10 AUGUST 1907

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At the Hague Conference on Saturday last the United States'

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proposal for the establishment of a permanent Court of Arbitration was adopted by the first sub-commission of the First Commission by 27 votes, with 12 • abstentions, and was...

On Saturday last the Emperors of Russia and Germany met

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off Swinemiinde in the Bay of Pommern. The Czar was on board the Standart ' and the German Emperor on hoard the 'Hohenzollern.' This visit of the Czar to German waters was in...


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S ERIOUS and tragic events have happened in Morocco; and parts of Casa Blanca and its environs have been bombarded by French and Spanish warships. Fighting was almost incessant...

On Sunday afternoon last the French Consulate at Casa Blanca

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was fired upon, and when the French Consul informed the Governor and the Commander of the troops that he should hold them responsible for whatever occurred, they answered that...

According to the latest reports sent by the Tangier corre-

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spondentbf the Times, the Italian and Portuguese Consuls took refuge at the French Consulate, and other Europeans who were not on board ships in the harbour went to the British...

s.* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The industrial troubles in Belfast have been aggravated during the

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last fortnight or so by a very formidable symptom. The constabulary in large numbers having professed sympathy with the strikers and practically mutinied, it was found necessary...

Monday's proceedings in the Commons were occupied chiefly with the

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discussion of the Premier's proposal to conclude the Report stage of the Small Landholders (Scotland) Bill in three allotted days. The Premier justified this drastic resort to...

On Saturday last the King, who was accompanied by the

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Queen, the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the Princess Victoria, inspected the Home Fleet in the Solent. The Fleet mustered in all nearly two hundred vessels manned by...

The Duke of Connaught has been appointed " Field-Marshal Commanding-in-Chief

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the Mediterranean Forces and High Commissioner in the Mediterranean." This, of course, is a new command, and Mr. Haldane explained the purpose of its creation in the House of...

The Solicitor-General for Scotland having described the amendment as striking

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at the very root of the measure, Mr. Balfour condemned the Government for extending the system of dual ownership to districts where there was no justification for it. Their...

On Wednesday the question of the destruction of neutral prizes,

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defended by the Russian delegate as the logical and legal outcome of capture, and condemned by Sir Ernest Satow as unsupported by either law or practice, was referred to the...

On Tuesday, the first of the three allotted days, Mr.

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Walter Long proposed a new and valuable clause providing that nothing in the Act should prejudice or affect the Board of Agriculture in administering the Diseases of Animals...

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The second reading of the Evicted Tenants (Ireland) Bill was

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moved in the Lords on Tuesday by Lord Crewe, who argued that the evicted tenants had a moral claim, and that it was undesirable to leave the question longer unsettled. Lord...

On the order for the second reading of the Criminal

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Appeal Bill in the Lords on Monday, the Lord Chancellor explained the points on which the Bill differed from that of last year— viz., the restriction of the Court to nine judges...

The exacting claims of home and foreign politics compel us

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to restrict our notice of the proceedings of the British Association within the narrowest compass. The President, Sir David Gill, dealing with his special study—Astronomy —laid...

On Wednesday the. Prime Minister and Mr. Burns re- ceived

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a deputation from the Association of Municipal Corporations. The purpose of the deputation was to explain the special scheme of the Association for the better planning of towns...

The second International Congress on School Hygiene was opened on

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Monday by Lord Crewe, Lord-President of the Council. Lord Crewe, who welcomed the delegates in the name of the King and on behalf of the Government, dealt with the wide scope of...

In the department of Educational Science an animated and critical

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discussion took place on the scholarship system. We note that Professor Sadler pronounced the opinion that the existing system gave special advantages to urban districts, but...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent., changed from 41 per cent.

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Apr. 25th. Consols (24) were on Friday 514--on Friday week 824. ;

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THE BELFAST STRIKE. Belfast strike has some features of exceptional _1 interest. It is mixed up with a question with which it has no necessary connexion, the disaffection among...

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M R. GRAYSON, as we have all been told, is the first real Socialist Member of Parliament. Other Members, indeed, are Socialists, but being accredited to Trade-Unions, or not...


