9 AUGUST 1919

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The Spectator

W E note with very great satisfaction the suggestion made by the Daily Express of Wednesday that an adequate sum of money should be voted to the Prime Minister. We have strongly...

Quite apart from the personal issue and the present example,

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we want to see a precedent made for the adequate remuneration of our statesmen, including of course special rewards for special and emergency services. In an age when, most...

Whether-Mr. Lloyd George should have a lump sum like that

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given to the Naval and Military Commanders-in-Chief, or, as we confess we shouldprefer, an annuity of £5,000 a year for life, or for twenty years, whichever is the longer, does...

On Wednesday a list was issued of the honours and

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grants for the leading officers of the Navy, Army, and Air Force. Sir David Beatty and Sir Douglas Haig, as was generally expected, receive earldoms. Sir Edmund Allenby becomes...

A certain amount of criticism has made itself heard at

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what is regarded as the arbitrariness of the list. If such criticism were encouraged, there would be no end to it. For ourselves, we are content to applaud the principle that a...

The Prime Minister, in an eloquent speech in the House

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of Commons on Wednesday, moved a vote of thanks to the Services and to Marshal Foch, which was adopted unanimously. He then moved a resolution sanctioning the money grants,...

The march of the representative detachments of the Indian Army

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to Buckingham Palace on Saturday last compensated Londoners for their disappointment of a fortnight before, when the troops from India had not arrived in time to take part in...

It was a happy thought of the King's to make

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a Royal progress on the Thames on Monday afternoon, from London Bridge to Chelsea. The pageant, headed by the King and Queen in their State barge, represented the Royal Navy and...

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The German White Book relating to the demand for an

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Armistice affords conclusive proof that the Allied offensive which began on July 18th, 1918, decided the issue. On the eve of his hat attack on July 15th General Ludenderff was...

General Rawlinson left on Monday for Northern Ruseia, where, according

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to .the War Office, he is "to co-ordinate the difficult military operation of the withdrawal of the Archangel and Murmansk forties." Warships are being sent to strengthen our...

The Jewish Bolshevik, Bela Kim, who had tyrannized over Budapest

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for four months, resigned his "proletariat dictator- ship" on Friday week because, as one of his accomplices said, the Magyar " proletariat " was "unready for further...

The American Secretary of War, with the sanction of course

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of President Wilson, has introduced a Military Programme which will provide for a peace-time Array of 510,000 men ands Reserve of 1,250,000. It will all be based upon compulsory...

The Daily News of course bewails the perversion of Mr.

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Baker from his original uncompromising opposition to compulsory service. The Daily News correspondent in New York talks of the Praseihnisation of America, and so on. All this...

When every boy passes through a period of training be

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is bound to come under the careful scrutiny of the doctors. If he is too weak, he is excused from service ; but if he is capable of service, his physique is scientifically built...

Sir L. Worthington Evans, the Minister of Pensions, told the

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House of Commons on Thursday week that he would carry out the recommendations of the Select Committee, with one vital exception. The pension rates, he said, would be increased,...

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The National Police Union, which is virtually abolished by the

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Police Bill, attempted late on Thursday week to cause a general " strike " or mutiny of the police forces throughout the country. This unscrupulous attempt failed except in...

Mr. Frank Rose, the Labour Member for North Aberdeen, invited

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his fellow Labour Members last week to condemn the " direct action "-or political strike-with which hotheads like Mr. Smillie are threatening U8. It is sad to record that the...

We have heard or read lately little about the proposal

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to bring the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge to some extent under Government control. The suggestions which were made public a few weeks ago, however, prove that there is a...

If it were widely known that the freedom of Oxford

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and Cambridge could be secured, there could be little doubt that the sons of both would rally to their assistance. We have a suspicion, however, that more spade-work is being...

On Tuesday the Prince of Wales sailed in the battleship

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Renown' for a tour of the Dominions and a visit to the United States. Never has an Heir-Apparent to the Throne been aa well known in advance to the people whom he will visit. He...

Every one admired and liked him for this, and if

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that were all it would. be a guarantee of a great reception for him wherever he goes. But there is much more. The British people, the soldiers from the Dominions-those lands...

