19 AUGUST 1899

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General Mercier ' s " evidence " did not touch the case

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at all, and was practically a speech in defence of himself for having General Mercier ' s " evidence " did not touch the case at all, and was practically a speech in defence of...

The atmosphere in France grows day by day more electric,

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till observers can hardly rid themselves of the idea that soon a bolt must fall. The attempt to assassinate Maitre Labori, described below ; the revelation of a ser ions plot in...

France was half stunned on Monday by telegrams announ- cing

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that M. Labori, the chief counsel for Dreyfus, had been murdered at Rennes. The truth was not quite so bad as that, but it was bad enough. M. Labori on Monday at 6 a.m. was...


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T HERE is still no certain news from South Africa; but Friday ' s telegrams declare that President Kruger will not agree to the Joint Commission, but, instead, means to offer a...

These facts, and many more, render the foreign corre- spondents,

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who were at first certain of an acquittal, doubtful of the issue of the trial. The President of the Court. Martial, Colonel Jouaust, apparently wishes to convict if he can, and...

If the President really means to accept Sir Alfred Miler's

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conditions, he has made a great tactical mistake in not saying so in explicit words. However, when his new franchise pro- posals are made, they will be examined on their merits,...

*** The _Miters cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The evidence of Colonel Picquart, reported in Friday's papers, clearly

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made a great impression on the Court, as well it might, for it was not only the testimony of an able man of high and noble character, but showed how Colonel Picquart went one by...

An even more striking and dramatic incident in Thursday's Bitting

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was the cross-examination of General Roget. The General expressed his reliance upon a certain paper in the diplomatic secret dossier as proving the guilt of Dreyfus. That paper...

Thursday's Times contains a very striking and important protest against

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Mr. Chaplin's proposed duty on corn by a Conservative Member of Parliament, Sir Francis Powell (Wigan). "Such a suggestion, if made, will," he declares, "create the most...

The French Government believe, and have written evidence to prove,

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that the united parties of the Royalists, the Anti- Semites, and the League of Patriots have organised a second plot for the overthrow of the Republic in the interest of the Duo...

It is reported from Cairo that all the signs point

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to an un- usually low Nile. It is said that it will be the worst Nile since our occupation, and that there will be as great a deficiency of water as there was in 1867, when,...

The only sign of weakness as yet betrayed by the

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Govern- ment is in their treatment of M. Gu‘rin. That person and his ten associates having defied the police, and threatened to use force, are legally "in rebellion," and in...

We do not like the reports which are coming in

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about the plague. The epidemic shows decided symptoms of recrudescence in India, especially at Poona, where the resignation which is the Indian form of fortitude appears to have...

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The fifth and last of the test matches between England

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and Australia ended in a draw on Wednesday. The English team, who batted first, scored 576, while the Australians made 332, and 254 for five wickets. Four out of the five...

The West Indies were visited last week by a violent

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and destructive hurricane, the damage inflicted on the British Colonies in the Leeward Islands proving so exten- sive as to warrant the opening of a Mansion House Fund on behalf...

Mr. Gerald Balfour's speech to the Co-operators at the Crystal

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Palace on Tuesday was not only remarkably able and luminous, but will, we hope, prove of real value. Like all out- siders who address Co-operators, he urged the importance of...

The Vienna correspondent of the Times contributes to Wednesday's issue

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a most remarkable account of the way in which German activity is revolutionising the trade of the Levant and of the Near East, and is affecting, or rather destroying, the...

Mr. Balfour very properly dwelt upon the difficulty of getting

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co-operative societies engaged in production to pay big enough salaries, and doubted whether democratic bodies could organise industries successfully. Co-operative produc- tion...

A concise summary of what has been done in the

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way of developing Ireland as a tourist resort appears in Thursday's Times. We are reminded that the sea transit rid Holyhead has been reduced to little more than two and a half...

The Emperor of Russia in a quaintly worded Imperial Order

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issued on Sunday last, and addressed to the Minister of Finance, has declared that after the completion of the railway Talienwan shall be a free port during the whole duration...

Bank Rate, 3i per cent. New Consols (2i) were on

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Friday 106i.

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THE MILITARY SITUATION AND THE TRANS VAAL. T "position of affairs in the Transvaal remains as critical as ever. Since this is the case, we are compelled to deal with it again,...

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N OTHING is more puzzling to the student of French history than the extraordinary part which cowardice, or, to use a less offensive term, nervous- ness, has played in it. That...

