16 JULY 1892

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The Spectator

W HATEVER majority Mr. Gladstone may get,—and it is quite possible that, counting all his motley groups of Anti-Parnellites and Parnellites and Labour Members, he may muster...

It is the defection of the county constituencies which has

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given Mr. Gladstone the victory. Indeed, in England yester- day morning the Unionists had only wrung a single county con- stituency from the Gladstonians which they did not...

We have no doubt that Lord Salisbury will follow the

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pre- cedent of 1885 in meeting Parliament without resigning. The majority against him is made up of many dubious elements, and the Irish Nationalists are loud in declaring...

The week has been conspicuous for disasters involving a great

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amount of human loss and suffering. On Monday were received accounts of one of the most terrific fires ever recorded, by which the city of St. John's, Newfoundland, has been...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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Terrible as were the disasters recorded above, they are out-

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done by the destruction by flood of a hotel and village at St. Gervais, near Chamounix, early on Tuesday morning. It is believed that a piece of the Bionnay glacier broke away,...

NOTICE.—With this week's number of the " SPECTATOR " is issued,

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gratis, an Eight-Page Supplement, containing the Half-Yearly Index and Title-Page,—i.e., from January 2nd to June 25th, 1892, inclusive.

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The labour battle at Mr. Carnegie's works has had its

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counterpart in another part of the States. On Monday, there was a severe struggle at Omar d'Alene, Idaho, between union and non-union men, which ended in the defeat of the free...

On July 5th, daring the great Mahommedan feast of the

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New Year, the Governor of Fez, who, it is stated, has always been bitterly hostile to Christians, incited a hostile demon- stration against the British Mission. A mob, " paid...

On Monday, a persistent attack, in which M. Clemenceatt took

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a prominent part, was made in the Chamber upon M. Godefroy Cavaignac, the French Minister of Marine. The Radicals were determined that M. Cavaignac should place the ships which...

Ravachol was executed at Montbrison on Monday morning. His love

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of melodramatic display was exhibited in his last moments. As he was dressing to go to the guillotine, he kept singing a song, which had for its refrain, " To be happy, hang the...

Mr. Chamberlain made an interesting speech on Thursday at Halesowen,

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in North Worcestershire, in favour of Mr. Bridg- man, the Unionist candidate for the division. "If Mr. Glad- stone," he said, " gets a working majority, we need not trouble our...

On Tuesday, the reverse at Bac-Le was made the excuse

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for a general discussion in the Chamber of the position at Tonquin. The Under-Secretary for the Colonies, M. Jamais, explained that there are now twenty-one thousand troops in...

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Mr. Hamond, the Member for Newcastle-on-Tyne, who has reduced Mr.

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John Morley to the position of the junior Member, does not seem to understand that it is one thing for an orator to declare it an " ignominy " to fall behind a political...

Mr. Alfred Milner's many friends in England will be delighted

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to hear of his appointment to the Chairmanship of the Board of Inland Revenue,—a post vacated by the retire- ment of Lord Iddesleigh. The experience in matters of finance gained...

The Conservative candidate in Central Finsbury, who was beaten by

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the narrow majority of 3, has received information which, it is said, justifies him in demanding a scrutiny of the votes ; and in Cork there has been so much intimidation, that...

A curious defence was put forth on Monday for a

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clerk who had embezzled money to the amount of £100,—namely, that he did not embezzle it for any selfish or vulgar purpose, but only to get the means of pursuing his researches...

Dr. Parker, in his windy letter to Monday's Times on

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" The Nonconformist Attitude," admits that he has been wavering for a long time as to what to think of Irish Home-rule, but says that the Ulster Convention has at last...

Bank Rate, 2 per cent. New Consols (24) were on

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Friday 964-96-1.

Mr. Cyrus Field, though not the richest, one of the

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most conspicuous of American millionaires, died at New 'York on Tuesday at the age of seventy-three. Mr. Field's name will always be remembered in connection with two things,...