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THE ADVANCE OF THE SHADOW. T HE greater number of Englishmen and Englishwomen are at the moment playing, unconscious of the dangers that lie before them. All, however, who are...

THE USES OF ADVERTISEMENT. H OW are we to make the

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men and women of to-day understand the risks they are running, and how tq avoid them! There is only one way. By a process of education—by teaching these men and women, by making...

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I T is said that a starving man is haunted by visions of bountiful feasts, and that the traveller dying of thirst in the desert sees in front of him an oasis which always...

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I N the preceding article we have tried to • describe the complexity of the influences which make for high prices and bring about what passes as "profiteering. " We have net...

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U NLESS there is backsliding in high places, we are to have the Cenotaph in Whitehall preserved as a permanent memorial. That an official body should come to a decision so...

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I T seems natural that a hero should look down a little upon his valet, so natural that it goes without saying and is not worth taking account of. It is the counter-contempt of...

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TT is the kind of place a civilian used to go to for the purpose (in common parlance) of "forgetting the war." One didn't really forget it, or expect or wish to forget it :...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " EPECTATOR."1 Sra,—The sun was just peeping over the horizon as the ' Nile ' steamed into Port Blair, the chief port of the Andaman Islands. The voyage...

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[Letters of the length of one of our teading paragraphs are THE BRITISH MONROE DOCTRINE. :To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Sra,—After reading Our editorial "The British...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—You have often published letters from me on an Irish settlement. If you refer to previous numbers of the Spectator you will find that...


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ITo THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Ste,—A thousand thanks for the manner in which you continue to stand up for Ulster. The Sinn Feiners will never agree to try to win Ulster in...


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"SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I have lately had occasion to re-read a book of which I hope it is not too cynical to say that, in my opinion, had it not been written by a Duke, it would...

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"SPECTATOR."] Saa,—The Spectator of June 14th reached your readers in this country a few days ago. On p. 753 is a most enlightening article entitled "The United States and...


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The General Laws of Rhode Island, chapter 312, contains a good deal of sound equity as between man and man, regarding the disposition of the estate of a person deceased. Section...


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[To ens .Easrese OF THE " SPECTATOR.") Ses,—Your "News of the Week" in the issue of July 26th contains a reference to some opinions expressed by a writer in the Times as to the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIII,—Might it not help to bring home to the miners the dangers and possible ruin caused by their action if deputations from the...


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[TO TRE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIE,—Your correspondent "Australian Soldier" is right in insisting that active work is essential to stimulate public interest in the League...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTLTOR."1 SIE,—It is surely impossible to deny,to M. Renan something of the role of a prophet—the man who could write in the dark days of 1871 such...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPEOTATOR."] ent,—No doubt in all the ages there have been predictions of the kind that Mr. Gifford mentions, and some of them are very curious and...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—A few days ago at the House of Commons various eminent persons spent some time in congratulating themselves ea the way in which they bad...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " 13.PEOTATOR."] Sia, — At the present. time there seems to be no law, international or other, in existence which renders the action of a Sovereign in...


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[TO THE EDITOR or THE " SPEC/AFC/A."1 SIR,—Peace rejoicings are over. We have expressed our gratitude to the thousands of men and women whose self-sacrificing labours won peace...

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• [To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."] Sun,—My authority for stating that Longfellow wrote the beautiful additional verse for our National Anthem is Mr. Theodore P....


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[TO THE EDITOR. OF THE " SPECTATOR."] Sis,—Does it really matter whether or not Mark Twain was aware of the Johnson story (Boswell, Temple Edition, Vol. IV., a. 37) to which Mr....


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• [To 'ME EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The appeal which Miss Josephine Plows-Day makes in your issue of July 26th hardly discloses the fact to an eminitiated reader that the...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—It may interest the

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readers of the Spectator to hear that an Act for the adoption of children has been in force in New Zealand for more than thirty years, and has been very beneficial to the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF l'HE " SPE - CV-TOR."] S111,-1 have just read your article on "Weekdays" and your correspondent's singular conception of the same with great interest....


