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The new President of the United States will be elected

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on Tuesday, the 7th inst., though he• does not enter upon office till March, 1877. The chances of the candidates are, up to this time, exceedingly doubtful, though those of the...

The crisis appears to have been produced by the conduct

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of the Servians. The Turks, after carrying Djunis in an engagement during which the Servians fought very badly and a Russian regi- ment lost 700 men out of 1,000, attacked and...


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A N armistice for two months has been concluded between Servia and Turkey. The Russian Government, warned by the Turkish victories in Servia that further delay might permit the...

• The Postmaster-General, Lord John Manners, made a speech at

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Edinburgh on Tuesday night, in answer to an address of con- fidence,—a speech from which it would appear that Ire is the most persistent supporter of Lord Beaconsfield to be...

It appears to be believed that the first step in

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negotiations will be the conclusion of a peace between Servia and Turkey, but this is, to say the least, improbable, as the Russian Government, if it decides on war, will need...

The Arctic Expedition has returned unsuccessful. The Alert' pushed forward

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to the Polar Sea, and finding it com- pletely filled with ancient ice of 70-150 ft. thickness, sent forward an exploring-party, which pushed its way by incredible labour, in...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any case.

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The Irish Liberal opinion on the Eastern Question seems as

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much coloured as ever by the incapacity to agree with the Eng- lish, and the wish to take distinctions against the Liberal party. Mr. Mitchell Henry, at Ballinasloe, on...

The Slade prosecution was concluded on Friday week, when the

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charge of conspiracy was dismissed, and Mr. Simmonds, there- fore, set at liberty ; and the defence was taken on Saturday, when written evidence given by Mr. Serjeant Cox (who...

The German Parliament was opened on the 30th of October

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by a message from the Emperor, who was prevented from attending by a cold. The message is of little interest or importance, the Emperor saying that his best endeavours are...

The Felsted Governing Body, whose action was so unfair, so

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feeble, and so vacillating during the dispute with the late head master, has been reconstituted by the Charity Commission,—the present Governors, however, retaining their places...

Mr. Shaw Lefevre made a good speech to his constituents

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at Reading on Wednesday last, pointing out the excessive feebleness of Lord Derby's foreign policy, and especially the quite recent weakness of allowing Turkey to substitute the...

An English "medium," a certain Rev. Francis Ward Monck, formerly

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a minister at Bristol, who was asserted by his counsel to be a man of independent means, keeping his carriage and yacht at Bristol, was also charged yesterday week at the...

Mr. Wallace, the naturalist, gave evidence of a less striking

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kind to the same effect ; and Mr. Joad gave evidence that on the inside of a slate of his own, which had never been in Mr. Slade's hands, and which he firmly tied to one of Mr....

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Mr. John D'A. Dumaresq, Acting Administrator of Lagos, has made

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a very useful discovery, having ascended the Whemi in a steamer named the Eko ' to a point within twenty miles of Abomey, the capital of Dahomey, with which we are supposed to...

What may be best called the Medical Courts-martial appear to

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act on slightly namby-pamby principles. At least the decision of the Censors' Board of the Royal College of Physicians on the dispute between Sir William Gull and Dr. George...

The statement made in the Times that the pageant to

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be held at Delhi to celebrate the proclamation of the Queen as Empress of India will cost half a million is officially denied. The amount to be expended will not exceed...

The Reds of Paris are growing more placable in the

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freer air. M. Gambetta has made a speech to his constituents at Belleville, in which he declared openly that he was for a policy of com- promise, "for negotiation, and not for...

Mr. Gladstone has published an article in the Contemporary, -defending

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Russia from the charge of extreme cruelty in Turkestan, where General Kaufmann is declared by Mr. Schuyler to have ordered the extirpation of a predatory tribe,—men, women, and...

43– tile meeting of the Linnstan Society, Mr. Crotch broached

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again his belief that the lemmings--Nor- wegian rodents, which migrate westwards from time to time— really take to the sea, in search of some island to which their pro- genitors...

