5 JULY 1935

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The Spectator

TOPICS OF THE DAY A BYSSINIAN Adventure, the Abyssinia and British Policy.. 44 Abyssinia at Geneva„ 176-212 the Campaign Opens 5H Five Weeks . of War .. • • 7 , 21 , — Shall...

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Printed in Great Britain by W. SrrstcAttr AEU SONS, LTD„

The Spectator

98 and 99 Fetter LaUe, Landon, E.G. 4, and published by THE SPECTATOR, LTD., St their offices, No. 99 Gower Street, London, WC. I--Friday, January 31, 1936.

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As for the offer by Mr. Eden of territorial adjustments

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designed to facilitate a settlement between Italy and Abyssinia, it may or may not have been well conceived, and Signor Mussolini may or may not have been justified in rejecting...


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S O far as Mr. Eden's statement in the House of Commons on Monday cast new light on the inten- tions of Signor Mussolini in Abyssinia it was extremely disturbing light. The...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W.O. 1.. .Tel.: MUSEUM

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1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Poet Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal su b scr iption 308, per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

The Government is not ignorant of that. The Prime Minister

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knew perfectly well what the Italian situation was when he declared at Bramham Park on Saturday that the sheet-anchor of Great Britain's foreign policy Was the League of...

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*, * Direct Election in India The Government has done

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wisely to accept the principle of direct election for the Council of State in India, even though it still refuses it for the Legislation Assembly.. Though direct election in...

President Roosevelt and Congress The outlook for President Roosevelt personally

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is blacker than •it has been at any time since he took office. With his accustomed resilience the President has pursued his course undaunted by the Supreme Court's condem-...

A New Attack on Jews?

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Signs of a new drive against Jews in Germany multiply. Dr. Goebbels, who must be distressed at possessing so few of the outward characteristics of the blonde Nordic himself, did...

Noise as a Public Nuisance At last it is coming

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to be recognized in official circles, as elsewhere, that noises may be as much a " nuisance " to the public and as damaging to health as open drains or polluted water. At the...

* * * * Surplus Spindles The Bill which will

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set up a Spindles Board for the cotton spinning industry, read for a first time last Monday, is an excellent example of the help which the Government can give to an industry...

More Millions for Beet What the delay in producing a

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long-term beet-sugar policy is costing the country will only be known when the policy is in fact produced. Mr. Elliot, who has already had nearly three months in which to...

Economy Cuts and Cinema Taxes The last of the economy

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cuts arc now gone. On Monday the old rate of pay was restored to soldiers; sailors, teachers, policemen, panel doctors, civil servants, judges, M.P.'s, and Cabinet Ministers,...

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Business and Trade Barriers At the Congress of the International

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Chamber of Commerce held in Paris last week it was once again shown that the expert business men of the world are aware of certain measures that must be taken before trade can...

, The Government is for the time being so firmly

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en- trenched in the House of Commons and in the support of the country that one or two Cabinet Ministers are adopting a rather contemptuous tone in their answers to...

British Culture Abroad Addressing the British Council for Relations with

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Other Countries last Tuesday, the Prince of Wales cited the case of Egypt as an example of our failure in the past to promote British culture abroad. In Egypt, despite our,...

British Submarine Policy • Mr. Lloyd George's persistence in his

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charge against the Government regarding submarines after the First Lord of the Admiralty's explicit and comprehensive denial in-the House of Commons is beyond understanding. In...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

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proposal to create a special constituency for the Speaker is dead so far as this Parliament is concerned. I understand that a similar suggestion was discussed by the Cabinet in...

That was impressively proved on Tuesday by the uproar created

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at question time over the proposed cession of territory tentatively suggested in the Rome conversations as a solution of the Italo-Abyssinian conflict. To the demand of Captain...

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W HAT, asked the Prime Minister on Saturday, does rebuilding England mean ? It means, he asserted, security, and the happiness that follows security, for the men, the women, and...

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T HERE were distinguished writers of many schools of thought at the International Congres des Ecrivaine recently held at Paris to consider the defence of culture against...

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But the real dilemna before the Council of Action is

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a personal one. It cannot do without Mr. Lloyd George or with him. Certainly not without him, for he is the driving force behind the whole movement ; at least four of the...

* * * * The establishment at the National Gallery

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of a laboratory for the examination of pictures is another step in the march of Modern science, which today pene- trates the secrets of artists, shows where a picture has been...


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M R. LLOYD GEORGE has, at any rate, kindled expectation. I did not hear his " Council of Action " speech myself, but an M.P., not particularly sympathetic, who did told me that...

* * * * Londoners who stay away from the

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Open Air Theatre in Regent's Park can have small conception of what they are missing. I have thought that before and I thought it more than ever as I sat and watched the first...

