10 AUGUST 1944

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Finland's New overnment%

The Spectator

The resumption of office by Marshal Mannerheim in succession to the disastrous President Ryti, on which comment was made last week, has now borne its expected results in a...


The Spectator

HE strategy of the campaign in France is revealing iself with great rapidity, and the events of the last few days live made r what before may have been obscure. The terrific...

he Berlin Trials The trial of a German field-marshal, four

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generals and three other litary officers by the People's Couri in Berlin was evidently sIgned to make history repeat itself. This latest stage—though t the last, since five more...

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The Doctor's Dilemma -

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• The results of the questionnaire circulated to the medical p sion by the British Medical Association and the British Institut Public Opinion reveal a majority opinion lying...

Outlook in West Africa

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Some of the significant war-time developments in Britain's -colonies were outlined last week by Lord Swinton, Minister Res' in West Africa. The tremendous establishments of the...

The Pol . sh Patriots

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The mission to Moscow of the Polish delegation from London, headed by M. Mikolajczyk, the Prime Minister, has reached the stage of conversations with representatives of the...

. The Fall of Myitkyina

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The fall of Myitkyina, besieged for nearly twelve weeks, marks a new stage in the laborious, painful but successful campaign in dporthern Burma in which Americans, British,...

The General Election—When ?

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The question of a General Election grows more pertinent as the likelihood of an early end of the war increases. The case for an election—with a House of Commons now nine years...

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URING the last week the war in the West has reached a stage where the fighting there is comparable, in character if t in extent, with the fighting in the East. No longer...

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August is said by epicures in the appreciation of landscape

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to be the dullest month in the cycle of the English seasons. I have never found any month or week or day in England dull or without novelty, and I could prolong indefinitely...

In this time of destruction it is a relief to

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know that Mont St. Michel has not shared the fate of Monte Cassino. The four Germans left on the mount appear to have surrendered to one French- man and an American war...

Meantime, while terrorism in Germany is increasing its range of

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action, we in England are being threatened with "V2," and so forth, in the familiar German " turn-of-the-screw " methods, one wonders whether there are many Germans who realise...

A few weeks ago I watched some men putting up

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scaffolding and platforms above the sea on a western bay. I was told that this work was being done on behalf of the Ministry of Information in order to get sea photographs for a...


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'S NOTEBOOK E VEN before 1914 the " honour " of the German army had been brought to a low level by the officer corps ; in great affairs the General Staff had accepted a plan of...

At long last some members of the officer corps have

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turned against Hitler—not for reasons of "honour," but merely because they have seen immediately before them the ruin of Germany. And now, at Hitler's orders, " honour " is...

If one may judge by long Press summaries, the report

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on post- war university education issued under the auspices of the British Association seems a curious document. The British Association is doubtless competent to deal with...

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By STRATEGICUS N O better measure of the swiftness with which the position is changing on the European war front can be suggested than a comparison of the " line " a week „ago...

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By MILTON MAcKAYE I T is not surprising that many Europeans (and, for that matter, many Americans as well) have viewed the prospect of the coming election in the United States...

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By CONSTANCE REAVELEY HAVE just had an interesting talk with a friend. He is a plan- ning engineer in a factory in the Midlands, a man about 36. has an acute inquiring mind and...

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By GORDON MALET T HE infant science of public opinion, study, and social survey has provided its critics and opponents with almost as many good laughs as Darwinism did our...

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By LEN ORTzEN N the village schoolroom the desks are all piled in one corner, except for three at which soldier-clerks are sitting awkwardly th their legs straddled and their...

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The house system and the prefectorial system possess certain un-

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deniable advantages ; but they also possess their dangers. "The corporate sense," we are warned in the Report, "that may be created in a house has sometimes led to a loyalty...


The Spectator

NICOLSON By EAROLI) I N The Spectator last week the general aspects and implications of the Fleming Report on Public Schools were examined in a leading article. With that...

The Fleming Committee were precluded by their terms of r

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ence from examining the basic assumptions upon which the 15u school system rests. Their Report recognises that "the trend social development is leaving the public schools out of...

It is difficult for most people to view the problem

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in its c proportions. Those who have been denied a public school edu are apt to regard the whole system with thoughtless dislike, w the judgement of the public school boy is...

It is interesting to observe that the Public School system

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as we know it today is of complratively recent date. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the success of any particular school was dependent not upon its own traditional...

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ing. A next-door field, for example, of some 20 acres or less contains potatoes—a fine healthy crop—carrots, swedes, thousand-headed kale, flax, artichokes (for cattle) and...

Birds and the Ministry The complete conversion of the Ministry

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of Agriculture to belief in the utility of bird is worth further attention. A recent article in their excellent journal lays especial stress on the need for more nesting boxes...


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'he World in Action Series." For Future Release. Back Door to Tokyo (March of Time)." Generally Released. .. Report from the Aleutians." At Warners. E power of the cinema to...

In My Garden Not all gardeners will agree with the

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Ministry in its call for more nesting boxes. For example: the owners of a Buckinghamshire garden lament that they have had to give up the growing of peas altogether, as the...

Desert Colour On the subject of farming high commendation of

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the sketchy methods of the Bedouins has reached me from one of our greatest botanists who in spite of many scores of years has been investigating the flora of North Africa from...

A Perfect Walk One present essay in the preservation of

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natural beauty should have a host of supporters. For myself I should put the view from the Old Welsh Highland railway between Dims and Portmadoc (where Mr. Clough Williams Ellis...

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Sra,—Continued insistence on the formula of "unconditional surrenda for Germany

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can do no good, and can hardly fail to have three unfort consequences. First, it will strengthen the hands of the Nazi lea in their struggle to prevent the internal disruption...


