19 APRIL 1884

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The Edinburgh University celebrated, on Wednesday, the tercentenary anniversary of

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its own birth. The celebration was attended by an almost unparalleled collection of distinguished men, and at the banquet in the evening eleven hundred guests sat down. The...


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T HE Queen, who arrived on Wednesday at Darmstadt, whither she has gone for her grand-daughter's wedding, has issued a letter formally thanking the nation for its sympathy with...

Lord Salisbury, on Wednesday and Thursday, made two seri- ous

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speeches at Manchester, the general drift of which we have discussed elsewhere. The object of the first was to represent the policy of the Government in Egypt as a failure. The...

f4- General Gordon has once more offered Zebehr Pasha the

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Vice- royalty of the Soudan. In form, he proposes to make him Deputy Governor-General, but, of course, on• the departure of the Europeans he would be supreme, and 'might...

The second speech was on internal affairs, though Egypt kept

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slipping in, like King Charles into Mr. Dick's petition. Lord Salisbury ridiculed the majority of 130, which only meant that "the Government had squared the Irish." He was not...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The news from Khartoum is contradictory and confusing. Intelligence is

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received both from General Gordon and Mr. Power, the Vice-Consul, who is correspondent of the Times; but though they are on excellent terms, and vouch for each other, their...

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On Thursday, Lord Randolph Churchill laid the foundation- stone of

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a new School building, and seized the occasion to press. again his wonderful proposal that the taxpayers—as distin- guished even from the ratepayers—shall defray the whole...

On Wednesday, Sir William Harcourt made an amusing speech at

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Derby. He remarked that when Lord George Hamil- ton was so angry with them for bringing in separately a. Franchise Bill "to help on a Redistribution Bill," he was only avowing...

Lord Randolph Churchill has been paying his aadresses to Birmingham

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during the present week, and on Tuesday addressed a great meeting in the Town Hall, in which he paid Birmingham the odd compliment of remarking that he was on a platform...

On Wednesday, he made a still bolder bid for the

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confidence of the Birmingham Democracy. In it he declared for Caucuses, on condition that Caucuses should let recreant Members, who break their pledges, alone. If the Tory party...

A remarkable demonstration of agricultural labourers in favour of the

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Franchise Bill was held in a field near Leamington on Easter Monday, 5,000 working men (of whom the great majority have no vote at present, but would acquire a vote under the...

In the course of the festivities attending the unveiling, at

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Calrors, of a statue of Gambetta, M. Jules Ferry made an im- portant speech at Perigneux. He described himself as entirely opposed to the Extremists, believed that the peasantry...

M. Jules Ferry is said to have acknowledged that he

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has demanded an indemnity from China, as punishment for her- conduct in sending troops to Bacninh without a declaration of war. As the troops ran away, this would not appear a...

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The Archbishop of York writes to Wednesday's Time,s, to prove

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that the blundering date in the Purchas Judgment- 1687, instead of the true date of Archdeacon, afterwards Bishop, Cosin's visitation, namely, 1627—was a printer's blunder,...

It is stated that M. Jules Ferry has finally and

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rather flatly refused to consider the Australian objection to the despatch of thrice convicted felons to the French islands in the Pacific. He says transportation is an internal...

Three hundred and sixty candidates have entered themselves for the

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St. Andrews University LL.A. (Women), at various centres in England, Scotland, and Ireland, during the present week, and have been examined in Latin, mathematics, logic, moral...

The State " Conventions " which elect two party Conventions

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to nominate candidates for the American Presidency, have begun to meet. As yet, the Democrats stick to Mr. Tilden for Presi- dent and Mr. Hendriks for Vice-President, and...

The Morrison Tariff Bill, round which the Free-trade con- troversy

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now rages, will, it is said, be debated for two weeks in the House of Representatives, and then rejected by a majority of twenty. An effort was made to refuse it a hearing, but...

Dr. Bickersteth, the Bishop of Ripon, died on Tuesday last,

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- in an epileptic fit, at the age of sixty-eight. He leaves no such -decided Evangelical behind him on the Bench except the Bishop -of Liverpool and the Bishop of St. Asaph. Dr....

In Dr. C. J. B. Williams's interesting "Memoir of Life

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and Work," recently published, there is contained a singularly absurd argument from Scripture for the absolute right of men to subject animals to any torture which they may...