The annual report on Indian students in England (I say

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advisedly England, for there are few of them in Scotland) deserves more attention than it gets, for the effect on Anglo-Indian relations of a constant flow of young Indians...

Last Sunday, June 80th, was the first anniversary of the

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slaughter of General Schleicher, Captain Roehm and the other couple of hundred or so victims of the Nazi Party purge. I wonder how many people noticed this, embedded among The...

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FROM A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT A Mediterranean Port. T HERE arc now well over 100,000—some say as many as 150,000—Italian troops in East Africa. A reliable correspondent has...

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By ERNEST NEWMAN I KNOW nothing of the inner workings of the musical department of the B.B.C. I do not even know the names of the members of the cabinet which, presumably, is...

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By COUNT FERDINAND CZERNIN T HE peace treaty of St. GerMain changed the name of the Austrian State from German Austria to Austria, forbade the " Anschluss," and saddled the...

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By SQUADRON-LEADER P. R. BURCHALL I N Great Britairr.,the :airship is in disgrace .and indeed in eclipse. But in Germany unshaken faith in the lighter-than-air vessel remains....

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By EDWARD SHILLITO T HERE are some questions which man in every generation puts to' the universe ; they arise out of experiences which are universal ; man simply because he is...

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By JAN STRUTHER O NE should always, when wishing, remember the Monkey's Paw. A week ago, suspended in that delicious limbo between early morning tea and getting up, I thought...

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By ROSE MACAULAY W HAT things we tell the young on their school speech days! Not that the young believe us : or at least they did not when I was the young. But I remember that...

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The Cinema

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"The Bride of Frankenstein." At the Tivoli.—"Abyssinia." At the Rialto Poon harmless Mary Shelley, when she dreamed that she was watched by pale, yellow, speculative eyes...


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The Ballet Russian Ballet at Covent Garden Bed, the latest novelty of the Russian Ballet, presented Massine with a number of difficult problems, over which he had no initial...

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Tricntenaire de l'Acadernie

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[D'un correspondant trans - ais] Runs a eu, Ia sernaine derniiTe, l'honneur de recevoir its personnalites les plus marquantes dans le domaine des lettres et des sciences. Ces...


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A Weill Operetta and a Celtic Opera Wan peace on everybody's lips and War in the air, an operetta satirizing the activities of armament firms, diplomatic conferences and...

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Green "Litterature"

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Personally, and in regard to a particular Common much defaced by litter, I could find no one to tell me whether the County Council had adopted this law or not. A direct letter ....

A Flycatcher's Choice On the walls of a cottage well

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decked with the climbing plants they love it has been the habit of a flycatcher to build year after year. The selection of the place was regarded as a family tradition. Then, to...

Negative Lords

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The places that suffer most are the Commons. Now of recent days there have come into existence bodies known as Conservators, a word taken perhaps from Theodore Roosevelt's great...

The Royal

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The Royal Agricultural Show takes place this year at New- castle. I attended it many years ago in the same place ; and the crowds were the biggest I ever saw at any agricultural...

Lilies at the R.H.S.

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The fortnightly shows of the R.H.S. grow better and better, and more and more popular ; and the first July shows will be of particular interest. They will represent a very...


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Litter There is a by-law, adopted by most County Councils in - England, which is not only " honoured in the breach but also unknown to most of those who disregard it, as to...

An Old Nursery Some ornithologist has, I believe, been asking

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for evidence on the use of a nest for a second or third brood. Even this is not common, indeed, is rare, except with the swallow tribe and some of the birds that live in holes....

* * *

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A Wren's Adventure Again, a nest built but not used by the first architect has been one of the curiosities of this year's garden. A robin built on a bank very early in the year...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sirs,—I think the writer of the leading article in The Spectator of May 31st, entitled " The Blow to the New Deal," was under some...


The Spectator

[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

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The Spectator

Vie the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—One could hardly expect the uneducated to draw a care- ful distinction between the pure scientist on the one hand and the inventor and...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] gin, — Apparently Mr. Lindfield did not read my letter before replying to it. I never referred to the question of remarriage in church after a...


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[To the Editor of TuE SPECTATOR.] Sra,—The writer of the delightful article on " Other people's Music," has done well to draw attention to what is really only one particularly...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—As one who has been officially interested, for a number of years; in matters relating to the administration of the Poor Law and the...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—In your " News of the Week " in the last issue; writing of the foolishness of the argument that nations at war do not abide by...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Is this a Fascist country ? Last Saturday at the Air Pageant, the police hustled me away . from the public road where I was distributing...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—How many of the 11,000,000 who voted for the League in the Peace Ballot know that there is in Africa a little corner of former German...