Sir Algernon West, recently relieved from the restrictions on a

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permanent official in the Inland Revenue, is indulging in all the delights of party license. In agitating against Mr. St. John Brodrick's candidature in West Surrey, he told a...

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THE POLITICAL PROSPECT. NI B,. GLADSTONE will certainly have a larger fol- lowing than a week ago there was any good reason to expect. He will be able to carry a vote of want of...

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O N the surface of the facts, the General Election of 1892 will certainly deepen the impression, which previous Elections had produced, that democracies are fickle. Before Mr....

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THE AGITATION IN MOROCCO. T HIS week's news seems to render

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an outbreak of the Morocco question, if not at once, at least within a measurable time, more than ever likely. We do not say this because of the fanatical riot at Fez. That is a...


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IV TR. WALTER LONG, a popular and representative _L County Member, who has been defeated by the Gladstonian, Mr. Hobhouse, in the Eastern Division of Wiltshire, draws a curious...

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I F the French character were to be wholly judged from French novels, such acquittals as that of Madame Reymond would be beyond explanation. In French novels, the plot turns...


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P ERHAPS not unnaturally there is a strong feeling just now in the minds of plain men, that somehow or other it ought to be possible to form a National Party,—a party that is...

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RELIGIOUS CAPACITY. A MONGST the differences in natural endowment which distinguish

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one person from another, there is one that has not perhaps been sufficiently considered,—the gift for religion. If the range of that capacity were confined within narrow limits,...

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M R. MALLOCK has been eulogising the quality of " smartness," in the North American Review. " Smart- ness," he sap, " whatever people may say to the contrary, requires personal...

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A NOTHER attempt to induce mistresses to engage lady- helps is to be made by a Society calling itself " The Household Auxiliary Association." According to an account of this...

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T HE soldier, according to Lord Brougham, was not of much account in his time. " There is another per- sonage, a personage less imposing, in the eyes of some perhaps...

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his recently published volume of literary essays, " Res Judicatm," falls foul of the Spectator for having declared that the poetry of Matthew Arnold "never consoled anybody."...

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SOME HUMOURS OF THE DUBLIN TER- CENTENARY. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR, — The Tercentenary celebrations which were observed last week in Dublin with high...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. " ] Sin, — You complain that my Fortnightly article gives a not very distinct portrait of my father. This is not due to negligence. I would...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR, — May I, through the medium of your columns, ask all Nonconformist Unionists, ministers as well as laymen, Con- servatives as well as...

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[To THE EDITOR. OF THE "SPECTATOR. "' SIR,—Will you kindly allow me to acknowledge in the Spectator the following donations, so generously sent to me in response to my letter of...


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THE EXHIBITION OF THE SOCIETY OF PORTRAIT-PAINTERS. THERE is a highly cultivated form of human aberration known as " elocution." We are all familiar with its dreary displays,....


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—The answer to "E. A. T.'s " question on the above sub- ject is : Pheasants, partridges, and chickens follow their mothers on foot, and...


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following extract from " The Table-Talk of Samuel Taylor Coleridge," which I lately came across, struck me as being curious. It may, perhaps, interest some of your readers. —I...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. " ] SIR,—Your reviewer, in the Spectator of Ju!) , 9th, says he has always a certain difficulty in dealing with an illustrated book, because...

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MR. SAINTSBURY'S MISCELLANEOUS ARTICLES.* UNDOUBTEDLY Mr. Saintsbury has read a great many books, French and English ; but this does not imply the right to give us his opinion...

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having read in Longman's Magazine Mr. Stevenson's delightful account of his journey across America—the journey which made his readers realise the beauty of American local names,...

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had a word for the emotion at the opposite pole to "disappointment," we should cer- tainly use it to describe the impression left upon the mind by Miss Anna Swanwick's book,...

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THESE extracts from Mrs. Piozzi's Journey furnish a some- what striking contrast to the greater part of English literature devoted to Italy. The architectural glories of the...

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England Cactus "is another happy example of the art with which the women of the United States tell short stories. The "Pseudonym Library" openly announces that the name chosen...