Bank Rate, 2i per cent.

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Consols were on Thursday 1021 to 104.

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T4 ORD SALISBURY, whatever else he may be, is the recognised head of the Conservative Party, the person in England who, next to Mr. Gladstone, and perhaps Lord Hartington,...


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THE MAHDI OF BIRMINGHAM. S IR WILLIAM HARCOURT has evidently given Lord Randolph Churchill a moment of keen delight by naming him the Mahdi of Birmingham. To make himself a...

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W E regret the death of the Duke of Buccleuch quite sincerely. He was, no doubt, a consistent and thorough Tory, devoted to the party of resistance, and on cer- tain points,...

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M JULES FERRY is acting with greet resolution, not • to say doggedness, in the Far East,- and his operations are attaining a magnitude which deserves English attention....

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W HATEVER may be the value of the discoveries which the police hope that they are about to make with regard to the Dynamite Conspiracy, and whether the men now in custody be...

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T HE death of Mr. Charles Reade will not "eclipse the gaiety of nations," but it is a distinct and sensible loss to all who enjoy reading English fiction ; that is, to at least...

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T HE Evangelical party in the Church certainly grows weaker and weaker with every year. The death of Dr. Bickersteth, Bishop of Ripon, is rather one of those events which recall...

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p ERHAPS the happiest specimen of impudence known to the English public, is the picture of Bailey Junior, in t‘ Martin Chuzzlewit," but that is an ideal. The living specimen...

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MR. STRIITT ON THE FRANCHISE BILL. ITO TEE EDITOR OF TER " SPECTATOR."J your issue .of April 5th, you quote some remarks - of mine-on the Reform Bill, as an instance of an...

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I To THE EDITOR OF THE . " SPECTATOR.") quite agree with your correspondent, "The Author of The Party Vote,'" that curious results may happen under any scheme of proportional...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—At the recent meeting of Board-School Managers, held at the Rooms of the Society of Arts, Mr. Forster and Mr.Mundella both made a...

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pro TIM EDITOR OF THY " SPECTATOLI Sta,—Your correspondent, Rev. F. 0: Morris, has displayed his usual high feeling in repudiating, with honest indignation, the charge made...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TNZ “srscr.troa."1 Snt,—Your correspondent, " Spero Meliom," puts the case very mildly indeed, when he says that "there are difficulties un- doubtedly in...


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To TH3 EDITOR OF THZ " BPRCTATOR.") SIR,—I am reading that profoundly interesting book "The Life of Maurice," and in common, I am sure, with all who are well acquainted with...

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[To TES EDITOR or nix "BraorAzoic."J Srlt.—With all due deference to so high an authority as Prince- Lucien. Bonaparte, I incline to the opinion that the most probable...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TUB "SPECTATOR."] Srs„—Permit me, as one who has paid some attention to English philology, to enter a strenuous protest against the etymologies—I might...


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LTO THE EDITOR Or THE Spzorerya.") SIE,--We are all familiar with the delightful gallantry with which a barn-door cock will, on finding food, call his hens, and point out the...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I must not appropriate the honour due to Mr. Reginald Stuart Poole, the originator of the plan of the lectures, and my adviser and...


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lTo THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR!'] Sra,—I missed seeing anything of this controversy while it was' in its earlier stages. Still, I think you will say it is not too late , to...

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WAITED and longed-for voice ! which stirs the heart 'With dreams of sunny days and summer joys, First heard when vernal woods are waving green, And blue-belle' mimic skies...


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TO A PRIMROSE. Lrrns rustic flower, in thee Emblem true of BEN we see, Artless, modest, (such was he) Full of sweet simplicity, Softly, innocently wild, Nature's unassuming...


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AT first I felt in uttermost despair, And said " 0 Lord, this cross I Cannot bear." But I have borne it, and I bear it now, Only, oh only, do not ask me how.

B 0 0 K S.

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MRS. BRAY.* "THERE are three classes," says Coleridge, "into which all the women past seventy that ever I knew are to be divided :-1. That dear old soul. 2. That old woman. 3....

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WE have already given some account of that part of

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Dr. Ward's= argument which is directed to the proof that a priori assump- tions are imposed by the mind itself on all its dealings with the. exterior and interior world, some of...

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To the lover of quaint customs, carious legends, and odd bits of natural history, this book will be welcome, being purely the result of personal observation and close...