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A MBASSADORS smile when anyone speaks to them of " moral pressure," but it is still true that the " Concert of Europe " has lost of late years that support of universal opinion...

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W E may be pretty sure of one thing about speeches

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made by the President of the Local Government Board, and that is that they will be characterised by thoroughness and sound technical information. The speech which Mr. Burns made...

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I T is a generally received opinion among religious people that the Gospel deals with no subjects outside faith and morals. In a sense, of course, this theory is true enough,...

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WAR AGAINST TRUSTS IN AMERICA. T HE remarkable judgment delivered on

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Saturday last by Judge Landis in the Federal District Court of Chicago, when the Standard Oil Company was condemned to pay the unparalleled fine of 29,240,000 dollars, or nearly...

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A N account of a few of the superstitions still lingering on in parts of the extreme West of Ireland may be of interest to some of the readers of the Spectator. It has been the...

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I F you were to ask a child in our neighbourhood to imagine a country without stone, you would be expecting too much of him. Born of a race of masons and quarrymen, brought up...

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THE STATE OF THE NAVY.—REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE OF THE FLEET. ITO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The final debate on the Navy Estimates ranged over many subjects, more...

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[To TEE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—In the letter which you have allowed me to contribute in the Spectator of August 3rd to the discussion of old-age pensions I was unable...


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THE NEW REGULATIONS AND BIBLE TEACHING. , !To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." J SIR,—I do not feel sure, after reading the two last lines of your editorial note to Mr....

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPEOTATOR.1 Sin,—We may suppose that the question of small holdings is outside the lines of party. A few ill-conditioned politicians may regard it as a...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR :1 Sic,—There is a sentence in your excellent article on the convict lease system in the Southern States of America (Spectator, August 3rd.),...

[TO THZ EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—It is stated by

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a correspondent in your last issue that a payment of 4d. a week from the age of twenty will secure a pension of 5s. a week at the age of sixty-five. It is no doubt within the...

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[TO Ten lemon OR THE 'SPECTATOR:1 Sra,—Having read with much

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interest your article on the adoption of viva-voce methods of examination for scholarships at Clayesmore School in your issue of July 27th, may I say that the same Method has...


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[To THE EDITOR Or TIER " SIOICTATOR.1 Srlt,-1 have only just read your article on the above (Spectator, July 27th). It contains statements so unjust to the preparatory schools...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sra, — There is an article

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and a letter in the Spectator of July 27th about preserving rare flowers, in both of which the necessity of a society for that special purpose is spoken of. Yet in neither...

[TO THE EDITOR OF TUE "SPECTATOR. "] am uncertain if the

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disappearance your correspondent Oxoniensis (Spectator, July 27th) deplores of the " Grass of Parnassus" is absolute or only from the "turf moors at sea- level "; as, however,...


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[TO THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Having been away from home, I have only just seen the Spectator of July 27th, but I hasten to reassure you with regard to " Grass of...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The suggestion in your article of August 3rd that retired Imperial administrators might be asked to reinforce the borough and county...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATO1:1 SIR,—Your well-known interest in questions concerning the efficiency of our national forces induces me to address you on a matter I believe...

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[To TUE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—A lexicon of this character has long been a desideratum among theologians. Sophocles' lexicon and Suicer do some- thing, it is true, to...


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THE NEW CANADA.* THE magnificent picture-book which Mr. Wilfred Campbell has written, and Mr. Mower Martin has illustrated, is better calculated to bring home to British minds...


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SIR,—In your apt and sympathetic footnote to a letter on "Flower Sanctuaries," written from Birkenhead, which appeared in last week's Spectator, you say that we are justified in...


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QUOD SEMPER. CHILD. " What wind is this across the roofs so softly makes his way, That hardly makes the wires to sing, or soaring smoke to sway ?" WIND. " I am a weary...

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IT may reasonably be doubted whether a Senator in the reign of Domitian, or an English noble under the Plantagenets and Tudors, held his life by the more precarious tenure....

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* The Le , ters to Gilbert White of Selborne from his Intimate Friend and Con- temporary, the -Rev. John Mu/so. Edited• with! Notes and an Introduction, by Baslileigh...

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IN these days when men quibble over things of far less importance than a title we cannot think the authors of this book have been happy in their choice of one that has more than...

