18 MARCH 1871

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Mr. Sumner has been dismissed from the Chairmanship of the

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Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs. This officer of the Senate settles foreign affairs with the Secretary of State, and then sup- ports his proposal in the Senate, which, in...

M. Thiers is evidently disinclined to trust his Assembly. He

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%as already found it necessary to say he will never do anything -contrary to its sovereignty, and he is, we suspect, dallying with the Montmartre insurgents, from a fear that if...

The weary Army debate, which seems to grow wearier the

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more passionately honourable members insist on the privilege of liberating their souls on the enbject, was resumed on Monday night by Sir John Pakington, who, as Mr. Trevelyan...


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T HE marked symptom in French politics just now is languor. The Reds are languidly revolutionary in Paris, the Govern- «meta is languidly trying to repress them, the Assembly is...

Lord Granville announced on Monday that the Conference had completed

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its labours, and had settled, first, that no power can liberate itself from its engagements except with the consent of all other parties interested ; secondly, that the clauses...

Mr. Winterbotham (M.P. for Stroud) has accepted the Under- Secretaryship

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for the Home Department, in the place of Mr. Shaw Lefevre, who goes to the Secretaryship of the Admiralty, to help Mr. Goschen, while Mr. Baxter supplies Mr. Stansfeld's place...

No hint has yet been given of the financial measures

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to be Adopted to pay off the indemnity. M. Pouyer-Quertier is preparing his loan bill, and we saved from several indications that he will propose an open loan of unlimited...

111 * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in

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any case.

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Mr. Lambert on Tuesday moved for a Committee to inquire

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into. official salaries, with a view apparently to their increase, especially in the case of the Premier. His main argument was that the cost of everything had enormously...

In reply to Lord Stanhope's question as to Mrs. Torpey's-

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acquittal, the Lord Chancellor explained yesterday week that at present, when a wife commits theft, fraud, or robbery in the pre- sence of her husband, the law presumes...

The rest of Monday's debate, with the exception of Mr.

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Auberon Herbert's speech, was very dreary. He made a very good point by showing that if purchase gave rise to efficiency, the infantry and cavalry officers ought to be much more...

Lord Bury opened the adjourned debate on Thursday in a

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speech of effective but rather thin criticism. He wanted, it appeared, precisely what Government wanted, but did not see that the abolition of purchase would help him to get it....

Mr. Bernal Osborne followed with a clever but captious speech

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against the Bill, which he said would give us "enlarged expendi- ture, ill-defined estimates, and no prospect of permanent security." Purchase was doomed, but he regretted...

Mr. Cardwell made a remarkably effective speech in reply on

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the whole debate, showing that Government could not move ha any direction, either to shorten service, or make reductions, or increase the Army, without being stopped by...

Mr. Trevelyan made the best speech of the evening. He

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quoted the late General Havelock's assertion that "he was sick for years in waiting for promotion, that three sots and two fools had pur- chased over him, and that if he had not...

Mr. Disraeli sees land. The Conservatives of Lancashire on. Thursday

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sent him a deputation asking him to dine with them, and make a speech, which might be, it was hinted, a Tory pro- gramme. Mr. Disraeli told them that he was, however unworthy,....

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Mr. Monsell, the Postmaster-General, has made a real conces- sion

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to the public. From the end of the financial year " parcels " -of any weight under twelve ounces may be sent by post at id. -for the first ounce, id. for the second ounce, and...

The University Testa' Bill passed its second reading in the

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Lords on Thursday, Lord Salisbury reserving his amendments for the Committee, which will be taken after Easter, and stating that he no longer wished to prevent Dissenters from...

Two Peerages are announced. Sir William Mansfield is to be

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raised to the Upper House,—a distinction which he has amply deserved. He will be a great help to the Government in the debates on Army Reorganization. Sir Henry Bulwer, G.C.B.,...

The Bill for revising the Lectionary produced a smart debate

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in the House of Lords on Monday and Tuesday. The Lord Chan- cellor, in moving the second reading, after describing the nature of the changes proposed, stated that the number of...

The Roman Catholics are, perhaps not unnaturally, angry at Mr.

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Monsell's being again passed over to put Mr. Stansfeld into the Cabinet. The Tablet of yesterday, in a rather bitter article, says that Mr. Monsell was at the head of a great...

Sir R. Temple introduced his budget on the 8th March,

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and M. Ileuter's agents telegraphed it home. It appears that the figures - for the year ending 31st March, 1870, were :—Ordinary expendi- ture, £50,782,413; extraordinary...

Thursday night ended in a very ferocious and successful struggle

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by the private members (chiefly Tories) to prevent what they 'thought the " premature " conclusion of the debate, Mr. Bentinck styling Mr. Gladstone's attempt to suppress...

