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NEWS OF THE WEEK • HE most important event of

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the week has been the signa- ture at St. Petersburg last Saturday of the Anglo-Russian Agreement regarding the mutual arrangements and interests of the two Powers in Asia. The...

We shall, of course, return to the subject of the

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Agreement when the details are published, but even without knowledge of those details it is possible to say something as to what has been accomplished. Hitherto it has almost...

The German Emperor, who has been paying a visit to

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Westphalia, made a remarkable speech at Munster last Satur- day night. After paying a tribute to the province of Westphalia as a model of harmonious co-operation, the Emperor...

We venture to predict that when the Agreement is published

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it will be seen that while neither statesman has sacrificed the interests of his country, the foundation has been laid for improved relations between Russia and Britain....

In Russia the news of the signing of the Agreement

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has been well received, and here there have been hardly any dis- cordant voices heard, though no doubt the pedants and doctrinaires amongst the extreme Radicals, who attempted...

Affairs in Morocco develop very slowly. There have been reconnaissances

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in force by the French troops at Casa Blanca during the week. The most important took place on Tuesday, when over two thousand French were engaged. The Arabs were estimated at...

*„ 16 The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The Trade-Union Congress has been held at Bath during the

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week, and Mr. Gill, M.P., delivered his presidential address on Tuesday. The Members of Parliament attending the present Congress 'are more numerous than the whole number of...

The Emperor's speeches are always interesting, not merely as the

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utterances of a powerful Monarch, and delivered, in virtue of his position, under a sounding-board which causes them to reverberate throughout the entire civilised world, but...

The Persian Prime Minister, Amin-es-Sultan, was shot dead last Saturday

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night at Teheran as be was entering his carriage after attending a sitting of the new Parliament. The ante- cedents of the victim lend a peculiar significance to the crime. He...

On Wednesday Mr. John Ward, M.P., proposed a motion censuring

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"those Britishers who have thought proper to engage themselves to cosmopolitan syndicates, and to interfere in foreign labour disputes." This motion, which was aimed, of course,...

The papers of Monday publish a message from Reuter at

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Peking reporting the proposal of certain changes in social custom for removing the racial distinctions in the Chinese Empire. It is said that the Empress called together the...

The news from the Hague Conference is satisfactory without being

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epoch-making. After prolonged discussions, the Comito d'Examen has decided in favour of a list of subjects for obligatory arbitration. When put to the vote, eight subjects— none...

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Mr. Haldane is of course perfectly aware of these considera-

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tions, and we have no doubt that he would not have placed the contract abroad if he had thought there was any risk of our depriving ourselves of a home supply. No doubt there...

We regret to see that Lord Aberdeen, who spoke at

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Haul. bowline, in Cork Harbour, on Wednesday, also adopted this minimising attitude in dealing with the anti-grazing agitation. He attributed it to "an anxiety to provide...

The controversy in regard to the state of the Unionist

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Party is being carried on with unabated vigour in the Morning Post. Mr. Baumann has contributed on the Unionist Free-trade side two most able and convincing letters, and one or...

In a letter which appears in Thursday's Times "An Irish

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Taxpayer" very properly calls attention to an extraordinary speech delivered at Kilullagh, in Westmeath, on August 25th by Mr. Ginnell, the Nationalist Member for North West-...

We have dealt incidentally elsewhere with the hostility provoked by

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Mr. Haldane's decision to place a large order for horseshoes in America. In our opinion, Mr. Haldane acted rightly in the matter. We are quite willing to admit that in matters...

In a letter published in the Times on Wednesday attention

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is drawn to the experiment of the London County Council in temporarily establishing an open-air school for weak children at Abbeywood, Plumstead, and the suggestion is made that...

Bank Rate, 4i per cent., changed from 4 per cent.

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Aug. 15th. Consols (2i) were on Friday 811—on Friday week 821.

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OLD-A.GE PENSIONS ONCE MORE. rpHE Government have been given an opportunity .1_ for extricating themselves from the perilous position taken up by them upon the question of...

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THE WHITE MAN'S NIGHTMARE. T HE individual Englishman is usually an

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optimist, has very few fears, disbelieves in hell, and, like the American, is at heart quite confident that his country, aided by Providence, will in some way or other "muddle...

