4 OCTOBER 1940

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The Spectator

spite . of losses wholly disproportionate to their achievements 1 the enemy have continued to make daylight raids during the past week. The mass attacks have been broken up...

The Italians and the French in Syria

The Spectator

The report that five Generals who were among the Italian mission to Syria have been recalled in disgrace and their place taken by more conciliatory delegates lacks confirmation,...

The Axis Pressure and Spain Seilor Serrano 8uner, the Spanish

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Minister of the Interior, after conversations with Hitler, Ribbentrop and Count Ciano no in Berlin, has visited Rome and explored the situation further with Count Ciano and...

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Merchant Shipping Losses

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The shipping losses reported on Wednesday are formidable. The average weekly loss of British shipping for the first year of war was about 30,000 tons. In the week now reported...

Homes and Shelters for Londoners

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Last Friday two Special Commissioners were appointed by the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Home Security for the London Region—one, Sir Warren Fisher, to deal with the...

America's Growing Confidence

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The deep disappointment expressed in the United States at the failure of General de Gaulle's expedition to Dakar is it- self some measure of the higher expectations of British...

Britons in Rumania

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The arrest, on no specified charge, of five British subjects in Rumania (one of them a woman), their brutal maltreatment in prison, and the evasion of Rumanian Ministers when...

Intransigent Mr. Gandhi

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It is really very difficult to deal with Mr. Gandhi. Lord Halifax managed it when he was Viceroy, but his successors have found the task baffling, as is not surprising when it...

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London is at war. There should be a Commander-in-Chief, and

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in my opinion it should be Mr. Herbert Morrison. Then he should have on his staff Admiral Evans to take charge of shelters, Mr. Willink to deal with homeless and evacuation, Mr....

In the immediate concern for proper shelters and civil defence

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I hope that the Ministry of Health will take speedy action over rent, that the Board of Education is planning night and day the best ways of keeping education alive, and that...

But what is his job? First and foremost, to act

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like a Commissioner for the whole London Region. When he has seen with his own eyes the main lines of the problem, he should work with a map, telephones and runners, and give...

This week a miniature Secret Session was held by the

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London Members to meet the Chief Commissioner, Capt. Euan Wallace, Mr. Willink and others. This is not the first time that regional Members have met their Regional Com-...

What, then, about Mr. Willink? Everyone who knows him likes

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him and all wish him well. He was recently introduced as the new Member for Croydon, and was flanked on either side as he walked up the aisle by two Under-Secretaries and...

War -Damaged Property Son of the grave problems arising from the

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destruction of private property by enemy action are revealed in the circular sent by the John Lewis Partnership to their members regarding the bombing of their shop in Oxford...

ood I or Emergencies

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Sleeping accommodation, sanitation, and heating are not the v requirements in shelters. Food is equally important. It s to be remembered that many people will have come urriedly...

Parliamentary Notes

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From our Parliamentary Correspondent: There is no precedent for the present situation, and therefore it is little use quoting the ordinary rules. Parliament ought to meet this...

The Trades Union Congress The Trades Union Congress will meet

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next week in circumstances for which there is no parallel in its previous history. There are members of the Labour Party holding leading positions in a non-party Government, and...

The Spectator

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The Spectator

T HE new order which Germany, Italy and Japan are to join in establishing in Europe and Asia is in truth the oldest of all old orders, the tyranny exercised by those who think...

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A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK OMEONE in authority, I hope, is giving

The Spectator

serious thought to the immensely important question how London is to order is life a month hence, when summer-time ends, and the black- out begins at four o'clock in the...

A peer in the Home Counties had a ten-acre field

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where his cows grazed, but which was less useful than it might have been • because it was waterless. A few days ago the Germans dropped a bomb there, which most conveniently...

While most legal business, in both branches of the profession,

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has dwindled to almost nothing, solicitors, at any rate, are being kept much busier than usual over one not very lucrative activity, the making of wills. The reasons are...

Everyone will agree that if Lieut. Davies was to be

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given the George Cross it is entirely right and fitting that (together with • one of his magnificently courageous staff) he should be the first recipient of it.. Such an award...

Suggestions, in more or less urgent terms, that the military

The Spectator

should be called in to reinforce certain of the more heavily overstrained defence services multiply. A writer in T he Times, I see, proposes that soldiers be detached for the...

W. H. Davies' death must not go unnoticed. He was

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a poet who belonged less to any particular epoch or generation than Illy other writer I have known. His vagabond existence as a Young man gave him the hard, gritty experience...

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The Spectator

By S TRATEG ICUS I T is now recognised that we have reached the end of a phase of the air-war, and it is difficult to escape the conclusion that it was a major phase of the war...

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The Spectator

By ERWIN D. CANHAM [This article was written before the pact between Germany, Italy and japan was announced] By Air Mail D ESPITE the energy of Mr. Wendell Willkie's campaign,...

