3 AUGUST 1901

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We find it difficult to believe, as both the Emperor

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of Russia and the Emperor of Austria desire peace, that the straggle over the Balkans will result in war, but the news- paper polemics undoubtedly becomes sharp. The Russians...

The European Ambassadors in Pekin have at last arrived at

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a final agreement as to the indemnity to be paid by China. It is to amount to £64,000,000, bearing interest at 4 per cent., and is to be entirely paid off by 1940. Payment of...

It is difficult to ascertain the truth as to the

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relation of the Italian masses to the house of Savoy, but every now and then an incident happens which indicates at least a strong attach- ment. July 29th, for example, is the...


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O N the whole, the war news tends to be better this week, and we note that the able and trustworthy correspondent of the Morning Post at the front states in Friday's issue that...

The Duke of Cornwall has addressed to Lord Hopetoun, the

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Governor-General of Australia, a letter remarkable for its good feeling, its sense, and its entire freedom from that stilted com- monplace which so often obscures and spoils...

The Austrian papers fully expect that if the new duties

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on food are accepted by the German Parliament there will be a tariff war between Austria and the German Empire. The first effect of the proposals has been to alienate the...

* „* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any case.

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The Church has lost an eminent prelate in Dr. Brooke

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Foss Westcott, Bishop of Durham, who died on July 27th, aged seventy-six. He was the greatest theologian the Church of England has recently produced, a scholar who was respected...

These are (1) that the law of the land originally

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placed rates upon personal property as well as on realty; (2) that ever since 1840 an annual Act has been passed specially exempting from rates personalty and all forms of...

On Saturday last it was announced in the House of

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Commons that a compromise had been arrived at between the Government and the Opposition in regard to the Agri. cultural Land and Tithe Rating Bills, and that they would not be...

In the House of Lords on Monday Lord Salisbury moved

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the second reading of the Bill which confers on the King the right to change his style and title, but does not specify in what particular terms. This was done, said Lord...

In the House of Commons on Wednesday Mr. Balfour proposed

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the grant of £100,000 to Lord Roberts in what, in our opinion, was a speech of rare eloquence and insight. Mr. Balfour has been censured for overdoing his praise of Lord Roberts...

The British Medical Association is sitting at Cheltenham, and on

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Wednesday some very interesting facts were brought forward as to the position of the wounded in naval battles. Owing to the alterations in the structure of the ships, the old...

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In the House of Commons on Thursday, the Loan Bill

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being under discussion, the Chancellor of the Exchequer made what must be considered a fairly hopeful statement in regard to the war. He declared that there was already a very...

We trust that the Government, in spite of the pre-

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occupations of the war, are turning their attention to the question of the Boer prisoners, of whom, including the surrendered burghers, according to the answer given by Lord...

It is with deep regret that we record the sudden

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death of Lady Hilda Brodrick, the wife of the Secretary of State for War, which took place at Esher on Thursday morning after S very short illness due to blood - poisoning,...

If this is correct, and "0. B." ought to know,

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we obtain for the first time—for we do not remember to have seen the facts in print before—a clue to the extraordinary conduct of the nominally anti-Rhodes members of the South...

In the Lords on Thursday, after the Peers had unanimously

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r ated the grant to Lord Roberts—Lord Salisbury incidentally remarking that we give grants to military men and not to civilians "because we do not depend upon the services of...

Unless we are mistaken, a letter in our correspondence columns

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signed "C. B." incidentally explains the greatest of all the mysteries in regard to Mr. Rhodes,—the mystery of why the Liberals on the South African Committee allowed Mr. Rhodes...

The New York Evening Post reports that Mr. Pierpont Morgan's

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firm will shortly become "a corporation," or, as we should say, a limited liability company. The reason assigned is that its business has become too extended for individual...

We have dealt at length elsewhere with the squabble which

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has been going on throughout the week between the Daily Mail and the War Office in regard to the publication of official secrets, and will only say here that all the indications...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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New Consols (21) were on Friday 93i.

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NA TE cannot congratulate the Government or the House of Commons in regard to their attitude and behaviour toward the Press. They are far too apt to bark a great deal and bite...


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• THE FINAL SETTLEMENT IN CHINA. E cannot affect to be quite content with the " final " VV settlement of affairs in China, for we do not believe it to be final at all. Europe...

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I T is, we believe, a matter of pained and regretful comment among Roman Catholics just now that they find English opinion far more unfriendly to them than it used to be. They...

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O UR readers have probably heard quite enough about the dissensions in the Liberal party. If nothing more were at stake than the credit of a political party the question might...

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tat LITTLE CLOUD. T HE position of the Western world, looked

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at as it can be looked at during a lull in politics, is a very singular one. Apparently the grounds for a sanguine forecast are more numerous than at any time since the...

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LEARNED BISHOPS. T HE death of the Bishop of Durham, who

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was a great scholar as well as a good man, reminds us that the reasons for reserving two or three of the bishoprics to learned ecclesiastics are too often forgotten, and will,...

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W E have received the annual Report of the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, and desire to commend this society and the g oo d work it is doing...

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TN the chorus of criticism of our roads uttered by the owners of autoca,rs at the present moment no place has been found for philosophising on the subject of roads in the...

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(To THE EDITOR OP TITS asascraron.") SIR,—As my letter printed in the Spectator of March 23rd was the cause of " X. R.'s " somewhat belated rejoinder from South Africa (July...