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AMERICA AND THE PHILIPPINES. A FTER nearly ten years of chequered

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experience in the Philippines, the people of the United States are addressing themselves again to the questions : Is possession of the Philippines worth while ? Have we a,...

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A QUESTION of considerable importance is discussed at length by Mr. C. F. Hamilton in the current number of the National Review. It is the relations between English emigrants...

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FREE-TRADE AND SOCIALISM. T HE September number of the National Review,

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noticed at length elsewhere, contains a very brilliant, but, in our opinion, an entirely wrong-headed, article by Mr Garvin (by far the ablest of the Tariff Reform publicists)...

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C HRISTIANS of to-day have a faith in common with those of yesterday, and with those of a thousand years ago; in fact, they have a faiih in common - _with the Apostles. But...

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T T is good to find that we are at last beginning to follow in the steps of our Continental neighbours, and to realise the possibilities of our temperate climate in the way of...

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"ATTILA" AT HIS MAJESTY'S THEATRE. TT is related of Attila,

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the King of the Huns, that he once rebuked the Christian Emperor, Theodosius, for his lack of honour. It has occurred to us—we hope not too fantastically—that Mr. Laurence...

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THE STATE OF THE NAVY.—THE HOME FLEET. r To THE EDITOR Or THE " SPECTATOR...] - SIR,—Persistent attempts have been made of late to induce the belief that the mobilisation of...

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THE REFORM OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS. LTo Talc EDITOR OF run “ SPECTATOR:9 SIE,—It may very well suit the tactics of the Liberal Party to cripple the House of Lords in the way...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " $PECTATOR:] SIR,—/t must be forty years since Canon Blackley put forth his admirable scheme of compulsory insurance whereby enough would be saved between...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE - Brzoreion.."] SIR,—Dr. Smith is an historian, and yet he uses the phrase "the Second Chamber" (Spectator, August 31st). Historically, the House of Lords...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:] Sr,—This bogey of a possible embargo is a constant resource of Protectionist politicians who want to make our flesh creep, and they all do...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF Till "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—The enclosed will, I think, be of interest to your readers. I have also more details, but they are too long for publication, I...

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[To THE EDITOR Of THE "SPECTATOR."] Sm,—In his speech before the Canadian Club of Halifax, Nova Scotia, on August 8th, his Excellency the Governor- General of Canada referred...


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rTo THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. - 1 SIR,—Mr. Willett's dream is delightful. Few dreams improve our health, give us holidays, and reduce the National Debt. To convert such a...


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Pope's suggestion in your issue of last week of a ten minutes' alteration of the clock on nine Sundays would not only give a great deal of trouble to the guardians of public...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THZ "SPECTATOR." Sra,—At this holiday season, when the office-boy is let loose upon the leading columns of so many of your daily con- temporaries, it is idle...

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cm THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Si,—With reference to the very interesting correspondence— which by an oversight I have only just seen—in the Spectator on the subject of...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin, — May I cite an Indian counterpart to your contributor's delightful story of how St. Patrick consigned the dragons to the lakes of...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." j SIR, — The custom of placing clay pipes and tobacco on the graves at the old abbey in Ireland for the convenience-of ghosts, to which...

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FROM THE CABIN DOOR. THERE' a snowy flock in the

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moon-black meadow, An' white sheep-mothers dim in the shadow, An' a field beyont that's grey. An' by it There' the wide lake lyin' could an' quiet. There' a high-hill shore....


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LTO TUX EDITOR OV TUX spscrAToicl Sin,—Having read with much interest your article on the nesting-sites of sea-fowl contained in the issue of June 29th, I intended writing in a...


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A BORDER LAMENT. (To " Anodos." August 251h, 1907.) "THERE is music to-night in Joyous Gard, In the King's Hall by the sea." "Let them sing an' they will, who have the skill...


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To THZ EDITOR OP` THU "SPECTATOR:1 SIR, — Every Nature-lover will thank you for the very charm- ing article in your issue of August 17th on "Butterfly Gardens." The enhanced...