The Dolls

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I FOUND them lying on the shore, Sweet shapes, pearl-lipped and crescent-eyed, Night after night their hands implore Pathetic mercies at my side : They offer in a dark delight...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Silo—Our attention has been called to a comment made by your reviewer, Mr. I. M. Parsons, on the recent production at Canterbury of Mr. T. S....

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Primitive Theology

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By E. E. KELLETT TN this remarkable book, a welcome addition to Messrs. Kegan Paul's " Histories of Civilization," the distinguished. Helsingfors professor sets forth the views...

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The Spending of Leisure

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Tae New Survey of London Life and Labour. and Leisure. (P. 8. King. 17s. 6d.) Vol. IX : Lite It' you compare (as the " New Survey " has) London today with London forty years...

Why Democracy Failed

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The Fall of the German Republic. A Political Study. By R. T. Clark. (Allen and Unwin. 15s.) THERE have been many attempts to explain the failure of Democracy in Germany, and of...

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Gone Mad

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AND still they come ! There seems to he'd() end teIhe tale of hunian degradation in Europe' since the' War. Book after book 'appears with its deseriptions of eatastrdPhe, •...

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Sad New World Mn. H. G. Wells has been enjoying

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two years of more Than usual exhilaration. He was thawing to the end of his Auto- biography when it occurred to him that, after forty years of prophesying, it was hi a duty to...

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Stravinsky's Memoirs

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Chroniques de Ma Vie. By Igor Stravinsky. (Paris : Denol et Stt-4.51e. 111' francs.) Tin?. publication (in -Wrench) of the first volume of Igor Stravinsky's autobiography is...

Swords and Ploughshares With Horace Plunkett in Ireland. By R.

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A. Anderson. (Macmillan. 108. 6d.) IneidiNo is a difficult country, apt to look askance at those who seek to benefit her. She has two eyes, and they seldom agree. One may...

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Plato Made Easy

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The Argument of Plato. By F: H. Ariderson. ' (Dent. - 10s. 6d.) TIIERE are too many books about Plato in the world and it is a pity to add to them a book with a title like that...

Roman Holidays

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Head of a Girl. By Eimer O'Duffy. (Blos. 7s. 6d.) A SUDDEN realization of the imminence of summer holidays has curtailed a promising column on the stupidity of the modern...

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By WILLIAM PLOVER The Nun and the Bandit. By E. L. Grant Watson. (Crossot Press. Ennii of these novels is about a different part of the world, and to a greater or less extent...

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The Spectator

By O. A. Merritt-Hawkes Mrs. Merritt-Hawkes, on her own acknowledgement, neither speaks nor writes Persian well, nor has she made a systematic study of Persian political...

. THE PERIODICALS The Contemporary gives first place to Mr.

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Geoffrey Mander's comments on The Old and the New Government." " In several respects, such as the higher command at No. 1(1 Downing Street and the Foreign Office, it is...

Current Literature

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OH ! YOU ENGLISH By D. F. Karaka Literary invasions of England by missionary foreigners, of which the first in recent years was that of the sprightly and malicious Dr. Renter,...


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Mossolov The author of this book (Methuen, 12s. 611) was Head of the' Court Chancellery from 1900 to 1916, and his recollections deal tchieay with Nicholas II, his family and...

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Motoring Men and Women on the Road Tim figures contained

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in Mr. Hore-Belisha's statement on the failures to pass the new driving test have already given fresh life to the still acute controversy about the respective abilities at the...

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The Spectator

Dangers of a Boom MY excuse for returning this week to the subject of new loans and the investor must be that the activity in capital creations to which I then referred has, if...

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Financial Notes

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INVESTMENTS FIRM. IN some departments • of the Stock Exchange a. rather uncertain- tendency has been noticeable during the,. past week. There has been :t certain ajtount of ....

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The Spectator

Steadiness continues to characterise the profit earning power of the P. and O. Banking Corporation, which last year made a Profit of £118,442 or about £1,000 more than in the...


The Spectator

At the recent meeting of Shell Transport and Trading Company, Lord Bearsted, the Chairman, emphasized. -the fact that quite as important as the increase in profits for last...


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While the National Revenue for the first quarter of the current financial year makes an encouraging showing, it would, I consider, be a great mistake to overlook the .other side...


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Two well-deserved compliments have recently been bestowed upon Sir John Caulcutt, the well - known banker. He has been chosen to be the next President of the Institute of...


The Spectator

At the Annual Meeting of the' - General Electric Company Lord Hirst submitted Accounts showing net profits exceeding those of the best year the Company had ever experienced. The...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. I45

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[A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should lie marked " Crossword Puzzle,"...


The Spectator

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