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Two Bad Blue Eyes is not a good novel. Some of the characters are repulsive, only two . or three are attractive, there is next to no incident, hardly any plot, and the hero and...

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OP the many books descriptive of the Holy Land, the latest will probably, by reason of its excellent illustrations, be not the least popular, and the fourth and concluding...

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[MST NOTICE.1 tres medici, ibi duo athei," says the proverb. And the explanation of this general belief seems to lie in the fact that the constant study of physiology and...

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elaborate memoir, by one who may justly be characterised as the most cautions and philosophical of the biologists of our time. All who take an interest in biology know how...

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proceedings of the Ecclesiastical Courts Commission, but who may have no time or inclination to sift bulky Blue-books for themselves, will find in Mr. Holland's book a very...

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The Atonement : a Clerical Symposium on "What is the

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Scripture Doctrine of the Atonement?" (Nisbet and Co.)—The majority of the fourteen contributors to this Symposium uphold as Scriptural the expiatory yiew - of Christ's death,...

Sintram and his Companions. Illustrated by Heywood Sumner. (Seeley and

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Co.)—This is a new translation, or, to speak more ex- actly, an adaptation of the first translation, which was published. in 1820 (six years after the appearance of the...


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Counsels of Faith and Practice. By the Rev. W. C. E. Newbolt. which Mr. Newbolt disclaims in his preface, there is certainly a fair share; if there is no theological...

Only an Incident. By Grace Denis Litchfield. (G. P. Putnam's

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Sons, New York).—We are glad to welcome one more of those short tales that come to us from across the Atlantic, fresh, healthy, and. racy of the soil. Quaint humour, subdued...

Ralph Norbreck's Trust. By W. Westall. (Tinsley Brothers.)— This is

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not one of Mr. Westall'e most successful efforts. The first volume contains several of those sketches of Lancashire "characters" and manners in which he excels, and which made...

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The Seven Sagas of Prehistoric Man. By James H. Stoddart.

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(Chatto and Windus.)—This is a very unpretentious attempt to pre- sent tindogmatic evolution in verso. The author had already obtained a leading place in the small band of...

Leisure Hours in Russia. By Wickham Hoffman. (Bell and Sons.)

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—This is a volume of miscellanies of varying merit and interest. The best of them is, or, perhaps we should say, might have been, "Nadeschda," a translation from the Swedish...

Poisoned Arrows. By Jean Middlemass. 3 vols. (F. V. White

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and Co.)—The title of this novel does not promise well for the reader's enjoyment ; and, indeed, he will not find much to please him. And if a novel of this kind does not...

Pioneers of the Spiritual Reformation. By Mrs. Howitt Watts. (The

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Psychological Press Association.)—The "Spiritual Reforma- tion," it should be understood, is " Spiritualism," and the" Pioneers" are Justifies Kerner, Mesmer, and William...

Animal Lore of Shakespeare's Time. By Emma Phipson. (Began Paul,

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Trench, and Co.)—This is a volume full of carious information. Shakespeare gives a name to it, but it is the contemporaries of Shakespeare—the word being taken in a pretty...

Court Life below Stairs ; or, London under the Last

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Georges, 1760- 1830. By J. Fitzgerald Molloy. Vols. III. and IV. (Hurst and Blackett.)—We wonder whether Mr. Molloy is glad to have finished his task. That is the feeling with...

Colonies and Dependencies. By J. S. Cotton and E. J.

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Payne. (Macmillan.)—This volume belongs to the "English Citizen Series." It consists of two parts,—" India," which has been contributed by Mr. Cotton, and "The Colonies,"...

The Gospel according to St. John. With Notes, Critical and

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Practical. By the Rev. M. F. Sadler. (Bell and Sons.)—Mr. Sadler has put together here a very valuable and useful body of notes. His stand-point is probably somewhat different...

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ScsooL Booss. — The lphigeneia among the Tauri of Euripides. Edited by

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E. D. England, M.A. (Macmillan.)—The characteristic of Mr. England's edition is the unusual amount of space which he has devoted to critical annotations. There is, we think,...

Education and Educators. By David Kay. (Began Paul, Trench, and

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Co.)—It may be roughly estimated that this volume consists of three-parts notes and one-part text ; and we are inclined to agree with the author when he modestly says in his...