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THE TOWN CHILD.* Mn. BRAY, as a member of the London County Council who concerns himself ardently with the children of the town, has already made his name familiar to students...

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CAMBRIDGE BIBLIOGRAPHY.* TnE completion of this catalogue, which we owe

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to Mr. Charles Sayle's twelve years of persevering labour, marks a date in the history of English bibliography. It is, indeed, a long time since any work of at all comparable...


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Mn. VAUGHAN writes almost complainingly about the strangeness of the fact that so little has been published con- cerning Henry Stuart, Cardinal Duke of York, "titular King...

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BOTANY, BIRDS, AND ANGLING* THOSE of our readers who combine

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tastes for botany, birds, and angling are fortunate persons. For their benefit we propose to notice shortly a number of recently issued books that may be classed under those...

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THE new Nineteenth Century opens with a long article by Mr. J. Ellis Barker, formerly Mr. Eltzbacher, on "The Anti-British Policy of Germany." Mr. Ellis Barker deals trenchantly...

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The Botor Chaperon. By C. N. and A. M. Williamson:

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(Methuen and Co. 6s.)—Mr. and Mrs. Williamson have again produced a mixture of guide-book and fiction. Their readers will find it hard to forgive them for having used a title...

NO ROBERT THORNE.* MR. SHAN BULLOCK'S excellent autobiography of a

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London clerk differs in many obvious ways from the work of other authors who have striven to deal faithfully with the middle class. Though there is one personage in his...

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SIR GEORGE CLARKE ON FORTIFICATION. Fortification : its Past Achievements, Recent Development, and _Future Progress. By Sir George Sydenham Clarke, G.C.M.G., F.R.S. With Map of...

READABLE NOVELS.—Margery o' the Mill. By M. E. Francis (Mrs.

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Francis Blundell). (Methuen and Co. 6s.)—A very pleasant story of English rural life.—In His Grip. By David Christie Murray. (John Long. 6s.)—A story of commercial life, well...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] A cheap edition of the works of Bishop Gore at 2s. 6d. net per volume...

Socialism: its Fallacies and Dangers. Edited by Frederick Millar. (Watts

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and Co. 6d.)—This is a new edition of a useful volume. Socialism justifies itself by complaints which are them- selves a proof that things are really mending. "A hundred years...

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Our Struggle for the Fourteenth Colony. By Justin H. Smith.

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2 vols. (G. P. Putuam's Sons. 25s. net.)—It may be necessary to explain that the "Fourteenth Colony" means Canada,—practi- cally, of course, "Lower Canada," which at the time of...

Scilly and the Scillonians. By J. G. Wren. (Western Morning

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News Company, Plymouth. 6s. net.)—Mr. Wren tells us that he was postmaster of Plymouth for thirty years, and that lie knows Scilly, which is within the Plymouth postal district,...

Queens of the Renaissance. By M. Beresford Ryley. (Methuen and

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Co. 10s. 6d. net.)—The "twenty-four illustrations" with which this volume is furnished are decidedly good, and perform the function which their kind does not always perform, of...

The Lakes of Northern Italy. By Richard Bagot. (Methuen and

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Co. 5s. net.)—Mr. Begot tells us that his book "is in no way intended to be a guide-book." The details about routes, hotels, &c., can easily be found elsewhere. Here the...

The Spirit of the Links. By Henry Leach. (Methuen and

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Co. 6s.)—There can be little doubt that " hope " is that which gives its most powerful charm to golf. We know, when we regard the matter in the dry light of reason, that the law...

Notes on the History of the Revels Office under the

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Tudors. By E. K. Chambers. (A. H. Bullen. 3s. 61. net.)—There is some mention of ludi practised at the expense of the Royal purse as far back as the middle of the fourteenth...

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Messrs. Cassell send us some specimens of a new series

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of standard books which they are publishing under the title of "The People's Librail " (8d. and is. 6d. per vol.) They are well printed and well got up, and certainly offer good...

Goldsmiths' and Silversmiths' .Work. By Nelson Dawson. (Methuen and Co.

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25s. net.)—This is a history of the subject from the earliest times. The author goes back as far, to give a snore or less definite date, as the Mycenaean period, and traces the...