It is remarkable that nobody quoted in this debate the

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beat pre- cedent on Mr. Lambert's side. When in 1859 the East India - Company was abolished, Sir Charles Wood proposed to give him- self £2,500 a year, but the House insisted on...

The reform to be introduced into the tariff for post-office

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orders is not so satisfactory. The new charges are to be,—for an order .under 10s., Id.; under 20s., 2d. ; under 40s., 3d. ; under 60s., 4d. ; and so on, but they are still...

Consols were on Friday 92 to 92i.

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SOVEREIGN ASSEMBLIES. T HIS Sovereign Assembly in France is not at present doing well. It is the offspring of a time of emotion, and bears strong traces of the excitement in the...

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W E do not see that the result of the Conference on the Russian Note is so much to be regretted. The Con- ference itself may be deplored as a compromise which ought to have been...


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N OTHING is more observable in this dreary debate on the Army than the readiness with which the House turns from the points of national interest to those which at bottom only...

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ASR. GLADSTONE gained a complete intellectual victory .131 in Tuesday's debate on official salaries, but we wish he had used his success a little more to the general advantage....

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I T is not only the Ritualists who are looking forward with something like painful anxiety to the judgment of the Privy Council on Mr. Bennett. All those who really hope to see...

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J IS the Mayor of Dover and the Young Men's Christian Association of that place have expelled Punch from their reading-room by a narrow majority, —fifteen serious- minded...

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W E are all, of course, very much interested in Cabs, and very indignant with Mr. Bruce for tolerating the cheapest and swiftest method of intramural conveyance known in the...

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I N a recently published volume,* the author of an essay entitled Euthanasia maintains with considerable ingenuity the thesis that it is lawful and even expedient to put an end...

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ARMY ORGANIZATION.—DOES THE GOVERNMENT SCHEME MEET OUR WANTS? [TO THE EDITOR. OF THE SPEOTATOS:1 SIR,-It is much to be feared that the statement made by Lord Northbrook on the...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR,"] s SIR,—The words "National Army" seem to have a pleasant sound to many Englishmen just now, and there is certainly something aiery pleasing...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR21 shall be glad if you will allow one of the unlearned to express some surprise at the shifts and subtleties to which some of the able,...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Sm,—A short, sharp paragraph in last week's Spectator rebukes the London School Board for spending its time in " theoretic " questions, and...


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ODE TO ENGLAND. ARM! England, arm ! for all men point the finger Toward thee with scorn they little care to veil : " Doth not the mouldering hull of England linger Upon her sea...

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MR. DARWMPS DESCENT OF MAN.* [SECOND NOTIOB1 WE will try and state in this paper the general impression in 'reference to the Creative force ever present in nature, which seems...

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To the ladies and gentleman who have introduced us to the Fisher Girl and Love and Life in Norway we are indebted for very great pleasure, and pleasure of almost a unique kind....

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HUGH Mir.,LER,* Ma. BAYNE has written two bulky volumes to

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tell the world what a man it lost in Hugh Miller, and he has done a difficult task we]. In his Schools and Schoolmasters, Miller himself has told the story of his early years...

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THE LIFE-GUARDSMAN.* THE author of the Journal of a Bashi

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Bazouk has given us in this novel a really vivid series of pictures of the Great Revolution and the First French Empire, treated in much the same manner as a moving panorama....

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STAFF COLLEGE ESSAYS.* WE wish to take advantage of the

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appearanee of this book in order to draw our readers into the consideration of a bye-corner of the now all-important question of our military condition. We think we can promise...


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gathered together, under a somewhat pretentious title, a series of seven cleverly written but discursive and loosely put together essays on the drama and matters theatrical in...

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The Pentateuch and its AnatormsYs. By the Rev. T. R. Birks_ (Hatehards.)—Whether or no Mr. Birks can make out his case for the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch, he certainly...

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England Rendered Impregnable. By H. A. L., "The Old Shekarry."

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(Rivington.)—" The Old Shekarry " has drawn out a scheme which, we have no doubt, would, could it be carried out, fulfil the promise of his title, and render England...

Going to Markets and Grammar-Schools. By George Griffith. (Free- man.)—This

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is a strange kind of autobiography mixed up with personal reminiscences, scraps of description, copies of verses, and reprints of pamphlets, with which Mr. Griffith has waged...

Drawn from Life. By Archibald Forbes. 3 vols. (Hurst and

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Blackett.) —Mr. Forbes describes himself as "Special Military Correspondent of the Daily News." This is no inconsiderable recommendation for an author who claims to "draw from...