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THE GERMAN PROBLEM Snt,—In your issue of July 28th, Miss Eleanor Rathbone returns to the defence of the Germans with an old and unworthy device. She says, in effect: "Don't...

Snt,—I notice that the letters in your paper about Germany

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deal chi with the question of whether most Germans are for or against Hi It seems to me the crux of the question is whether or not most Ge subscribe to the idea that they have a...

SIR,—It was interesting, even amusing, to read Mr. Willis's description

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of those who disagree with him as people who "let their thoughts be governed not by logic but by emotion," just after he has given free swing to his own emotions and prejudices....

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SIR,—In her letter published in The Spectator of July 28th

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Miss Rathbone makes two general points. First, that all generalisations about national characteristics are unsound if they go further than saying that the history of nation A...


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,---The Atlantic Charter, signed on August 14th, 1941, assured "all men of all the lands" that everything possible would be done to enable them to "live out their lives in...


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is,—May I suggest to Dr. H. G. Lys that we should overcome what . Waley Cohen in The Spectator, page 403, October 29th, 1943, ailed "reluctance of the Electricity Commission,"...


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siR,—I was most pleasantly impressed by Mr. Hamilton Kerr's reference in his vision of London in 1970—your issue of July 21St—to the plantings of flowering trees and shrubs. To...


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15,—In the letter which appears in your issue of August 4th, Mr. Broad- asks me two questions. The answer to the first is Yes ; to the cone! No. There is a fundamental...

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ELDERS AND BETTERS SIR,—May an unrepentant Victorian express his appreciation

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of Mr. David Roles article on "Elders and Betters" in your issue of August 4th? One is tempted to say, "Is David also among the prophets? " though I hope no one will trouble to...

INDIA'S POPULATION Sts,—In "News of the Week" you quote Lord

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Munster's statement on the subject of India's food supply. The hard fact, he said, was that India's population is increasing by 5,000,00o a year and her food supply hardly...

HOPPERS AND BOMBS SIR,—I fear " Janus " has put

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rather too much "pep" into his paragrati about hop-picking and flying bombs. It seems doubtful if there is any region where "the bombs are being shot down methodically in brgt...

THE BASUTO'S FUTURE Stit,—In your issue of June and an

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article on "The Basuto's Future" draws attention to General Smuts's wish to incorporate the Protectorates in the Union. Your correspondent vividly describes the Basutos' freedom...


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SIR,—In your issue of July 2 I St you published a review of Mr. Guntbeet book, D Day, in which your reviewer Miss P. D. Pool quotes * author as saying "every Turk prays for two...

BRINGING DOWN FLYING BOMBS Sta,—In "Today's News" in The Times

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of July 28th it is stated "the enemy sent over flying bombs yesterday. The defences scored non , successes." Successes? What is the definition of success? What the defences have...

THE BRAZILIAN CURRENCY Sut,—While reading an article by Mr. Oscar

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R. Hobson on Bretton Woods in The Spectator of July 28th, I was interested to observe a curious error. In an example he gives he states that the currency of Brazil is the...

PUBLISHING AND LABOUR S1R,—Your correspondent Mr. J. F. Fairweather seems

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to think that any increase in the paper supply would not help to increase the supply of books so long as the present labour shortage remains. With all respect, I would repeat...

RIPENING TOMATOES SIR,—A member of this College ripened her late

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tomatoes last year by pulling up the plants by the roots at the end of September and keeping the roots immersed in a bath full of water in a warm attic. She hi heard of this...

SLR,—In your article "Elders and Betters" two points are emphasised:

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(1) The failure and collapse of the Victorian era. (2) The soundness of its foundations. These seem incompatible to me, and I hope the writer

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A Sick Society The Annihilation of Man. A Study of the Crisis in the West. By Leslie Paul. (Faber and Faber. 8s. 6d.) MR. PAUL, a member of the fighting sarvices, writes in...

The Organisation of Agriculture

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Charter for the Soil. By John Drummond. (Faber add Faber. nos. 6d.) ONE of the most hopeful signs for the future of this country is the great interest now being taken in...

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Seven Champions of Christendom

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No other age but our own would have conceived the strange idea of making an anthology of archbishops. It might have proved more rewarding either to write a new ecclesiastical...

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SOME day no doubt, perhaps in a not very distant future, a su will be made of the English literary scene during the second w war. One of the most remarkable features of life in...

"In a Strange Land." By Eric Gill. (Cape. 6s.)

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SLIGHT as this book of Eric Gill's is—a dozen occasional lectures and papers—it gives a just and clear expression of his credo. With the simplicity that implies years of...

• •

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MR. BROSTER has been responsible for much valuable original w* on adrenal tumours, with the consequent systemic effects of thtt on the patients concerned, particularly in...

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The winner of Crossword No. 281 is MISS HARRIS, 45 Fairfield Lane, row-in-Furness, Lancs.


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beck Token for one guinea will be awarded to the sender of the first correct 0„ oo n of this week's crossword to be opened after noon on Tuesday week, 141.51 22nd. Envelopes...

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By CUSTOS IF the progress of first-grade industrial ordinary shares, such Courtaulds, Imperial Chemicals and Imperial Tobacco ' has become a very pedestrian affair, some...

Shorter Notice

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Choose Your Kitchen . By Adie Ballantyne. (Faber. 5s.) AFTER these years of making do with whatever we can get, this almost falls into the category of escapist literature:...

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McDOUGALLS TRUST RECORD FLOUR SALES eleventh annual general meeting of McDougalls Trust, Limited, was Id on August 4th in London. Mr. Kenneth A. E. Moore, the chairman,...


The Spectator

E 275th annual general court of the Governor and Company of venturers of England trading into Hudson's Bay was held on gust 8th in London, Sir Patrick Ashley Cooper, the...