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Your correspondent should purchase a copy of ChangeRinging Disentangled: with Hints on the Direction of Belfries, on the Management of...


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NIGHT. -ANOTHER clay has ended and again The fading emeralds of the quiet west Grow dusky o'er the hill-top and the plain, Dying along each drowsy vale and crest, Where Earth...

Tlig *pert afar

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We suggest that there can be no better Present in Peace or War than an Annual Subscription .to the Spectator. He or she who gives the Spectator as a present will give a weekly...

To the MANAGER, The "SPECTATOR," 1 Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. 2.

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I enclose Cheque (or Postal Order) and should like the "SPECTATOR" sent for one year to Name (Plsaso state Title, or whether Mr., Mrs., or Miss.) Address

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SCOTTISH HISTORICAL ESSAYS.* Irs Mr. Louis Barbe's attractive new volume

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the essay which will excite most attention is that which sketches the early history of coal-mining in Scotland. There can be no doubt that, just as the ultra-Prussian Toryism of...

"W. Ca . '*

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IT was fitting that the Committee of the M.C.C. should have Leon associated with this memorial biography of the greatest • The Memorial Biography of Dr. W. G. Grace. lamed...

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"THERE are two tragedies in life," says Mendoza-Mephistopheles in Man and Superman. " One is not to get your heart's desire. The other is to get it." The tragedy of getting what...

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SAD but glorious memories are evoked by the fine supplement of the Field, which records the names and services of some four thousand of our best athletes and sportsmen who fell...

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This is a very outspoken and a very suggestive book. The writer not only recognizes the decline of the church-going habit " The tradition has been broken down in our own...

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'11LE, BENCH AND BAR OF ENGLAND.* WHY lawyers should be

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expected to tell more funny stories than other people is a mystery. The law is a grim affair, on the face of it. Probably this very grimness creates its own antidote in a...

EDUCATING THE NEGRO-t To the Englishman, who is not yet

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intimately informed about social movements in America, the education of the negro is closely bound up with the Tuskegee Institute, of which Mr. Booker T. Washington was the...


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THE DEAN.* THE name of Lady Charnwood's novel, the choice of a Cathedral town as its principal scene, and the prominence assigned to the Dean himself inevitably suggest...

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Consequences. By E. M. Delafiekl. (Hodder and Stoughton. Bs. net.)—Not

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even "Miss Delafield's " wit can save her new book from being a very dreary production. It is a study in temperament of a most trying and a most disagreeable woman who fails in...


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[Notice in this column does not necessarily preclude subze:gent retiew.] THE AUGUST MONTHLIES.—A graceful tribute by Mr. Frederic Harrison to the late Mr. Wray Skilbeck, who...

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The new number of the Quarterly Review contains several important

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articles. The editor's critical analysis of the Peace Treaty emphasizes the essential justice of the terms. Strangely enough, however, he would have restored East Africa to the...

The Old Testament : its Meaning and Value for the

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Church To-day. By R. 11. Malden, Acting Chaplain, R.N. (Macmillan. 6s.)—This is eminently a book to be recommended to teachers who arc alive to the importance of preparing their...

The Pilgrimage of Etheria. By M. L. McClure and C.

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L. Felice, D.D. (S.P.C.K. 6s.)—Ethetia was a Provencal, or perhaps a Spanish, religious who in the latter half of the sixth century undertook a pilgrimage to Palestine, Syria,...

Christianity according to St. Luke. By the Rev. S. C.

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Carpenter, RD. (S.P.C.K. 10s. 6d.)--:One of the best means of measuring the advance of the critical movement, or (if the term be preferred) of the scientific school of theology,...

The Lancashire Fusiliers: Roll of Honour of the Salford Brigade.

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Edited by Sir C. A. Montague Barlow. (Sherratt and Hughes. Ls. net.)—Salford in 1914-15 raised four battalions of the Lancashire Fusiliers, which were formed into the Salford...

Advertise ! ' By E. Sampson. (Harrap. 55. net.)—This American

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book on the art and mystery of advertising has the chief merit of a good advertisement, in that it is attractive and readable. Mr. Sampson has dealt with his subject...