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W E very greatly regret that Mr. Chaplin, speaking at a farmers' dinner in the North a week ago (on August 11th at Wynyard Park), should have been unwise enough to suggest the...

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ENGLISH CAD'S. T HE almost complete success in this country of

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the Cadi system of administering justice is, if you think of it, a very curious anomaly in English life. That system is directly at variance with ideas which are rooted in the...

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I T is sad news for railway travellers, especially for suburban railway travellers, that the Board of Trade has no statutory power to deal with the unpunctuality of trains. It...

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T ONDON has recently been interesting itself in an attempt 4 to prevent a marriage between Loben, one of the Zulus at Earl's Court, and an educated white woman. The attempt...

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A CORRESPONDENT reverts in another column to the prophecies of the Irish Archbishop, St. Malachi, with reference to the names and characters of successive Popes. We shall not...

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T RELAND may be, from the point of view of mere worldly prosperity, "a grand country to live out of" ; on the other hand, none but the most captious critics can deny that it is...

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WAR IN THE VILLAGE. [TO TILE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. - ] Sin,--The ignorance which prevails among our rural popula- tion on the subject of war and the Army is surprising when...

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THE OUTLANDERS. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR?'] SIR,—A letter in the Spectator of June 17th, signed Charles H. Fox, reproduces for the hundredth time a misconception which...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Two anecdotes about Jowett have recently been placed at my disposal by an eminent Oxonian, who was once co- examiner with him in the...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—The Kaiser's remarks upon German-American politics are, as you say, "well worth studying." It is very interesting that this newest phase...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TEE "SPECTATOR.") Sin,—In a recent article, treating of possible combinations hostile to this country, you alluded to the remark of a Spaniard, "You English...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sm,—In connection with the above subject, so interestingly dealt with in the Spectator of August 5th, I may observe that Leo Grindon, when...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I think the answer

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to the problem propounded by Canon MacColl is a very simple and obvious one,—viz., that - it is just because the greatest saints have the best know- ledge of God, and the best...

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SIR,—Is it not inconsistent with the Christian tone of the article under the above heading in the Spectator of August 5th to declare,—" The truth is that terror is a bad...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—You are not quite right about the demon of writing. The abuse against which an outcry has been raised for very many years has nothing to...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TFIE "SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—It may interest your readers to hear of the determined efforts of a mother cat to save her kitten from an untimely death. The two had a...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR.—Will you permit a humble layman to briefly summarise the reasons for which he hopes that the recent " opinion " of the Archbishops will...

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EDITOR. OF TH2 "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—The following précis of the new Franchise La* of the Transvaal as passed by the Volksraad on July 8th willbe of interest to your readers, as...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.] your "News of the Week" in the Spectator of August 12th you justly cite the speech of Sir Henry Fowler as a remarkable example of the...


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[To TUE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—If you are not weary of inscriptions, you may like to see one in the true English expansive manner, copied from a. monument in Ludford...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] STR,—The writer of the article on "Keeping up Appear- ances" in the Spectatorof August 12th, speak ing of Englishmen becoming "slatternly,"...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Your correspondent, " Quousque Tandem?" in the letter that appeared in the Spectator of August 5th ignores the fact that, whether the...

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THE MIDNIGHT RACE. (A supposed incident in the last railway war between the Great Northern aud London and North-Western Railway Companies.) LIE night on the world had nestled...

A CHILD IN LONDON. THE country's best, some people find,

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And woods and streams are to their mind, Or meadow land and leafy trees ; And London town has none of these. Down in the country for a bit, I have a splendid time of it ; But...

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BYRON AND HIS QUARREL WITH HIS WIFE.* WE have hitherto only reviewed shortly the volumes that have appeared of this extremely interesting and valuable edition of Byron's...

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Jr the magnificent persistence of the Jewish type lacked proof, the proof may be found in Mr. Wiener's admirable history of Yiddish literature. Wherever the Jew has settled hie...

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SOME COLLEGE HISTORIES.* WE sincerely hope that the enterprise of

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the publisher of this series of College histories will be rewarded with success. The undertaking is one of considerable magnitude, for there are to be thirty-nine volumes in...

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"W. G."

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A SIMPLE, unpretending record of a generation of cricket by the greatest exponent of the game that the world has ever known is bound to interest a great multitude of readers....

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WE have to thank Miss Berne Stuart for introducing us to a new form of the novel of incident in her latest venture. In the Dark may best be described as belonging to the...