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The Spectator

By MAJOR-GENERAL J. F. G. FULLER V OLTAIRE was born in 1694 and he died in 1778 ; there- fore he lived throughout the early years of the steam age. Yet it does not appear that...

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The Spectator

By E. M. FORSTER CILILTIVATED people, such as read or write The Spectator, U are a drop of ink in the ocean. They mix easily and even genially with other drops, for those...

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The Spectator

By DAVID THOMSON T HE material advantages of the new Pact between Germany, 1 Italy and Japan are so intangible and dubious that it may best be regarded as the measure of Nazi...

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Ex Africa

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My postbag is continually illustrating the old dictum that out of Africa is always coming something new and strange. Here is the latest: a small rough-skinned lizard of the...

Gossamer Days

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Many of us do not remember to have seen quite such complete gossamer days as befell last week. As you walked, soft, almost invisible, wisps of silk stroked your face. You...

Late Daisies

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A very real addition to the beauty of the garden at this date is that more or less recent discovery, the dwarf Michaelmas Daisy. It has been advantaged by a number of new...


The Spectator

Harvest Festivals The Harvest Festivals, celebrated most aesthetically in country c hurches, have taken on some likeness to the festivals of an ear lier century, when the folk...


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The Mortal Storm." At The Empire. HERE is the purely sentimental approach to Nazism; the impact of Hitler's regime is presented in terms of the individuals of a prosperous and...

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The Spectator

Sta,—Douglas London lets your readers draw the correct inference. The author of "An Anzac in England," which appeared a fortnight ago in The Spectator, self-confessedly is the...


The Spectator

In view of the paper shortage it is essential that letters on these pages should be brief. We are anxious not to reduce the number of letters, but unless they are shorter they...


The Spectator

SIR, —You printed in your issue of September 6th, under the heading of " The Overseas Broadcasts," a letter from Mr. C. K. Crookshank of Tongshan, North China. You did not, I...

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The Spectator

should very much like to believe what Mr. Soren says about France's food position. He seems to be arguing from statistics which were drawn up in 1939, and I have reason to think...


The Spectator

Sta,—I would like to thank you for Mr. Kenneth Lindsay's excellent article entitled "London Defiant! " It is as true that Londoners are bearing their hardships with courage and...


The Spectator

SIR, —Your correspondent " Janus " discusses the question of what our air-bombing policy should be and whether this could be adapted to reduce air attacks on London. I suggest...

St,—Mr. Sydney Melbourne's article in your issue of September 2 0th

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contained the following paragraph re the effect of London on the average Australian man: "He finds the people careless and dirty, and venereal disease prevalent, and beyond a...


The Spectator

Stw,—Can I assume that an association appealing for funds through the advertisement columns of The Spectator is known to be a reputable body? There are many appeals now, more...

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Books of the Day

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Britain's Economic Achievement English Economic History : Mainly since 1700. By C. R. Fay. (Heifer. 5s.) English Economic History : Mainly since 1700. By C. R. Fay. (Heifer....

The Blue-Water School

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UNDER the title Sea Power the writer revives a very old and no less vital problem, a problem partly political and partly strategical. " What really determines the policy of this...

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Arts and the Man

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Calico Pie. By C. E. Vulliamy. (Michael Joseph. vas. 6d.) " MEMORY," says Mr. Vulliamy, " is a fountain of cheerfulness, perhaps immortal " ; and, if it be true that the essence...


The Spectator

MANY people lying at night on a cement floor in the company of total strangers must catch themselves dreaming of some other period of history in which they would prefer to have...

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The Spectator

Under the Rose. By Rhys Davies. (Heinemann. 9s.) Bewildering Cares. By Winifred Peck. (Faber and Faber. 7s. 6d.) The Wonderful Journey. By Frank Tilsley. (Collins. 8s.) IN...

The Fall of France

The Spectator

The Last Days of Paris. By Alexander Werth. (Hamish Hamilton. 8s. 6d.) THE collapse of France in June, 1940, is an event which will deeply affect all. our lives. The France...

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The Spectator

By CUSTOS APART from a momentary shudder, markets have been quite unmoved by the conclusion of the new Axis Pact. Most people had already prepared themselves for this formal...

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The Spectator

ALLIED INDUSTRIAL SERVICES, LIMITED THE sixth annual meeting of the members of Allied Industrial Services, Limited, was held on September z7th at Netherwood Cham- bers,...

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The Spectator

'5 .....,E 2 A8 3 0AIRD .5 i, St oS AilleaS ‘REEL KaLNA R -r E ' , L 1111 RU I SE '8!L D 13077 LES 7 8 am c T , A !NIL s va RENL; 1 ri ! , 1 LL OP gt NDpAD A t NU DEAMGML N...


The Spectator

prize of a Book Token for one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked...