16 NOVEMBER 1934

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A Misconceived Agitation The agitation about the so-called National Declaration -

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argues some perversity and considerable lack of pro- portion: Three reasons for the declaration are put' forward by the organizers. Whatever its result . it will set the average...

M. Flandin's Good Start France has taken peacefully the transition

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from M. Doumergue to M. Flandin. The political truce continues and its perpetuation is made the more likely by the abandonment of the more controversial of the consti- tutional...


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G ENERAL SMUTS' conception of a European policy for this country is discussed at some length on another page, for it is in regard to this that the most immediate action is...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W.O. 1. Tel. :

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MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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A Check on Ribbon Building The Ministers of Health and

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Transport .having declared jointly that ribbon develoPment 'of roads is ugly, un- economic and - Potentially dangerous, and that they are Studying ways of checking the evil, two...

The Betting Bill From first to last the Betting Bill

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has been subjected to fierce opposition by the Tory right wing, with Mr. Churchill, especially in the concluding stages, taking the lead. A major concession to this group,...

The Italian Corporative State It has long been Signor Mussolini's

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intention that the Italian Chamber of Deputies should be superseded, at the proper time, by a body designated to express the will of the Corporative State. It had been supposed...

The Increase of Drunkenness The increase in convictions for drunkenness

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recorded for last year must in the main be accounted for by the reduction in the price of beer and its slightly increased gravity. Restrictions on consumption, whether in the...

Order in the Saar The Prime Minister's perfectly plain statement

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about the terms on which British citizens are being recruited for the Saar police force ought to silence any honest critics finally. The others there are no known means of...

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Too Strenuous Sport ' The- England -v. Italy football match

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has aroused a controversy-as acute as- so-called body-line bowling did. Sport can evidently promote antagonism as well as friendship • between nations. When games degenerate...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary correspondent writes : Sir

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John Simon made; in the - debate on - the Private Manufacture of Armaments, what many supporters of the Government believe to be the wnrst speech of his - career as Foreign...

The Sugar . Monopoly Danger The kind of monopoly created temporarily

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and for a limited period by the Hops Marketing- Scheme, under which a ring of producers is allowed to create a monopoly d os ed against all potential competition, is always to...

But there was more in his opposition than dislike of

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the Betting Bill or his incurable desire to make as much mischief as possible for the National Government. He wanted to test his strength for the great Indian fight of the next...

• The only other notable feature of the debate was

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a thoughtful speech by a young back-bench Conservative, Mr. Richard Law. He pointed out that whenever the Foreign Secretary spoke on any Peace question, it was always to...

A Cheap Labour Reservoir Lord Hugh Cecil gave an interesting

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demonstration of the mediaevalism to which he occasionally reverts in his speech on the school leaving age at the Church Assembly on Tuesday. Opposing a motion in favour of the...

Hopping the Atlantic In his recent announcement about the inauguration

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by Imperial Airways of a seven days' air service to Australia, Sir Eric Geddes spoke also of the possibilities of a regular Atlantic service. This was not mere fantasy....

Mr. Churchill again led the rebels on the Betting Bill

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and enjoyed himself enormously. He seemed to . be back in spirit again to the early years of the century, when, as the new recruit and " enfant terrible " of a resurgent Liberal...

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P RONOUNCEMENTS on foreign affairs generally, or particular aspects of them, have been coming thick in the last few days. Almost everyone except the Foreign Secretary seems to...

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T HOUGH a long time has elapsed since the appointment of four special Commissioners to investigate - the needs of the depressed. areas, their work has, on the whole, justified...

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Sir John Simon dropped an interesting challenge to students of

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literature in the course of his speech in the debate on the private manufacture of armaments last week. He based his peroration on what he thought was on the whole " the most...

After his Southampton speech the . Prime Minister will be watched

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with new interest, for he has evidently recaptured a good deal of his lost vigour. His declaration on the private manufacture of armaments would very nearly satisfy Lord Cecil...

It is hard to imagine any grimmer irony than the

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announcement that the admission fee to Lord Beaverbrook's exhibition of war pictures in Regent Street includes entertainment-tax. Emphasis on the horrors of war can, no doubt,...

Bed-bugs had the time of their lives on Tuesday, when

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they were lectured about at the Royal Sanitary Institute. A peer presided over them, another peer urged the need for an intensive study of them, Professors and Medical Officers...


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M R. LLOYD GEORGE, I see, invites anyone who thinks that he has omitted from his books a single document which he ought to have published to go and search through his...

General Smuts' speeches always read better than they sound. His

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striking address at the Royal Institute of International Affairs dinner (delivered to what Lord Derby, in the chair, described with some pardonable hyperbole as " the most...

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By the EARL OF LYTTON T HE debate in the House of Commons on the subject of the private manufacture of arms, and the Peace Ballot organized by the League of Nations Union and...

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By SIR DANIEL HALL T HE publication of the summary of the reports of the Commissioners encrairiiig into the' distressed' areas raises immediately the question of the extent to...