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Spirit Lake. By Arthur Heming. (Macmillan and Co. 6s.)— This

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is a series of North American Indian sketches concerning a "brave" called Standing Wolf and his family. The author contrives to give his readers very vivid and romantic pictures...


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THE GREAT SKENE MYSTERY.* PRE benevolent reader may well find his interest in Mr. Capes's work alloyed with a good deal of anxiety. Admiration is alternately excited by a...

A Woman's War. By Warwick Deeping. (Harper and Brothers. 6s.)—This

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striking novel gives in great detail the history of the lives of two doctors living in a country town, and their respective wives. One word of warning must, perhaps, be uttered...

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READABLE NOVELS.—On the Wall. By Richard Free. (John Lane. 6s.)—Twelve

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short stories or studies of life in the East End, very powerfully written.—Why Jane Matehany Disappeared. By Michael Carane. (Ward, Lock, and Co. 6s.)—A curious story, with a...


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SIR RICHARD JEBB'S ESSAYS AND ADDRESSES. Essays and Addresses. By Sir R. C. Jebb, Litt.D., O.M. (Cam- bridge University Press. 10s. 6d. net.)—Just as oven most books nowadays...


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Red Russia. By John Foster Fraser. (Cassell and Co. 6s.)— In his latest book Mr. Fraser presents the results of a sojourn in Russia during the recent disturbances there. The...

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True and False Democracy. By Nicholas Murray Butler. (Mac- millan

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and Co. 4s. 6d. net.)—This is a collection of addresses delivered to educated audiences in the United States. The lessons which they are intended to teach are applicable with...


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[Under this heading vs notice sueh Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] W. Spencer Walton. By George E. Weeks, M.A. (Marshall Brothers. 3s....


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Variation, Heredity, and Evolution. By R. H. Lock, M.A., Fellow of Gonville and Caius Colleges, Cambridge. (John Murray. 7s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Lock's guide to the views and con-...


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A History of Liverpool. By Ramsay Muir. (Williams and Norgate. Os. net.)—Professor Muir, who holds the Chair of Modern History in the University of Liverpool, has already given...

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The Life of Mrs. Sherwood. Edited and Abridged by Isabella

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Gilchrist. (R. Sutton. 3s. 6d. net.)—Mrs. Sherwood wrote more than seventy books, all of them now forgotten,—except, perhaps, "Henry and his Bearer" and "The Fairchild Family."...

Vancouver's Discovery of Puget Sound. By Edmond S. Meany. (Macmillan

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and Co. 10s. 6d. net.)—The mcst valuable features of Professor Meany's book are the historical notes on the men whose names Captain Vancouver perpetuated on the coast of...

A Book of the Cevennes. By S. Baring - Gould, M.A. (John

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Long. Gs.)—"The historical associations," says Mr. Baring- Gould of the country which he is about to describe, "are rich, but mainly tragic." Tragic they are indeed; and they...

Our Moslem Sisters. Edited by Annie Van Sommer and Samuel

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M. Zwemer. (Fleming H. Revell Company. 3s. 6d. net.)—" The Renaissance of Islam means the renaissance of humanity," said a champion of the faith whose sincerity we have no...

Seine Dorsetshire Manor - Houses. By Sidney Heath and W. de C.

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Prideaux. (Bemrose and Sons. 30s. net.)—The literary part of this volume comes from the pen of Mr. Heath ; the genealogical, mostly suggested by brasses which are memorials of...

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Henslowe Papers. By Walter W. Greg. (A. Ii. Bullen. 10s.

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6d. net.)—This volume contains a number of documents which supplement and illustrate Mr. Greg's edition of " Henslowe's Diary." (Henslowe was in occupation of the Fortune...

The Dickens Concordance. By Mary Williams. (F. Griffiths. 3s. 6d.

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net.)—It will be sufficient to quote from the title-page the description of the contents of this volume. It contains. "first, a list of the works,"—there are twenty - one,...

The Whole Art of Caravanning. By Bertram Smith. (Longman, and

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Co. as. 6d. net.)--The present writer has never been in a caravan ; but if ever he did choose to explore England in such a vehicle, he would much prefer to make his adventure an...