A double demonstration of Lancashire Conservatives in two separate meetings

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WAS made this day week, in the Pomona Gardens, Manchester, Mr. Hugh Birley, M.P., presiding at the larger meet- ing, and Mr. James Carstin at the smaller. Both meetings appear...

Consols were . on Friday 961 to 961.

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ENGLAND AND RUSSIA. T HAT it should be so easy to

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excite anti-Russian feeling in' England is no matter of surprise, for entire classes are interested, and will remain interested, in exciting it. All the middle-aged and elderly...


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THE ARMISTICE. T HEweary work of diplomacy, which before a war settles so little and opens so much, is to begin again. The Turks, by their bold and skilful operations against...

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THE ACCIDENTS OF PUBLIC OPINION. T HERE is nothing more certain,

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and yet nothing more dis- couraging to the believers in the reality and the political beneficence of the rule of public opinion, than to noticehow many circumstances influence,...

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O N Tuesday next, November 7, the people of the United States elect their President. As it is only less important to England than to his own country what manner of man the chief...

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T HE commanders of the Arctic ships have settled clearly and unmistakably the conditions on which alone those who con- trol the next Expedition can hope to succeed in reaching...

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Liverpool Congress deserves more careful attention than reported, and when it was to some extent overshadowed by * It Is printed by Leo and Nightiniale, North John Street,...

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TIME Magistrate's decision in the Slade case will not, we think, 1 receive everywhere the applause which it received on Tues- day at Mr. Nfaskelyne's entertainment, when "...

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T ' performance of Richard III. is too severe an ordeal to be faced by any actor of our time. In none of the familiar records of the dramatic successes of the past do we so...

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A, WRITER on the "Laws of Dream-Fancy," in the new LI number of the Cornhill Magazine, makes some very acute suggestions towards the explanation of Dreams. But there is, of...

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,4 NOTHER daring assault has been made by man upon one ti of those regions of his so-called domain into which he would seem forbidden to enter, and once again he has suffered...

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[TO THE EDITOR OT THE "SPECTATOR."] SLE,—The herd of teachers whom Miss Shirreff wishes to see lifted into a profession owes you a debt of gratitude. You have given them what...


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SIR,—Will you allow me to mention that the author of the four lines, "There was an ape," &c., quoted by Mr. F. W. Haalam, in his letter which appeared in your last number, is...

1798 AND 1876.

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[To THE sarros or THE "siatcraroa."] Su,—May I briefly recast my criticism of Mr. Congreve'a historical parallel and the inferences he draws from it, as I seem to have been...


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• ■■•11,,■ THE ATTITUDE OF GERMANY. [TO THE EDITOR OF THR "SPECTATOR,."] Sis,—Your article of last Saturday on the policy of Germany seems to me to have struck a true note....

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are fond of analysing mental phenomena of all kinds, and amongst them I do not think you reject dreams as beneath your notice. Can you throw light on the probable mental con-...


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ON THE SOUTH DOWNS. O ' ER the sea-ramparts where I lie, Built up of chalk sea-pressed and knit By the close turf-roots covering it, Swift lights and shadows chase and fly,...


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[TO THH EDITOR OF TECH "SPROTATOR.1 thank you for your expressed desire that Science should investigate the substantial truths that lie at the foundation of much that has been...

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CABINET PICTURES IN OIL AT THE DUDLEY GALLERY. THE first thing that strikes us with regard to'this exhibition at the Dudley Gallery is, that a large majority of the works shown...

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THE PHYSIOLOGY OF MIND.* EVOLUTIONIST as regards science, and materialist—according to Spinoza's method—as regards philosophy, Dr. Maudsley is a man whose influence upon modern...

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WHEN the present writer was a small boy, he lacked imagination for enjoyment of the impossibilities of the Arabian Nights and the Tales of the Genii, and with a humbling sense...