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DERWENT WATER PRESERVATION: A GENEROUS OFFER.—(. See Borrowdale and die.") (TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR, —Miss Octavio Hill's letter in the Spectator of July 27th...

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Iwo THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sru,—I have just had my attention called to the Spectator's notice (May 4th) of my' article in the Nineteenth Century on the Boer prisoners....


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" SpEcraTop..1 Sui, — Having for the last two or three weeks been residing in the depths of the country where papers were few and far between, it was only on my return to town...

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(To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIE,—I think if Colonel Townshend will read the passage in Carlyle's " Frederick " to which I referred in my last letter (Spectator, July...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF TUE "SPECTATOR."] Si,—Will you allow me, as a reader of the Spectator for more than thirty years, to make a few remarks upon the subject on which " Clericus "...


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(To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOE."] Sra,—In your interesting article on my essay on "The The Spirit of the Nineteenth Centuiy" you say that the Edinburgh Reviewer preserves a...


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Snt,—I did not reply to the Duke Gandolfi and Mr. Pea the Spectator of July 20th, as I was waiting to hear from Mr. C. H. Smith, the agent for the Woollashall Estate, to whom I...

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LORD CHESTERFIELD'S LETTERS TO HIS SON.* LOOKING at these letters as a whole, and before making any detailed examination of their contents, one cannot but find in them a really...


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LEBANON. LIFE'S dull affairs lie westward ; yet anon I'll hie me back and watch the budding vines Climb the steep flanks of terraced Lebanon To catch the noontide shadow of his...


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(TO THE Enrroa OF THE "SPEOTATOR."] Sin,—May I draw your attention to the opening of a much- needed Fund for the British refugees in South Africa by the Victoria League? The...

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THE great development of gardening which has taken place in England during the last few years has encouraged the pro- duction of books on the subject till they threaten to...

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IT is impossible to lay down this book without a lively sense of regret. Captain Wellby was one of the many good men who have met their death in South Africa—more fortunate than...

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THE kindest thing to say of this, the last effort of Stephen Crane's talent, is that it is unworthy its author. It has solid merits of its own, but its merits are not the merits...

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NOVELS OF THE WEEK.* ALTRouGH we have much more sympathy

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with the heroine's than the author's theories of matrimony, yet "Male Muriel ` (L) Love and his Mask. By Heide Muriel Vowie. London : W. Heinemann. [ea.]—(2.) The Ply Wheel.....

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THE Nineteenth Century for August contains two or three striking papers, Mr. S. E. Moffett's on "How America Really Feels towards England" being, perhaps, the most interesting...

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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week cup have not beet reserved for review in other forms.] The Mary Anne Rogers Memorial. (J. .Adams, Solt ,hanapton- Od.)—In...


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GLASGOW UNIVERSITY JUBILEE. The Book of the Jubilee: in Commemoration of the Ninth Jubilee of Glasgow University. (James MacLehose, Glasgow. 55. ra)- Universities do not as a...


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Decorative Flower Studies. By J. Foord. (B. T. Batsford. 25s.) —This book will be of much use to designers and workers when the living flowers are not obtainable. The studies...

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A Search for an Infidel : Bits of Wayside Gospel.

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(Macmillan and Co. 6s.)—This is a second series—the first we had not the good fortune to see—of occasional sermons, very occasional indeed, for the earliest in date belongs to...

Some Literary Landmarks for Pilgrims on Wheels. By P. W.

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Beckett. (J. M. Dent and Co. 33. 6d. net.)—Mr. Beckett begins his little book with a quite unnecessary depreciation of angling. Pos- sibly he is not serious ; he cannot be in...

Studies in Christian Character, Work, and Experience. By the Rev.

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W. L. Watkinson. First and Second Series. (Charles H. Kelly. 25. 6d. per vol.)—The reader will find in these two volumes some resemblance to that noticed above. The material is...

Memoir of Henry Tamils. By W. C. Ingram, D.D. (Wells

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Gardner, Dayton, and Co. 6s.)—We are glad to have this account of a man who was as exemplary in his life as be was able and accomplished. We cannot say, however, that the...

The Law of Forgiveness. By J. M. Schulhof, M.A. (Heller

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and Son, Cambridge.)—This is a careful and thorough study of all the passages in the Old and New Testament which bear on the subject of forgiveness and on the kindred topics of...

Letters Received by the East India Company, 1617: January - June. Edited

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by William Foster, B.A. (Sampson Low, Marston, and Co. 21s. net.)—The most important among the contents of this volume are the letters relating to a trade mission to Persia...

Cassell's History of the Boer War, 18994901. By Richard Dane.

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(Cassell and Co. 7s. 6d.)—This mighty book, with its 1,560 pages—about as much, to make a rough guess, as what has been left of Livy—will not be found at all too long by British...

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SCHOOL AND CLASS BOORS.—Probiems and Exercises in English History. By

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J. S. Lindsay. (Heifer and Sons, Cambridge. 2s. net ) —This is a contribution—and we are ready to believe as far as we can without actual experiment, a useful contribution—to...

NEW EDITIONS.—Mr. H. G. Dakyns has reprinted from his "Translation

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of the Works of Xenophon" The March of the Ten Thousand, adding to it his Life of Xenophon (Macmillan and Co., 3s. 6d.) Some of the other writings of Xenophon, as the "Apology...