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By A SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT relinquish the goal of wider expansion in Asia. to be extraordinarily difficult on either basis, unless But there are more particular and immediate...

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By F. YEATS -BR OWN T HE housing conditions revealed in two recent reports (those of Lord Amulree's National Housing Committee, and of the four Depressed Area Com- missioners)...

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By the REV. LESLIE WEATHERHEAD y FEEL it a privilege to be invited to be amongst those I who endeavour to reply to the challenge of Laicus. His words haVe enough truth in them...

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By . PHYLLIS D. HICKS , A HUNDRED years ago, in November, 1834, the last remnants of the Royal Menagerie, which had first been established in the Tower of London six centuries...

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[VON EINEM DEUTSCIIEN KORRESPONDENTEN.] TM Weltkrieg versticht en in Deutschland einige Spraehreiniger die Freindworter zu beseitigen, statt Trottoir solltc man Trott weg,...

A Hundred Years Ago

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"Tax SPECTATOR," NOVEMBER 1 5 T H, 1834. THE KING HAS DISMISSED THE WHIG MINISTERS !—fairly turned them out of office. His - Majesty considers, or pretends to cOnsider, the...

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The Cinema

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"Of Human Bondage." At the Regal TITm theme of this American version of Mr. Somerset Maughanis novel is the fascination which can hold a person bound to another who has nothing...


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The Entire Swan-Lake ON Tuesday, November 20th, the curtain at Sadler's Wells will go up upon a charity performance of the greatest interest to the world of ballet, the entire...

"Caravan." At the Curzon This is the first American film

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made by Erik Charell, the director of White Horse Inn on the stage and of Congress Dances on the screen. It has a slight story about a Hun- garian Countess who, returning on the...

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Midland Art Treasures FOREIGN students of the arts constantly speak with jealousy to their English colleagues of the advantage which the latter have in being able to., explore...

A Broadcasting Calendar FRIDAY, NOVEMBER . 16th

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1.15 Friday Midday Concert from Queen's College, Birming- ham : Birmingham Ladies' String Quartet.. .. 6.3o Beethoven : Professor Tovcy's keyboard talk • 6.50 In Your Garden :...

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"Avicide " A curious tale is told me by a

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correspondent, who has made a special study of such incidents, of what may be called avicide among birds themselves : " Among a consignment of turkeys received from Ireland one...

Animal Longevity It is a nice question whether animals live

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longer in the wild or in captivity ; but so many meet violent death that the captive animal certainly excels on the average and probably also in the individual. Some actual...

What is a Park ?

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Comparison with national parks in other larger, less populous lands is of no value, for this reason, that there is no question of the Government or any one else finding the...

The Migratory Partridge It is, I think, unquestionable that modern

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changes on the farm, and perhaps consecutive dry seasons, are inducing changes in the habits of the partridge. Some evidence was given the other day ; and more of the same sort...

Sanctuary Reserves No society has done better service on behalf

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of country- loving people, whether they live in town or country, than the Society for the Preservation of Commons and Footpaths. The good work of the Council for the...

Eggs or No Eggs

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The oologist of today is in a very different category. A single egg is no use to him. He must have the whole clutch. And a whole clutch no good to him. He must have scores of...


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A National Park Very active work is proceeding to the end of establishing national parks in England and Wales ; and the idea is attractive ; but no one—not even Sir Lawrence...

Egg Collecting

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The company of bird-lovers is being rent by a vehement controversy between the observers and the oologists. The leaders on either side are Mr. Eric Parker and Mr. Edgar Chance,...

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the H'eek" paragraphs. Signed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I should have thought that the world would be enabled to make " the best use of its heritage and of the gifts of science," not so much, as...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] owe an apology to Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch for my delay in replying to his letter. I should explain that this is due to a letter of mine going...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your editorial note on the American election contains a remark as to the increased power of the President, by reason of the more than...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I ask what we are to understand when your con- tributor, Mr. R. H. S. Crossman, writes that true religion " means the denial that the...


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Slit,—The intensity of the competition which producers of manufactured goods throughout the Empire are now facing, from their ruthless rivals in Japan; has its value in...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—" Librarian " has surely not read, or has misunder - stood, Sir Charles Grant Robertson's admirable letter to The Times, to which I have...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—A . few days ago the following advertisement appeared in the Daily Telegraph : " Wanted, Married couple or mother and daughter to manage...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr. Craig's answer to

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the " reactionary critics "—viz., that the books of which they complain are on the library shelves for the saine reason as they are in the bookshops and the circulating...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—On Sunday, November I I th, we wanted simply ,to think of our own. We thought it was not in the best of taste that a body of young Germans...

THE B.B.C. " CENSORSHIP " [To the Editor of THE

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SPECTATOR.] SM,—Not being a reader of the Daily Herald, I have only just seen Professor J. B. S. Haldane's ". banned " broadcast talk on " Causes of War". in the issue of...

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• am a heavy pipe smoker, but I do not smoke in theatres. Not only is it rough on the non-smokers ; the incessant coughing which it causes among these' is rough on everybody....


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[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The following story may interest " Janus " (see page 558) and your readers. In, I think, 1872, my uncle (the late Rev. Joshua Greaves,...

The Wild God's Gift

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HOLY and beautiful lie The bare fields brimmed with sky, But on Barrow Hill thresh Sadly some tall ash-trees weary of the flesh;. Restless mind caught in a mesh. They wish,...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In my review of Mr. Ramsay Muir's Brief History of Our Own Times I stated that he was guilty of five serious errors and one technical...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Your correspondent, Dr. W.

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G. Sym, of Edinburgh, in your issue of November 9th, on the subject of counties and shires, says : " Wherever the County Town is the same as that of the County, the termination...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your last correspondent attacks the use of the word Argyllshire as the name of that county. I would like to point out that there is a...

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God and Man

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By E. E. KELLETT PROFESSOR DENIS SAURAT, who is already known by his essay on the religion of Victor Hugo, now makes a survey of religion in general. For it seems desirable to...

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The Defeat of the Submarine

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The Submarine Peril : The Admiralty Policy in 1917. By Admiral of the Fleet, the Right Hon. The Earl Jellicoe, G.C.B. G.C.V.O. (Cassell. 85. 6d.) ADMIRAL SCHEER, after Jutland,...

A Piece of Prof. Schiller's Mind

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Must Philosophers Disagree ? By F. C. S. Schiller. (Macmillan. 12s. 6d.) IN this look Profesbr Schiller has collected a number of essays which have appeared in various...

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Lord Riddell's Notebook More Pages from My Diary, 1908-1914. By

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Lord RiddelL (Country Life. 10s. 6d.) IT is sufficient testimony to the new volume of Lord Riddeirs Diary, covering the last six pre-War years, to say that it is in every way as...

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ec Q ,› IT could be plausibly maintained that " Q

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" is not a first-rate lecturer. A lecture, it can be said, should leave you with a sense of something undone, give you something to contradict, should leave you, in fact, with a...

The " Cell " A Hope for Poetry. By Cecil

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Day Lewis. (Basil Blackwell. Os.) THE amateur of modern poetry continually hears repeated by the critic, the reviewer, the culture-snob, and the under- graduate a certain...

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Handel and Schubert

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Handel. By Edward T. Dent. (Duckworth. 2s.) Franz Schubert. By Ralph Bates. (Peter Davies. 5s.) IN spite of the enormous part he played in the musical world of the eighteenth...

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The Changed India

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India From a Back Bench. (Methuen. Is.) NOT the least difficulty with which the - Government has had to contend in the furtherance of its policy of the grant of responsible...

The Origins of Literary Theory PROFESSOR ATKINS has devoted his

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first volume to Greek criticism, and his second to Graeco-Roman. He points out that a division into Greek and Latin would be unsound, as, apart from the fact that the second...

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By V. S. PRITCHETT Who Once Eats Out of the. Tin - Bowl. By Hans Fallada. (Putnam. 7s. 6d.) - 7s. 6d.) , • Who Once Eats Out of the Tin_ Howl is a very long German novel...

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By Sean O'Casey Mr. O'Casey-'s new book (Macmillan, 7s. 6d.) is• made up of fifty pages of poems, four short stories, and a couple of one-act plays. The poems were for the most...

Current Literature

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THE FRENCH AND OURSELVES By Comte Serge Fleury Literary invasions of England by distinguished foreigners, of which the first in recent years was that of the sprightly Dr....


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By G. D. H. and M. I. Cole In knowledge and competence, as in productive facility, the Coles are astonishing, and this book (Gollancz, 6s.) may well prove to be more...


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By Edouard Herriot M. Herriot's visit to Soviet Russia ine the summer of 1933 may fairly be called historic ; for it certainly played an important part in that reorientation of...

R. L. STEVENSON AT DAVOS L ockett The author of Robert

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Louis Stevenson - at Davos (Hurst e n d Blackett, 10s. 6d.) admits in an introduction that he had in the first instance intelided to write only a magazine article on his...

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. Finance

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The Investor's Dilemma ALTHOUGH, as it happens, the continued rise in British Government stocks is in accordance with expectations set out in these columns, I must confess that...

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Financial Notes

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THE BANK GOVERNORSHIP. THE announcement last week that the Right Hon: Montagu Collet Norman and Sir Ernest Musgrave Harvey are to b e nominated in next March for the...


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Naturally and inevitably the rise in Government Stocks has given a further stimulus to new capital creations and to fresh conversion operations. Among the latter the feature of...


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Having regard to the difficult conditions with which banking in Australia is still confronted, I consider the recent di ridend announcement by the English, Scottish and...


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It is one thing to raise a dividend gradually to a fairly high level, and quite another to maintain it. In the case of the Royal Bank of Scotland, however, where for the sixth...


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It is satisfactory to note that the Australian Mercantile Land and Finanee Co. shows an improVement in its latest Report, the net profit, after providing for Debenture Interest,...


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The £1 shares of Tate and Lyle, Ltd., have risen during the past week on the announcement of a final dividend of 161 per cent., making 221 per cent. for the year, compared with...