...

Sermons Preached in the Parish Church of Barnes. By P.

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G. Medd, (Rivingtons.)—Mr. Medd's sermons are of unquestionable ortho- doxy, but orthodoxy of the higher type, which, we are glad to think, is becoming every day more prevalent....

Doris Barugh. By Mrs. MacQuoid. (Hurst and Blackett)--" Ay, bud

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t' lass diz lakhe ter see t' wark deean, let t' wark be deean by whae t' will. Ah tells her sheea war made ter be t' maister ; sheea 'd keep us all i' orther, 'at sheea wad,...

Her Father's Child. By Mrs. W. R. Snow. (Remington.) — Doubt- less

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there are men who desert the best of wives for the sake of worth- less women,—doubtless, too, there are women as selfish and insolent as Lady Archdale ; but unless a writer has...

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Multum in Parr° Gardening. In Two Parts. By Samuel Wood.

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(Crosby Lock wood.)—Need we do anything more than quote Mr. Wood's title-page in Wens° ? The " Two Parts " are these :—" 1. How to make one acre of land, without glass, produce,...

The Post-Office Directory of the Merchants and ManVacturers of the

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United Kingdom (Kelly and Co.) contains a great amount of informa- tion respecting the status, requirements, and producing powers of the colonies and foreign States, in addition...