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IT is a strange proof of the ceaseless and ever-growing hurry of events in our crowded age, that such an extraordinary and lamentable history as that which is brought before us...

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Russian Characteristics. By E. B. Lanin. (Chapman and Hall.) —This

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volume contains sundry papers which appeared lately in the Fortnightly Review. They aroused considerable difference of opinion at the time, a difference which we do not pretend...

History of St. John the Baptist's Church, Chester. By the

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Rev. S. Cooper Scott, M.A., Vicar. (Philipson and Golder, Chester.)— This is one of the most interesting books of the kind that have come in our way. It consists of lectures...


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Cardinal Newman as a Musician. By Edward Bellasis. (Began Paul and Co.)—Even to one who has but a very dim and distant conception of the science and art of music, this little...

These volumes represent some of the results of a lifelong

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labour. Mr. Jackson, of whom we would gladly have heard something, was a diligent contributor to the " Transactions " of the Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiquarian and...

Notable Generals. By Major S. Percy Groves. (Griffith, Farran, and

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Co.)—We have no objection to make to Major Groves's treat- ment of his subject, but rather to his choice of subjects. Marl- borough, Wellington, and Sir Ralph Abercromby we...

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Playhouse Impressions. By A. B. Walkley. (T. Fisher Unwin.) —Mr.

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Walkley's " impressions " are reprinted from two weekly and one evening paper. They show a great deal of honest and appreciative criticism of the more modern type, and are often...

Studies in Scottish History. By A. Taylor Innes. (Hodder and

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Stoughton.)—These studies are described by the author as " chiefly ecclesiastical ; " a reviewer may add that they are chiefly conceived in the interest of Disestablishment....

A Year in Portugal. By George Burley Loring, M.D. (G.

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P. Putnam's Sons.)—Dr. Loring spent a year as representative of the United States in Lisbon. He is a firm believer in the Consti- tution of his country, and views other...

The Old Halls, Manors, and Families of Derbyshire. Vol. I.

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By " J. T." (Simpkin and Marshall.)—This volume is devoted to the "High Peak Hundred," one of the six hundreds into which the county is divided, and still giving a name to the...

Old England. By "E. A. W." (W. Hunt and Co.)—In

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these " Sketches from English History," "E. A. W." gives us a variety of scenes from pre-historic times down to the death of William IV. In describing the Ancient Britons as "...

England and Rome. By T. Dunbar Ingram, LL.D. (Longmans.) Dr.

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Dunbar maintains that the English Church was virtually independent of Rome even in pre-Reformation days,—that is, was so normally, though there were times, as in the reigns of...

Out - Door Games. By G. Andrew Hutchinson. (Religious Tract Society.)—This is

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a stout volume full of information about all the sports practised, and brought up to date. Golf, the latest craze —or shall we say enthusiasm ?—is not forgotten. Only a few -...

My Little Friends. By E. Heinrichs. (Griffith, Farran, and Co.)

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—This is a volume containing photographs of children, together with various sets of verses. Of the verse we cannot say much in praise. Some of the photographs are interesting ;...

Manual of Theology. By Thomas B. Strong, M.A. (A. and

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C. Black.)—This is a model of clear and precise expression. We may instance the admirable exposition of the doctrines of Deism, Pan- theism, Theism, and Trinitarianism (pp....

History of Art in Phrygia, Lydia, Caria, and Lycia. By

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George Perrot and Charles Chipiez. (Chapman and Hall.)—This is one of the well-known series with which Messrs. Perrot and Chipiez have so greatly enlarged our knowledge of art,...

The Law in the Prophets. By Stanley Leathes, D.D. (Eyre

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and Spottiswoode.)—This is an argument on the conservative side in Biblical criticism. Dr. Leathes's object is to prove the antiquity of the Mosaic Law by the references that...

The Jockey Club and its Founders. By Robert Black, M.A.

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(Smith and Elder.)—Mr. Black reviews the past history of the Jockey Club, and gives an account of its present constitution and aims. His verdict is adverse : " They have done...