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It tenni labor, at tennis non gloria." The first tendency of the average reader at the sight of this handsome volume is to exclaim, "What ! all that book about finger-rings ?"...

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IN his introduction to this interesting book of travel, Colonel Yule points out the immense advances which have been made in our knowledge of Eastern high Asia during the last...

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FOR NAME AND FAME.* Tins novel resembles the fashionable drawing-room

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music of the day ; it has very little "theme," and a great deal of variation. The story, which is simple enough, is succinctly told in five chapters at the end of the third...

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Nora's Love - Test. By Mary Cecil Hay. 3 vols. (Hurst and

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Blackett.)—There are some good situations in this tale. Such is the scene where Nora sits between her unconscious lover and the assassin who is aiming at him from outside the...

The Antiquities of Israel. By Heinrich Ewald. Translated from the

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German by Henry Spain Solly. (Longmans.) — It is scarcely necessary to say that Dr. Ewald does not regard the Pentateuch—and this volume is practically a treatise on the...

think that this is carried too far, when a notorious

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Scotch poisoning case is introduced into the plot of the story, under a very shallow dis- guise of names. But on the whole, this element is managed with skill and good-taste,...


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Central Africa: Naked Truths of Naked People. By Colonel C. Maki Long. (Sampson Low and Co.)—Colonel Long seems to have plunged into his African expedition with about as little...

Rambles of a Naturalist in Egypt and other Countries. By

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J. H. Gurney, Jun. (Jerrold and Sons.)—Without pretending to estimate the scientific value of Mr. Gurney's - book, we can honestly recommend it to the ornithologist, on account...

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Oliver of the Mill. By Maria Louisa Charlesworth. (Seeleys.)— This

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story is not likely to have the singular success which was attained by the writer's previous work, "Ministering Children," yet it is in some respects superior. The pathos is...

The Maid of Stralsund: a Story of the Thirty Years

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War. By J. B. de Liefde. (Hodder and Stoughton.)—This simple story, which ap- peared first in the Leisure Hour, under the title of "The Siege of Stralsund," will be read with...

The District of Bolarganj : its history and Statistics. By

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H. Beveridge. (Triibner.)—It would probably be safe to conjecture that many of our readers do not know where Bakarganj is. It may assist them to say that the final syllable of...

Within Bohemia ; or, Love in London. By Henry Curwen.

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(Sampson Low and Co.)—Mr. Carwen's purpose is to vindicate the romance of London, to prove that "the poetry, the glamour, the mystery, the meaning of life has not been...

The Charges of Archdeacon Sinclair. Edited by William Sinclair. (Rivingtons)—We

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will confess that our first idea on seeing this volume was that the 'charges of Archdeacon Sinclair might well have been left in the oblivion to which charges are commonly...

A Philosophy of Religion, or the Rational Grounds of Religious

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Belief. By John Bascom. (Sampson Low, London ; Putnam and Sons, New York.)—We wish that the author of this work was somewhat clearer in his style. We like a good deal of what he...

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The Scriptural Religions, Histories, and Prophecies Analysed and Examined. By

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J. W. Willcock, Q.C. Vol. I. (Williams and Norgate.) —Here we have the first instalment of what we suppose is to be a great and exhaustive work. The volume before us is an...

Science Papers. By Daniel Hanbury. (Macmillan.)—Tho late Mr. Hanbury, whose

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great work, " Pharmacographia," executed in con- junction with Professor Fliickiger, was noticed some months age in these columns, was a man who stood at the very top of the...

An Enquiry into the Nature and Results of Electricity and

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Magnetism. By "Amyclanus."*(R. Washbourne.)—The lectures of which this book is composed were originally delivered to a young men's reading club, and are now presented to the...

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Rosie and Hugh ; or, Lost and Found. By Helen

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0. Nash. (Samuel Tinsley.)—This is a story of a set of children who pass through a number of adventures, serious and amusing. Here we have nothing to find fault with, but the...