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Three Pleasant Springs in Portugal. By Commander the Hon. Henry Shore, R.N. (Sampson Low, Marston, and Co. 12s. 6d.) —This book gives the feeling that the author enjoyed himself...

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stantial volume, a collection of papers on such subjects as

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waterworks, electric lighting, the telephone, and street railways, written by various American experts. It is contended that shortly one-half of the people of the United States...

Slat or Saxon. By W. B. Foulke. (G. P. Putnam's

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Sons.) —Mr. Foulke's little book is in reality an appeal to his American kinsmen to join forces with England when the hour should strike for the final conflict between Slav and...

Edward Fit:Gerald'a llubliipit of Omar Kayytim, with their Original Posian

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Sources. Collated from his own MSS., and literally translated by Edward H. Heron-Allen. (Bernard Quaritch, 7s. 6d.)—In his preface Mr. Heron-Allen gives an interesting account...

Studies of Some Famous _Letters. By J. C. Bailey. (Thomas

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Burleigh.)—This little work consists of a series of maga- zine essays on certain famous letter-writers, ranging from the poet Cowper to that other remarkable recluse of our own...

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The West Indies: a History of the Islands of the

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West Indian Archipelago, together with an Account of their Physical Charac- teristics, Natural Resources, and Present Condition. By Amos Kidder Fiske, A.M. (G. P. Putnam's Sons....

A Sailor's Life under Four Sovereigns. By Admiral of the

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Fleet the Hon. Sir Henry Keppel, G.C.B., D.C.L. (Macmillan and Co. 30s.)—Sir Henry Keppel's Life is long in more senses than one. The gallant old seaman, who is now in his...

Letters of Thomas Carlyle to his Youngest Sister. Edited by

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C. T. Copeland. (Chapman and Hall. 6s.)—The bulk of Carlyle literature is steadily mounting up to almost Shakespearian pro- portions. In one way, we do not at all object to...

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Professions for Boys. By M. L. Pechell and James J.

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Nolan. (Beeton and Co. 38. 6c1.)—This is a revised and enlarged edition of a work which first appeared somewhat more than a year ago. It contains, we are told, two-and-twenty...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have net been reserved for review in other forms.] Transactions of the Second International Actuarial Congress, (C. and...

An Introduction to the Study of Dante. By John Addington

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Symonds. (Adam and Charles Black. 7s. 6d.)—This book was first published more than a quarter of a century ago ; the second edition appeared in 1891; the preface to the third,...

Report of the British Chamber of Commerce in Paris. (A.

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Schiffer, Paris.)—There are, of course, many interesting things in this pamphlet. At the top of the list may be put the figures relating to the imports and exports into and from...

Inaugural Address Delivered at the Thirty - first Co - operative Congress. By Frank

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Hardern. (Co-operative Union, Manchester.) —There is much that is interesting in this address We may quote some significant figures Share capital has in- creased between 1888...

Bedd - Gelert : its Facts, Fancies, and Folk - Lore. By D. E.

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Jenkins. (Llewelyn Jenkins, Portmadoc.) — Mr. Jenkins handsomely acknowledges his obligations to his predecessor, Mr. William Jones, a local antiquary who deserves more reward...

A Handbook for Travellers in Somerset. (J. Murray. 6s.)— Somerset

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is now for the first time raised to the dignity of a separate volume in Mr. Murray's series. The many interesting things in this county are well described, and the information...

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SCHOOL-BOOK6.—The Age of Blake, edited by L. W. .Lyde (A.

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ad C. Black, is.), is one of the series of "'Sea Dog' Readers." It is made up of passages from the "Calendar of State Papers" and " Thurloe's State Papers" (with such...

TEBOLOOY. — Destinatiott, Date, and Authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews.

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By H. H. B. Ayles, B.D. (C. J. Clay and Sons. Ss.)—Mr. Ayles holds that the Epistle was written to a par. ticular Church, not addressed, as were the letters of SS. Peter and...

THE Tsarrtn CLASSICS.—A recent addition to the "Temple Library" (J.

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M. Dent and Co., is. 6d. net per vol.) is The Life and Death of Cardinal Wolsey, by George Cavendish. The book has a somewhat curious history. It remained for nearly a century...

MiscErzenEorrs. — Of books of the season we have to notice Notes

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on Folkestone, by Arthur E. Larking, M.D. (J. and A. Churchill, Is. 6d.) This book gives the medical and sanitary conditions of Folkestone ; its water-supply, drainage, rainfall...